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House Seats vs. Popular Vote

In 2012, Republicans won a commanding 234-201 majority in the House of Representatives despite Democrats receiving more votes in congressional races overall. Analysts have pointed to redistricting as one reason (others include, for example, the concentration of Democratic voters in dense urban areas). This graphic shows disparities in popular vote versus seats won by state in 2010, when the old districts were in place, and 2012. | Related Story: »

2010

2012

State Republican Seats Democrat Seats Republican Votes Democrat Votes
AL 6 1 914,445 418,957
AK 1 0 175,384 77,606
AZ 5 3 900,510 711,837
AR 3 1 435,422 317,975
CA 19 34 4,195,494 5,148,828
CO 4 3 884,032 800,900
CT 0 5 457,976 634,947
DE 0 1 125,442 173,543
FL 19 6 3,004,225 1,853,600
GA 8 5 1,528,142 940,347
HI 0 2 129,127 226,430
ID 2 0 263,699 150,884
IL 11 8 1,720,016 1,876,316
IN 6 3 972,671 679,462
IA 2 3 597,414 479,874
KS 4 0 528,136 274,992
KY 3 2 844,369 506,319
LA 6 1 675,386 311,221
ME 0 2 248,170 316,156
MD 2 6 674,246 1,104,056
MA 0 10 808,305 1,335,738
MI 8 6 1,671,707 1,415,212
MN 4 4 970,741 1,002,026
MS 3 1 423,579 350,695
MO 6 3 1,103,290 708,064
MT 1 0 217,696 121,954
NE 3 0 327,986 137,524
NV 2 1 357,369 317,835
NH 2 0 230,265 200,563
NJ 6 7 1,055,299 1,024,730
NM 1 2 288,885 307,766
NY 8 21 1,612,724 2,514,801
NC 6 7 1,440,913 1,204,635
ND 1 0 129,802 106,542
OH 13 5 2,053,075 1,611,112
OK 4 1 519,562 221,966
OR 1 4 657,007 733,369
PA 12 7 2,034,145 1,882,202
RI 0 2 126,951 185,711
SC 5 1 753,932 537,323
SD 1 0 153,703 146,589
TN 7 2 955,078 541,527
TX 23 9 3,058,203 1,450,150
UT 2 1 390,969 218,236
VT 0 1 76,403 154,006
VA 8 3 1,186,098 911,116
4 4 1,135,166 1,296,502
WV 2 1 283,085 227,857
WI 5 3 1,165,761 938,690
WY 1 0 131,661 45,768
State Republican Seats Democrat Seats Republican Votes Democrat Votes
AL 6 1 1,233,624 693,498
AK 1 0 185,296 82,927
AZ 4 5 1,131,663 946,994
AR 4 0 637,591 304,770
CA 15 38 4,381,206 6,945,307
CO 4 3 1,143,616 1,080,061
CT 0 5 500,290 951,281
DE 0 1 129,757 249,933
FL 18 11 3,826,522 3,392,402
GA 9 5 2,104,098 1,448,869
HI 0 2 137,531 285,008
ID 2 0 406,814 208,297
IL 6 12 2,207,818 2,743,702
IN 7 2 1,351,760 1,142,554
IA 2 2 726,505 772,387
KS 4 0 N/A N/A
KY 5 1 1,027,582 684,744
LA 5 1 1,005,403 287,274
ME 0 2 265,982 427,819
MD 1 7 858,406 1,626,872
MA 0 9 693,624 1,544,103
MI 9 5 2,086,804 2,327,985
MN 3 5 1,210,409 1,560,984
MS 3 1 703,635 411,398
MO 6 2 1,463,586 1,119,554
MT 1 0 255,468 204,939
NE 3 3 N/A N/A
NV 2 2 457,239 453,310
NH 0 2 311,636 340,925
NJ 6 6 1,430,325 1,794,301
NM 1 2 343,268 422,189
NY 6 21 1,476,732 1,832,752
NC 9 4 2,137,167 2,218,357
ND 1 0 173,585 131,870
OH 12 4 2,620,233 2,412,385
OK 5 0 856,872 410,324
OR 1 4 687,839 949,660
PA 13 5 2,710,070 2,793,538
RI 0 2 161,926 232,679
SC 6 1 1,026,129 742,805
SD 1 0 207,640 153,789
TN 7 2 1,369,562 796,513
TX 24 12 4,429,270 2,949,900
UT 3 1 647,873 324,309
VT 0 1 67,543 208,600
VA 8 3 1,876,761 1,806,025
4 6 1,369,540 1,636,726
WV 2 1 376,276 252,786
WI 5 3 1,401,995 1,445,015
WY 1 0 166,452 57,573

Correction: The original version of this graphic used incorrect numbers for New York seats won in 2012.

Sources: USElectionAtlas.org, Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, OpenSecrets.org. Note: 2012 data is preliminary but up to date as of 12/15/12.