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Prescriber Checkup

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2012

Infectious Disease

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

11,034Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 9 out of 198

$4.35M Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 2 out of 198

144 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
14%Patients 65 Years and Older
97% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
Higher avg 81928cdb0ebe162ff75cf405bfacadd396bf3ec84bc467b6f3e612dd63daa776 Average for
this specialty
in Florida
Lower avg 72b1978e1dcc0b845f89d17d692cfff7aeaf8d8bce70310d8bfc535db2daf62a

Schedule Two
Controlled Substances

15% of this provider’s 144 patients filled at least one prescription for a schedule two drug, compared to an average of 1%.

Schedule Three
Controlled Substances

40% of this provider’s 144 patients filled at least one prescription for a schedule three drug, compared to an average of 3%.

Risky Drugs to Seniors

1% of this provider’s 859 prescriptions for patients 65 and older were for "potentially dangerous" drugs, compared to an average of 0%.

Brand Name Drugs

60% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 47%.

Prescription Price

$394 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $351 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

77 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 13.


Another View

This chart shows a different comparison of all providers in this specialty based on their mix of drugs and volume. Providers are grouped by similarity; those least like their peers are farthest to the right. Hover over the bars to see names of other prescribers.

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This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state.

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S2

A schedule two drug. More » Schedule two drugs have a high potential for abuse and severe dependence, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration.

S3

A schedule three drug. More » Schedule three drugs have potential for abuse and dependence, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration.

A

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of
this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled
Including Refills
Prescriptions
to 65+
Category For this Prescriber For All Prescribers in
This Specialty in Florida
NORVIR

Treats human immunodeficien... +

Treats human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Ritonavir does not cure HIV or AIDS, but it may slow the progress of the disease. More info »

785 75 1 1
TRUVADA

Treats HIV infection. Also ... +

Treats HIV infection. Also used as part of a complete prevention strategy to reduce the risk of HIV infection in adults who are at high risk. HIV causes AIDS. This medicine does not cure HIV or AIDS, but combinations of drugs may slow the progress of the disease. More info »

675 42 2 2
PREZISTA

Used with ritonavir (Norvir... +

Used with ritonavir (Norvir) and other medications to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in adults and children 3 years of age and older. Darunavir is in a class of medications called protease inhibitors. It works by decreasing the amount of HIV in the blood. Although darunavir does not cure HIV, it may decrease your chance of developing acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and HIV-related illnesses such as serious infections or cancer. More info »

456 22 3 4
CRESTOR

Lowers high levels of chole... +

Lowers high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your blood. Helps keep atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) from getting worse. Lowers the risk of stroke and heart attack in people who have certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

371 42 4 14
ISENTRESS

Treats human immunodeficien... +

Treats human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Raltegravir does not cure HIV or AIDS. It is used with other medicines to slow the progress of the disease. More info »

368 22 5 3
REYATAZ

Treats human immunodeficien... +

Treats human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This medicine does not cure HIV or AIDS, but may slow the progress of the disease. This medicine is a protease inhibitor. More info »

303 43 6 8
KETOCONAZOLE

Treats fungal infections in... +

Treats fungal infections in the skin, throat, urinary tract, and lungs. Belongs to a class of drugs called antifungals. More info »

248 7 72
ACYCLOVIR

Treats herpes labialis (col... +

Treats herpes labialis (cold sores). More info »

243 12 8 29
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus, and helps prevent stomach bleeding in patients who have a serious illness. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

234 16 9 7
TESTOSTERONE CYPIONATE

Testosterone is a hormone t... +

Testosterone is a hormone that is usually produced by the body that contributes to the growth, development, and functioning of the male sexual organs and typical male characteristics. Symptoms of low testosterone include decreased sexual desire and ability, extreme tiredness, low energy, depression, and loss of certain male characteristics such as muscular build and deep voice. More info »

216 S3 10 10 90
LOVAZA

Treats high levels of trigl... +

Treats high levels of triglycerides (fat-like substance) in your blood. This medicine is used together with diet, exercise, and weight loss to help control triglycerides. More info »

211 16 11 45
OXANDROLONE 206 10 12 94
EPZICOM 193 27 13 10
VALACYCLOVIR

Treats herpes virus infecti... +

Treats herpes virus infections, including shingles (herpes zoster), cold sores (herpes labialis), and genital herpes (herpes simplex) in adults. Also treats cold sores and chicken pox in children. This medicine will not cure herpes, but may prevent a breakout of herpes sores or blisters. More info »

183 14 50
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Zolpidem belongs to a class of medications called sedative-hypnotics. It works by slowing activity in the brain to allow sleep. More info »

169 15 17
NASONEX

Treats or prevents the symp... +

Treats or prevents the symptoms of seasonal (short-term) and perennial (year-round) allergies (hay fever), such as stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, and watery eyes. Also treats nasal polyps. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

147 16 148
INTELENCE 134 17 20
NEXIUM

Treats heartburn, gastroeso... +

Treats heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus. Prevents stomach ulcers and stomach irritation in patients who take pain or arthritis medicine or NSAID. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

132 13 18 40
LEXIVA 121 25 19 53
ATRIPLA

Treats human immunodeficien... +

Treats human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This medicine does not cure HIV or AIDS, but it may slow the progress of the disease. More info »

119 20 5
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Amlodipine is in a class of medications called calcium channel blockers. It lowers blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. It controls chest pain by increasing the supply of blood to the heart. If taken regularly, amlodipine controls chest pain, but it does not stop chest pain once it starts. Your doctor may prescribe a different medication to take when you have chest pain. More info »

119 20 12
AMMONIUM LACTATE

Treats dry, scaly skin cond... +

Treats dry, scaly skin conditions called xerosis and ichthyosis. Also used for the temporary relief of itching caused by these conditions. More info »

117 20 22 92
LOPERAMIDE

Treats diarrhea and decreas... +

Treats diarrhea and decreases the amount of drainage in patients who have ostomies. More info »

115 23 129
TRAZODONE HCL

Trazodone is used to treat ... +

Trazodone is used to treat depression. Trazodone is in a class of medications called serotonin modulators. It works by increasing the amount of serotonin, a natural substance in the brain that helps maintain mental balance. More info »

113 24 65
KALETRA 111 25 19
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Also treats Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and pain caused by shingles (postherpetic neuralgia). More info »

105 26 21
COMBIVENT

Treats chronic obstructive ... +

Treats chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). More info »

98 27 186
BUPROPION XL

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbu... +

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL) is used to treat depression. Bupropion (Wellbutrin XL) is also used to treat seasonal affective disorder (SAD; episodes of depression that occur in the fall and winter each year). Bupropion (Zyban) is used to help people stop smoking. Bupropion is in a class of medications called antidepressants. It works by increasing certain types of activity in the brain. More info »

92 28 116
LYRICA

Treats nerve and muscle pai... +

Treats nerve and muscle pain caused by diabetes, shingles, fibromyalgia, or a spinal cord injury. Also treats partial-onset seizures in adults. More info »

92 28 57
IBUPROFEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by headache, toothache, arthritis, cold or flu, migraine, or menstrual cramps. This is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). More info »

92 28 35
DIOVAN

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure can reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. May also prolong life after a heart attack. This medicine is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). More info »

91 25 31 78
ENALAPRIL MALEATE

Enalapril is used alone or ... +

Enalapril is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is also used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Enalapril is in a class of medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly and the heart can pump blood more efficiently. More info »

87 32 47
PROAIR HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Also prevents wheezing caused by exercise (exercise-induced bronchospasm). This medicine is a bronchodilator. More info »

86 33 43
FAMOTIDINE

Treats ulcers, gastroesopha... +

Treats ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause the stomach to produce too much stomach acid. Also treats heartburn caused by acid indigestion. More info »

85 34 101
TRICOR

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides, together with a proper diet. More info »

80 35 65
SINGULAIR

Helps prevent and control a... +

Helps prevent and control asthma attacks, including attacks caused by exercise. Also treats seasonal (short-term) and perennial (long-term) allergies. More info »

76 36 131
TRIAMCINOLONE ACETONIDE

Triamcinolone is used to tr... +

Triamcinolone is used to treat the itching, redness, dryness, crusting, scaling, inflammation, and discomfort of various skin conditions. It is also used to relieve the discomfort of mouth sores. More info »

75 37 86
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. Also used in the first few days after a heart attack to help reduce the risk of death. This medicine is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. More info »

72 14 38 6
SYMBICORT

This is a combination of bu... +

This is a combination of budesonide and formoterol used to help control the symptoms of asthma and improve lung function. More info »

72 38 172
LIDODERM

Treats nerve pain that is c... +

Treats nerve pain that is caused by herpes zoster, or "shingles." More info »

70 40 170
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Metformin is in a class of drugs called biguanides. Metformin helps to control the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. It decreases the amount of glucose you absorb from your food and the amount of glucose made by your liver. Metformin also increases your body's response to insulin, a natural substance that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Metformin is not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). More info »

70 20 40 15
TRAMADOL HCL

Tramadol is used to relieve... +

Tramadol is used to relieve moderate to moderately severe pain. Tramadol extended-release tablets are only used by people who are expected to need medication to relieve pain around-the-clock for a long time. Tramadol is in a class of medications called opiate agonists. It works by changing the way the body senses pain. More info »

66 42 42
ATENOLOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and angina (chest pain). May also lower the risk of repeated heart attacks. More info »

60 43 30
CLINDAMYCIN PHOSPHATE

Topical clindamycin is used... +

Topical clindamycin is used to treat acne. Clindamycin is in a class of medications called lincomycin antibiotics. It works by slowing or stopping the growth of bacteria that cause acne and by decreasing swelling. More info »

59 44 217
FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE

Treats stuffy nose caused b... +

Treats stuffy nose caused by hay fever and other allergies. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

56 45 59
MIRTAZAPINE

Treats depression. +

Treats depression. More info »

55 46 167
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and to improve survival after a heart attack. Extended-release (long-acting) metoprolol also is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Metoprolol is in a class of medications called beta blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels and slowing heart rate to improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure More info »

54 47 44
ADVAIR DISKUS

Prevents symptoms of asthma... +

Prevents symptoms of asthma or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. This medicine is a combination of a steroid and a bronchodilator. More info »

54 47 87
ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM

Used together with diet, we... +

Used together with diet, weight loss, and exercise to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and to decrease the chance that heart surgery will be needed in people who have heart disease or who are at risk of developing heart disease. Atorvastatin is also used to decrease the amount of fatty substances such as low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol ('bad cholesterol') and triglycerides in the blood and to increase the amount of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ('good cholesterol') in the blood. More info »

54 47 22
DEXILANT

Treats erosive esophagitis,... +

Treats erosive esophagitis, heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and other conditions caused by too much stomach acid. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

54 47 235
SELZENTRY 53 51 89
FUROSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). More info »

52 52 24
SUSTIVA 52 52 56
CYMBALTA

Treats depression, anxiety,... +

Treats depression, anxiety, diabetic peripheral neuropathy (nerve pain caused by diabetes), fibromyalgia (muscle pain and stiffness), or chronic (long-lasting) pain related to muscles and bones. This medicine is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SSNRI). More info »

52 52 119
SYNTHROID

Treats hypothyroidism. +

Treats hypothyroidism. More info »

50 55 63
About This Data

ProPublica obtained prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, under the Freedom of Information Act. The data for 2012 includes more than 1.2 billion prescriptions written by nearly 1.5 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 382,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. Almost three-fourths went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to drugs@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to drugs@propublica.org.

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if 10 or fewer prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • The list of top drugs includes only those for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions, but all prescriptions are counted in the summary totals at the top.
  • The calculation of “Risky Drugs to Seniors” does not include drugs for which a provider wrote 11 or fewer prescriptions because Medicare redacted the information to protect patient privacy.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on July 8, 2007.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.