Prescriber Checkup

Prescriber Checkup

The Doctors and Drugs in Medicare Part D

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2015

Internal Medicine

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

11,499Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 226 out of 691

$636K Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 257 out of 691

540 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
88% Patients 65 Years and Older

25% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
higher than average Average for
this specialty
in Kentucky
lower than average

Antipsychotics

This provider prescribed antipsychotics to at least one but fewer than 11 patients who are 65 and older, so Medicare redacted the exact figure. Comparisons are not shown.

More resources »

Antibiotics

40% of this provider’s 540 patients filled at least one prescription for an antibiotic drug, compared to an average of 31%.

More resources »

Risky Drugs for Seniors

16% of this provider’s 473 patients 65 and older filled at least one prescription for a potentially inappropriate drug, compared to an average of 14%.

More resources »

Opioids

26% of this provider’s 540 patients filled at least one prescription for an opioid, compared to an average of 19%.

More resources »

Brand Name Drugs

15% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 21%.

Prescription Price

$55 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $66 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

21 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 21.


How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all patients.

This Provider's History

A comparison of this provider’s prescribing in Part D since 2012. All years may not be shown if there is insufficient data.

Cost of Claims

$602K

2012

$586K

2013

$646K

2014

$636K

2015

Number of Claims

10,626

2012

10,851

2013

11,126

2014

11,499

2015

This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state. The list below includes only those drugs for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions.

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O

An opioid drug. More » Prescription opioids (painkillers) can help alleviate certain kinds of pain in the short term but carry serious health risks.

A

An antibiotic drug. More » Used to treat bacterial infections but are often prescribed incorrectly to treat viral infections, such as chest colds or the flu.

P

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled with Refills Prescriptions
to 65+
Patients Receiving this Drug Category For this Prescriber For this Prescriber's Peers
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Source: National Library of Medicine

496

prescriptions, 4% of all prescriptions

442

prescriptions.

106

patients, 20% of all patients

1 5
HYDROCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

389

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

291

prescriptions.

102

patients, 19% of all patients

O 2 6
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Source: National Library of Medicine

346

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

316

prescriptions.

70

patients, 13% of all patients

3 1
METOPROLOL TARTRATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

323

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

287

prescriptions.

70

patients, 13% of all patients

4 11
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Source: National Library of Medicine

311

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

236

prescriptions.

62

patients, 11% of all patients

5 9
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. Source: National Library of Medicine

307

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

261

prescriptions.

73

patients, 14% of all patients

6 2
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Source: National Library of Medicine

293

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

269

prescriptions.

75

patients, 14% of all patients

7 3
ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Source: National Library of Medicine

266

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

261

prescriptions.

70

patients, 13% of all patients

8 4
PRAVASTATIN SODIUM

Pravastatin is used with di... +

Pravastatin is used with diet, weight-loss, and exercise to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and to decrease the chance that heart surgery will be needed in people who have heart disease or who are at risk of developing heart disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

224

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

197

prescriptions.

51

patients, 9% of all patients

9 14
LOSARTAN POTASSIUM

Losartan is used alone or i... +

Losartan is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

214

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

194

prescriptions.

53

patients, 10% of all patients

10 13
PREDNISONE

Treats inflammation (swelli... +

Treats inflammation (swelling), severe allergies, complications of chronic illnesses, and other medical problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

214

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

186

prescriptions.

128

patients, 24% of all patients

10 39
CLONAZEPAM

Treats seizures, panic diso... +

Treats seizures, panic disorder, and anxiety. Source: National Library of Medicine

212

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

160

prescriptions.

42

patients, 8% of all patients

12 36
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

Potassium is needed to main... +

Potassium is needed to maintain good health. Source: National Library of Medicine

186

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

153

prescriptions.

49

patients, 9% of all patients

13 12
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Source: National Library of Medicine

175

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

121

prescriptions.

35

patients, 6% of all patients

R 14 43
TRIAMTERENE-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZID

Used to treat high blood pr... +

Used to treat high blood pressure and edema (fluid retention; excess fluid held in body tissues) in patients who have lower amounts of potassium in their bodies or for whom low potassium levels in the body could be dangerous. Source: National Library of Medicine

168

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

144

prescriptions.

51

patients, 9% of all patients

15 50
HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). Source: National Library of Medicine

164

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

159

prescriptions.

45

patients, 8% of all patients

16 15
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

157

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

157

prescriptions.

39

patients, 7% of all patients

17 8
METFORMIN HCL ER

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

155

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

141

prescriptions.

38

patients, 7% of all patients

18 61
CITALOPRAM HBR

Citalopram is used to treat... +

Citalopram is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

142

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

121

prescriptions.

33

patients, 6% of all patients

19 23
FUROSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). Source: National Library of Medicine

140

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

120

prescriptions.

44

patients, 8% of all patients

20 7
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

131

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

115

prescriptions.

33

patients, 6% of all patients

21 18
LOSARTAN-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

This drug is used to treat ... +

This drug is used to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

127

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

122

prescriptions.

26

patients, 5% of all patients

22 48
CLOPIDOGREL

Helps prevent stroke, heart... +

Helps prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

120

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

115

prescriptions.

21

patients, 4% of all patients

23 20
PANTOPRAZOLE SODIUM

Pantoprazole is used to tre... +

Pantoprazole is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and possible injury of the esophagus (the tube between the throat and stomach). Source: National Library of Medicine

115

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

98

prescriptions.

29

patients, 5% of all patients

24 16
AZITHROMYCIN

Treats infections caused by... +

Treats infections caused by certain bacteria. Source: National Library of Medicine

113

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

91

prescriptions.

78

patients, 14% of all patients

A 25 55
OXYCODONE HCL

Oxycodone is used to reliev... +

Oxycodone is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

105

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

67

prescriptions.

15

patients, 3% of all patients

O 26 104
WARFARIN SODIUM

Warfarin is used to prevent... +

Warfarin is used to prevent blood clots from forming or growing larger in your blood and blood vessels. Source: National Library of Medicine

101

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

96

prescriptions.

24

patients, 4% of all patients

27 19
MONTELUKAST SODIUM

Montelukast is used to prev... +

Montelukast is used to prevent wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and coughing caused by asthma. Source: National Library of Medicine

97

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

75

prescriptions.

17

patients, 3% of all patients

28 26
ALLOPURINOL

Treats gout and some kinds ... +

Treats gout and some kinds of kidney stones. Source: National Library of Medicine

97

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

76

prescriptions.

21

patients, 4% of all patients

28 31
FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE

Treats stuffy nose caused b... +

Treats stuffy nose caused by hay fever and other allergies. Source: National Library of Medicine

97

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

79

prescriptions.

42

patients, 8% of all patients

28 27
RANITIDINE HCL

Ranitidine is used to treat... +

Ranitidine is used to treat ulcers; gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the food pipe (esophagus); and conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

89

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

64

prescriptions.

24

patients, 4% of all patients

31 34
FLUOXETINE HCL

Fluoxetine is used to treat... +

Fluoxetine is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), some eating disorders, and panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks). Source: National Library of Medicine

89

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

59

prescriptions.

17

patients, 3% of all patients

31 56
BACLOFEN

Treats muscle spasms caused... +

Treats muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury or disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

85

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

80

prescriptions.

24

patients, 4% of all patients

33 89
GLIPIZIDE

Used with diet and exercise... +

Used with diet and exercise to help control blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

84

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

70

prescriptions.

16

patients, 3% of all patients

34 57
MELOXICAM

Treats symptoms of osteoart... +

Treats symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). Source: National Library of Medicine

84

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

63

prescriptions.

22

patients, 4% of all patients

34 24
ALPRAZOLAM

Treats anxiety, panic disor... +

Treats anxiety, panic disorder, insomnia (trouble sleeping), and anxiety caused by depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

81

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

42

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

36 17
CLONIDINE HCL

Clonidine is used alone or ... +

Clonidine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

80

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

75

prescriptions.

15

patients, 3% of all patients

37 65
SPIRONOLACTONE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) in patients with congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, or nephrotic syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

79

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

74

prescriptions.

22

patients, 4% of all patients

38 63
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE ER

Isosorbide mononitrate is u... +

Isosorbide mononitrate is used to prevent angina (chest pain) caused by coronary artery disease (heart disease). Source: National Library of Medicine

78

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

78

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

39 40
ESCITALOPRAM OXALATE

Escitalopram is used to tre... +

Escitalopram is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

77

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

31

prescriptions.

16

patients, 3% of all patients

40 37
BENAZEPRIL HCL

Benazepril is used alone or... +

Benazepril is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

76

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

65

prescriptions.

15

patients, 3% of all patients

41 92
JANUVIA

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

75

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

70

prescriptions.

17

patients, 3% of all patients

42 47
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

73

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

68

prescriptions.

20

patients, 4% of all patients

43 10
TRAZODONE HCL

Trazodone is used to treat ... +

Trazodone is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

73

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

41

prescriptions.

14

patients, 3% of all patients

43 32
ATENOLOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and angina (chest pain). Source: National Library of Medicine

68

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

63

prescriptions.

22

patients, 4% of all patients

45 25
AMOXICILLIN

Treats infections. Also use... +

Treats infections. Source: National Library of Medicine

68

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

56

prescriptions.

60

patients, 11% of all patients

A 45 114
LANSOPRAZOLE

Treats stomach ulcers, gast... +

Treats stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

68

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

30

prescriptions.

<11 45 99
TAMSULOSIN HCL

Tamsulosin is used in men t... +

Tamsulosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Source: National Library of Medicine

67

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

62

prescriptions.

22

patients, 4% of all patients

48 28
AMITRIPTYLINE HCL

Amitriptyline is used to tr... +

Amitriptyline is used to treat symptoms of depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

66

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

61

prescriptions.

17

patients, 3% of all patients

R 49 70
DULOXETINE HCL

Duloxetine is used to treat... +

Duloxetine is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

66

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

40

prescriptions.

<11 49 45
LANTUS SOLOSTAR

Treats diabetes mellitus. I... +

Treats diabetes mellitus. Source: National Library of Medicine

65

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

45

prescriptions.

15

patients, 3% of all patients

51 71
CARVEDILOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). Source: National Library of Medicine

63

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

63

prescriptions.

14

patients, 3% of all patients

52 21
OXYCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

61

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

48

prescriptions.

18

patients, 3% of all patients

O 53 42
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE-BENAZEPRIL

The combination of amlodipi... +

The combination of amlodipine and benazepril is used to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

61

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

56

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

53 108
SERTRALINE HCL

Sertraline is used to treat... +

Sertraline is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks), posttraumatic stress disorder (disturbing psychological symptoms that develop after a frightening experience), and social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with normal life). Source: National Library of Medicine

60

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

47

prescriptions.

14

patients, 3% of all patients

55 22
DIAZEPAM

Treats anxiety, muscle spas... +

Treats anxiety, muscle spasms, seizures, and other medical conditions. Source: National Library of Medicine

59

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

42

prescriptions.

11

patients, 2% of all patients

56 53
VALSARTAN-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Treats high blood pressure. +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

58

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

58

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

57 93
SYNTHROID

Treats hypothyroidism. +

Treats hypothyroidism. Source: National Library of Medicine

58

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

53

prescriptions.

<11 57 58
PROAIR HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Source: National Library of Medicine

56

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

51

prescriptions.

19

patients, 4% of all patients

59 41
LISINOPRIL-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

56

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

51

prescriptions.

19

patients, 4% of all patients

59 38
PIOGLITAZONE HCL

Pioglitazone is used to tre... +

Pioglitazone is used to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

54

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

40

prescriptions.

<11 61 115
BUPROPION XL

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbu... +

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL) is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

53

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

48

prescriptions.

<11 62 137
LANTUS

Treats diabetes mellitus. I... +

Treats diabetes mellitus. Source: National Library of Medicine

52

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

52

prescriptions.

<11 63 79
FINASTERIDE

Treats an enlarged prostate... +

Treats an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) in men and causes hair growth in male pattern baldness. Source: National Library of Medicine

52

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

52

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

63 88
About This Data

Prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, was compiled and released by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the federal agency that oversees the program. The data for 2015 includes more than 1.4 billion prescriptions written by nearly 1.4 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 447,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. More than three-fourths of these prescriptions went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to checkup@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to checkup@propublica.org.

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if there are fewer than 20 prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on July 8, 2007.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.
  • In rare circumstances, providers' prescription tallies may be inflated. Sometimes providers are credited with prescriptions written by colleagues (this happens in long-term care facilities) or are victims of fraud involving theft of their provider number.