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Prescriber Checkup

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2011

Infectious Disease

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

5,579Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 8 out of 90

$1.14M Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 17 out of 90

160 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
17%Patients 65 Years and Older
99% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
Average for
this specialty
in Texas

Narcotics

11% of this provider’s 160 patients filled at least one prescription for a narcotic painkiller, compared to an average of 9%.

Antipsychotics to Seniors

N/A

Risky Drugs to Seniors

1% of this provider’s 767 prescriptions for patients 65 and older were for "potentially dangerous" drugs, compared to an average of 1%.

Brand Name Drugs

35% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 49%.

Prescription Price

$204 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $384 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

35 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 17.


Another View

This chart shows a different comparison of all providers in this specialty based on their mix of drugs and volume. Providers are grouped by similarity; those least like their peers are farthest to the right. Hover over the bars to see names of other prescribers.

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This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state.

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A

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

N

A narcotic drug. More » Misuse and abuse of narcotics led to some 16,000 overdose deaths in 2010.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of
this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled
Including Refills
Prescriptions
to 65+
Category For this Prescriber For All Prescribers in
This Specialty in Texas
LEVETIRACETAM

Used to help control certai... +

Used to help control certain types of seizures caused by epilepsy. This medicine is an antiepileptic. More info »

338 40 1 42
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Without this hormone, the body cannot function properly, resulting in: poor growth; slow speech; lack of energy; weight gain; hair loss; dry, thick skin; and increased sensitivity to cold. When taken correctly, levothyroxine reverses these symptoms. Levothyroxine is also used to treat congenital hypothyroidism (cretinism) and goiter (enlarged thyroid gland). More info »

314 53 2 22
DILANTIN

Treats seizures. This medic... +

Treats seizures. This medicine is an anticonvulsant. More info »

213 13 3 63
LANSOPRAZOLE

Treats stomach ulcers, gast... +

Treats stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

166 11 4 70
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Lowers risk of heart attack, stroke, and certain blood vessel problems in people with certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

166 52 4 27
METOCLOPRAMIDE HCL

Metoclopramide is used to r... +

Metoclopramide is used to relieve heartburn and speed the healing of ulcers and sores in the esophagus (tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) in people who have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the esophagus) that did not get better with other treatments. Metoclopramide is also used to relieve symptoms caused by slow stomach emptying in people who have diabetes. These symptoms include nausea, vomiting, heartburn, loss of appetite, and feeling of fullness that lasts long after meals. Metoclopramide is in a class of medications called prokinetic agents. It works by speeding the movement of food through the stomach and intestines. More info »

164 6 60
KALETRA 161 7 9
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus, and helps prevent stomach bleeding in patients who have a serious illness. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

139 29 8 25
TRUVADA

Treats HIV infection. Also ... +

Treats HIV infection. Also used as part of a complete prevention strategy to reduce the risk of HIV infection in adults who are at high risk. HIV causes AIDS. This medicine does not cure HIV or AIDS, but combinations of drugs may slow the progress of the disease. More info »

138 19 9 2
VIREAD 117 10 15
SUSTIVA 108 24 11 18
LIPITOR

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Lowers the risk of chest pain, stroke, heart attack, or certain heart and blood vessel problems in people who have certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

106 13 12 12
BACLOFEN

Treats muscle spasms caused... +

Treats muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury or disease. This medicine is a muscle relaxer. More info »

97 12 13 103
HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). This medicine is a diuretic (water pill). More info »

81 26 14 14
MEGESTROL ACETATE

Megestrol tablets treat bre... +

Megestrol tablets treat breast and uterine cancer. More info »

81 R 14 108
OXCARBAZEPINE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat seizures caused by epilepsy in adults and children 2 years of age and older. More info »

78 16 113
COMBIVIR 78 12 16 31
SUCRALFATE

Treats ulcers and other sto... +

Treats ulcers and other stomach problems. More info »

77 18 114
NORVIR

Treats human immunodeficien... +

Treats human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Ritonavir does not cure HIV or AIDS, but it may slow the progress of the disease. More info »

76 19 1
NYSTATIN-TRIAMCINOLONE

The combination of nystatin... +

The combination of nystatin and triamcinolone is used to treat fungal skin infections. It relieves itching, inflammation, and pain. More info »

74 20 118
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. Also used in the first few days after a heart attack to help reduce the risk of death. This medicine is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. More info »

74 13 20 10
ACYCLOVIR

Treats herpes labialis (col... +

Treats herpes labialis (cold sores). More info »

69 22 37
EPIVIR 65 23 28
IPRATROPIUM-ALBUTEROL

The combination of albutero... +

The combination of albuterol and ipratropium is used to prevent wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and coughing in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; a group of diseases that affect the lungs and airways) such as chronic bronchitis (swelling of the air passages that lead to the lungs) and emphysema (damage to the air sacs in the lungs). Albuterol and ipratropium combination is used by people whose symptoms have not been controlled by a single inhaled medication. Albuterol and ipratropium are in a class of medications called bronchodilators. Albuterol and ipratropium combination works by relaxing and opening the air passages to the lungs to make breathing easier. More info »

65 15 23 129
REYATAZ

Treats human immunodeficien... +

Treats human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This medicine does not cure HIV or AIDS, but may slow the progress of the disease. This medicine is a protease inhibitor. More info »

63 25 5
VALPROIC ACID

Treats seizures (epilepsy).... +

Treats seizures (epilepsy). Also used to treat mood disorders and prevent migraine headaches. This medicine is an anticonvulsant. More info »

61 26 134
ALBUTEROL SULFATE

Albuterol is used to preven... +

Albuterol is used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness caused by lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; a group of diseases that affect the lungs and airways). Albuterol inhalation aerosol is also used to prevent breathing difficulties during exercise. Albuterol is in a class of medications called bronchodilators. It works by relaxing and opening air passages to the lungs to make breathing easier. More info »

58 27 139
CARBAMAZEPINE

Treats different types of s... +

Treats different types of seizures. Also used to treat nerve pain and bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness. More info »

57 28 141
DIDANOSINE 55 29 74
INTELENCE 50 30 17
SEROQUEL

Treats schizophrenia and sy... +

Treats schizophrenia and symptoms of bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness). Used together with other medicines to treat major depressive disorder (MDD). More info »

50 A 30 56
METOPROLOL TARTRATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and to improve survival after a heart attack. Extended-release (long-acting) metoprolol also is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Metoprolol is in a class of medications called beta blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels and slowing heart rate to improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure More info »

50 30 48
About This Data

ProPublica obtained prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, under the Freedom of Information Act. The data for 2011 includes nearly 1.2 billion prescriptions written by 1.6 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 364,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. About three-fourths went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if 10 or fewer prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • The list of top drugs includes only those for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions, but all prescriptions are counted in the summary totals at the top.
  • The calculation of “Risky Drugs to Seniors” does not include drugs for which a provider wrote 11 or fewer prescriptions because Medicare redacted the information to protect patient privacy.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on July 8, 2009.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.
Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to drugs@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to drugs@propublica.org.