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Guns

Where Congress Stands on Guns

In the aftermath of the Newtown tragedy, Congress has considered new national gun control measures. We present where each member of Congress stands on guns. Related Interactive: What Happened to the Gun Bill? »

The Brady Campaign is an advocacy group that works to pass gun-control laws. The organization assigns lawmakers a “lifetime score” based on how they voted on gun-control measures. Below are the group’s most recent scores (from 2003).

The National Rifle Association is the nation’s largest organization devoted to defending gun rights. The group gives lawmakers an "A" through "F" letter grade based on voting records and public statements. Hover over each letter to see the grading criteria.

The NRA is considered to be one of the country’s most effective groups at motivating lawmakers to vote on a single issue. In the past few decades, the group has contributed millions of dollars to members of Congress. Below we've broken down NRA contributions to each lawmaker since 1990.

Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.) and Sen. Patrick Toomey (R-Pa.) had proposed an amendment to expand background checks for gun buyers. The amendment won a majority of votes, 54-46, but failed to reach the 60 necessary to pass. Here we break down how senators voted.

The positions shown below are where senators stood on S. 649, a gun bill introduced by Harry Reid (D-Nev.), before he pulled it on April 18. They were reported by readers of ProPublica and The Washington Post. Reid said the Senate would "take a pause" and return to consideration of gun legislation at a later date.

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Sources:

Project Vote Smart, NRA Political Victory Fund
Project Vote Smart
Washington Post, Sunlight Foundation, Center for Responsive Politics, FEC
Open Congress, GPO.gov
NRA GRADE: A+
A
B
C/D
NRA GRADE: F
DEM
REP
for stronger gun rights
for stronger gun control
BRADY SCORE: 0 BRADY SCORE: 100
DEM
REP
for stronger gun rights
for stronger gun control
NONEunder $10,000$10,000 - $25,000$25,000 - $50,000 over $50,000
VOTED NO: 46 VOTED YES: 54
against expanded background checks
for expanded background checks
NOT CONTACTED
WILL VOTE NO
LIKELY NO
UNDECIDED/
NO COMMENT
LIKELY YES
WILL VOTE YES
WA TX CO KY OH MI IN IL WI MN IA LA FL GA WV RI ME NH VT MA CT NY MD DE NJ PA VA NC SC AL MS MO TN AR OK KS NE SD ND MT WY UT NM AZ NV ID OR HI AK CA