8 USC 1304(b): DOS stamp
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This project uses data compiled by the Sunshine in Government initiative, a coalition of journalism and transparency groups. SGI compiled data from federal agency annual FOIA reports to track how often b(3) exemptions were used. SGI also standardized the exemptions since some agencies used slightly different citations of the same laws. In some cases, agencies listed general laws without specifying a section under which information was withheld. This project does not include information from agencies that use no b(3) exemptions in 2008 or 2009. ProPublica compiled information about FOIA denials.
TITLE 8--ALIENS AND NATIONALITY CHAPTER 12--IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY SUBCHAPTER II--IMMIGRATION Part VII--Registration of Aliens
Sec. 1304. Forms for registration and fingerprinting (a) Preparation; contents The Attorney General and the Secretary of State jointly are authorized and directed to prepare forms for the registration of aliens under section 1301 of this title, and the Attorney General is authorized and directed to prepare forms for the registration and fingerprinting of aliens under section 1302 of this title. Such forms shall contain inquiries with respect to (1) the date and place of entry of the alien into the United States; (2) activities in which he has been and intends to be engaged; (3) the length of time he [[Page 320]] expects to remain in the United States; (4) the police and criminal record, if any, of such alien; and (5) such additional matters as may be prescribed.
(b) Confidential nature All registration and fingerprint records made under the provisions of this subchapter shall be confidential, and shall be made available only (1) pursuant to section 1357(f)(2) of this title, and (2) to such persons or agencies as may be designated by the Attorney General. (c) Information under oath Every person required to apply for the registration of himself or another under this subchapter shall submit under oath the information required for such registration. Any person authorized under regulations issued by the Attorney General to register aliens under this subchapter shall be authorized to administer oaths for such purpose. (d) Certificate of alien registration or alien receipt card Every alien in the United States who has been registered and fingerprinted under the provisions of the Alien Registration Act, 1940, or under the provisions of this chapter shall be issued a certificate of alien registration or an alien registration receipt card in such form and manner and at such time as shall be prescribed under regulations issued by the Attorney General. (e) Personal possession of registration or receipt card; penalties Every alien, eighteen years of age and over, shall at all times carry with him and have in his personal possession any certificate of alien registration or alien registration receipt card issued to him pursuant to subsection (d) of this section. Any alien who fails to comply with the provisions of this subsection shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall upon conviction for each offense be fined not to exceed $100 or be imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both. (f) Alien's social security account number Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Attorney General is authorized to require any alien to provide the alien's social security account number for purposes of inclusion in any record of the alien maintained by the Attorney General or the Service. (June 27, 1952, ch. 477, title II, ch. 7, Sec. 264, 66 Stat. 224; Pub. L. 99-653, Sec. 10, Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3657; Pub. L. 100-525, Sec. 8(i), Oct. 24, 1988, 102 Stat. 2617; Pub. L. 101-649, title V, Sec. 503(b)(2), Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 5049; Pub. L. 104-208, div. C, title IV, Sec. 415, Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-669.) References in Text The Alien Registration Act, 1940, referred to in subsec. (d), is act June 28, 1940, ch. 439, 54 Stat. 670, as amended. Title III of that act, which related to register and fingerprinting of aliens, was classified to sections 451 to 460 of this title, was repealed by section 403(a)(39) of act June 27, 1952. Amendments 1996--Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-208 added subsec. (f). 1990--Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-649 inserted ``(1) pursuant to section 1357(f)(2) of this title, and (2)'' after ``only''. 1988--Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100-525 amended Pub. L. 99-653. See 1986 Amendment note below. 1986--Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-653, as amended by Pub. L. 100-525, amended first sentence generally, striking out ``and fingerprinting'' before ``of aliens under section 1301''. Effective Date of 1988 Amendment Amendment by Pub. L. 100-525 effective as if included in the enactment of the Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1986, Pub. L. 99-653, see section 309(b)(15) of Pub. L. 102-232, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 1988 Amendments note under section 1101 of this title. Effective Date of 1986 Amendment Amendment by Pub. L. 99-653 applicable to applications for immigrant visas made, and visas issued, on or after Nov. 14, 1986, see section 23(b) of Pub. L. 99-653, set out as a note under section 1201 of this title. Abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service and Transfer of Functions For abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service, transfer of functions, and treatment of related references, see note set out under section 1551 of this title.