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Prescriber Checkup

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2012

Internal Medicine

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

32,264Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 35 out of 6642

$3.27M Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 21 out of 6642

717 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
92%Patients 65 Years and Older
97% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
Higher avg 81928cdb0ebe162ff75cf405bfacadd396bf3ec84bc467b6f3e612dd63daa776 Average for
this specialty
in California
Lower avg 72b1978e1dcc0b845f89d17d692cfff7aeaf8d8bce70310d8bfc535db2daf62a

Schedule Two
Controlled Substances

N/A

Schedule Three
Controlled Substances

7% of this provider’s 717 patients filled at least one prescription for a schedule three drug, compared to an average of 13%.

Risky Drugs to Seniors

2% of this provider’s 30,883 prescriptions for patients 65 and older were for "potentially dangerous" drugs, compared to an average of 1%.

Brand Name Drugs

59% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 26%.

Prescription Price

$101 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $64 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

45 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 16.


Another View

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This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state.

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S2

A schedule two drug. More » Schedule two drugs have a high potential for abuse and severe dependence, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration.

S3

A schedule three drug. More » Schedule three drugs have potential for abuse and dependence, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration.

A

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of
this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled
Including Refills
Prescriptions
to 65+
Category For this Prescriber For All Prescribers in
This Specialty in California
ATELVIA

Used to prevent and treat o... +

Used to prevent and treat osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause ('change of life,' end of menstrual periods). Risedronate tablets are also used to treat osteoporosis in men, and in men and women who are taking glucocorticoids (a type of corticosteroid medication that may cause osteoporosis). More info »

1,647 1,621 10 1 91
ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM

Used together with diet, we... +

Used together with diet, weight loss, and exercise to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and to decrease the chance that heart surgery will be needed in people who have heart disease or who are at risk of developing heart disease. Atorvastatin is also used to decrease the amount of fatty substances such as low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol ('bad cholesterol') and triglycerides in the blood and to increase the amount of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ('good cholesterol') in the blood. More info »

1,029 988 2 10
BENICAR

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). More info »

970 948 10 3 84
LOVAZA

Treats high levels of trigl... +

Treats high levels of triglycerides (fat-like substance) in your blood. This medicine is used together with diet, exercise, and weight loss to help control triglycerides. More info »

944 927 4 68
LIDODERM

Treats nerve pain that is c... +

Treats nerve pain that is caused by herpes zoster, or "shingles." More info »

891 835 5 53
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Metformin is in a class of drugs called biguanides. Metformin helps to control the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. It decreases the amount of glucose you absorb from your food and the amount of glucose made by your liver. Metformin also increases your body's response to insulin, a natural substance that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Metformin is not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). More info »

853 809 6 7
BYSTOLIC

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is a beta-blocker. More info »

811 811 7 110
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Amlodipine is in a class of medications called calcium channel blockers. It lowers blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. It controls chest pain by increasing the supply of blood to the heart. If taken regularly, amlodipine controls chest pain, but it does not stop chest pain once it starts. Your doctor may prescribe a different medication to take when you have chest pain. More info »

748 699 8 2
AZOR

This is a combination of am... +

This is a combination of amlodipine and olmesartan is a combination of medicines that may be used alone or with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). More info »

674 670 10 9 152
TAMSULOSIN HCL

Tamsulosin is used in men t... +

Tamsulosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Tamsulosin is in a class of medications called alpha blockers. It works by relaxing the muscles in the prostate and bladder so that urine can flow easily. More info »

648 617 10 22
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Lowers risk of heart attack, stroke, and certain blood vessel problems in people with certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

639 600 11 1
ALENDRONATE SODIUM

Alendronate is used to trea... +

Alendronate is used to treat and prevent osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause (''change of life,'' end of menstrual periods) and to treat osteoporosis in men. Alendronate is also used to treat osteoporosis in men and women who are taking corticosteroids (a type of medication that may cause osteoporosis in some patients). Alendronate is also used to treat Paget's disease of bone (a condition in which the bones are soft and weak and may be deformed, painful, or easily broken). Alendronate is in a class of medications called bisphosphonates. It works by preventing bone breakdown and increasing bone density (thickness). More info »

627 610 12 14
NEXIUM

Treats heartburn, gastroeso... +

Treats heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus. Prevents stomach ulcers and stomach irritation in patients who take pain or arthritis medicine or NSAID. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

502 495 13 40
CRESTOR

Lowers high levels of chole... +

Lowers high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your blood. Helps keep atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) from getting worse. Lowers the risk of stroke and heart attack in people who have certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

491 482 14 34
PLAVIX

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with aspirin to help prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart problems. This medicine is a blood thinner. More info »

462 458 15 49
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE ER

Used to prevent or treat ch... +

Used to prevent or treat chest pain (angina). It works by relaxing the blood vessels to the heart, so the blood and oxygen supply to the heart is increased. More info »

459 455 16 66
CELEBREX

Treats pain, including pain... +

Treats pain, including pain caused by arthritis (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) in children and adults, ankylosing spondylitis, or menstrual cramps. This is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAID). More info »

434 424 17 54
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Zolpidem belongs to a class of medications called sedative-hypnotics. It works by slowing activity in the brain to allow sleep. More info »

429 386 18 17
DIOVAN

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure can reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. May also prolong life after a heart attack. This medicine is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). More info »

406 394 19 19
TRIAMCINOLONE ACETONIDE

Triamcinolone is used to tr... +

Triamcinolone is used to treat the itching, redness, dryness, crusting, scaling, inflammation, and discomfort of various skin conditions. It is also used to relieve the discomfort of mouth sores. More info »

404 396 20 55
AZITHROMYCIN

Treats infections caused by... +

Treats infections caused by certain bacteria. This medicine is a macrolide antibiotic. More info »

393 365 21 44
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Without this hormone, the body cannot function properly, resulting in: poor growth; slow speech; lack of energy; weight gain; hair loss; dry, thick skin; and increased sensitivity to cold. When taken correctly, levothyroxine reverses these symptoms. Levothyroxine is also used to treat congenital hypothyroidism (cretinism) and goiter (enlarged thyroid gland). More info »

385 364 22 4
AMOXICILLIN

Treats infections. Also use... +

Treats infections. Also used with other medicines to treat stomach ulcer. This medicine is a penicillin antibiotic. More info »

385 352 22 107
AVODART

Treats problems with urinat... +

Treats problems with urination caused by an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH). This medicine is used alone or may be combined with tamsulosin (Flomax). More info »

372 361 24 99
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and to improve survival after a heart attack. Extended-release (long-acting) metoprolol also is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Metoprolol is in a class of medications called beta blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels and slowing heart rate to improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure More info »

370 341 25 24
MELOXICAM

Treats symptoms of osteoart... +

Treats symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). Also treats symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults and children. This medicine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). More info »

367 343 26 46
LOSARTAN POTASSIUM

Losartan is used alone or i... +

Losartan is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Losartan is also used to decrease the risk of stroke in people who have high blood pressure and a heart condition called left ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of the walls of the left side of the heart). Losartan may not decrease the risk of stroke in African Americans who have these conditions. This medication is also used to treat kidney disease in people who have type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) and high blood pressure. Losartan is in a class of medications called angiotensin II receptor antagonists. It works by blocking the action of certain natural substances that tighten the blood vessels, allowing the blood to flow more smoothly and the heart to pump more efficiently. More info »

356 350 27 12
CLOPIDOGREL

Clopidogrel is used alone o... +

Clopidogrel is used alone or with aspirin to prevent serious or life-threatening problems with the heart and blood vessels in people who have had a stroke, heart attack, or severe chest pain. This includes people who have percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI; angioplasty; a type of heart surgery) that may involve inserting coronary stents (metal tubes surgically placed in clogged blood vessels to improve blood flow) or who have coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG; a type of heart surgery). More info »

334 327 28 36
BENICAR HCT

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure. Lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of strokes and heart attacks. This medicine is a combination of an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and a diuretic ("water pill"). More info »

333 318 29 158
CARVEDILOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). Also reduces the risk of death from a heart attack. This medicine is a beta-blocker. More info »

315 287 30 25
IBUPROFEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by headache, toothache, arthritis, cold or flu, migraine, or menstrual cramps. This is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). More info »

309 286 31 42
WELCHOL

Used together with diet and... +

Used together with diet and exercise to lower cholesterol levels in the blood and to treat type 2 diabetes. More info »

308 308 10 32 199
GLYBURIDE-METFORMIN HCL

The combination of glyburid... +

The combination of glyburide and metformin is used to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) in people whose diabetes cannot be controlled by diet and exercise alone. Glyburide belongs to a class of drugs called sulfonylureas, and metformin is in a class of drugs called biguanides. Glyburide lowers blood sugar by causing the pancreas to produce insulin (a natural substance that is needed to break down sugar in the body) and helping the body use insulin efficiently. This medication will only help lower blood sugar in people whose bodies produce insulin naturally. Metformin helps your body control the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. It decreases the amount of glucose you absorb from your food and the amount of glucose made by your liver. It also helps your body use its own insulin more effectively. Glyburide and metformin are not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) or diabetic ketoacidosis (a serious condition that may occur if high blood sugar is not treated). More info »

302 292 R 33 95
ANTARA 301 289 10 34 361
JANUVIA

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Used together with proper diet and exercise to help control high blood sugar. More info »

296 275 35 38
VOLTAREN

Treats pain caused by arthr... +

Treats pain caused by arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or other medical problems. Also treats acute migraine attacks in adults. This is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory medicine (NSAID). More info »

291 288 36 108
ATENOLOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and angina (chest pain). May also lower the risk of repeated heart attacks. More info »

269 243 37 8
JANUMET

This is a combination drug ... +

This is a combination drug containing metformin and sitagliptin and is used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes. More info »

260 250 38 132
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus, and helps prevent stomach bleeding in patients who have a serious illness. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

234 205 39 6
FLUOCINONIDE

Treats many skin disorders.... +

Treats many skin disorders. Also relieves pain, itching, and swelling caused by skin diseases. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

226 223 40 130
TRILIPIX

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides. More info »

209 209 41 178
IBANDRONATE SODIUM

Used to prevent and treat o... +

Used to prevent and treat osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause (''change of life,'' end of menstrual periods). Ibandronate is in a class of medications called bisphosphonates. It works by preventing bone breakdown and increasing bone density (thickness). More info »

205 205 42 147
DONEPEZIL HCL

Donepezil is used to treat ... +

Donepezil is used to treat dementia (a brain disorder that affects the ability to remember, think clearly, communicate, and perform daily activities and may cause changes in mood and personality) associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD; a brain disease that slowly destroys the memory and the ability to think, learn, communicate and handle daily activities). Donepezil is in a class of medications called cholinesterase inhibitors. It improves mental function (such as memory, attention, social interaction, reasoning and language abilities, and ability to perform activities of daily living) by increasing the amount of a certain naturally occurring substance in the brain. Donepezil may improve the ability to think and remember or slow the loss of these abilities in people who have AD. However, donepezil will not cure AD or prevent the loss of mental abilities at some time in the future. More info »

200 200 43 27
PANTOPRAZOLE SODIUM

Pantoprazole is used to tre... +

Pantoprazole is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and possible injury of the esophagus (the tube between the throat and stomach). Pantoprazole is used to treat the symptoms of GERD, allow the esophagus to heal, and prevent further damage to the esophagus. It is also used to treat conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Pantoprazole is in a class of medications called proton-pump inhibitors. It works by decreasing the amount of acid made in the stomach. More info »

199 188 44 29
LOSARTAN-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

This drug is used to treat ... +

This drug is used to treat high blood pressure. It is also used to lower the risk of strokes in patients with high blood pressure and an enlarged heart. More info »

196 160 45 62
PATADAY

Treats itching or watering ... +

Treats itching or watering of eyes caused by allergies. More info »

184 181 46 183
BONIVA

Treats or prevents weak bon... +

Treats or prevents weak bones (osteoporosis) in women after menopause. More info »

177 168 47 191
LYRICA

Treats nerve and muscle pai... +

Treats nerve and muscle pain caused by diabetes, shingles, fibromyalgia, or a spinal cord injury. Also treats partial-onset seizures in adults. More info »

174 169 48 127
DIOVAN HCT

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure can reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is a combination of an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and a thiazide diuretic (water pill). More info »

174 153 48 64
NASONEX

Treats or prevents the symp... +

Treats or prevents the symptoms of seasonal (short-term) and perennial (year-round) allergies (hay fever), such as stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, and watery eyes. Also treats nasal polyps. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

167 159 50 126
NIFEDIPINE ER

Used for the treatment of v... +

Used for the treatment of vasospastic angina, chronic stable angina and hypertension. More info »

161 154 51 82
SINGULAIR

Helps prevent and control a... +

Helps prevent and control asthma attacks, including attacks caused by exercise. Also treats seasonal (short-term) and perennial (long-term) allergies. More info »

161 155 51 76
RAPAFLO

Used in men to treat the sy... +

Used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia; BPH), which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. More info »

159 149 53 246
DEXILANT

Treats erosive esophagitis,... +

Treats erosive esophagitis, heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and other conditions caused by too much stomach acid. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

158 150 54 102
ALLOPURINOL

Treats gout and some kinds ... +

Treats gout and some kinds of kidney stones. Lowers the amount of uric acid in blood. More info »

154 150 55 31
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Also treats Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and pain caused by shingles (postherpetic neuralgia). More info »

152 136 56 18
ADVAIR DISKUS

Prevents symptoms of asthma... +

Prevents symptoms of asthma or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. This medicine is a combination of a steroid and a bronchodilator. More info »

149 146 57 45
GLYBURIDE

Used with diet and exercise... +

Used with diet and exercise to help control blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. More info »

147 139 R 58 58
VIREAD 147 138 58 259
PATANOL

Treats itching or watering ... +

Treats itching or watering of eyes caused by allergies. More info »

134 132 60 131
HYDROXYZINE HCL

Hydroxyzine is used to reli... +

Hydroxyzine is used to relieve the itching caused by allergies and to control the nausea and vomiting caused by various conditions, including motion sickness. It is also used for anxiety and to treat the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. More info »

133 128 R 61 161
URSODIOL

Dissolves certain kinds of ... +

Dissolves certain kinds of gallstones in the body when they cannot be removed by surgery. Also treats primary biliary cirrhosis, a liver disorder. More info »

131 121 62 349
RESTASIS

Treats chronic dry eye dise... +

Treats chronic dry eye disease by increasing the amount of tears in your eyes. More info »

130 121 63 311
COREG CR

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). Also reduces the risk of death from a heart attack. This medicine is a beta-blocker. More info »

130 129 63 242
EXFORGE

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is a combination of a calcium channel blocker (amlodipine) and an angiotensin receptor blocker (valsartan). More info »

129 129 65 155
TRIBENZOR 129 129 65 257
ACIPHEX

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), esophagus damage, and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat H pylori stomach infections and ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

128 128 67 167
HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). This medicine is a diuretic (water pill). More info »

126 117 68 9
SURE COMFORT ALCOHOL 126 126 68 250
ACARBOSE 122 111 70 211
FINASTERIDE

Treats an enlarged prostate... +

Treats an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) in men and causes hair growth in male pattern baldness. It may be used alone or in combination with other medicines such as an alpha-blocker (doxazosin, Carduraå¨) to treat BPH. This medicine is a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor. More info »

117 112 71 73
ONGLYZA

Used along with diet and ex... +

Used along with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes (condition in which blood sugar is too high because the body does not produce or use insulin normally). It is in a class of medications called dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. It works by increasing the amount of insulin produced by the body after meals when blood sugar is high. More info »

117 106 71 168
GLIMEPIRIDE

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Used together with a proper diet and exercise to help control high blood sugar. This medicine is a sulfonylurea. More info »

110 110 73 47
PROCTOZONE-HC

Hydrocortisone is available... +

Hydrocortisone is available with or without a prescription. Low-strength preparations (0.5% or 1%) are used without a prescription for the temporary relief of (1) minor skin irritations, itching, and rashes caused by eczema, insect bites, poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, soaps, detergents, cosmetics, and jewelry; (2) itchy anal and rectal areas; and (3) itching and irritation of the scalp. It is also used to relieve the discomfort of mouth sores. More info »

102 95 74 243
LIPITOR

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Lowers the risk of chest pain, stroke, heart attack, or certain heart and blood vessel problems in people who have certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

102 93 74 69
NAPHAZOLINE HCL 102 100 74 215
LIVALO 101 101 77 274
EVISTA

Treats and prevents osteopo... +

Treats and prevents osteoporosis (weak or thin bones) in women who are past menopause. Also helps decrease the risk of breast cancer in women who are past menopause and who have osteoporosis or a high risk of getting breast cancer. More info »

99 90 78 90
ACTONEL

Prevents or treats osteopor... +

Prevents or treats osteoporosis (thinning of the bone) in women after menopause and treats osteoporosis in men. This medicine is also used to treat Paget's disease of bone and osteoporosis caused by steroid treatment. More info »

95 82 79 92
SOTALOL

Treats an irregular heartbe... +

Treats an irregular heartbeat. This medicine is a beta blocker. More info »

95 95 79 332
PROAIR HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Also prevents wheezing caused by exercise (exercise-induced bronchospasm). This medicine is a bronchodilator. More info »

92 78 81 32
CREON

Helps patients who have cys... +

Helps patients who have cystic fibrosis, pancreatitis, or digestive disorders digest food. More info »

90 85 82 114
FENOFIBRATE

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides, together with a proper diet. More info »

90 71 82 74
ULTICARE 82 82 84 433
NAPROXEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by arthritis, gout, menstrual cramps, tendinitis, headache, backache, and toothache. This is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAID). More info »

82 59 84 88
ULORIC

Febuxostat is used to treat... +

Febuxostat is used to treat gout. Gout is a type of arthritis in which uric acid, a naturally occurring substance in the body, builds up in the joints and causes sudden attacks of redness, swelling, pain, and heat in one or more joints. Febuxostat is in a class of medications called xanthine oxidase inhibitors. It works by decreasing the amount of uric acid that is made in the body.Ê More info »

82 81 84 227
VYTORIN

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. This medicine contains ezetimibe, which is a cholesterol absorption inhibitor, and simvastatin, which is an HMG-CoA inhibitor (also called a statin). More info »

82 79 84 170
ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE

Treats and prevents angina ... +

Treats and prevents angina (chest pain). This medicine is a nitrate. More info »

80 80 88 200
LEVOFLOXACIN

Levofloxacin is used to tre... +

Levofloxacin is used to treat certain infections such as pneumonia, chronic bronchitis and sinus, urinary tract, kidney, prostate (a male reproductive gland), and skin infections. Levofloxacin is also used to prevent anthrax (a serious infection that may be spread on purpose as part of a bioterror attack) in people who may have been exposed to anthrax germs in the air. More info »

80 76 88 83
NITROSTAT

Treats or prevents angina (... +

Treats or prevents angina (chest pain). This medicine is a nitrate. More info »

79 77 90 193
MONTELUKAST SODIUM

Used to prevent wheezing, d... +

Used to prevent wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and coughing caused by asthma. It is also used to prevent bronchospasm (breathing difficulties) during exercise. It is also used to treat the symptoms of seasonal (occurs only at certain times of the year), and perennial (occurs all year round) allergic rhinitis (a condition associated with sneezing and stuffy, runny or itchy nose). More info »

78 71 91 128
CLOBETASOL PROPIONATE

Treats psoriasis, skin irri... +

Treats psoriasis, skin irritation, allergic reactions, and other types of skin problems. This medicine belongs to a class of drugs called corticosteroids. More info »

75 75 92 228
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350

Treats occasional constipat... +

Treats occasional constipation. More info »

75 70 92 121
NOVOLOG MIX 70-30 FLEXPEN

Used to treat type 1 diabet... +

Used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). It is also used to treat people with type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) who need insulin to control their diabetes. In patients with type 1 diabetes, insulin aspart is usually used with another type of insulin, unless it is used in an external insulin pump. More info »

73 69 94 395
LOPERAMIDE

Treats diarrhea and decreas... +

Treats diarrhea and decreases the amount of drainage in patients who have ostomies. More info »

72 71 95 281
WARFARIN SODIUM

Warfarin is used to prevent... +

Warfarin is used to prevent blood clots from forming or growing larger in your blood and blood vessels. It is prescribed for people with certain types of irregular heartbeat, people with prosthetic (replacement or mechanical) heart valves, and people who have suffered a heart attack. Warfarin is also used to treat or prevent venous thrombosis (swelling and blood clot in a vein) and pulmonary embolism (a blood clot in the lung). Warfarin is in a class of medications called anticoagulants ('blood thinners'). It works by decreasing the clotting ability of the blood. More info »

72 72 95 16
VIMOVO 72 72 95 438
CICLOPIROX

Treats skin infections caus... +

Treats skin infections caused by fungus, such as ringworm, athlete's foot, or dandruff. Belongs to a class of drugs called antifungals. More info »

71 65 98 402
CEPHALEXIN

Treats bacterial infections... +

Treats bacterial infections. Belongs to a class of drugs called cephalosporin antibiotics. More info »

70 65 99 111
LEVEMIR FLEXPEN

Used to treat type 1 diabet... +

Used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). It is also used to treat people with type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) who need insulin to control their diabetes. More info »

70 70 99 237
CIPROFLOXACIN HCL

Ciprofloxacin is used to tr... +

Ciprofloxacin is used to treat or prevent certain infections caused by bacteria. Ciprofloxacin is also used to treat or prevent anthrax (a serious infection that may be spread on purpose as part of a bioterror attack) in people who may have been exposed to anthrax germs in the air. Ciprofloxacin extended-release (long-acting) tablets are used only to treat certain types of urinary tract infections. Ciprofloxacin is in a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones. It works by killing bacteria that cause infections. Antibiotics will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections. More info »

66 61 101 67
ZENPEP 65 54 102 210
FLECTOR 64 62 103 230
PRAMIPEXOLE DIHYDROCHLORIDE

Pramipexole is used alone o... +

Pramipexole is used alone or with other medications to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD; a disorder of the nervous system that causes difficulties with movement, muscle control, and balance), including shaking of parts of the body, stiffness, slowed movements, and problems with balance. Pramipexole is also used to treat restless legs syndrome (RLS; a condition that causes discomfort in the legs and a strong urge to move the legs, especially at night and when sitting or lying down). Pramipexole is in a class of medications called dopamine agonists. It works by acting in place of dopamine, a natural substance in the brain that is needed to control movement. More info »

63 53 104 222
CLOTRIMAZOLE-BETAMETHASONE

This combination medication... +

This combination medication is used to treat a variety of inflamed fungal skin infections such as ringworm, athlete's foot, and jock itch. More info »

63 62 104 177
HYDROCORTISONE

Hydrocortisone provides rel... +

Hydrocortisone provides relief for inflamed areas of the body. It is used to treat a number of different conditions, such as inflammation. More info »

63 63 104 229
COLCRYS

Colchicine is used to preve... +

Colchicine is used to prevent gout attacks (sudden, severe pain in one or more joints caused by abnormally high levels of a substance called uric acid in the blood) in adults, and to relieve the pain of gout attacks when they occur. Colchicine is also used to treat familial Mediterranean fever (FMF; an inborn condition that causes episodes of fever, pain, and swelling of the stomach area, lungs, and joints) in adults and children 4 years of age and older. More info »

62 59 107 192
METOCLOPRAMIDE HCL

Metoclopramide is used to r... +

Metoclopramide is used to relieve heartburn and speed the healing of ulcers and sores in the esophagus (tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) in people who have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the esophagus) that did not get better with other treatments. Metoclopramide is also used to relieve symptoms caused by slow stomach emptying in people who have diabetes. These symptoms include nausea, vomiting, heartburn, loss of appetite, and feeling of fullness that lasts long after meals. Metoclopramide is in a class of medications called prokinetic agents. It works by speeding the movement of food through the stomach and intestines. More info »

61 61 108 120
EXELON

Rivastigmine is used to tre... +

Rivastigmine is used to treat mild to moderate dementia (memory loss) associated with Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease. More info »

61 61 108 149
PROCRIT 59 55 110 352
CIPRODEX

Treats middle ear infection... +

Treats middle ear infections in children who have tubes in their ears. Also treats outer ear infections ("swimmer's ear") in children and adults. This medicine is a combination of an antibiotic and a steroid. More info »

56 55 111 515
SPIRIVA

Prevents the symptoms of br... +

Prevents the symptoms of bronchospasm caused by emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). This medicine is a bronchodilator. More info »

54 54 112 65
FUROSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). More info »

52 51 113 11
GEMFIBROZIL

Lowers high triglyceride an... +

Lowers high triglyceride and cholesterol levels. More info »

52 52 113 96
HYDROCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. More info »

52 36 S3 113 5
ERYTHROMYCIN

Treats eye infections. Belo... +

Treats eye infections. Belongs to a class of drugs called antibiotics. More info »

50 50 116 559
About This Data

ProPublica obtained prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, under the Freedom of Information Act. The data for 2012 includes more than 1.2 billion prescriptions written by nearly 1.5 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 382,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. Almost three-fourths went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to drugs@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to drugs@propublica.org.

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if 10 or fewer prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • The list of top drugs includes only those for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions, but all prescriptions are counted in the summary totals at the top.
  • The calculation of “Risky Drugs to Seniors” does not include drugs for which a provider wrote 11 or fewer prescriptions because Medicare redacted the information to protect patient privacy.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on May 3, 2012.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.