22 USC 4004: Foreign Service Act
About This Project
This project uses data compiled by the Sunshine in Government initiative, a coalition of journalism and transparency groups. SGI compiled data from federal agency annual FOIA reports to track how often b(3) exemptions were used. SGI also standardized the exemptions since some agencies used slightly different citations of the same laws. In some cases, agencies listed general laws without specifying a section under which information was withheld. This project does not include information from agencies that use no b(3) exemptions in 2008 or 2009. ProPublica compiled information about FOIA denials.
TITLE 22--FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE CHAPTER 52--FOREIGN SERVICE SUBCHAPTER VI--PROMOTION AND RETENTION
Sec. 4004. Records (a) The records described in section 4003(a) of this title shall be maintained in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary. Except to the extent that they pertain to the receipt, disbursement, and accounting for public funds, such records shall be confidential and subject to inspection only by the President, the Secretary, such employees of the Government as may be authorized by law or assigned by the Secretary to work on such records, the legislative and appropriations committees of the Congress charged with considering legislation and appropriations for the Service, and representatives duly authorized by such committees. Access to such records relating to a member of the Service shall be granted to such member, upon written request. (b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, any record of disciplinary action that includes a suspension of more than five days taken against a member of the Service, including any correction of that record under section 4137(b)(1) of this title, shall remain a part of the personnel records until the member is tenured as a career member of the Service or next promoted. (Pub. L. 96-465, title I, Sec. 604, Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2096; Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title III, Sec. 327(a)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-438.) Amendments 1999--Pub. L. 106-113, in section catchline, substituted ``Records'' for ``Confidentiality of records'', designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), and added subsec. (b). Effective Date of 1999 Amendment Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title III, Sec. 327(b)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-438, provided that: ``The amendments made by this section [amending this section] apply to all disciplinary actions initiated on or after the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 29, 1999].''