10 USC 128: Unclassified special nuclear weapons information
About This Project
This project uses data compiled by the Sunshine in Government initiative, a coalition of journalism and transparency groups. SGI compiled data from federal agency annual FOIA reports to track how often b(3) exemptions were used. SGI also standardized the exemptions since some agencies used slightly different citations of the same laws. In some cases, agencies listed general laws without specifying a section under which information was withheld. This project does not include information from agencies that use no b(3) exemptions in 2008 or 2009. ProPublica compiled information about FOIA denials.
TITLE 10--ARMED FORCES Subtitle A--General Military Law PART I--ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL MILITARY POWERS CHAPTER 3--GENERAL POWERS AND FUNCTIONS
Sec. 128. Physical protection of special nuclear material: limitation on dissemination of unclassified information (a)(1) In addition to any other authority or requirement regarding protection from dissemination of information, and subject to section 552(b)(3) of title 5, the Secretary of Defense, with respect to special nuclear materials, shall prescribe such regulations, after notice and opportunity for public comment thereon, or issue such orders as may be necessary to prohibit the unauthorized dissemination of unclassified information pertaining to security measures, including security plans, procedures, and equipment for the physical protection of special nuclear material. (2) The Secretary may prescribe regulations or issue orders under paragraph (1) to prohibit the dissemination of any information described in such paragraph only if and to the extent that the Secretary determines that the unauthorized dissemination of such information could reasonably be expected to have a significant adverse effect on the health and safety of the public or the common defense and security by significantly increasing the likelihood of-- (A) illegal production of nuclear weapons, or (B) theft, diversion, or sabotage of special nuclear materials, equipment, or facilities. (3) In making a determination under paragraph (2), the Secretary may consider what the likelihood of an illegal production, theft, diversion, or sabotage referred to in such paragraph would be if the information proposed to be prohibited from dissemination under this section were at no time available for dissemination. (4) The Secretary shall exercise his authority under this subsection to prohibit the dissemination of any information described in paragraph (1)-- (A) so as to apply the minimum restrictions needed to protect the health and safety of the public or the common defense and security; and (B) upon a determination that the unauthorized dissemination of such information could reasonably be expected to result in a significant adverse effect on the health and safety of the public or the common defense and security by significantly increasing the likelihood of-- (i) illegal production of nuclear weapons, or (ii) theft, diversion, or sabotage of nuclear materials, equipment, or facilities. (b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the Secretary to withhold, or to authorize the withholding of, information from the appropriate committees of the Congress. (c) Any determination by the Secretary concerning the applicability of this section shall be subject to judicial review pursuant to section 552(a)(4)(B) of title 5. [[Page 95]] (Added Pub. L. 100-180, div. A, title XI, Sec. 1123(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1149; amended Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title XIII, Sec. 1311(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1669; Pub. L. 108-136, div. A, title X, Sec. 1031(a)(4), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1596.) Prior Provisions A prior section 128 was renumbered section 421 of this title. Amendments 2003--Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108-136 struck out subsec. (d) which required the Secretary to prepare an annual report detailing the Secretary's application during the year of each regulation or order prescribed or issued under this section. 1990--Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101-510 substituted ``on an annual basis'' for ``on a quarterly basis''.