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Prescriber Checkup

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2011

Internal Medicine

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

34,374Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 10 out of 5023

$4.2M Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 2 out of 5023

521 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
90%Patients 65 Years and Older
98% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
Average for
this specialty
in New York

Narcotics

10% of this provider’s 521 patients filled at least one prescription for a narcotic painkiller, compared to an average of 11%.

Antipsychotics to Seniors

2% of this provider’s 469 patients 65 and older filled at least one prescription for an antipsychotic, compared to an average of 2%.

Risky Drugs to Seniors

1% of this provider’s 32,652 prescriptions for patients 65 and older were for "potentially dangerous" drugs, compared to an average of 1%.

Brand Name Drugs

51% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 27%.

Prescription Price

$122 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $72 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

66 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 20.


Another View

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This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state.

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A

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

N

A narcotic drug. More » Misuse and abuse of narcotics led to some 16,000 overdose deaths in 2010.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of
this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled
Including Refills
Prescriptions
to 65+
Category For this Prescriber For All Prescribers in
This Specialty in New York
CRESTOR

Lowers high levels of chole... +

Lowers high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your blood. Helps keep atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) from getting worse. Lowers the risk of stroke and heart attack in people who have certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

1,338 1,236 1 16
NEXIUM

Treats heartburn, gastroeso... +

Treats heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus. Prevents stomach ulcers and stomach irritation in patients who take pain or arthritis medicine or NSAID. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

1,260 1,224 2 15
LIDODERM

Treats nerve pain that is c... +

Treats nerve pain that is caused by herpes zoster, or "shingles." More info »

1,154 1,118 3 57
LOVAZA

Treats high levels of trigl... +

Treats high levels of triglycerides (fat-like substance) in your blood. This medicine is used together with diet, exercise, and weight loss to help control triglycerides. More info »

1,087 998 10 4 44
FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE

Treats stuffy nose caused b... +

Treats stuffy nose caused by hay fever and other allergies. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

959 920 5 41
SINGULAIR

Helps prevent and control a... +

Helps prevent and control asthma attacks, including attacks caused by exercise. Also treats seasonal (short-term) and perennial (long-term) allergies. More info »

949 913 6 36
PATANOL

Treats itching or watering ... +

Treats itching or watering of eyes caused by allergies. More info »

947 901 10 7 135
ALENDRONATE SODIUM

Alendronate is used to trea... +

Alendronate is used to treat and prevent osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause (''change of life,'' end of menstrual periods) and to treat osteoporosis in men. Alendronate is also used to treat osteoporosis in men and women who are taking corticosteroids (a type of medication that may cause osteoporosis in some patients). Alendronate is also used to treat Paget's disease of bone (a condition in which the bones are soft and weak and may be deformed, painful, or easily broken). Alendronate is in a class of medications called bisphosphonates. It works by preventing bone breakdown and increasing bone density (thickness). More info »

907 853 8 17
LIPITOR

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Lowers the risk of chest pain, stroke, heart attack, or certain heart and blood vessel problems in people who have certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

724 707 9 9
EVISTA

Treats and prevents osteopo... +

Treats and prevents osteoporosis (weak or thin bones) in women who are past menopause. Also helps decrease the risk of breast cancer in women who are past menopause and who have osteoporosis or a high risk of getting breast cancer. More info »

686 654 10 64
ATENOLOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and angina (chest pain). May also lower the risk of repeated heart attacks. More info »

686 645 10 13
DIOVAN

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure can reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. May also prolong life after a heart attack. This medicine is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). More info »

672 660 12 19
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Amlodipine is in a class of medications called calcium channel blockers. It lowers blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. It controls chest pain by increasing the supply of blood to the heart. If taken regularly, amlodipine controls chest pain, but it does not stop chest pain once it starts. Your doctor may prescribe a different medication to take when you have chest pain. More info »

654 635 13 2
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Lowers risk of heart attack, stroke, and certain blood vessel problems in people with certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

633 601 14 1
CELEBREX

Treats pain, including pain... +

Treats pain, including pain caused by arthritis (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) in children and adults, ankylosing spondylitis, or menstrual cramps. This is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAID). More info »

616 592 15 76
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Also treats Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and pain caused by shingles (postherpetic neuralgia). More info »

566 527 16 23
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Metformin is in a class of drugs called biguanides. Metformin helps to control the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. It decreases the amount of glucose you absorb from your food and the amount of glucose made by your liver. Metformin also increases your body's response to insulin, a natural substance that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Metformin is not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). More info »

473 454 17 8
ADVAIR DISKUS

Prevents symptoms of asthma... +

Prevents symptoms of asthma or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. This medicine is a combination of a steroid and a bronchodilator. More info »

469 435 18 34
ACTOS

Used together with proper d... +

Used together with proper diet and exercise to help control blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes. More info »

462 425 19 35
PLAVIX

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with aspirin to help prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart problems. This medicine is a blood thinner. More info »

409 399 20 12
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus, and helps prevent stomach bleeding in patients who have a serious illness. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

378 347 21 4
TAMSULOSIN HCL

Tamsulosin is used in men t... +

Tamsulosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Tamsulosin is in a class of medications called alpha blockers. It works by relaxing the muscles in the prostate and bladder so that urine can flow easily. More info »

345 330 22 22
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and to improve survival after a heart attack. Extended-release (long-acting) metoprolol also is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Metoprolol is in a class of medications called beta blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels and slowing heart rate to improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure More info »

288 273 23 11
CLOBETASOL PROPIONATE

Treats psoriasis, skin irri... +

Treats psoriasis, skin irritation, allergic reactions, and other types of skin problems. This medicine belongs to a class of drugs called corticosteroids. More info »

285 263 24 149
SOLARAZE 283 272 25 106
BONIVA

Treats or prevents weak bon... +

Treats or prevents weak bones (osteoporosis) in women after menopause. More info »

282 277 26 104
DIOVAN HCT

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure can reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is a combination of an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and a thiazide diuretic (water pill). More info »

281 277 27 31
LOSARTAN POTASSIUM

Losartan is used alone or i... +

Losartan is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Losartan is also used to decrease the risk of stroke in people who have high blood pressure and a heart condition called left ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of the walls of the left side of the heart). Losartan may not decrease the risk of stroke in African Americans who have these conditions. This medication is also used to treat kidney disease in people who have type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) and high blood pressure. Losartan is in a class of medications called angiotensin II receptor antagonists. It works by blocking the action of certain natural substances that tighten the blood vessels, allowing the blood to flow more smoothly and the heart to pump more efficiently. More info »

269 264 28 20
CLOTRIMAZOLE-BETAMETHASONE

This combination medication... +

This combination medication is used to treat a variety of inflamed fungal skin infections such as ringworm, athlete's foot, and jock itch. More info »

267 227 29 93
FAMOTIDINE

Treats ulcers, gastroesopha... +

Treats ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause the stomach to produce too much stomach acid. Also treats heartburn caused by acid indigestion. More info »

264 247 30 62
FINASTERIDE

Treats an enlarged prostate... +

Treats an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) in men and causes hair growth in male pattern baldness. It may be used alone or in combination with other medicines such as an alpha-blocker (doxazosin, Cardura? to treat BPH. This medicine is a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor. More info »

255 246 31 73
TRIAMCINOLONE ACETONIDE

Triamcinolone is used to tr... +

Triamcinolone is used to treat the itching, redness, dryness, crusting, scaling, inflammation, and discomfort of various skin conditions. It is also used to relieve the discomfort of mouth sores. More info »

252 234 32 158
PROAIR HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Also prevents wheezing caused by exercise (exercise-induced bronchospasm). This medicine is a bronchodilator. More info »

250 245 33 79
MECLIZINE HCL

Meclizine is used to preven... +

Meclizine is used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, and dizziness caused by motion sickness. It is most effective if taken before symptoms appear. More info »

247 245 34 75
TRICOR

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides, together with a proper diet. More info »

245 239 35 113
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE ER 244 241 36 46
AVODART

Treats problems with urinat... +

Treats problems with urination caused by an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH). This medicine is used alone or may be combined with tamsulosin (Flomax). More info »

237 225 37 101
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Without this hormone, the body cannot function properly, resulting in: poor growth; slow speech; lack of energy; weight gain; hair loss; dry, thick skin; and increased sensitivity to cold. When taken correctly, levothyroxine reverses these symptoms. Levothyroxine is also used to treat congenital hypothyroidism (cretinism) and goiter (enlarged thyroid gland). More info »

237 230 37 5
NASONEX

Treats or prevents the symp... +

Treats or prevents the symptoms of seasonal (short-term) and perennial (year-round) allergies (hay fever), such as stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, and watery eyes. Also treats nasal polyps. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

232 231 39 176
SPIRIVA

Prevents the symptoms of br... +

Prevents the symptoms of bronchospasm caused by emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). This medicine is a bronchodilator. More info »

229 214 40 58
SYMBICORT

This is a combination of bu... +

This is a combination of budesonide and formoterol used to help control the symptoms of asthma and improve lung function. More info »

225 221 41 145
PATADAY

Treats itching or watering ... +

Treats itching or watering of eyes caused by allergies. More info »

220 207 42 209
ALLOPURINOL

Treats gout and some kinds ... +

Treats gout and some kinds of kidney stones. Lowers the amount of uric acid in blood. More info »

216 216 43 47
FEXOFENADINE HCL

Fexofenadine is used to rel... +

Fexofenadine is used to relieve the allergy symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis (''hay fever''), including runny nose; sneezing; red, itchy, or watery eyes; or itching of the nose, throat, or roof of the mouth in adults and children 2 years of age and older. It is also used to relieve symptoms of urticaria (hives; red, itchy raised areas of the skin), including itching and rash in adults and children 6 months of age and older. Fexofenadine is in a class of medications called antihistamines. It works by blocking the effects of histamine, a substance in the body that causes allergy symptoms. More info »

215 202 44 189
COMBIVENT

Treats chronic obstructive ... +

Treats chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). More info »

208 196 45 143
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE-BENAZEPRIL

The combination of amlodipi... +

The combination of amlodipine and benazepril is used to treat high blood pressure. Amlodipine is in a class of medications called calcium channel blockers. It works by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. Benazepril is in a class of medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly. More info »

192 179 46 61
MUPIROCIN

Treats skin infections and... +

Treats skin infections and bacterial infections in your nose. More info »

191 184 47 198
DOXAZOSIN MESYLATE

Doxazosin (Cardura, Cardura... +

Doxazosin (Cardura, Cardura XL) is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH), which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Doxazosin (Cardura) is also used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Doxazosin is in a class of medications called alpha-blockers. It relieves the symptoms of BPH by relaxing the muscles of the bladder and prostate. It lowers blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily through the body. More info »

184 179 48 97
JANUVIA

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Used together with proper diet and exercise to help control high blood sugar. More info »

183 174 49 28
BENICAR

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). More info »

178 178 50 102
GLIMEPIRIDE

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Used together with a proper diet and exercise to help control high blood sugar. This medicine is a sulfonylurea. More info »

178 173 50 38
PROCTOZONE-HC

Hydrocortisone is available... +

Hydrocortisone is available with or without a prescription. Low-strength preparations (0.5% or 1%) are used without a prescription for the temporary relief of (1) minor skin irritations, itching, and rashes caused by eczema, insect bites, poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, soaps, detergents, cosmetics, and jewelry; (2) itchy anal and rectal areas; and (3) itching and irritation of the scalp. It is also used to relieve the discomfort of mouth sores. More info »

170 166 52 187
PRAVASTATIN SODIUM

Pravastatin is used with di... +

Pravastatin is used with diet, weight-loss, and exercise to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and to decrease the chance that heart surgery will be needed in people who have heart disease or who are at risk of developing heart disease. Pravastatin is also used to reduce the amount of cholesterol (a fat-like substance) and other fatty substances in the blood. Pravastatin is in a class of medications called HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins). It works by slowing the production of cholesterol in the body to decrease the amount of cholesterol that may build up on the walls of the arteries and block blood flow to the heart, brain, and other parts of the body. More info »

168 154 53 29
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. Also used in the first few days after a heart attack to help reduce the risk of death. This medicine is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. More info »

168 157 53 3
EXELON

Rivastigmine is used to tre... +

Rivastigmine is used to treat mild to moderate dementia (memory loss) associated with Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease. More info »

166 166 55 155
FLUOCINONIDE

Treats many skin disorders.... +

Treats many skin disorders. Also relieves pain, itching, and swelling caused by skin diseases. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

163 155 56 169
CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE

Treats gingivitis (swelling... +

Treats gingivitis (swelling of the gums) and other problems of the mouth and gums. Also treats adult periodontitis (a disease of the teeth and gums. More info »

162 139 57 213
ALREX 159 145 58 498
HYDROXYZINE HCL

Hydroxyzine is used to reli... +

Hydroxyzine is used to relieve the itching caused by allergies and to control the nausea and vomiting caused by various conditions, including motion sickness. It is also used for anxiety and to treat the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. More info »

153 151 R 59 152
LACLOTION 150 137 60 199
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Zolpidem belongs to a class of medications called sedative-hypnotics. It works by slowing activity in the brain to allow sleep. More info »

146 128 61 18
AMMONIUM LACTATE

Treats dry, scaly skin cond... +

Treats dry, scaly skin conditions called xerosis and ichthyosis. Also used for the temporary relief of itching caused by these conditions. More info »

146 133 61 103
MOMETASONE FUROATE

Mometasone is used to relie... +

Mometasone is used to relieve the itching and inflammation of numerous skin conditions. More info »

145 143 63 232
LANTUS SOLOSTAR

Treats diabetes mellitus. I... +

Treats diabetes mellitus. Insulin is a hormone that helps get sugar from the blood to the muscles, where it is used for energy. This type of insulin usually works longer than regular insulin. More info »

144 113 64 98
MELOXICAM

Treats symptoms of osteoart... +

Treats symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). Also treats symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults and children. This medicine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). More info »

134 125 65 59
METOPROLOL TARTRATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and to improve survival after a heart attack. Extended-release (long-acting) metoprolol also is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Metoprolol is in a class of medications called beta blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels and slowing heart rate to improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure More info »

131 124 66 6
CIPROFLOXACIN HCL

Ciprofloxacin is used to tr... +

Ciprofloxacin is used to treat or prevent certain infections caused by bacteria. Ciprofloxacin is also used to treat or prevent anthrax (a serious infection that may be spread on purpose as part of a bioterror attack) in people who may have been exposed to anthrax germs in the air. Ciprofloxacin extended-release (long-acting) tablets are used only to treat certain types of urinary tract infections. Ciprofloxacin is in a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones. It works by killing bacteria that cause infections. Antibiotics will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections. More info »

129 123 67 78
PREDNISONE

Treats inflammation (swelli... +

Treats inflammation (swelling), severe allergies, complications of chronic illnesses, and other medical problems. Also used to decrease some symptoms of cancer. This medicine is a steroid. More info »

129 118 67 55
VIREAD 127 122 69 243
NIZATIDINE 126 114 70 385
FENOFIBRATE

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides, together with a proper diet. More info »

116 109 71 127
JANUMET

This is a combination drug ... +

This is a combination drug containing metformin and sitagliptin and is used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes. More info »

114 114 72 82
VOLTAREN

Treats pain caused by arthr... +

Treats pain caused by arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or other medical problems. Also treats acute migraine attacks in adults. This is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory medicine (NSAID). More info »

109 97 73 88
DILTIAZEM 24HR CD 106 106 74 125
MIRTAZAPINE

Treats depression. +

Treats depression. More info »

103 103 75 40
METRONIDAZOLE

Used to treat serious bacte... +

Used to treat serious bacterial infections in different areas of the body. More info »

102 102 76 375
BENICAR HCT

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure. Lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of strokes and heart attacks. This medicine is a combination of an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and a diuretic ("water pill"). More info »

102 89 76 115
COLCRYS 101 100 78 192
METFORMIN HCL ER

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Metformin is in a class of drugs called biguanides. Metformin helps to control the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. It decreases the amount of glucose you absorb from your food and the amount of glucose made by your liver. Metformin also increases your body's response to insulin, a natural substance that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Metformin is not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). More info »

100 93 79 66
IBUPROFEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by headache, toothache, arthritis, cold or flu, migraine, or menstrual cramps. This is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). More info »

99 89 80 71
UROXATRAL

Treats problems with urinat... +

Treats problems with urination caused by an enlarged prostate (also called benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH). This medicine is an alpha-blocker. More info »

96 96 81 346
VENTOLIN HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Also prevents wheezing caused by exercise (exercise-induced bronchospasm). This medicine is a bronchodilator. More info »

95 88 82 63
BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE

Treats skin irritation, all... +

Treats skin irritation, allergic reactions, and other types of skin problems. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

94 90 83 282
AZITHROMYCIN

Treats infections caused by... +

Treats infections caused by certain bacteria. This medicine is a macrolide antibiotic. More info »

93 86 84 42
LOSARTAN-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

This drug is used to treat ... +

This drug is used to treat high blood pressure. It is also used to lower the risk of strokes in patients with high blood pressure and an enlarged heart. More info »

92 86 85 53
PANTOPRAZOLE SODIUM

Pantoprazole is used to tre... +

Pantoprazole is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and possible injury of the esophagus (the tube between the throat and stomach). Pantoprazole is used to treat the symptoms of GERD, allow the esophagus to heal, and prevent further damage to the esophagus. It is also used to treat conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Pantoprazole is in a class of medications called proton-pump inhibitors. It works by decreasing the amount of acid made in the stomach. More info »

91 91 86 80
DIPHENOXYLATE-ATROPINE

Treats diarrhea. +

Treats diarrhea. More info »

89 83 87 448
NAPROXEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by arthritis, gout, menstrual cramps, tendinitis, headache, backache, and toothache. This is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAID). More info »

87 87 88 96
GLYBURIDE-METFORMIN HCL

The combination of glyburid... +

The combination of glyburide and metformin is used to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) in people whose diabetes cannot be controlled by diet and exercise alone. Glyburide belongs to a class of drugs called sulfonylureas, and metformin is in a class of drugs called biguanides. Glyburide lowers blood sugar by causing the pancreas to produce insulin (a natural substance that is needed to break down sugar in the body) and helping the body use insulin efficiently. This medication will only help lower blood sugar in people whose bodies produce insulin naturally. Metformin helps your body control the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. It decreases the amount of glucose you absorb from your food and the amount of glucose made by your liver. It also helps your body use its own insulin more effectively. Glyburide and metformin are not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) or diabetic ketoacidosis (a serious condition that may occur if high blood sugar is not treated). More info »

87 83 R 88 68
NIFEDIPINE ER

Used for the treatment of v... +

Used for the treatment of vasospastic angina, chronic stable angina and hypertension. More info »

87 87 88 49
MICARDIS

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. Also lowers the risk of stroke or heart attack in certain patients. This medicine is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). More info »

86 78 91 121
RAMIPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure after a heart attack. Reduces risk of heart attack, stroke, and death in people 55 years and older who have heart disease. This medicine is an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor. More info »

85 73 92 52
ROPINIROLE HCL

Ropinirole is used alone or... +

Ropinirole is used alone or with other medications to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD; a disorder of the nervous system that causes difficulties with movement, muscle control, and balance), including shaking of parts of the body, stiffness, slowed movements, and problems with balance. Ropinirole is also used to treat restless legs syndrome (RLS or Ekbom syndrome; a condition that causes discomfort in the legs and a strong urge to move the legs, especially at night and when sitting or lying down). Ropinirole is in a class of medications called dopamine agonists. It works by acting in place of dopamine, a natural substance in the brain that is needed to control movement. More info »

84 81 93 219
MAXALT MLT 84 82 10 93 559
BARACLUDE 82 81 95 399
TAMIFLU 80 75 96 214
CYCLOBENZAPRINE HCL

Cyclobenzaprine, a muscle r... +

Cyclobenzaprine, a muscle relaxant, is used with rest, physical therapy, and other measures to relax muscles and relieve pain and discomfort caused by strains, sprains, and other muscle injuries. More info »

78 77 R 97 116
RESTASIS

Treats chronic dry eye dise... +

Treats chronic dry eye disease by increasing the amount of tears in your eyes. More info »

76 64 98 410
HYDROCORTISONE

Hydrocortisone provides rel... +

Hydrocortisone provides relief for inflamed areas of the body. It is used to treat a number of different conditions, such as inflammation. More info »

76 76 98 273
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

Potassium is needed to main... +

Potassium is needed to maintain good health. More info »

75 75 100 33
SINGLE USE SWAB 74 74 101 136
FUROSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). More info »

73 73 102 7
CARVEDILOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). Also reduces the risk of death from a heart attack. This medicine is a beta-blocker. More info »

72 72 103 25
UNIFINE PENTIPS 70 57 104 297
OLUX-E 69 58 10 105 583
MAXALT 66 66 106 590
TOBRADEX 65 65 107 530
NIASPAN

Lowers cholesterol and trig... +

Lowers cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood and treats niacin deficiency (pellagra). Also reduces heart attack risk and narrowing of the arteries in people who have heart disease. This medicine is a vitamin (B3). More info »

65 49 107 150
AZELASTINE HCL

Used to treat hay fever and... +

Used to treat hay fever and allergy symptoms including runny nose, sneezing, and itchy nose. More info »

64 51 109 387
LEXAPRO

Treats severe depression an... +

Treats severe depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). This medicine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). More info »

64 64 109 56
ASTEPRO 63 47 111 386
FEXOFENADINE-PSE ER 61 49 112 535
HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). This medicine is a diuretic (water pill). More info »

60 59 113 10
CICLOPIROX

Treats skin infections caus... +

Treats skin infections caused by fungus, such as ringworm, athlete's foot, or dandruff. Belongs to a class of drugs called antifungals. More info »

60 60 113 275
DESOXIMETASONE

Treats skin irritation, all... +

Treats skin irritation, allergic reactions, and other skin problems. Belongs to a class of drugs called corticosteroids. More info »

57 57 115 255
INDOMETHACIN

Treats pain caused by arthr... +

Treats pain caused by arthritis, gout, bursitis, and tendonitis. This is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). More info »

56 48 R 116 486
TRILIPIX

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides. More info »

55 51 117 166
DICLOFENAC SODIUM

Diclofenac is used to relie... +

Diclofenac is used to relieve pain, tenderness, swelling, and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by a breakdown of the lining of the joints), rheumatoid arthritis (arthritis caused by swelling of the lining of the joints), and ankylosing spondylitis (arthritis that mainly affects the spine). Diclofenac immediate-release (short-acting) tablets are also used to treat painful menstrual periods and pain from other causes. Diclofenac is in a class of medications called NSAIDs. It works by stopping the body's production of a substance that causes pain, fever, and inflammation. More info »

55 49 117 159
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350

Treats occasional constipat... +

Treats occasional constipation. More info »

55 49 117 70
CITALOPRAM HBR

Citalopram is used to treat... +

Citalopram is used to treat depression. Citalopram is in a class of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It is thought to work by increasing the amount of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain that helps maintain mental balance. More info »

55 55 117 27
CYMBALTA

Treats depression, anxiety,... +

Treats depression, anxiety, diabetic peripheral neuropathy (nerve pain caused by diabetes), fibromyalgia (muscle pain and stiffness), or chronic (long-lasting) pain related to muscles and bones. This medicine is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SSNRI). More info »

53 44 121 95
LEVOFLOXACIN 53 52 121 304
BENAZEPRIL HCL

Benazepril is used alone or... +

Benazepril is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Benazepril is in a class of medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly. More info »

53 53 121 140
TRAMADOL HCL-ACETAMINOPHEN

Treats short-term, medium t... +

Treats short-term, medium to medium-severe pain. More info »

53 53 N 121 114
LANSOPRAZOLE

Treats stomach ulcers, gast... +

Treats stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

52 52 125 92
KETOCONAZOLE

Treats fungal infections in... +

Treats fungal infections in the skin, throat, urinary tract, and lungs. Belongs to a class of drugs called antifungals. More info »

52 52 125 256
BENAZEPRIL-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

The combination of benazepr... +

The combination of benazepril and hydrochlorothiazide is used to treat high blood pressure. Benazepril is in a class of medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly. Hydrochlorothiazide is in a class of medications called diuretics ('water pills'). It works by causing the kidneys to get rid of unneeded water and salt from the body into the urine. More info »

51 51 127 274
LIOTHYRONINE SODIUM

Liothyronine, a thyroid hor... +

Liothyronine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Without this hormone, the body cannot function properly, resulting in poor growth, slow speech, lack of energy, weight gain, hair loss, dry thick skin, and increased sensitivity to cold. When taken correctly, liothyronine reverses these symptoms. Liothyronine is also used to treat goiter (enlarged thyroid gland) and to test for hyperthyroidism (a condition where the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone). More info »

51 48 127 390
ACARBOSE 51 43 127 226
CIPRODEX

Treats middle ear infection... +

Treats middle ear infections in children who have tubes in their ears. Also treats outer ear infections ("swimmer's ear") in children and adults. This medicine is a combination of an antibiotic and a steroid. More info »

50 50 130 649
About This Data

ProPublica obtained prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, under the Freedom of Information Act. The data for 2011 includes nearly 1.2 billion prescriptions written by 1.6 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 364,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. About three-fourths went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if 10 or fewer prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • The list of top drugs includes only those for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions, but all prescriptions are counted in the summary totals at the top.
  • The calculation of “Risky Drugs to Seniors” does not include drugs for which a provider wrote 11 or fewer prescriptions because Medicare redacted the information to protect patient privacy.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on July 8, 2007.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.
Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to drugs@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to drugs@propublica.org.