Prescriber Checkup

Prescriber Checkup

The Doctors and Drugs in Medicare Part D

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2015

Family Medicine

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

13,531Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 226 out of 1114

$693K Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 291 out of 1114

699 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
88% Patients 65 Years and Older

19% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
higher than average Average for
this specialty
in Kentucky
lower than average

Antipsychotics

This provider prescribed antipsychotics to at least one but fewer than 11 patients who are 65 and older, so Medicare redacted the exact figure. Comparisons are not shown.

More resources »

Antibiotics

27% of this provider’s 699 patients filled at least one prescription for an antibiotic drug, compared to an average of 35%.

More resources »

Risky Drugs for Seniors

21% of this provider’s 612 patients 65 and older filled at least one prescription for a potentially inappropriate drug, compared to an average of 14%.

More resources »

Opioids

19% of this provider’s 699 patients filled at least one prescription for an opioid, compared to an average of 20%.

More resources »

Brand Name Drugs

15% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 19%.

Prescription Price

$51 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $55 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

19 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 21.


How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all patients.

This Provider's History

A comparison of this provider’s prescribing in Part D since 2012. All years may not be shown if there is insufficient data.

Cost of Claims

$583K

2012

$689K

2013

$714K

2014

$693K

2015

Number of Claims

11,452

2012

12,886

2013

13,399

2014

13,531

2015

This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state. The list below includes only those drugs for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions.

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O

An opioid drug. More » Prescription opioids (painkillers) can help alleviate certain kinds of pain in the short term but carry serious health risks.

A

An antibiotic drug. More » Used to treat bacterial infections but are often prescribed incorrectly to treat viral infections, such as chest colds or the flu.

P

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled with Refills Prescriptions
to 65+
Patients Receiving this Drug Category For this Prescriber For this Prescriber's Peers
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Source: National Library of Medicine

636

prescriptions, 5% of all prescriptions

548

prescriptions.

118

patients, 17% of all patients

1 1
PRAVASTATIN SODIUM

Pravastatin is used with di... +

Pravastatin is used with diet, weight-loss, and exercise to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and to decrease the chance that heart surgery will be needed in people who have heart disease or who are at risk of developing heart disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

482

prescriptions, 4% of all prescriptions

453

prescriptions.

101

patients, 14% of all patients

2 13
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Source: National Library of Medicine

475

prescriptions, 4% of all prescriptions

384

prescriptions.

93

patients, 13% of all patients

3 5
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. Source: National Library of Medicine

472

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

405

prescriptions.

102

patients, 15% of all patients

4 2
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Source: National Library of Medicine

414

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

349

prescriptions.

90

patients, 13% of all patients

5 3
HYDROCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

369

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

292

prescriptions.

95

patients, 14% of all patients

O 6 4
ALPRAZOLAM

Treats anxiety, panic disor... +

Treats anxiety, panic disorder, insomnia (trouble sleeping), and anxiety caused by depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

317

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

231

prescriptions.

59

patients, 8% of all patients

7 15
ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Source: National Library of Medicine

302

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

271

prescriptions.

67

patients, 10% of all patients

8 6
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Source: National Library of Medicine

296

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

206

prescriptions.

75

patients, 11% of all patients

9 8
TRIAMTERENE-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZID

Used to treat high blood pr... +

Used to treat high blood pressure and edema (fluid retention; excess fluid held in body tissues) in patients who have lower amounts of potassium in their bodies or for whom low potassium levels in the body could be dangerous. Source: National Library of Medicine

271

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

210

prescriptions.

60

patients, 9% of all patients

10 59
ATENOLOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and angina (chest pain). Source: National Library of Medicine

255

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

228

prescriptions.

51

patients, 7% of all patients

11 25
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

239

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

215

prescriptions.

48

patients, 7% of all patients

12 9
LOSARTAN POTASSIUM

Losartan is used alone or i... +

Losartan is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

226

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

198

prescriptions.

54

patients, 8% of all patients

13 18
GLIMEPIRIDE

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

219

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

214

prescriptions.

40

patients, 6% of all patients

14 44
FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE

Treats stuffy nose caused b... +

Treats stuffy nose caused by hay fever and other allergies. Source: National Library of Medicine

185

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

136

prescriptions.

59

patients, 8% of all patients

15 29
CITALOPRAM HBR

Citalopram is used to treat... +

Citalopram is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

182

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

150

prescriptions.

42

patients, 6% of all patients

16 20
BISOPROLOL-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

180

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

175

prescriptions.

45

patients, 6% of all patients

17 156
RANITIDINE HCL

Ranitidine is used to treat... +

Ranitidine is used to treat ulcers; gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the food pipe (esophagus); and conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

173

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

146

prescriptions.

52

patients, 7% of all patients

18 27
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Source: National Library of Medicine

167

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

127

prescriptions.

36

patients, 5% of all patients

R 19 46
FUROSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). Source: National Library of Medicine

164

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

159

prescriptions.

44

patients, 6% of all patients

20 7
LISINOPRIL-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

157

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

145

prescriptions.

35

patients, 5% of all patients

21 28
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

155

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

132

prescriptions.

31

patients, 4% of all patients

22 10
TRAMADOL HCL

Tramadol is used to relieve... +

Tramadol is used to relieve moderate to moderately severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

154

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

94

prescriptions.

35

patients, 5% of all patients

O 23 32
FLUOXETINE HCL

Fluoxetine is used to treat... +

Fluoxetine is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), some eating disorders, and panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks). Source: National Library of Medicine

147

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

124

prescriptions.

38

patients, 5% of all patients

24 48
METOPROLOL TARTRATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

141

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

122

prescriptions.

28

patients, 4% of all patients

25 11
PREDNISONE

Treats inflammation (swelli... +

Treats inflammation (swelling), severe allergies, complications of chronic illnesses, and other medical problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

134

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

123

prescriptions.

91

patients, 13% of all patients

26 42
MELOXICAM

Treats symptoms of osteoart... +

Treats symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). Source: National Library of Medicine

134

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

123

prescriptions.

30

patients, 4% of all patients

26 22
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

123

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

101

prescriptions.

26

patients, 4% of all patients

28 17
CYCLOBENZAPRINE HCL

Cyclobenzaprine, a muscle r... +

Cyclobenzaprine, a muscle relaxant, is used with rest, physical therapy, and other measures to relax muscles and relieve pain and discomfort caused by strains, sprains, and other muscle injuries. Source: National Library of Medicine

120

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

60

prescriptions.

43

patients, 6% of all patients

R 29 71
METFORMIN HCL ER

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

120

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

101

prescriptions.

30

patients, 4% of all patients

29 49
TRAZODONE HCL

Trazodone is used to treat ... +

Trazodone is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

117

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

93

prescriptions.

36

patients, 5% of all patients

31 33
DULOXETINE HCL

Duloxetine is used to treat... +

Duloxetine is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

117

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

100

prescriptions.

22

patients, 3% of all patients

31 45
MONTELUKAST SODIUM

Montelukast is used to prev... +

Montelukast is used to prevent wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and coughing caused by asthma. Source: National Library of Medicine

110

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

78

prescriptions.

20

patients, 3% of all patients

33 30
ESTRADIOL

Replaces estrogen that decr... +

Replaces estrogen that decreases with menopause or removal of the ovaries. Source: National Library of Medicine

107

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

80

prescriptions.

20

patients, 3% of all patients

R 34 142
PANTOPRAZOLE SODIUM

Pantoprazole is used to tre... +

Pantoprazole is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and possible injury of the esophagus (the tube between the throat and stomach). Source: National Library of Medicine

106

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

101

prescriptions.

22

patients, 3% of all patients

35 16
CLOPIDOGREL

Helps prevent stroke, heart... +

Helps prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

106

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

92

prescriptions.

23

patients, 3% of all patients

35 19
CRESTOR

Lowers high levels of chole... +

Lowers high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

106

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

106

prescriptions.

17

patients, 2% of all patients

35 36
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

Potassium is needed to main... +

Potassium is needed to maintain good health. Source: National Library of Medicine

106

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

80

prescriptions.

29

patients, 4% of all patients

35 12
SERTRALINE HCL

Sertraline is used to treat... +

Sertraline is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks), posttraumatic stress disorder (disturbing psychological symptoms that develop after a frightening experience), and social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with normal life). Source: National Library of Medicine

104

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

99

prescriptions.

25

patients, 4% of all patients

39 21
CLONAZEPAM

Treats seizures, panic diso... +

Treats seizures, panic disorder, and anxiety. Source: National Library of Medicine

98

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

73

prescriptions.

20

patients, 3% of all patients

40 34
ALENDRONATE SODIUM

Alendronate is used to trea... +

Alendronate is used to treat and prevent osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause (''change of life,'' end of menstrual periods) and to treat osteoporosis in men. Source: National Library of Medicine

98

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

98

prescriptions.

19

patients, 3% of all patients

40 62
NEXIUM

Treats heartburn, gastroeso... +

Treats heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid. Source: National Library of Medicine

97

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

92

prescriptions.

23

patients, 3% of all patients

42 40
SYNTHROID

Treats hypothyroidism. +

Treats hypothyroidism. Source: National Library of Medicine

95

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

95

prescriptions.

21

patients, 3% of all patients

43 73
TEMAZEPAM

Treats insomnia (trouble sl... +

Treats insomnia (trouble sleeping). Source: National Library of Medicine

88

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

73

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

44 104
HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). Source: National Library of Medicine

87

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

65

prescriptions.

23

patients, 3% of all patients

45 14
LOVASTATIN

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

86

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

81

prescriptions.

18

patients, 3% of all patients

46 68
VALSARTAN-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Treats high blood pressure. +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

82

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

77

prescriptions.

17

patients, 2% of all patients

47 103
CIPROFLOXACIN HCL

Ciprofloxacin is used to tr... +

Ciprofloxacin is used to treat or prevent certain infections caused by bacteria. Source: National Library of Medicine

82

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

77

prescriptions.

61

patients, 9% of all patients

A 47 72
DICLOFENAC SODIUM

Diclofenac is used to relie... +

Diclofenac is used to relieve pain, tenderness, swelling, and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by a breakdown of the lining of the joints), rheumatoid arthritis (arthritis caused by swelling of the lining of the joints), and ankylosing spondylitis (arthritis that mainly affects the spine). Source: National Library of Medicine

79

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

74

prescriptions.

30

patients, 4% of all patients

49 70
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE-BENAZEPRIL

The combination of amlodipi... +

The combination of amlodipine and benazepril is used to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

79

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

74

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

49 101
ALLOPURINOL

Treats gout and some kinds ... +

Treats gout and some kinds of kidney stones. Source: National Library of Medicine

78

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

65

prescriptions.

18

patients, 3% of all patients

51 35
LOSARTAN-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

This drug is used to treat ... +

This drug is used to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

76

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

71

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

52 53
LANSOPRAZOLE

Treats stomach ulcers, gast... +

Treats stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

75

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

40

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

53 112
AMITRIPTYLINE HCL

Amitriptyline is used to tr... +

Amitriptyline is used to treat symptoms of depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

75

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

57

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

R 53 61
DONEPEZIL HCL

Donepezil is used to treat ... +

Donepezil is used to treat dementia (a brain disorder that affects the ability to remember, think clearly, communicate, and perform daily activities and may cause changes in mood and personality) associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD; a brain disease that slowly destroys the memory and the ability to think, learn, communicate and handle daily activities). Source: National Library of Medicine

64

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

64

prescriptions.

16

patients, 2% of all patients

55 38
PROAIR HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Source: National Library of Medicine

61

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

38

prescriptions.

17

patients, 2% of all patients

56 37
OXYBUTYNIN CHLORIDE

Oxybutynin is used to contr... +

Oxybutynin is used to control urgent, frequent, or uncontrolled urination in people who have overactive bladder (a condition in which the bladder muscles have uncontrollable spasms), spina bifida (a disability that occurs when the spinal cord does not close properly before birth), or other conditions that affect the bladder muscles. Source: National Library of Medicine

59

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

46

prescriptions.

18

patients, 3% of all patients

57 132
DIAZEPAM

Treats anxiety, muscle spas... +

Treats anxiety, muscle spasms, seizures, and other medical conditions. Source: National Library of Medicine

57

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

52

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

58 39
VYTORIN

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

55

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

55

prescriptions.

<11 59 313
CEPHALEXIN

Treats bacterial infections... +

Treats bacterial infections. Source: National Library of Medicine

55

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

50

prescriptions.

44

patients, 6% of all patients

A 59 89
CLONIDINE HCL

Clonidine is used alone or ... +

Clonidine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

54

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

49

prescriptions.

11

patients, 2% of all patients

61 65
ESCITALOPRAM OXALATE

Escitalopram is used to tre... +

Escitalopram is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

54

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

35

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

61 43
TAMSULOSIN HCL

Tamsulosin is used in men t... +

Tamsulosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Source: National Library of Medicine

54

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

49

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

61 31
WARFARIN SODIUM

Warfarin is used to prevent... +

Warfarin is used to prevent blood clots from forming or growing larger in your blood and blood vessels. Source: National Library of Medicine

54

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

49

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

61 23
DOXAZOSIN MESYLATE

Doxazosin (Cardura, Cardura... +

Doxazosin (Cardura, Cardura XL) is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH), which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Source: National Library of Medicine

54

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

54

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

61 97
HYDROXYZINE HCL

Hydroxyzine is used to reli... +

Hydroxyzine is used to relieve the itching caused by allergies and to control the nausea and vomiting caused by various conditions, including motion sickness. Source: National Library of Medicine

52

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

47

prescriptions.

18

patients, 3% of all patients

R 66 209
AZITHROMYCIN

Treats infections caused by... +

Treats infections caused by certain bacteria. Source: National Library of Medicine

52

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

47

prescriptions.

46

patients, 7% of all patients

A 66 50
About This Data

Prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, was compiled and released by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the federal agency that oversees the program. The data for 2015 includes more than 1.4 billion prescriptions written by nearly 1.4 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 447,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. More than three-fourths of these prescriptions went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to checkup@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to checkup@propublica.org.

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if there are fewer than 20 prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on Nov. 2, 2007.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.
  • In rare circumstances, providers' prescription tallies may be inflated. Sometimes providers are credited with prescriptions written by colleagues (this happens in long-term care facilities) or are victims of fraud involving theft of their provider number.