Prescriber Checkup

Prescriber Checkup

The Doctors and Drugs in Medicare Part D

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2015

Physician Assistant

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

8,543Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 5 out of 407

$1M Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 8 out of 407

299 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
32% Patients 65 Years and Older

85% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
higher than average Average for
this specialty
in Virginia
lower than average

Antipsychotics

Comparisons are not shown because this provider has fewer than 100 patients who are 65 and older.

43 of this provider’s 96 patients who are 65 and older filled at least one prescription for an antipsychotic drug.

More resources »

Antibiotics

This provider prescribed antibiotics to at least one but fewer than 11 patients, so Medicare redacted the exact figure. Comparisons are not shown.

More resources »

Risky Drugs for Seniors

Comparisons are not shown because this provider has fewer than 100 patients who are 65 and older.

25 of this provider’s 96 patients who are 65 and older filled at least one prescription for a potentially inappropriate drug.

More resources »

Opioids

This provider prescribed opioids to at least one but fewer than 11 patients, so Medicare redacted the exact figure. Comparisons are not shown.

More resources »

Brand Name Drugs *

16% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 16%.

* This is an estimate, see our methodology.

Prescription Price

$117 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $115 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

29 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 6.


How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all patients.

This Provider's History

A comparison of this provider’s prescribing in Part D since 2012. All years may not be shown if there is insufficient data.

Cost of Claims

$761K

2012

$1.05M

2013

$1.06M

2014

$1M

2015

Number of Claims

4,296

2012

8,185

2013

8,507

2014

8,543

2015

This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state. The list below includes only those drugs for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions.

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O

An opioid drug. More » Prescription opioids (painkillers) can help alleviate certain kinds of pain in the short term but carry serious health risks.

A

An antibiotic drug. More » Used to treat bacterial infections but are often prescribed incorrectly to treat viral infections, such as chest colds or the flu.

P

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled with Refills Prescriptions
to 65+
Patients Receiving this Drug Category For this Prescriber For this Prescriber's Peers
CLONAZEPAM

Treats seizures, panic diso... +

Treats seizures, panic disorder, and anxiety. Source: National Library of Medicine

536

prescriptions, 6% of all prescriptions

119

prescriptions.

66

patients, 22% of all patients

1 16
ALPRAZOLAM

Treats anxiety, panic disor... +

Treats anxiety, panic disorder, insomnia (trouble sleeping), and anxiety caused by depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

489

prescriptions, 6% of all prescriptions

122

prescriptions.

62

patients, 21% of all patients

2 12
SERTRALINE HCL

Sertraline is used to treat... +

Sertraline is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks), posttraumatic stress disorder (disturbing psychological symptoms that develop after a frightening experience), and social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with normal life). Source: National Library of Medicine

431

prescriptions, 5% of all prescriptions

53

prescriptions.

47

patients, 16% of all patients

3 25
ESCITALOPRAM OXALATE

Escitalopram is used to tre... +

Escitalopram is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

371

prescriptions, 4% of all prescriptions

167

prescriptions.

56

patients, 19% of all patients

4 47
TRAZODONE HCL

Trazodone is used to treat ... +

Trazodone is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

370

prescriptions, 4% of all prescriptions

33

prescriptions.

56

patients, 19% of all patients

5 26
LORAZEPAM

Treats anxiety, anxiety wit... +

Treats anxiety, anxiety with depression, and insomnia (trouble sleeping). Source: National Library of Medicine

357

prescriptions, 4% of all prescriptions

125

prescriptions.

68

patients, 23% of all patients

6 18
BENZTROPINE MESYLATE

Treats symptoms of Parkinso... +

Treats symptoms of Parkinson's disease or side effects of other drugs. Source: National Library of Medicine

321

prescriptions, 4% of all prescriptions

55

prescriptions.

38

patients, 13% of all patients

R 7 88
RISPERIDONE

Treats schizophrenia and ce... +

Treats schizophrenia and certain problems caused by bipolar disorder. Source: National Library of Medicine

274

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

126

prescriptions.

29

patients, 10% of all patients

P 8 65
OLANZAPINE

Treats psychotic mental dis... +

Treats psychotic mental disorders, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness). Source: National Library of Medicine

251

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

71

prescriptions.

29

patients, 10% of all patients

P 9 85
MIRTAZAPINE

Treats depression. +

Treats depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

233

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

159

prescriptions.

46

patients, 15% of all patients

10 64
BUPROPION XL

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbu... +

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL) is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

214

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

27

prescriptions.

29

patients, 10% of all patients

11 54
DULOXETINE HCL

Duloxetine is used to treat... +

Duloxetine is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

210

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

77

prescriptions.

20

patients, 7% of all patients

12 33
LAMOTRIGINE

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures and mood disorders. Source: National Library of Medicine

193

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

42

prescriptions.

22

patients, 7% of all patients

13 52
BUSPIRONE HCL

Buspirone is used to treat ... +

Buspirone is used to treat anxiety disorders or in the short-term treatment of symptoms of anxiety. Source: National Library of Medicine

188

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

101

prescriptions.

39

patients, 13% of all patients

14 70
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Source: National Library of Medicine

170

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

60

prescriptions.

24

patients, 8% of all patients

R 15 67
SEROQUEL XR

Treats schizophrenia and sy... +

Treats schizophrenia and symptoms of bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness). Source: National Library of Medicine

164

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

21

prescriptions.

21

patients, 7% of all patients

P 16 121
TOPIRAMATE

Helps control and prevent c... +

Helps control and prevent certain kinds of seizures. Source: National Library of Medicine

159

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

12

prescriptions.

18

patients, 6% of all patients

17 78
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Source: National Library of Medicine

154

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

39

prescriptions.

23

patients, 8% of all patients

18 5
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE

Quetiapine is used to treat... +

Quetiapine is used to treat the symptoms of schizophrenia (a mental illness that causes disturbed or unusual thinking, loss of interest in life, and strong or inappropriate emotions). Source: National Library of Medicine

150

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

62

prescriptions.

21

patients, 7% of all patients

P 19 35
VENLAFAXINE HCL ER

Venlafaxine is used to trea... +

Venlafaxine is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

149

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

47

prescriptions.

19

patients, 6% of all patients

20 60
CLOZAPINE

Treats schizophrenia. Also ... +

Treats schizophrenia. Source: National Library of Medicine

147

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

11

patients, 4% of all patients

P 21 149
CLOZAPINE ODT 146

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

11

patients, 4% of all patients

P 22 151
ABILIFY

Treats schizophrenia, bipol... +

Treats schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

129

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

18

prescriptions.

27

patients, 9% of all patients

P 23 98
FLUOXETINE HCL

Fluoxetine is used to treat... +

Fluoxetine is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), some eating disorders, and panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks). Source: National Library of Medicine

127

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

53

prescriptions.

13

patients, 4% of all patients

24 39
DIVALPROEX SODIUM

Treats seizures (epilepsy).... +

Treats seizures (epilepsy). Source: National Library of Medicine

116

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

42

prescriptions.

<11 25 135
PRISTIQ ER

Used to treat depression. D... +

Used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

115

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

19

prescriptions.

13

patients, 4% of all patients

26 122
OXCARBAZEPINE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat seizures caused by epilepsy in adults and children 2 years of age and older. Source: National Library of Medicine

114

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

20

prescriptions.

12

patients, 4% of all patients

27 170
DIAZEPAM

Treats anxiety, muscle spas... +

Treats anxiety, muscle spasms, seizures, and other medical conditions. Source: National Library of Medicine

109

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

20

prescriptions.

15

patients, 5% of all patients

28 39
ARIPIPRAZOLE

Treats schizophrenia, bipol... +

Treats schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

102

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

19

patients, 6% of all patients

P 29 91
HALOPERIDOL*

Treats symptoms of mental a... +

Treats symptoms of mental and emotional disorders. Source: National Library of Medicine

94

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

12

patients, 4% of all patients

P 30 120
LITHIUM CARBONATE

Lithium is used to treat an... +

Lithium is used to treat and prevent episodes of mania (frenzied, abnormally excited mood) in people with bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder; a disease that causes episodes of depression, episodes of mania, and other abnormal moods). Source: National Library of Medicine

88

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

13

prescriptions.

<11 31 109
ZIPRASIDONE HCL

Used to treat the symptoms ... +

Used to treat the symptoms of schizophrenia (a mental illness that causes disturbed or unusual thinking, loss of interest in life, and strong or inappropriate emotions). Source: National Library of Medicine

81

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

37

prescriptions.

<11 P 32 89
PAROXETINE HCL

Paroxetine tablets, suspens... +

Paroxetine tablets, suspension (liquid), and extended-release (long-acting) tablets are used to treat depression, panic disorder (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks), and social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with normal life). Source: National Library of Medicine

79

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

24

prescriptions.

11

patients, 4% of all patients

33 76
LATUDA

Used to treat the symptoms ... +

Used to treat the symptoms of schizophrenia (a mental illness that causes disturbed or unusual thinking, loss of interest in life, and strong or inappropriate emotions). Source: National Library of Medicine

76

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

0

prescriptions.

12

patients, 4% of all patients

P 34 108
HYDROXYZINE PAMOATE

Treats anxiety, tension, ne... +

Treats anxiety, tension, nervousness, nausea, vomiting, allergies, skin rash, hives, and itching. Source: National Library of Medicine

74

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

15

prescriptions.

15

patients, 5% of all patients

R 35 152
DIVALPROEX SODIUM ER

Treats seizures (epilepsy).... +

Treats seizures (epilepsy). Source: National Library of Medicine

72

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

<11 36 203
BUPROPION HCL SR

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbu... +

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL) is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

68

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

26

prescriptions.

<11 37 97
OLANZAPINE ODT 64

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

12

prescriptions.

<11 P 38 212
DONEPEZIL HCL

Donepezil is used to treat ... +

Donepezil is used to treat dementia (a brain disorder that affects the ability to remember, think clearly, communicate, and perform daily activities and may cause changes in mood and personality) associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD; a brain disease that slowly destroys the memory and the ability to think, learn, communicate and handle daily activities). Source: National Library of Medicine

55

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

55

prescriptions.

<11 39 62
METHYLPHENIDATE HCL

Methylphenidate is used as ... +

Methylphenidate is used as part of a treatment program to control symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; more difficulty focusing, controlling actions, and remaining still or quiet than other people who are the same age) in adults and children. Source: National Library of Medicine

55

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

<11 39 233
PERPHENAZINE

Treats the symptoms of cert... +

Treats the symptoms of certain mental disorders. Source: National Library of Medicine

50

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

5

prescriptions.

<11 P 41 247
About This Data

Prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, was compiled and released by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the federal agency that oversees the program. The data for 2015 includes more than 1.4 billion prescriptions written by nearly 1.4 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 447,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. More than three-fourths of these prescriptions went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to checkup@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to checkup@propublica.org.

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if there are fewer than 20 prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on July 9, 2007.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.
  • In rare circumstances, providers' prescription tallies may be inflated. Sometimes providers are credited with prescriptions written by colleagues (this happens in long-term care facilities) or are victims of fraud involving theft of their provider number.