18 USC 701: Official Badges, identification cards. Prohibits the reproduction of official identification media. Used to withhold copies of IRS employee identification badges and pocket commissions.
About This Project
This project uses data compiled by the Sunshine in Government initiative, a coalition of journalism and transparency groups. SGI compiled data from federal agency annual FOIA reports to track how often b(3) exemptions were used. SGI also standardized the exemptions since some agencies used slightly different citations of the same laws. In some cases, agencies listed general laws without specifying a section under which information was withheld. This project does not include information from agencies that use no b(3) exemptions in 2008 or 2009. ProPublica compiled information about FOIA denials.
TITLE 18--CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE PART I--CRIMES CHAPTER 33--EMBLEMS, INSIGNIA, AND NAMES
Sec. 701. Official badges, identification cards, other insignia Whoever manufactures, sells, or possesses any badge, identification card, or other insignia, of the design prescribed by the head of any department or agency of the United States for use by any officer or employee thereof, or any colorable imitation thereof, or photographs, prints, or in any other manner makes or executes any engraving, photograph, print, or impression in the likeness of any such badge, identification card, or other insignia, or any colorable imitation thereof, except as authorized under regulations made pursuant to law, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than six months, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 731; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(E), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2146.) Historical and Revision Notes Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Secs. 76a, 76b (June 29, 1932, ch. 306, Secs. 1, 2, 47 Stat. 342; May 22, 1939, ch. 141, 53 Stat. 752). Sections were consolidated. The term ``department or agency'' was substituted for ``department or independent office'' in two places to embrace all properly constituted agencies as defined in section 6 of this title and to eliminate any possible ambiguity as to scope of section. Minor changes were made in phraseology. Amendments 1994--Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ``fined under this title'' for ``fined not more than $250''.