Prescriber Checkup

Prescriber Checkup

The Doctors and Drugs in Medicare Part D

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2015

Internal Medicine

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

17,699Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 106 out of 1067

$1.69M Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 31 out of 1067

216 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
18% Patients 65 Years and Older

88% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
higher than average Average for
this specialty
in Missouri
lower than average

Antipsychotics

This provider prescribed antipsychotics to at least one but fewer than 11 patients who are 65 and older, so Medicare redacted the exact figure. Comparisons are not shown.

More resources »

Antibiotics

57% of this provider’s 216 patients filled at least one prescription for an antibiotic drug, compared to an average of 27%.

More resources »

Risky Drugs for Seniors

This provider prescribed potentially inappropriate drugs to at least one but fewer than 11 patients who are 65 and older, so Medicare redacted the exact figure. Comparisons are not shown.

More resources »

Opioids

89% of this provider’s 216 patients filled at least one prescription for an opioid, compared to an average of 21%.

More resources »

Brand Name Drugs

24% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 19%.

Prescription Price

$95 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $68 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

82 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 18.


How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all patients.

This Provider's History

A comparison of this provider’s prescribing in Part D since 2012. All years may not be shown if there is insufficient data.

Cost of Claims

$1.74M

2012

$1.67M

2013

$1.55M

2014

$1.69M

2015

Number of Claims

19,396

2012

19,166

2013

16,969

2014

17,699

2015

This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state. The list below includes only those drugs for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions.

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O

An opioid drug. More » Prescription opioids (painkillers) can help alleviate certain kinds of pain in the short term but carry serious health risks.

A

An antibiotic drug. More » Used to treat bacterial infections but are often prescribed incorrectly to treat viral infections, such as chest colds or the flu.

P

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled with Refills Prescriptions
to 65+
Patients Receiving this Drug Category For this Prescriber For this Prescriber's Peers
OXYCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

1,348

prescriptions, 8% of all prescriptions

135

prescriptions.

135

patients, 63% of all patients

O 1 45
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Source: National Library of Medicine

1,145

prescriptions, 6% of all prescriptions

67

prescriptions.

127

patients, 59% of all patients

2 13
TIZANIDINE HCL

Tizanidine is used to relie... +

Tizanidine is used to relieve the spasms and increased muscle tone caused by multiple sclerosis (MS, a disease in which the nerves do not function properly and patients may experience weakness, numbness, loss of muscle coordination and problems with vision, speech, and bladder control), stroke, or brain or spinal injury. Source: National Library of Medicine

1,144

prescriptions, 6% of all prescriptions

102

prescriptions.

136

patients, 63% of all patients

3 74
ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Source: National Library of Medicine

610

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

59

prescriptions.

110

patients, 51% of all patients

4 4
MORPHINE SULFATE ER

Morphine (extended release)... +

Morphine (extended release) is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

523

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

33

prescriptions.

52

patients, 24% of all patients

O 5 118
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. Source: National Library of Medicine

419

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

68

prescriptions.

69

patients, 32% of all patients

6 2
PROAIR HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Source: National Library of Medicine

410

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

39

prescriptions.

82

patients, 38% of all patients

7 36
NEXIUM

Treats heartburn, gastroeso... +

Treats heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid. Source: National Library of Medicine

393

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

17

prescriptions.

60

patients, 28% of all patients

8 59
LISINOPRIL-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

359

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

34

prescriptions.

57

patients, 26% of all patients

9 39
MONTELUKAST SODIUM

Montelukast is used to prev... +

Montelukast is used to prevent wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and coughing caused by asthma. Source: National Library of Medicine

333

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

12

prescriptions.

63

patients, 29% of all patients

10 41
HYDROCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

316

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

51

prescriptions.

40

patients, 19% of all patients

O 11 8
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Source: National Library of Medicine

289

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

64

prescriptions.

53

patients, 25% of all patients

12 5
ROPINIROLE HCL

Ropinirole is used alone or... +

Ropinirole is used alone or with other medications to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD; a disorder of the nervous system that causes difficulties with movement, muscle control, and balance), including shaking of parts of the body, stiffness, slowed movements, and problems with balance. Source: National Library of Medicine

269

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

15

prescriptions.

51

patients, 24% of all patients

13 66
MELOXICAM

Treats symptoms of osteoart... +

Treats symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). Source: National Library of Medicine

267

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

34

patients, 16% of all patients

14 30
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Source: National Library of Medicine

256

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

30

patients, 14% of all patients

15 1
OXYCODONE HCL

Oxycodone is used to reliev... +

Oxycodone is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

256

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

34

patients, 16% of all patients

O 15 76
IBUPROFEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by headache, toothache, arthritis, cold or flu, migraine, or menstrual cramps. Source: National Library of Medicine

240

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

42

prescriptions.

33

patients, 15% of all patients

17 95
SPIRIVA

Prevents the symptoms of br... +

Prevents the symptoms of bronchospasm caused by emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Source: National Library of Medicine

236

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

22

prescriptions.

44

patients, 20% of all patients

18 58
LYRICA

Treats nerve and muscle pai... +

Treats nerve and muscle pain caused by diabetes, shingles, fibromyalgia, or a spinal cord injury. Source: National Library of Medicine

228

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

44

patients, 20% of all patients

19 82
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Source: National Library of Medicine

227

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

28

prescriptions.

39

patients, 18% of all patients

20 3
FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE

Treats stuffy nose caused b... +

Treats stuffy nose caused by hay fever and other allergies. Source: National Library of Medicine

221

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

13

prescriptions.

55

patients, 25% of all patients

21 27
FENOFIBRATE*

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides, together with a proper diet. Source: National Library of Medicine

218

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

33

patients, 15% of all patients

22 105
CYCLOBENZAPRINE HCL

Cyclobenzaprine, a muscle r... +

Cyclobenzaprine, a muscle relaxant, is used with rest, physical therapy, and other measures to relax muscles and relieve pain and discomfort caused by strains, sprains, and other muscle injuries. Source: National Library of Medicine

213

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

26

patients, 12% of all patients

R 23 88
SUMATRIPTAN SUCCINATE

Sumatriptan is used to trea... +

Sumatriptan is used to treat the symptoms of migraine headaches (severe, throbbing headaches that sometimes is accompanied by nausea or sensitivity to sound and light). Source: National Library of Medicine

212

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

44

patients, 20% of all patients

24 248
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

209

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

15

prescriptions.

40

patients, 19% of all patients

25 19
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

180

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

16

prescriptions.

32

patients, 15% of all patients

26 9
FENOFIBRIC ACID*

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

177

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

16

prescriptions.

35

patients, 16% of all patients

27 265
CELECOXIB

Treats mild to moderate pai... +

Treats mild to moderate pain and help relieve symptoms of arthritis (e. Source: National Library of Medicine

172

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

20

prescriptions.

34

patients, 16% of all patients

28 104
GRALISE 167

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

42

prescriptions.

20

patients, 9% of all patients

10 29 393
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Source: National Library of Medicine

166

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

28

patients, 13% of all patients

R 30 35
DULOXETINE HCL

Duloxetine is used to treat... +

Duloxetine is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

150

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

23

prescriptions.

29

patients, 13% of all patients

31 42
FENTANYL

Treats severe, ongoing pain... +

Treats severe, ongoing pain (during and after surgery, cancer pain) that cannot be controlled with other medicines. Source: National Library of Medicine

149

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

21

patients, 10% of all patients

O 32 93
TOPIRAMATE

Helps control and prevent c... +

Helps control and prevent certain kinds of seizures. Source: National Library of Medicine

145

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

35

patients, 16% of all patients

33 109
HYDROMORPHONE HCL*

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

145

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

16

patients, 7% of all patients

O 33 261
TAMSULOSIN HCL

Tamsulosin is used in men t... +

Tamsulosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Source: National Library of Medicine

136

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

26

prescriptions.

24

patients, 11% of all patients

35 25
OPANA ER

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

134

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

16

prescriptions.

14

patients, 6% of all patients

O 36 362
PIOGLITAZONE HCL

Pioglitazone is used to tre... +

Pioglitazone is used to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

133

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

33

prescriptions.

22

patients, 10% of all patients

37 113
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350

Treats occasional constipat... +

Treats occasional constipation. Source: National Library of Medicine

127

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

36

patients, 17% of all patients

38 72
ALPRAZOLAM

Treats anxiety, panic disor... +

Treats anxiety, panic disorder, insomnia (trouble sleeping), and anxiety caused by depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

124

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

14

prescriptions.

18

patients, 8% of all patients

39 14
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE

Quetiapine is used to treat... +

Quetiapine is used to treat the symptoms of schizophrenia (a mental illness that causes disturbed or unusual thinking, loss of interest in life, and strong or inappropriate emotions). Source: National Library of Medicine

122

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

11

prescriptions.

20

patients, 9% of all patients

P 40 64
METOPROLOL TARTRATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

121

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

18

prescriptions.

21

patients, 10% of all patients

41 11
BREO ELLIPTA

Treats asthma in patients n... +

Treats asthma in patients not adequately controlled a long-term asthma medicine and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Source: National Library of Medicine

116

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

26

patients, 12% of all patients

42 390
ALENDRONATE SODIUM

Alendronate is used to trea... +

Alendronate is used to treat and prevent osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause (''change of life,'' end of menstrual periods) and to treat osteoporosis in men. Source: National Library of Medicine

104

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

27

prescriptions.

16

patients, 7% of all patients

43 46
ADVAIR DISKUS

Prevents symptoms of asthma... +

Prevents symptoms of asthma or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Source: National Library of Medicine

102

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

12

prescriptions.

27

patients, 13% of all patients

44 61
CRESTOR

Lowers high levels of chole... +

Lowers high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

101

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

24

prescriptions.

15

patients, 7% of all patients

45 43
CLOPIDOGREL

Helps prevent stroke, heart... +

Helps prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

95

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

19

prescriptions.

13

patients, 6% of all patients

46 23
JANUMET

This is a combination drug ... +

This is a combination drug containing metformin and sitagliptin and is used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

93

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

15

patients, 7% of all patients

47 224
CHANTIX

Helps you quit smoking. It ... +

Helps you quit smoking. Source: National Library of Medicine

92

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

24

patients, 11% of all patients

10 48 436
BACLOFEN

Treats muscle spasms caused... +

Treats muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury or disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

91

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

<11 49 78
BYSTOLIC

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

91

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

17

prescriptions.

16

patients, 7% of all patients

49 107
ALLOPURINOL

Treats gout and some kinds ... +

Treats gout and some kinds of kidney stones. Source: National Library of Medicine

83

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

18

patients, 8% of all patients

51 29
TRAMADOL HCL

Tramadol is used to relieve... +

Tramadol is used to relieve moderate to moderately severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

83

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

14

patients, 6% of all patients

O 51 16
LOSARTAN-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

This drug is used to treat ... +

This drug is used to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

81

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

13

patients, 6% of all patients

53 49
VESICARE

Solifenacin is used to trea... +

Solifenacin is used to treat overactive bladder (a condition in which the bladder muscles contract uncontrollably and cause frequent urination, urgent need to urinate, and inability to control urination). Source: National Library of Medicine

81

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

11

prescriptions.

17

patients, 8% of all patients

53 139
SYMBICORT

This is a combination of bu... +

This is a combination of budesonide and formoterol used to help control the symptoms of asthma and improve lung function. Source: National Library of Medicine

80

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

20

patients, 9% of all patients

55 79
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

78

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

24

prescriptions.

13

patients, 6% of all patients

56 6
COMBIVENT RESPIMAT

Used to help control the sy... +

Used to help control the symptoms of lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Source: National Library of Medicine

76

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

<11 57 151
NASONEX

Treats or prevents the symp... +

Treats or prevents the symptoms of seasonal (short-term) and perennial (year-round) allergies (hay fever), such as stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, and watery eyes. Source: National Library of Medicine

72

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

12

prescriptions.

21

patients, 10% of all patients

58 271
BUPROPION HCL SR

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbu... +

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL) is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

72

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

11

patients, 5% of all patients

58 127
BUSPIRONE HCL

Buspirone is used to treat ... +

Buspirone is used to treat anxiety disorders or in the short-term treatment of symptoms of anxiety. Source: National Library of Medicine

70

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

13

patients, 6% of all patients

60 91
TESTOSTERONE CYPIONATE

Used to treat symptoms of l... +

Used to treat symptoms of low testosterone in men who do not produce enough natural testosterone. Source: National Library of Medicine

68

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

<11 61 229
VOLTAREN

Treats pain caused by arthr... +

Treats pain caused by arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or other medical problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

68

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

13

prescriptions.

19

patients, 9% of all patients

61 164
SPIRONOLACTONE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) in patients with congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, or nephrotic syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

59

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

<11 63 55
METHADONE HCL

Methadone is used to reliev... +

Methadone is used to relieve moderate to severe pain that has not been relieved by non-narcotic pain relievers. Source: National Library of Medicine

59

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

<11 O 63 223
PANTOPRAZOLE SODIUM

Pantoprazole is used to tre... +

Pantoprazole is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and possible injury of the esophagus (the tube between the throat and stomach). Source: National Library of Medicine

58

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

15

prescriptions.

12

patients, 6% of all patients

65 21
RANITIDINE HCL

Ranitidine is used to treat... +

Ranitidine is used to treat ulcers; gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the food pipe (esophagus); and conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

58

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

11

patients, 5% of all patients

65 31
DEXILANT

Treats erosive esophagitis,... +

Treats erosive esophagitis, heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and other conditions caused by too much stomach acid. Source: National Library of Medicine

57

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

11

patients, 5% of all patients

67 173
HYDROMORPHONE ER 57

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

<11 O 67 492
NAPROXEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by arthritis, gout, menstrual cramps, tendinitis, headache, backache, and toothache. Source: National Library of Medicine

52

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

14

patients, 6% of all patients

69 84
METHYLPREDNISOLONE

Treats asthma, allergic rea... +

Treats asthma, allergic reactions, inflammation, flare-ups of ongoing illnesses, and many other medical problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

51

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

34

patients, 16% of all patients

70 94
About This Data

Prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, was compiled and released by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the federal agency that oversees the program. The data for 2015 includes more than 1.4 billion prescriptions written by nearly 1.4 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 447,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. More than three-fourths of these prescriptions went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to [email protected] and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to [email protected].

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if there are fewer than 20 prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on July 15, 2015.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.
  • In rare circumstances, providers' prescription tallies may be inflated. Sometimes providers are credited with prescriptions written by colleagues (this happens in long-term care facilities) or are victims of fraud involving theft of their provider number.