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Prescriber Checkup

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2011

Internal Medicine

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

10,978Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 61 out of 981

$877K Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 38 out of 981

613 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
62%Patients 65 Years and Older
75% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
Average for
this specialty
in Connecticut

Narcotics

19% of this provider’s 613 patients filled at least one prescription for a narcotic painkiller, compared to an average of 13%.

Antipsychotics to Seniors

N/A

Risky Drugs to Seniors

1% of this provider’s 6,265 prescriptions for patients 65 and older were for "potentially dangerous" drugs, compared to an average of 1%.

Brand Name Drugs

32% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 25%.

Prescription Price

$80 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $70 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

18 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 20.


Another View

This chart shows a different comparison of all providers in this specialty based on their mix of drugs and volume. Providers are grouped by similarity; those least like their peers are farthest to the right. Hover over the bars to see names of other prescribers.

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This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state.

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A

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

N

A narcotic drug. More » Misuse and abuse of narcotics led to some 16,000 overdose deaths in 2010.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of
this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled
Including Refills
Prescriptions
to 65+
Category For this Prescriber For All Prescribers in
This Specialty in Connecticut
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Lowers risk of heart attack, stroke, and certain blood vessel problems in people with certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

391 295 1 1
LIPITOR

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Lowers the risk of chest pain, stroke, heart attack, or certain heart and blood vessel problems in people who have certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

375 225 2 6
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. Also used in the first few days after a heart attack to help reduce the risk of death. This medicine is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. More info »

373 214 3 2
FUROSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). More info »

290 214 4 5
SYNTHROID

Treats hypothyroidism. +

Treats hypothyroidism. More info »

212 114 5 44
NEXIUM

Treats heartburn, gastroeso... +

Treats heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus. Prevents stomach ulcers and stomach irritation in patients who take pain or arthritis medicine or NSAID. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

204 114 6 31
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and to improve survival after a heart attack. Extended-release (long-acting) metoprolol also is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Metoprolol is in a class of medications called beta blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels and slowing heart rate to improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure More info »

199 141 7 12
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Zolpidem belongs to a class of medications called sedative-hypnotics. It works by slowing activity in the brain to allow sleep. More info »

195 124 8 16
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus, and helps prevent stomach bleeding in patients who have a serious illness. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

189 108 9 9
HYDROCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. More info »

187 94 N 10 26
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Amlodipine is in a class of medications called calcium channel blockers. It lowers blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. It controls chest pain by increasing the supply of blood to the heart. If taken regularly, amlodipine controls chest pain, but it does not stop chest pain once it starts. Your doctor may prescribe a different medication to take when you have chest pain. More info »

181 172 11 4
CRESTOR

Lowers high levels of chole... +

Lowers high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your blood. Helps keep atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) from getting worse. Lowers the risk of stroke and heart attack in people who have certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

177 111 12 27
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Without this hormone, the body cannot function properly, resulting in: poor growth; slow speech; lack of energy; weight gain; hair loss; dry, thick skin; and increased sensitivity to cold. When taken correctly, levothyroxine reverses these symptoms. Levothyroxine is also used to treat congenital hypothyroidism (cretinism) and goiter (enlarged thyroid gland). More info »

175 94 13 3
METOPROLOL TARTRATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and to improve survival after a heart attack. Extended-release (long-acting) metoprolol also is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Metoprolol is in a class of medications called beta blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels and slowing heart rate to improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure More info »

173 136 14 8
GLIPIZIDE

Used with diet and exercise... +

Used with diet and exercise to help control blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. More info »

145 109 15 66
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Metformin is in a class of drugs called biguanides. Metformin helps to control the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. It decreases the amount of glucose you absorb from your food and the amount of glucose made by your liver. Metformin also increases your body's response to insulin, a natural substance that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Metformin is not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). More info »

135 92 16 10
SINGULAIR

Helps prevent and control a... +

Helps prevent and control asthma attacks, including attacks caused by exercise. Also treats seasonal (short-term) and perennial (long-term) allergies. More info »

131 66 17 54
PLAVIX

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with aspirin to help prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart problems. This medicine is a blood thinner. More info »

129 118 18 19
HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). This medicine is a diuretic (water pill). More info »

124 114 19 11
DIVALPROEX SODIUM

Treats seizures (epilepsy).... +

Treats seizures (epilepsy). Also used to treat the manic phase of bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness) and to prevent migraine headaches. Belongs to a class of drugs called anticonvulsants. More info »

110 31 20 47
LEXAPRO

Treats severe depression an... +

Treats severe depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). This medicine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). More info »

110 52 20 14
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Also treats Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and pain caused by shingles (postherpetic neuralgia). More info »

107 26 22 21
WARFARIN SODIUM

Warfarin is used to prevent... +

Warfarin is used to prevent blood clots from forming or growing larger in your blood and blood vessels. It is prescribed for people with certain types of irregular heartbeat, people with prosthetic (replacement or mechanical) heart valves, and people who have suffered a heart attack. Warfarin is also used to treat or prevent venous thrombosis (swelling and blood clot in a vein) and pulmonary embolism (a blood clot in the lung). Warfarin is in a class of medications called anticoagulants ('blood thinners'). It works by decreasing the clotting ability of the blood. More info »

102 75 23 7
LISINOPRIL-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is a combination of an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and a diuretic (water pill). More info »

99 65 24 40
TOPIRAMATE

Helps control and prevent c... +

Helps control and prevent certain kinds of seizures. Also prevents migraine headaches in adults. More info »

97 26 25 132
CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE

Treats gingivitis (swelling... +

Treats gingivitis (swelling of the gums) and other problems of the mouth and gums. Also treats adult periodontitis (a disease of the teeth and gums. More info »

93 26 129
ALENDRONATE SODIUM

Alendronate is used to trea... +

Alendronate is used to treat and prevent osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause (''change of life,'' end of menstrual periods) and to treat osteoporosis in men. Alendronate is also used to treat osteoporosis in men and women who are taking corticosteroids (a type of medication that may cause osteoporosis in some patients). Alendronate is also used to treat Paget's disease of bone (a condition in which the bones are soft and weak and may be deformed, painful, or easily broken). Alendronate is in a class of medications called bisphosphonates. It works by preventing bone breakdown and increasing bone density (thickness). More info »

93 36 26 20
ATENOLOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and angina (chest pain). May also lower the risk of repeated heart attacks. More info »

86 66 28 13
CITALOPRAM HBR

Citalopram is used to treat... +

Citalopram is used to treat depression. Citalopram is in a class of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It is thought to work by increasing the amount of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain that helps maintain mental balance. More info »

80 50 29 25
RISPERIDONE

Treats schizophrenia and ce... +

Treats schizophrenia and certain problems caused by bipolar disorder. More info »

80 16 A 29 33
ZETIA

Lowers cholesterol in your ... +

Lowers cholesterol in your blood. May be used in combination with another cholesterol-lowering medicine called a "statin." More info »

78 60 31 61
LANTUS

Treats diabetes mellitus. I... +

Treats diabetes mellitus. Insulin is a hormone that helps get sugar from the blood to the muscles, where it is used for energy. This type of insulin usually works longer than regular insulin. More info »

76 43 32 35
TRAMADOL HCL

Tramadol is used to relieve... +

Tramadol is used to relieve moderate to moderately severe pain. Tramadol extended-release tablets are only used by people who are expected to need medication to relieve pain around-the-clock for a long time. Tramadol is in a class of medications called opiate agonists. It works by changing the way the body senses pain. More info »

73 43 N 33 37
AZITHROMYCIN

Treats infections caused by... +

Treats infections caused by certain bacteria. This medicine is a macrolide antibiotic. More info »

73 46 33 45
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

Potassium is needed to main... +

Potassium is needed to maintain good health. More info »

71 30 35 30
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350

Treats occasional constipat... +

Treats occasional constipation. More info »

66 16 36 86
ACTONEL

Prevents or treats osteopor... +

Prevents or treats osteoporosis (thinning of the bone) in women after menopause and treats osteoporosis in men. This medicine is also used to treat Paget's disease of bone and osteoporosis caused by steroid treatment. More info »

64 22 37 118
CARBAMAZEPINE

Treats different types of s... +

Treats different types of seizures. Also used to treat nerve pain and bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness. More info »

64 12 37 104
ENDOCET

Treats moderate to moderate... +

Treats moderate to moderately severe pain. This medicine contains a narcotic pain reliever. More info »

63 35 N 39 213
SEROQUEL

Treats schizophrenia and sy... +

Treats schizophrenia and symptoms of bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness). Used together with other medicines to treat major depressive disorder (MDD). More info »

62 21 A 40 28
LAMOTRIGINE

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures and mood disorders. Often used along with other medicines. More info »

62 40 115
ENALAPRIL MALEATE

Enalapril is used alone or ... +

Enalapril is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is also used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Enalapril is in a class of medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly and the heart can pump blood more efficiently. More info »

61 51 42 78
PAROXETINE HCL

Paroxetine tablets, suspens... +

Paroxetine tablets, suspension (liquid), and extended-release (long-acting) tablets are used to treat depression, panic disorder (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks), and social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with normal life). Paroxetine tablets and suspension are also used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; excessive worrying that is difficult to control), and posttraumatic stress disorder (disturbing psychological symptoms that develop after a frightening experience). Paroxetine extended-release tablets are also used to treat premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD, physical and psychological symptoms that occur before the onset of the menstrual period each month). Paroxetine is in a class of medications called selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It works by increasing the amount of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain that helps maintain mental balance. More info »

60 42 43 63
FENOFIBRATE

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides, together with a proper diet. More info »

59 32 44 145
ACIPHEX

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), esophagus damage, and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat H pylori stomach infections and ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

58 13 45 265
SERTRALINE HCL

Sertraline is used to treat... +

Sertraline is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks), posttraumatic stress disorder (disturbing psychological symptoms that develop after a frightening experience), and social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with normal life). It is also used to relieve the symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder, including mood swings, irritability, bloating, and breast tenderness. Sertraline is in a class of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It works by increasing the amounts of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain that helps maintain mental balance. More info »

58 38 45 18
AZOR

This is a combination of am... +

This is a combination of amlodipine and olmesartan is a combination of medicines that may be used alone or with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). More info »

58 42 45 189
CARBIDOPA-LEVODOPA

The combination of levodopa... +

The combination of levodopa and carbidopa is used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and Parkinson's-like symptoms that may develop after encephalitis (swelling of the brain) or injury to the nervous system caused by carbon monoxide poisoning or manganese poisoning. Parkinson's symptoms, including tremors (shaking), stiffness, and slowness of movement, are caused by a lack of dopamine, a natural substance usually found in the brain. Levodopa is in a class of medications called central nervous system agents. It works by being converted to dopamine in the brain. Carbidopa is in a class of medications called decarboxylase inhibitors. It works by preventing levodopa from being broken down before it reaches the brain. This allows for a lower dose of levodopa, which causes less nausea and vomiting. More info »

53 46 48 72
CYMBALTA

Treats depression, anxiety,... +

Treats depression, anxiety, diabetic peripheral neuropathy (nerve pain caused by diabetes), fibromyalgia (muscle pain and stiffness), or chronic (long-lasting) pain related to muscles and bones. This medicine is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SSNRI). More info »

53 20 48 42
OXYCODONE HCL-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. More info »

52 29 N 50 142
DIOVAN

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure can reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. May also prolong life after a heart attack. This medicine is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). More info »

52 27 50 17
RAMIPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure after a heart attack. Reduces risk of heart attack, stroke, and death in people 55 years and older who have heart disease. This medicine is an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor. More info »

52 51 50 76
VESICARE

Solifenacin is used to trea... +

Solifenacin is used to treat overactive bladder (a condition in which the bladder muscles contract uncontrollably and cause frequent urination, urgent need to urinate, and inability to control urination). Solifenacin is in a class of medications called anticholinergics. It works by relaxing the bladder muscles to prevent urgent, frequent, or uncontrolled urination. More info »

51 53 159
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE-BENAZEPRIL

The combination of amlodipi... +

The combination of amlodipine and benazepril is used to treat high blood pressure. Amlodipine is in a class of medications called calcium channel blockers. It works by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. Benazepril is in a class of medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly. More info »

50 39 54 71
ADVAIR DISKUS

Prevents symptoms of asthma... +

Prevents symptoms of asthma or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. This medicine is a combination of a steroid and a bronchodilator. More info »

50 19 54 39
About This Data

ProPublica obtained prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, under the Freedom of Information Act. The data for 2011 includes nearly 1.2 billion prescriptions written by 1.6 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 364,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. About three-fourths went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if 10 or fewer prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • The list of top drugs includes only those for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions, but all prescriptions are counted in the summary totals at the top.
  • The calculation of “Risky Drugs to Seniors” does not include drugs for which a provider wrote 11 or fewer prescriptions because Medicare redacted the information to protect patient privacy.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on Sept. 4, 2009.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.
Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to drugs@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to drugs@propublica.org.