Prescriber Checkup

Prescriber Checkup

The Doctors and Drugs in Medicare Part D

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2015

Family Medicine

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

44,995Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 8 out of 7305

$3.72M Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 13 out of 7305

696 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
91% Patients 65 Years and Older

99% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
higher than average Average for
this specialty
in California
lower than average

Antipsychotics

6% of this provider’s 631 patients who are 65 and older filled at least one prescription for an antipsychotic drug, compared to an average of 2%.

More resources »

Antibiotics

46% of this provider’s 696 patients filled at least one prescription for an antibiotic drug, compared to an average of 24%.

More resources »

Risky Drugs for Seniors

14% of this provider’s 631 patients 65 and older filled at least one prescription for a potentially inappropriate drug, compared to an average of 10%.

More resources »

Opioids

18% of this provider’s 696 patients filled at least one prescription for an opioid, compared to an average of 18%.

More resources »

Brand Name Drugs

33% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 19%. This is far more than peers.

Prescription Price

$83 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $59 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

65 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 14.


How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all patients.

This Provider's History

A comparison of this provider’s prescribing in Part D since 2012. All years may not be shown if there is insufficient data.

Cost of Claims

$1.9M

2012

$2.4M

2013

$3.03M

2014

$3.72M

2015

Number of Claims

27,889

2012

34,772

2013

39,839

2014

44,995

2015

This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state. The list below includes only those drugs for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions.

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O

An opioid drug. More » Prescription opioids (painkillers) can help alleviate certain kinds of pain in the short term but carry serious health risks.

A

An antibiotic drug. More » Used to treat bacterial infections but are often prescribed incorrectly to treat viral infections, such as chest colds or the flu.

P

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled with Refills Prescriptions
to 65+
Patients Receiving this Drug Category For this Prescriber For this Prescriber's Peers
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Source: National Library of Medicine

1,517

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

1,371

prescriptions.

184

patients, 26% of all patients

1 13
CARVEDILOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). Source: National Library of Medicine

1,248

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

1,151

prescriptions.

169

patients, 24% of all patients

2 24
CRESTOR

Lowers high levels of chole... +

Lowers high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

1,247

prescriptions, 3% of all prescriptions

1,088

prescriptions.

162

patients, 23% of all patients

3 47
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Source: National Library of Medicine

1,086

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

1,021

prescriptions.

135

patients, 19% of all patients

4 4
VOLTAREN

Treats pain caused by arthr... +

Treats pain caused by arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or other medical problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

934

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

903

prescriptions.

119

patients, 17% of all patients

5 68
OMEGA-3 ACID ETHYL ESTERS

Omega-3 fatty acids are use... +

Omega-3 fatty acids are used together with lifestyle changes (diet, weight-loss, exercise) to reduce the amount of triglycerides (a fat-like substance) in the blood in people with very high triglycerides. Source: National Library of Medicine

922

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

819

prescriptions.

108

patients, 16% of all patients

6 81
ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Source: National Library of Medicine

920

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

845

prescriptions.

121

patients, 17% of all patients

7 1
LYRICA

Treats nerve and muscle pai... +

Treats nerve and muscle pain caused by diabetes, shingles, fibromyalgia, or a spinal cord injury. Source: National Library of Medicine

881

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

803

prescriptions.

110

patients, 16% of all patients

10 8 98
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Source: National Library of Medicine

830

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

736

prescriptions.

111

patients, 16% of all patients

9 7
FUROSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). Source: National Library of Medicine

815

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

787

prescriptions.

114

patients, 16% of all patients

10 12
MONTELUKAST SODIUM

Montelukast is used to prev... +

Montelukast is used to prevent wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, and coughing caused by asthma. Source: National Library of Medicine

809

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

752

prescriptions.

113

patients, 16% of all patients

11 44
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

765

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

721

prescriptions.

87

patients, 13% of all patients

12 5
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Source: National Library of Medicine

760

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

704

prescriptions.

86

patients, 12% of all patients

13 2
NEXIUM

Treats heartburn, gastroeso... +

Treats heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid. Source: National Library of Medicine

754

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

680

prescriptions.

101

patients, 15% of all patients

14 54
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

752

prescriptions, 2% of all prescriptions

667

prescriptions.

85

patients, 12% of all patients

15 6
TAMSULOSIN HCL

Tamsulosin is used in men t... +

Tamsulosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Source: National Library of Medicine

606

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

554

prescriptions.

75

patients, 11% of all patients

16 16
ADVAIR DISKUS

Prevents symptoms of asthma... +

Prevents symptoms of asthma or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Source: National Library of Medicine

605

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

545

prescriptions.

84

patients, 12% of all patients

17 59
BACLOFEN

Treats muscle spasms caused... +

Treats muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury or disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

586

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

530

prescriptions.

105

patients, 15% of all patients

18 62
IBUPROFEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by headache, toothache, arthritis, cold or flu, migraine, or menstrual cramps. Source: National Library of Medicine

542

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

459

prescriptions.

85

patients, 12% of all patients

19 32
MECLIZINE HCL

Meclizine is used to preven... +

Meclizine is used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, and dizziness caused by motion sickness. Source: National Library of Medicine

539

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

497

prescriptions.

82

patients, 12% of all patients

20 85
VASCEPA 527

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

477

prescriptions.

67

patients, 10% of all patients

21 125
GLIPIZIDE

Used with diet and exercise... +

Used with diet and exercise to help control blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

522

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

476

prescriptions.

56

patients, 8% of all patients

22 19
DEXILANT

Treats erosive esophagitis,... +

Treats erosive esophagitis, heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and other conditions caused by too much stomach acid. Source: National Library of Medicine

502

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

459

prescriptions.

62

patients, 9% of all patients

23 88
LORAZEPAM

Treats anxiety, anxiety wit... +

Treats anxiety, anxiety with depression, and insomnia (trouble sleeping). Source: National Library of Medicine

487

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

440

prescriptions.

71

patients, 10% of all patients

24 20
ESCITALOPRAM OXALATE

Escitalopram is used to tre... +

Escitalopram is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

480

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

431

prescriptions.

69

patients, 10% of all patients

25 46
ALLOPURINOL

Treats gout and some kinds ... +

Treats gout and some kinds of kidney stones. Source: National Library of Medicine

459

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

403

prescriptions.

56

patients, 8% of all patients

26 35
ALCOHOL PREP PADS

Prep pads +

Prep pads. Source: National Library of Medicine

456

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

417

prescriptions.

81

patients, 12% of all patients

10 27 173
FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE

Treats stuffy nose caused b... +

Treats stuffy nose caused by hay fever and other allergies. Source: National Library of Medicine

455

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

413

prescriptions.

90

patients, 13% of all patients

28 17
CELECOXIB

Treats mild to moderate pai... +

Treats mild to moderate pain and help relieve symptoms of arthritis (e. Source: National Library of Medicine

444

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

415

prescriptions.

59

patients, 8% of all patients

29 84
CLONIDINE HCL

Clonidine is used alone or ... +

Clonidine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

431

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

400

prescriptions.

70

patients, 10% of all patients

30 69
HYDRALAZINE HCL

Hydralazine is used to trea... +

Hydralazine is used to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

418

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

404

prescriptions.

55

patients, 8% of all patients

31 80
ALENDRONATE SODIUM

Alendronate is used to trea... +

Alendronate is used to treat and prevent osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause (''change of life,'' end of menstrual periods) and to treat osteoporosis in men. Source: National Library of Medicine

414

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

379

prescriptions.

51

patients, 7% of all patients

32 15
CLOPIDOGREL

Helps prevent stroke, heart... +

Helps prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

400

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

382

prescriptions.

52

patients, 7% of all patients

33 30
BENAZEPRIL HCL

Benazepril is used alone or... +

Benazepril is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

389

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

351

prescriptions.

48

patients, 7% of all patients

34 27
DONEPEZIL HCL

Donepezil is used to treat ... +

Donepezil is used to treat dementia (a brain disorder that affects the ability to remember, think clearly, communicate, and perform daily activities and may cause changes in mood and personality) associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD; a brain disease that slowly destroys the memory and the ability to think, learn, communicate and handle daily activities). Source: National Library of Medicine

380

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

375

prescriptions.

49

patients, 7% of all patients

35 38
HYDROCORTISONE

Hydrocortisone provides rel... +

Hydrocortisone provides relief for inflamed areas of the body. Source: National Library of Medicine

371

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

318

prescriptions.

81

patients, 12% of all patients

36 229
DULOXETINE HCL

Duloxetine is used to treat... +

Duloxetine is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; excessive worry and tension that disrupts daily life and lasts for 6 months or longer). Source: National Library of Medicine

365

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

343

prescriptions.

44

patients, 6% of all patients

37 67
VALSARTAN-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Treats high blood pressure. +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

359

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

321

prescriptions.

45

patients, 6% of all patients

38 76
MELOXICAM

Treats symptoms of osteoart... +

Treats symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). Source: National Library of Medicine

356

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

337

prescriptions.

50

patients, 7% of all patients

39 36
PROAIR HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Source: National Library of Medicine

344

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

310

prescriptions.

63

patients, 9% of all patients

40 28
VALSARTAN

Valsartan is used alone or ... +

Valsartan is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

331

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

326

prescriptions.

58

patients, 8% of all patients

41 58
TRAMADOL HCL

Tramadol is used to relieve... +

Tramadol is used to relieve moderate to moderately severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

312

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

284

prescriptions.

48

patients, 7% of all patients

O 42 25
HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). Source: National Library of Medicine

312

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

289

prescriptions.

41

patients, 6% of all patients

42 10
ZETIA

Lowers cholesterol in your ... +

Lowers cholesterol in your blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

304

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

279

prescriptions.

33

patients, 5% of all patients

44 92
FAMOTIDINE*

Treats ulcers, gastroesopha... +

Treats ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause the stomach to produce too much stomach acid. Source: National Library of Medicine

285

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

272

prescriptions.

40

patients, 6% of all patients

45 40
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. Source: National Library of Medicine

284

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

279

prescriptions.

40

patients, 6% of all patients

46 3
NAPROXEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by arthritis, gout, menstrual cramps, tendinitis, headache, backache, and toothache. Source: National Library of Medicine

274

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

248

prescriptions.

56

patients, 8% of all patients

47 66
SPIRIVA

Prevents the symptoms of br... +

Prevents the symptoms of bronchospasm caused by emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Source: National Library of Medicine

270

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

251

prescriptions.

33

patients, 5% of all patients

48 72
JANUVIA

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

268

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

248

prescriptions.

26

patients, 4% of all patients

49 42
ATENOLOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and angina (chest pain). Source: National Library of Medicine

261

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

256

prescriptions.

30

patients, 4% of all patients

50 11
TRIAMCINOLONE ACETONIDE

Triamcinolone is used to tr... +

Triamcinolone is used to treat the itching, redness, dryness, crusting, scaling, inflammation, and discomfort of various skin conditions. Source: National Library of Medicine

258

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

235

prescriptions.

51

patients, 7% of all patients

51 52
SERTRALINE HCL

Sertraline is used to treat... +

Sertraline is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks), posttraumatic stress disorder (disturbing psychological symptoms that develop after a frightening experience), and social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with normal life). Source: National Library of Medicine

256

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

235

prescriptions.

38

patients, 5% of all patients

52 37
BUPROPION XL

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbu... +

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL) is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

252

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

218

prescriptions.

33

patients, 5% of all patients

53 134
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

Potassium is needed to main... +

Potassium is needed to maintain good health. Source: National Library of Medicine

245

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

240

prescriptions.

40

patients, 6% of all patients

54 26
RANEXA

Treats or prevents angina (... +

Treats or prevents angina (chest pain). Source: National Library of Medicine

243

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

229

prescriptions.

26

patients, 4% of all patients

55 258
SYMBICORT

This is a combination of bu... +

This is a combination of budesonide and formoterol used to help control the symptoms of asthma and improve lung function. Source: National Library of Medicine

239

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

223

prescriptions.

41

patients, 6% of all patients

56 111
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE ER

Isosorbide mononitrate is u... +

Isosorbide mononitrate is used to prevent angina (chest pain) caused by coronary artery disease (heart disease). Source: National Library of Medicine

238

prescriptions, 1% of all prescriptions

233

prescriptions.

35

patients, 5% of all patients

57 90
LOSARTAN-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

This drug is used to treat ... +

This drug is used to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

221

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

208

prescriptions.

27

patients, 4% of all patients

58 48
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Source: National Library of Medicine

218

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

201

prescriptions.

53

patients, 8% of all patients

R 59 39
NAMENDA XR

Used to treat the symptoms ... +

Used to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

204

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

204

prescriptions.

27

patients, 4% of all patients

60 78
AVODART

Treats problems with urinat... +

Treats problems with urination caused by an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH). Source: National Library of Medicine

204

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

204

prescriptions.

24

patients, 3% of all patients

60 137
LEVOFLOXACIN

Levofloxacin is used to tre... +

Levofloxacin is used to treat certain infections such as pneumonia, chronic bronchitis and sinus, urinary tract, kidney, prostate (a male reproductive gland), and skin infections. Source: National Library of Medicine

204

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

192

prescriptions.

173

patients, 25% of all patients

A 60 104
LOSARTAN POTASSIUM

Losartan is used alone or i... +

Losartan is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

203

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

203

prescriptions.

24

patients, 3% of all patients

63 9
METOCLOPRAMIDE HCL

Metoclopramide is used to r... +

Metoclopramide is used to relieve heartburn and speed the healing of ulcers and sores in the esophagus (tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) in people who have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the esophagus) that did not get better with other treatments. Source: National Library of Medicine

201

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

161

prescriptions.

35

patients, 5% of all patients

64 160
WARFARIN SODIUM

Warfarin is used to prevent... +

Warfarin is used to prevent blood clots from forming or growing larger in your blood and blood vessels. Source: National Library of Medicine

197

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

192

prescriptions.

25

patients, 4% of all patients

65 31
COLCRYS

Used to prevent gout attack... +

Used to prevent gout attacks (sudden, severe pain in one or more joints caused by abnormally high levels of a substance called uric acid in the blood) in adults, and to relieve the pain of gout attacks when they occur. Source: National Library of Medicine

186

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

181

prescriptions.

25

patients, 4% of all patients

66 223
PREDNISONE

Treats inflammation (swelli... +

Treats inflammation (swelling), severe allergies, complications of chronic illnesses, and other medical problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

185

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

180

prescriptions.

49

patients, 7% of all patients

67 55
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

183

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

159

prescriptions.

23

patients, 3% of all patients

68 18
ULORIC

Used to treat hyperuricemia... +

Used to treat hyperuricemia (high uric acid in the blood) in patients with gout. Source: National Library of Medicine

181

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

176

prescriptions.

23

patients, 3% of all patients

69 174
PANTOPRAZOLE SODIUM

Pantoprazole is used to tre... +

Pantoprazole is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and possible injury of the esophagus (the tube between the throat and stomach). Source: National Library of Medicine

179

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

174

prescriptions.

38

patients, 5% of all patients

70 21
TRIBENZOR 176

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

176

prescriptions.

19

patients, 3% of all patients

71 236
SPIRONOLACTONE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) in patients with congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, or nephrotic syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

172

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

152

prescriptions.

26

patients, 4% of all patients

72 99
FENOFIBRATE*

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides, together with a proper diet. Source: National Library of Medicine

171

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

151

prescriptions.

26

patients, 4% of all patients

73 115
GLIMEPIRIDE

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

164

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

164

prescriptions.

21

patients, 3% of all patients

74 43
METOPROLOL TARTRATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

158

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

147

prescriptions.

26

patients, 4% of all patients

75 14
PROPYLTHIOURACIL 156

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

156

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

10 76 448
PAROXETINE HCL

Paroxetine tablets, suspens... +

Paroxetine tablets, suspension (liquid), and extended-release (long-acting) tablets are used to treat depression, panic disorder (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks), and social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with normal life). Source: National Library of Medicine

154

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

139

prescriptions.

21

patients, 3% of all patients

77 74
BENICAR HCT

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

146

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

122

prescriptions.

21

patients, 3% of all patients

78 141
JANUMET

This is a combination drug ... +

This is a combination drug containing metformin and sitagliptin and is used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

142

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

125

prescriptions.

17

patients, 2% of all patients

79 120
DIOVAN

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. Source: National Library of Medicine

141

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

136

prescriptions.

39

patients, 6% of all patients

80 172
NIACIN ER

Lowers cholesterol and trig... +

Lowers cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood and treats niacin deficiency (pellagra). Source: National Library of Medicine

141

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

104

prescriptions.

16

patients, 2% of all patients

80 263
NAMENDA

Treats dementia (memory los... +

Treats dementia (memory loss and mental changes) that is a sign of Alzheimer's disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

141

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

141

prescriptions.

26

patients, 4% of all patients

80 100
LINZESS

Used in adults to treat irr... +

Used in adults to treat irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C; a condition that causes stomach pain or cramps, bloating, and infrequent or difficult passage of stools) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC; difficult or infrequent passage of stools that lasts for 3 months or longer and is not caused by a disease or a medication). Source: National Library of Medicine

138

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

123

prescriptions.

26

patients, 4% of all patients

83 139
ALPRAZOLAM

Treats anxiety, panic disor... +

Treats anxiety, panic disorder, insomnia (trouble sleeping), and anxiety caused by depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

138

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

126

prescriptions.

18

patients, 3% of all patients

83 23
NASONEX

Treats or prevents the symp... +

Treats or prevents the symptoms of seasonal (short-term) and perennial (year-round) allergies (hay fever), such as stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, and watery eyes. Source: National Library of Medicine

135

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

130

prescriptions.

23

patients, 3% of all patients

85 171
RAMIPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure after a heart attack. Source: National Library of Medicine

131

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

131

prescriptions.

18

patients, 3% of all patients

86 136
HYDROCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Source: National Library of Medicine

126

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

121

prescriptions.

74

patients, 11% of all patients

O 87 8
NITROGLYCERIN PATCH

Prevents chest pain (angina... +

Prevents chest pain (angina). Source: National Library of Medicine

125

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

109

prescriptions.

25

patients, 4% of all patients

88 328
BENICAR

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

125

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

120

prescriptions.

16

patients, 2% of all patients

88 96
BUSPIRONE HCL

Buspirone is used to treat ... +

Buspirone is used to treat anxiety disorders or in the short-term treatment of symptoms of anxiety. Source: National Library of Medicine

122

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

122

prescriptions.

17

patients, 2% of all patients

90 162
RAPAFLO

Treats problems caused by a... +

Treats problems caused by an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH). Source: National Library of Medicine

121

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

121

prescriptions.

14

patients, 2% of all patients

91 247
TERAZOSIN HCL

Terazosin is used in men to... +

Terazosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH), which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Source: National Library of Medicine

119

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

114

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

92 49
CREON

Helps patients who have cys... +

Helps patients who have cystic fibrosis, pancreatitis, or digestive disorders digest food. Source: National Library of Medicine

114

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

88

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

93 113
SUCRALFATE

Treats ulcers and other sto... +

Treats ulcers and other stomach problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

114

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

114

prescriptions.

22

patients, 3% of all patients

93 220
VESICARE

Solifenacin is used to trea... +

Solifenacin is used to treat overactive bladder (a condition in which the bladder muscles contract uncontrollably and cause frequent urination, urgent need to urinate, and inability to control urination). Source: National Library of Medicine

113

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

101

prescriptions.

14

patients, 2% of all patients

95 135
DICLOFENAC SODIUM

Diclofenac is used to relie... +

Diclofenac is used to relieve pain, tenderness, swelling, and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by a breakdown of the lining of the joints), rheumatoid arthritis (arthritis caused by swelling of the lining of the joints), and ankylosing spondylitis (arthritis that mainly affects the spine). Source: National Library of Medicine

110

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

105

prescriptions.

21

patients, 3% of all patients

96 89
AZITHROMYCIN

Treats infections caused by... +

Treats infections caused by certain bacteria. Source: National Library of Medicine

106

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

90

prescriptions.

85

patients, 12% of all patients

A 97 45
VICTOZA 3-PAK

Used to treat a type of dia... +

Used to treat a type of diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes) called type 2 diabetes. Source: National Library of Medicine

106

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

82

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

97 322
PATANOL

Treats itching or watering ... +

Treats itching or watering of eyes caused by allergies. Source: National Library of Medicine

105

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

100

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

99 178
KETOCONAZOLE

Treats fungal infections in... +

Treats fungal infections in the skin, throat, urinary tract, and lungs. Source: National Library of Medicine

105

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

90

prescriptions.

25

patients, 4% of all patients

99 164
ENALAPRIL MALEATE

Enalapril is used alone or ... +

Enalapril is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

104

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

80

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

101 77
FENOFIBRATE*

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides, together with a proper diet. Source: National Library of Medicine

104

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

99

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

101 126
AMIODARONE HCL

Amiodarone is used to treat... +

Amiodarone is used to treat and prevent certain types of serious, life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (a certain type of abnormal heart rhythm when other medications did not help or could not be tolerated. Source: National Library of Medicine

99

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

94

prescriptions.

19

patients, 3% of all patients

103 168
BYSTOLIC

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

99

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

87

prescriptions.

<11 103 142
GEMFIBROZIL

Lowers high triglyceride an... +

Lowers high triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Source: National Library of Medicine

96

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

91

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

105 105
LIDOCAINE

Causes numbness or loss of ... +

Causes numbness or loss of feeling in an area of your body. Source: National Library of Medicine

95

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

90

prescriptions.

31

patients, 4% of all patients

106 132
PIOGLITAZONE HCL

Pioglitazone is used to tre... +

Pioglitazone is used to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Source: National Library of Medicine

93

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

93

prescriptions.

11

patients, 2% of all patients

107 53
PROPRANOLOL HCL

Propranolol is used to trea... +

Propranolol is used to treat high blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms, heart disease, pheochromocytoma (tumor on a small gland near the kidneys), and certain types of tremor. Source: National Library of Medicine

93

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

73

prescriptions.

14

patients, 2% of all patients

107 155
QUETIAPINE FUMARATE

Quetiapine is used to treat... +

Quetiapine is used to treat the symptoms of schizophrenia (a mental illness that causes disturbed or unusual thinking, loss of interest in life, and strong or inappropriate emotions). Source: National Library of Medicine

92

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

92

prescriptions.

11

patients, 2% of all patients

P 109 75
CLONAZEPAM

Treats seizures, panic diso... +

Treats seizures, panic disorder, and anxiety. Source: National Library of Medicine

89

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

84

prescriptions.

22

patients, 3% of all patients

110 63
IBANDRONATE SODIUM

Used to prevent and treat o... +

Used to prevent and treat osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause. Source: National Library of Medicine

87

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

87

prescriptions.

<11 111 148
DICYCLOMINE HCL

Dicyclomine is used to trea... +

Dicyclomine is used to treat the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

83

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

62

prescriptions.

16

patients, 2% of all patients

112 215
SUMATRIPTAN SUCCINATE

Sumatriptan is used to trea... +

Sumatriptan is used to treat the symptoms of migraine headaches (severe, throbbing headaches that sometimes is accompanied by nausea or sensitivity to sound and light). Source: National Library of Medicine

83

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

78

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

112 218
PRAVASTATIN SODIUM

Pravastatin is used with di... +

Pravastatin is used with diet, weight-loss, and exercise to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and to decrease the chance that heart surgery will be needed in people who have heart disease or who are at risk of developing heart disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

80

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

80

prescriptions.

<11 114 29
PROCTOZONE-HC

Hydrocortisone is available... +

Hydrocortisone is available with or without a prescription. Source: National Library of Medicine

78

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

78

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

115 252
LANTUS

Treats diabetes mellitus. I... +

Treats diabetes mellitus. Source: National Library of Medicine

78

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

73

prescriptions.

18

patients, 3% of all patients

115 60
CLOBETASOL PROPIONATE

Treats psoriasis, skin irri... +

Treats psoriasis, skin irritation, allergic reactions, and other types of skin problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

77

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

77

prescriptions.

11

patients, 2% of all patients

117 169
AMITRIPTYLINE HCL

Amitriptyline is used to tr... +

Amitriptyline is used to treat symptoms of depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

77

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

65

prescriptions.

<11 R 117 119
OXYBUTYNIN CHLORIDE ER

Oxybutynin is used to contr... +

Oxybutynin is used to control urgent, frequent, or uncontrolled urination in people who have overactive bladder (a condition in which the bladder muscles have uncontrollable spasms), spina bifida (a disability that occurs when the spinal cord does not close properly before birth), or other conditions that affect the bladder muscles. Source: National Library of Medicine

73

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

57

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

119 133
PATADAY

Treats itching or watering ... +

Treats itching or watering of eyes caused by allergies. Source: National Library of Medicine

71

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

71

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

120 163
FENOFIBRIC ACID*

Lowers high cholesterol and... +

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Source: National Library of Medicine

69

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

64

prescriptions.

<11 121 222
CITALOPRAM HBR

Citalopram is used to treat... +

Citalopram is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

69

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

69

prescriptions.

<11 121 41
TOLTERODINE TARTRATE ER

Tolterodine is used treat o... +

Tolterodine is used treat overactive bladder (a condition in which the bladder muscles contract uncontrollably and cause frequent urination, urgent need to urinate, and inability to control urination) to relieve urinary difficulties, including frequent urination and inability to control urination. Source: National Library of Medicine

68

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

68

prescriptions.

<11 123 345
LANSOPRAZOLE

Treats stomach ulcers, gast... +

Treats stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Source: National Library of Medicine

67

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

67

prescriptions.

14

patients, 2% of all patients

124 161
CLOTRIMAZOLE

This medicine is an antifun... +

This medicine is an antifungal. Source: National Library of Medicine

67

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

52

prescriptions.

21

patients, 3% of all patients

124 237
BUPROPION HCL SR

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbu... +

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL) is used to treat depression. Source: National Library of Medicine

67

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

67

prescriptions.

<11 124 194
BENAZEPRIL-HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

The combination of benazepr... +

The combination of benazepril and hydrochlorothiazide is used to treat high blood pressure. Source: National Library of Medicine

66

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

66

prescriptions.

<11 127 170
TERBINAFINE HCL

Terbinafine is used to trea... +

Terbinafine is used to treat fungal infections of the toenail and fingernail. Source: National Library of Medicine

66

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

54

prescriptions.

19

patients, 3% of all patients

127 349
ATELVIA 65

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

65

prescriptions.

11

patients, 2% of all patients

129 226
THEOPHYLLINE ANHYDROUS

Theophylline is used to pre... +

Theophylline is used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness caused by asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung diseases. Source: National Library of Medicine

65

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

65

prescriptions.

15

patients, 2% of all patients

129 301
AMITIZA

Treats certain types of lon... +

Treats certain types of long-term constipation by helping you have a bowel movement. Source: National Library of Medicine

65

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

65

prescriptions.

<11 129 167
CELEBREX

Treats pain, including pain... +

Treats pain, including pain caused by arthritis (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) in children and adults, ankylosing spondylitis, or menstrual cramps. Source: National Library of Medicine

65

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

60

prescriptions.

29

patients, 4% of all patients

129 251
TEMAZEPAM

Treats insomnia (trouble sl... +

Treats insomnia (trouble sleeping). Source: National Library of Medicine

63

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

58

prescriptions.

13

patients, 2% of all patients

133 56
KLOR-CON 8 63

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

58

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

133 247
METRONIDAZOLE*

Used to treat serious bacte... +

Used to treat serious bacterial infections in different areas of the body. Source: National Library of Medicine

63

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

58

prescriptions.

29

patients, 4% of all patients

A 133 314
METHYLPREDNISOLONE

Treats asthma, allergic rea... +

Treats asthma, allergic reactions, inflammation, flare-ups of ongoing illnesses, and many other medical problems. Source: National Library of Medicine

63

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

58

prescriptions.

53

patients, 8% of all patients

133 177
LIDODERM

Treats nerve pain that is c... +

Treats nerve pain that is caused by herpes zoster, or "shingles. Source: National Library of Medicine

62

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

57

prescriptions.

12

patients, 2% of all patients

137 176
FINASTERIDE

Treats an enlarged prostate... +

Treats an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) in men and causes hair growth in male pattern baldness. Source: National Library of Medicine

62

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

62

prescriptions.

<11 137 61
MEMANTINE HCL

Treats moderate to severe ... +

Treats moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. Source: National Library of Medicine

62

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

62

prescriptions.

20

patients, 3% of all patients

137 200
OXYBUTYNIN CHLORIDE

Oxybutynin is used to contr... +

Oxybutynin is used to control urgent, frequent, or uncontrolled urination in people who have overactive bladder (a condition in which the bladder muscles have uncontrollable spasms), spina bifida (a disability that occurs when the spinal cord does not close properly before birth), or other conditions that affect the bladder muscles. Source: National Library of Medicine

61

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

61

prescriptions.

<11 140 117
LOVAZA 61

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

56

prescriptions.

30

patients, 4% of all patients

140 260
NIFEDIPINE ER

Used for the treatment of v... +

Used for the treatment of vasospastic angina, chronic stable angina and hypertension. Source: National Library of Medicine

61

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

61

prescriptions.

<11 140 109
QVAR

Prevents asthma attacks. +

Prevents asthma attacks. Source: National Library of Medicine

60

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

55

prescriptions.

<11 143 107
COLCHICINE

Prevent or treat attacks of... +

Prevent or treat attacks of gout. Source: National Library of Medicine

60

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

55

prescriptions.

<11 143 392
OLANZAPINE

Treats psychotic mental dis... +

Treats psychotic mental disorders, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness). Source: National Library of Medicine

58

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

46

prescriptions.

<11 P 145 140
CILOSTAZOL

Treats a circulation proble... +

Treats a circulation problem in which too little blood flows into your leg muscles (intermittent claudication). Source: National Library of Medicine

57

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

52

prescriptions.

<11 146 216
FLUOCINONIDE

Treats many skin disorders.... +

Treats many skin disorders. Source: National Library of Medicine

56

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

56

prescriptions.

11

patients, 2% of all patients

147 138
VALACYCLOVIR

Treats herpes virus infecti... +

Treats herpes virus infections, including shingles (herpes zoster), cold sores (herpes labialis), and genital herpes (herpes simplex) in adults. Source: National Library of Medicine

56

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

44

prescriptions.

20

patients, 3% of all patients

147 304
HYDROXYZINE HCL

Hydroxyzine is used to reli... +

Hydroxyzine is used to relieve the itching caused by allergies and to control the nausea and vomiting caused by various conditions, including motion sickness. Source: National Library of Medicine

56

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

44

prescriptions.

<11 R 147 275
CARBIDOPA-LEVODOPA

The combination of levodopa... +

The combination of levodopa and carbidopa is used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and Parkinson's-like symptoms that may develop after encephalitis (swelling of the brain) or injury to the nervous system caused by carbon monoxide poisoning or manganese poisoning. Source: National Library of Medicine

54

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

54

prescriptions.

<11 150 128
AZOR

This is a combination of am... +

This is a combination of amlodipine and olmesartan is a combination of medicines that may be used alone or with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Source: National Library of Medicine

52

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

52

prescriptions.

<11 151 231
PROCTOSOL-HC

This is used to help reliev... +

This is used to help relieve redness, itching, swelling, or other discomfort caused by skin conditions. Source: National Library of Medicine

52

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

47

prescriptions.

<11 151 317
EFFIENT

Used to prevent strokes, he... +

Used to prevent strokes, heart attacks, or other serious problems with your heart or blood vessels. Source: National Library of Medicine

52

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

47

prescriptions.

<11 151 306
LACTULOSE

Treats constipation. Also t... +

Treats constipation. Source: National Library of Medicine

52

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

47

prescriptions.

<11 151 123
RISEDRONATE SODIUM DR 51

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

51

prescriptions.

<11 155 398
ALBUTEROL SULFATE

Albuterol is used to preven... +

Albuterol is used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness caused by lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; a group of diseases that affect the lungs and airways). Source: National Library of Medicine

51

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

46

prescriptions.

11

patients, 2% of all patients

155 154
XARELTO

Used to treat deep vein thr... +

Used to treat deep vein thrombosis (DVT; a blood clot, usually in the leg) and pulmonary embolism (PE; a blood clot in the lung). Source: National Library of Medicine

51

prescriptions, 0% of all prescriptions

51

prescriptions.

11

patients, 2% of all patients

155 118
About This Data

Prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, was compiled and released by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the federal agency that oversees the program. The data for 2015 includes more than 1.4 billion prescriptions written by nearly 1.4 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 447,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. More than three-fourths of these prescriptions went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to [email protected] and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to [email protected].

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if there are fewer than 20 prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on June 23, 2008.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.
  • In rare circumstances, providers' prescription tallies may be inflated. Sometimes providers are credited with prescriptions written by colleagues (this happens in long-term care facilities) or are victims of fraud involving theft of their provider number.