Prescriber Checkup

Prescriber Checkup

The Doctors and Drugs in Medicare Part D

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2015

Internal Medicine

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

13,329Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 17 out of 793

$830K Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 42 out of 793

797 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
88% Patients 65 Years and Older

35% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
higher than average Average for
this specialty
in Minnesota
lower than average

Antipsychotics

2% of this provider’s 701 patients who are 65 and older filled at least one prescription for an antipsychotic drug, compared to an average of 2%.

More resources »

Antibiotics

23% of this provider’s 797 patients filled at least one prescription for an antibiotic drug, compared to an average of 18%.

More resources »

Risky Drugs for Seniors

7% of this provider’s 701 patients 65 and older filled at least one prescription for a potentially inappropriate drug, compared to an average of 9%.

More resources »

Opioids

16% of this provider’s 797 patients filled at least one prescription for an opioid, compared to an average of 13%.

More resources »

Brand Name Drugs

21% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 18%.

Prescription Price

$62 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $78 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

17 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 13.


How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all patients.

This Provider's History

A comparison of this provider’s prescribing in Part D since 2012. All years may not be shown if there is insufficient data.

Cost of Claims

$949K

2012

$1.07M

2013

$1.08M

2014

$830K

2015

Number of Claims

17,664

2012

19,375

2013

18,944

2014

13,329

2015

This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state. The list below includes only those drugs for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions.

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O

An opioid drug. More » Prescription opioids (painkillers) can help alleviate certain kinds of pain in the short term but carry serious health risks.

A

An antibiotic drug. More » Used to treat bacterial infections but are often prescribed incorrectly to treat viral infections, such as chest colds or the flu.

P

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled with Refills Prescriptions
to 65+
Patients Receiving this Drug Category For this Prescriber For this Prescriber's Peers
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Source: National Library of Medicine

448

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

431

prescriptions.

116

patients, 15% of all patients

1 2
FUROSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). Source: National Library of Medicine

409

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

363

prescriptions.

115

patients, 14% of all patients

2 7
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Source: National Library of Medicine

376

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

345

prescriptions.

85

patients, 11% of all patients

3 6
ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Source: National Library of Medicine

376

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

348

prescriptions.

96

patients, 12% of all patients

3 4
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Source: National Library of Medicine

329

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

308

prescriptions.

90

patients, 11% of all patients

5 5
WARFARIN SODIUM

Warfarin is used to prevent... +

Warfarin is used to prevent blood clots from forming or growing larger in your blood and blood vessels. Source: National Library of Medicine

296

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

279

prescriptions.

77

patients, 10% of all patients

6 8
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

295

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

253

prescriptions.

93

patients, 12% of all patients

7 3
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. Source: National Library of Medicine

289

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

256

prescriptions.

81

patients, 10% of all patients

8 1
CARVEDILOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). Source: National Library of Medicine

276

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

271

prescriptions.

53

patients, 7% of all patients

9 34
LOSARTAN POTASSIUM

Losartan is used alone or i... +

Losartan is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

254

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

249

prescriptions.

67

patients, 8% of all patients

10 9
METOPROLOL TARTRATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

252

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

233

prescriptions.

67

patients, 8% of all patients

11 11
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

245

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

234

prescriptions.

62

patients, 8% of all patients

12 12
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Source: National Library of Medicine

219

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

184

prescriptions.

61

patients, 8% of all patients

13 15
ALLOPURINOL

Treats gout and some kinds ... +

Treats gout and some kinds of kidney stones. Source: National Library of Medicine

203

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

184

prescriptions.

40

patients, 5% of all patients

14 25
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

Potassium is needed to main... +

Potassium is needed to maintain good health. Source: National Library of Medicine

190

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

190

prescriptions.

43

patients, 5% of all patients

15 16
TRAMADOL HCL

Tramadol is used to relieve... +

Tramadol is used to relieve moderate to moderately severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

177

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

172

prescriptions.

53

patients, 7% of all patients

O 16 17
PRAVASTATIN SODIUM

Pravastatin is used with di... +

Pravastatin is used with diet, weight-loss, and exercise to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and to decrease the chance that heart surgery will be needed in people who have heart disease or who are at risk of developing heart disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

176

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

161

prescriptions.

42

patients, 5% of all patients

17 20
SERTRALINE HCL

Sertraline is used to treat... +

Sertraline is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks), posttraumatic stress disorder (disturbing psychological symptoms that develop after a frightening experience), and social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with normal life). Source: National Library of Medicine

170

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

165

prescriptions.

36

patients, 5% of all patients

18 19
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE ER

Isosorbide mononitrate is u... +

Isosorbide mononitrate is used to prevent angina (chest pain) caused by coronary artery disease (heart disease). Source: National Library of Medicine

168

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

153

prescriptions.

46

patients, 6% of all patients

19 42
PANTOPRAZOLE SODIUM

Pantoprazole is used to tre... +

Pantoprazole is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and possible injury of the esophagus (the tube between the throat and stomach). Source: National Library of Medicine

162

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

157

prescriptions.

44

patients, 6% of all patients

20 29
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

161

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

132

prescriptions.

40

patients, 5% of all patients

21 14
SPIRIVA

Prevents the symptoms of br... +

Prevents the symptoms of bronchospasm caused by emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Source: National Library of Medicine

142

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

125

prescriptions.

29

patients, 4% of all patients

22 53
RANITIDINE HCL

Ranitidine is used to treat... +

Ranitidine is used to treat ulcers; gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the food pipe (esophagus); and conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

139

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

127

prescriptions.

37

patients, 5% of all patients

23 35
HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). Source: National Library of Medicine

136

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

131

prescriptions.

44

patients, 6% of all patients

24 13
TORSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) caused by congestive heart failure, kidney disease, or liver disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

134

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

122

prescriptions.

36

patients, 5% of all patients

25 73
ATENOLOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and angina (chest pain). Source: National Library of Medicine

131

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

126

prescriptions.

40

patients, 5% of all patients

26 10
FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE

Treats stuffy nose caused b... +

Treats stuffy nose caused by hay fever and other allergies. Source: National Library of Medicine

121

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

108

prescriptions.

36

patients, 5% of all patients

27 24
MONTELUKAST SODIUM

Montelukast is used to prev... +

Montelukast is used to prevent wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and coughing caused by asthma. Source: National Library of Medicine

111

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

89

prescriptions.

29

patients, 4% of all patients

28 71
SPIRONOLACTONE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) in patients with congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, or nephrotic syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

110

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

105

prescriptions.

27

patients, 3% of all patients

29 49
CLOPIDOGREL

Helps prevent stroke, heart... +

Helps prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

108

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

103

prescriptions.

23

patients, 3% of all patients

30 27
CRESTOR

Lowers high levels of chole... +

Lowers high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

104

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

99

prescriptions.

20

patients, 3% of all patients

31 36
FLUOXETINE HCL

Fluoxetine is used to treat... +

Fluoxetine is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), some eating disorders, and panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks). Source: National Library of Medicine

104

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

75

prescriptions.

27

patients, 3% of all patients

31 48
GLIMEPIRIDE

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

101

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

85

prescriptions.

22

patients, 3% of all patients

33 47
SULFAMETHOXAZOLE-TRIMETHOPRIM

Treating infections caused ... +

Treating infections caused by certain bacteria. Source: National Library of Medicine

100

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

81

prescriptions.

25

patients, 3% of all patients

A 34 100
LANTUS

Treats diabetes mellitus. I... +

Treats diabetes mellitus. Source: National Library of Medicine

98

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

68

prescriptions.

20

patients, 3% of all patients

35 65
LOVASTATIN

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

95

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

95

prescriptions.

18

patients, 2% of all patients

36 56
LORAZEPAM

Treats anxiety, anxiety wit... +

Treats anxiety, anxiety with depression, and insomnia (trouble sleeping). Source: National Library of Medicine

94

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

78

prescriptions.

28

patients, 4% of all patients

37 31
PREDNISONE

Treats inflammation (swelli... +

Treats inflammation (swelling), severe allergies, complications of chronic illnesses, and other medical problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

93

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

88

prescriptions.

29

patients, 4% of all patients

38 26
DONEPEZIL HCL

Donepezil is used to treat ... +

Donepezil is used to treat dementia (a brain disorder that affects the ability to remember, think clearly, communicate, and perform daily activities and may cause changes in mood and personality) associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD; a brain disease that slowly destroys the memory and the ability to think, learn, communicate and handle daily activities). Source: National Library of Medicine

91

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

91

prescriptions.

17

patients, 2% of all patients

39 37
METFORMIN HCL ER

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

91

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

77

prescriptions.

31

patients, 4% of all patients

39 46
ALPRAZOLAM

Treats anxiety, panic disor... +

Treats anxiety, panic disorder, insomnia (trouble sleeping), and anxiety caused by depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

89

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

67

prescriptions.

26

patients, 3% of all patients

41 50
MELOXICAM

Treats symptoms of osteoart... +

Treats symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). Source: National Library of Medicine

88

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

76

prescriptions.

31

patients, 4% of all patients

42 79
TAMSULOSIN HCL

Tamsulosin is used in men t... +

Tamsulosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Source: National Library of Medicine

87

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

82

prescriptions.

28

patients, 4% of all patients

43 23
ROPINIROLE HCL

Ropinirole is used alone or... +

Ropinirole is used alone or with other medications to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD; a disorder of the nervous system that causes difficulties with movement, muscle control, and balance), including shaking of parts of the body, stiffness, slowed movements, and problems with balance. Source: National Library of Medicine

83

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

70

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

44 75
TRAZODONE HCL

Trazodone is used to treat ... +

Trazodone is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

80

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

75

prescriptions.

27

patients, 3% of all patients

45 22
JANTOVEN

Helps to prevent new blood ... +

Helps to prevent new blood clots from forming, and helps to keep existing blood clots from getting worse. Source: National Library of Medicine

76

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

71

prescriptions.

22

patients, 3% of all patients

46 39
ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE

Treats and prevents angina ... +

Treats and prevents angina (chest pain). Source: National Library of Medicine

75

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

70

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

47 218
LANTUS SOLOSTAR

Treats diabetes mellitus. I... +

Treats diabetes mellitus. Source: National Library of Medicine

74

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

69

prescriptions.

24

patients, 3% of all patients

48 30
PROAIR HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Source: National Library of Medicine

72

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

57

prescriptions.

41

patients, 5% of all patients

49 38
RAMIPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure after a heart attack. Source: National Library of Medicine

68

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

63

prescriptions.

24

patients, 3% of all patients

50 207
NAMENDA XR

Used to treat the symptoms ... +

Used to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

66

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

66

prescriptions.

<11 51 96
CARBIDOPA-LEVODOPA

The combination of levodopa... +

The combination of levodopa and carbidopa is used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and Parkinson's-like symptoms that may develop after encephalitis (swelling of the brain) or injury to the nervous system caused by carbon monoxide poisoning or manganese poisoning. Source: National Library of Medicine

65

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

65

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

52 76
NITROSTAT

Treats or prevents angina (... +

Treats or prevents angina (chest pain). Source: National Library of Medicine

65

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

52

prescriptions.

33

patients, 4% of all patients

52 102
HYDROCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

63

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

46

prescriptions.

27

patients, 3% of all patients

O 54 18
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350

Treats occasional constipat... +

Treats occasional constipation. Source: National Library of Medicine

63

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

58

prescriptions.

19

patients, 2% of all patients

54 43
DULOXETINE HCL

Duloxetine is used to treat... +

Duloxetine is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

62

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

50

prescriptions.

11

patients, 1% of all patients

56 57
TERAZOSIN HCL

Terazosin is used in men to... +

Terazosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH), which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Source: National Library of Medicine

62

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

57

prescriptions.

20

patients, 3% of all patients

56 94
CIPROFLOXACIN HCL

Ciprofloxacin is used to tr... +

Ciprofloxacin is used to treat or prevent certain infections caused by bacteria. Source: National Library of Medicine

61

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

56

prescriptions.

26

patients, 3% of all patients

A 58 69
SYMBICORT

This is a combination of bu... +

This is a combination of budesonide and formoterol used to help control the symptoms of asthma and improve lung function. Source: National Library of Medicine

61

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

56

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

58 93
IPRATROPIUM-ALBUTEROL

The combination of albutero... +

The combination of albuterol and ipratropium is used to prevent wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and coughing in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; a group of diseases that affect the lungs and airways) such as chronic bronchitis (swelling of the air passages that lead to the lungs) and emphysema (damage to the air sacs in the lungs). Source: National Library of Medicine

58

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

53

prescriptions.

<11 60 130
AZITHROMYCIN

Treats infections caused by... +

Treats infections caused by certain bacteria. Source: National Library of Medicine

58

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

53

prescriptions.

38

patients, 5% of all patients

A 60 64
BUMETANIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

58

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

42

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

60 171
JANUVIA

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

54

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

49

prescriptions.

17

patients, 2% of all patients

63 78
TRIAMCINOLONE ACETONIDE

Triamcinolone is used to tr... +

Triamcinolone is used to treat the itching, redness, dryness, crusting, scaling, inflammation, and discomfort of various skin conditions. Source: National Library of Medicine

53

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

48

prescriptions.

23

patients, 3% of all patients

64 84
AMOXICILLIN-CLAVULANATE POTASS

Treats infections. +

Treats infections. Source: National Library of Medicine

53

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

48

prescriptions.

32

patients, 4% of all patients

A 64 150
MUPIROCIN*

Treats skin infections and ... +

Treats skin infections and bacterial infections in your nose. Source: National Library of Medicine

51

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

46

prescriptions.

20

patients, 3% of all patients

66 300
METOCLOPRAMIDE HCL

Metoclopramide is used to r... +

Metoclopramide is used to relieve heartburn and speed the healing of ulcers and sores in the esophagus (tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) in people who have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the esophagus) that did not get better with other treatments. Source: National Library of Medicine

51

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

46

prescriptions.

14

patients, 2% of all patients

66 241
METHYLPREDNISOLONE

Treats asthma, allergic rea... +

Treats asthma, allergic reactions, inflammation, flare-ups of ongoing illnesses, and many other medical problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

50

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

32

prescriptions.

23

patients, 3% of all patients

68 126
About This Data

Prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, was compiled and released by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the federal agency that oversees the program. The data for 2015 includes more than 1.4 billion prescriptions written by nearly 1.4 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 447,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. More than three-fourths of these prescriptions went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to checkup@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to checkup@propublica.org.

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if there are fewer than 20 prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on July 2, 2015.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.
  • In rare circumstances, providers' prescription tallies may be inflated. Sometimes providers are credited with prescriptions written by colleagues (this happens in long-term care facilities) or are victims of fraud involving theft of their provider number.