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Prescriber Checkup

At A Glance: This Prescriber in 2012

Nephrology

Self-Reported Primary Specialty

See Other Prescribers With This Specialty in This State »

21,681Medicare Part D Prescriptions Filled, Including Refills

Rank: 9 out of 748

$1.92M Total Retail Price of All Prescriptions

Rank: 6 out of 748

951 Patients Receiving at Least One Drug in Part D
90%Patients 65 Years and Older
91% Subsidized Claims for Low-Income Patients

How Does This Prescriber Compare to Peers?

In the same specialty and state. Caveats »

Drugs That Present Special Risks
Costs of Prescribing
Higher avg 81928cdb0ebe162ff75cf405bfacadd396bf3ec84bc467b6f3e612dd63daa776 Average for
this specialty
in California
Lower avg 72b1978e1dcc0b845f89d17d692cfff7aeaf8d8bce70310d8bfc535db2daf62a

Schedule Two
Controlled Substances

2% of this provider’s 951 patients filled at least one prescription for a schedule two drug, compared to an average of 0%.

Schedule Three
Controlled Substances

6% of this provider’s 951 patients filled at least one prescription for a schedule three drug, compared to an average of 6%.

Risky Drugs to Seniors

3% of this provider’s 20,409 prescriptions for patients 65 and older were for "potentially dangerous" drugs, compared to an average of 1%.

Brand Name Drugs

49% of this provider’s prescriptions were for brand-name drugs, compared to an average of 31%.

Prescription Price

$88 was the average price of a prescription from this provider, compared to $116 among peers.

Prescriptions per Patient

23 is the average number of prescriptions (including refills) per patient, compared to an average of 14.


Another View

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This Prescriber's Drugs

The table below list this provider’s drugs, the number of prescriptions and how many went to seniors. Drugs are ranked by volume and compared with the rank for all providers in the same specialty and state.

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S2

A schedule two drug. More » Schedule two drugs have a high potential for abuse and severe dependence, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration.

S3

A schedule three drug. More » Schedule three drugs have potential for abuse and dependence, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration.

A

An antipsychotic drug. More » Antipsychotics are frequently given to dementia patients, though it increases their risk of death.

R

A risky drug for seniors. More » The American Geriatrics Society has said this drug is "potentially dangerous" for seniors and might be inappropriate.

10

This provider is among the top 10 prescribers of
this drug in the country.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for more days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be lower.

This provider’s prescriptions for this drug were for fewer days than those of peers. More » Because of this, his or her prescription count may be higher.

This Drug's Rank
Drug Name Total Prescriptions Filled
Including Refills
Prescriptions
to 65+
Category For this Prescriber For All Prescribers in
This Specialty in California
AMLODIPINE BESYLATE

Amlodipine is used alone or... +

Amlodipine is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure and chest pain (angina). Amlodipine is in a class of medications called calcium channel blockers. It lowers blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. It controls chest pain by increasing the supply of blood to the heart. If taken regularly, amlodipine controls chest pain, but it does not stop chest pain once it starts. Your doctor may prescribe a different medication to take when you have chest pain. More info »

847 771 1 1
CLOPIDOGREL

Clopidogrel is used alone o... +

Clopidogrel is used alone or with aspirin to prevent serious or life-threatening problems with the heart and blood vessels in people who have had a stroke, heart attack, or severe chest pain. This includes people who have percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI; angioplasty; a type of heart surgery) that may involve inserting coronary stents (metal tubes surgically placed in clogged blood vessels to improve blood flow) or who have coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG; a type of heart surgery). More info »

666 640 2 42
LOVAZA

Treats high levels of trigl... +

Treats high levels of triglycerides (fat-like substance) in your blood. This medicine is used together with diet, exercise, and weight loss to help control triglycerides. More info »

611 596 3 51
PLAVIX

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with aspirin to help prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart problems. This medicine is a blood thinner. More info »

525 492 4 56
PREDNISONE

Treats inflammation (swelli... +

Treats inflammation (swelling), severe allergies, complications of chronic illnesses, and other medical problems. Also used to decrease some symptoms of cancer. This medicine is a steroid. More info »

508 466 5 28
NAMENDA

Treats dementia (memory los... +

Treats dementia (memory loss and mental changes) that is a sign of Alzheimer's disease. More info »

441 440 6 60
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE ER

Used to prevent or treat ch... +

Used to prevent or treat chest pain (angina). It works by relaxing the blood vessels to the heart, so the blood and oxygen supply to the heart is increased. More info »

437 404 7 45
LIDODERM

Treats nerve pain that is c... +

Treats nerve pain that is caused by herpes zoster, or "shingles." More info »

436 427 8 57
SIMVASTATIN

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood. Lowers risk of heart attack, stroke, and certain blood vessel problems in people with certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

414 380 9 5
DIOVAN

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure can reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. May also prolong life after a heart attack. This medicine is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). More info »

412 395 10 14
BYSTOLIC

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is a beta-blocker. More info »

350 350 11 64
TAMSULOSIN HCL

Tamsulosin is used in men t... +

Tamsulosin is used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. Tamsulosin is in a class of medications called alpha blockers. It works by relaxing the muscles in the prostate and bladder so that urine can flow easily. More info »

341 336 12 29
AVODART

Treats problems with urinat... +

Treats problems with urination caused by an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH). This medicine is used alone or may be combined with tamsulosin (Flomax). More info »

341 336 12 73
CRESTOR

Lowers high levels of chole... +

Lowers high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your blood. Helps keep atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) from getting worse. Lowers the risk of stroke and heart attack in people who have certain risk factors. This medicine is an HMG-CoA inhibitor, also called a statin. More info »

333 323 14 43
AZITHROMYCIN

Treats infections caused by... +

Treats infections caused by certain bacteria. This medicine is a macrolide antibiotic. More info »

321 295 15 65
TRIAMCINOLONE ACETONIDE

Triamcinolone is used to tr... +

Triamcinolone is used to treat the itching, redness, dryness, crusting, scaling, inflammation, and discomfort of various skin conditions. It is also used to relieve the discomfort of mouth sores. More info »

319 280 16 85
FAMOTIDINE

Treats ulcers, gastroesopha... +

Treats ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause the stomach to produce too much stomach acid. Also treats heartburn caused by acid indigestion. More info »

307 278 17 35
BENICAR

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). More info »

306 306 18 87
JANUVIA

Treats type 2 diabetes. Use... +

Treats type 2 diabetes. Used together with proper diet and exercise to help control high blood sugar. More info »

292 266 19 33
METOCLOPRAMIDE HCL

Metoclopramide is used to r... +

Metoclopramide is used to relieve heartburn and speed the healing of ulcers and sores in the esophagus (tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) in people who have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the esophagus) that did not get better with other treatments. Metoclopramide is also used to relieve symptoms caused by slow stomach emptying in people who have diabetes. These symptoms include nausea, vomiting, heartburn, loss of appetite, and feeling of fullness that lasts long after meals. Metoclopramide is in a class of medications called prokinetic agents. It works by speeding the movement of food through the stomach and intestines. More info »

288 265 20 74
ALENDRONATE SODIUM

Alendronate is used to trea... +

Alendronate is used to treat and prevent osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause (''change of life,'' end of menstrual periods) and to treat osteoporosis in men. Alendronate is also used to treat osteoporosis in men and women who are taking corticosteroids (a type of medication that may cause osteoporosis in some patients). Alendronate is also used to treat Paget's disease of bone (a condition in which the bones are soft and weak and may be deformed, painful, or easily broken). Alendronate is in a class of medications called bisphosphonates. It works by preventing bone breakdown and increasing bone density (thickness). More info »

281 270 21 40
LOSARTAN POTASSIUM

Losartan is used alone or i... +

Losartan is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Losartan is also used to decrease the risk of stroke in people who have high blood pressure and a heart condition called left ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of the walls of the left side of the heart). Losartan may not decrease the risk of stroke in African Americans who have these conditions. This medication is also used to treat kidney disease in people who have type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) and high blood pressure. Losartan is in a class of medications called angiotensin II receptor antagonists. It works by blocking the action of certain natural substances that tighten the blood vessels, allowing the blood to flow more smoothly and the heart to pump more efficiently. More info »

267 251 22 9
METFORMIN HCL

Metformin is used alone or ... +

Metformin is used alone or with other medications, including insulin, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Metformin is in a class of drugs called biguanides. Metformin helps to control the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. It decreases the amount of glucose you absorb from your food and the amount of glucose made by your liver. Metformin also increases your body's response to insulin, a natural substance that controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Metformin is not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). More info »

259 244 23 22
ATENOLOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and angina (chest pain). May also lower the risk of repeated heart attacks. More info »

247 221 24 20
METOPROLOL SUCCINATE

Metoprolol is used alone or... +

Metoprolol is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and to improve survival after a heart attack. Extended-release (long-acting) metoprolol also is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure. Metoprolol is in a class of medications called beta blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels and slowing heart rate to improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure More info »

235 211 25 26
MELOXICAM

Treats symptoms of osteoart... +

Treats symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). Also treats symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults and children. This medicine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). More info »

235 225 25 78
CELEBREX

Treats pain, including pain... +

Treats pain, including pain caused by arthritis (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) in children and adults, ankylosing spondylitis, or menstrual cramps. This is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAID). More info »

224 223 27 54
ONGLYZA

Used along with diet and ex... +

Used along with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes (condition in which blood sugar is too high because the body does not produce or use insulin normally). It is in a class of medications called dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. It works by increasing the amount of insulin produced by the body after meals when blood sugar is high. More info »

214 201 28 179
AMOXICILLIN

Treats infections. Also use... +

Treats infections. Also used with other medicines to treat stomach ulcer. This medicine is a penicillin antibiotic. More info »

210 202 29 114
LIVALO 207 194 10 30 247
NEXIUM

Treats heartburn, gastroeso... +

Treats heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus. Prevents stomach ulcers and stomach irritation in patients who take pain or arthritis medicine or NSAID. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

205 195 31 34
DEXILANT

Treats erosive esophagitis,... +

Treats erosive esophagitis, heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and other conditions caused by too much stomach acid. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

205 205 31 75
GLYBURIDE-METFORMIN HCL

The combination of glyburid... +

The combination of glyburide and metformin is used to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) in people whose diabetes cannot be controlled by diet and exercise alone. Glyburide belongs to a class of drugs called sulfonylureas, and metformin is in a class of drugs called biguanides. Glyburide lowers blood sugar by causing the pancreas to produce insulin (a natural substance that is needed to break down sugar in the body) and helping the body use insulin efficiently. This medication will only help lower blood sugar in people whose bodies produce insulin naturally. Metformin helps your body control the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. It decreases the amount of glucose you absorb from your food and the amount of glucose made by your liver. It also helps your body use its own insulin more effectively. Glyburide and metformin are not used to treat type 1 diabetes (condition in which the body does not produce insulin and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood) or diabetic ketoacidosis (a serious condition that may occur if high blood sugar is not treated). More info »

199 191 R 33 109
LEVOTHYROXINE SODIUM

Levothyroxine, a thyroid ho... +

Levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone, is used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Without this hormone, the body cannot function properly, resulting in: poor growth; slow speech; lack of energy; weight gain; hair loss; dry, thick skin; and increased sensitivity to cold. When taken correctly, levothyroxine reverses these symptoms. Levothyroxine is also used to treat congenital hypothyroidism (cretinism) and goiter (enlarged thyroid gland). More info »

197 192 34 13
ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM

Used together with diet, we... +

Used together with diet, weight loss, and exercise to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and to decrease the chance that heart surgery will be needed in people who have heart disease or who are at risk of developing heart disease. Atorvastatin is also used to decrease the amount of fatty substances such as low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol ('bad cholesterol') and triglycerides in the blood and to increase the amount of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ('good cholesterol') in the blood. More info »

185 178 35 18
EVISTA

Treats and prevents osteopo... +

Treats and prevents osteoporosis (weak or thin bones) in women who are past menopause. Also helps decrease the risk of breast cancer in women who are past menopause and who have osteoporosis or a high risk of getting breast cancer. More info »

184 184 36 123
OMEPRAZOLE

Treats heartburn, stomach u... +

Treats heartburn, stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause your stomach to make too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, endocrine tumors, and systemic mastocytosis. Also helps heal a damaged esophagus, and helps prevent stomach bleeding in patients who have a serious illness. This medicine may be used in combination with antibiotics to treat ulcers. This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). More info »

179 169 37 6
ACTONEL

Prevents or treats osteopor... +

Prevents or treats osteoporosis (thinning of the bone) in women after menopause and treats osteoporosis in men. This medicine is also used to treat Paget's disease of bone and osteoporosis caused by steroid treatment. More info »

178 171 38 125
ACTOS

Used together with proper d... +

Used together with proper diet and exercise to help control blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes. More info »

172 171 39 70
FUROSEMIDE

Treats fluid retention (ede... +

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). More info »

166 161 40 2
PATANOL

Treats itching or watering ... +

Treats itching or watering of eyes caused by allergies. More info »

152 151 41 150
GABAPENTIN

Treats certain types of sei... +

Treats certain types of seizures. Also treats Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and pain caused by shingles (postherpetic neuralgia). More info »

152 142 41 25
CIPROFLOXACIN HCL

Ciprofloxacin is used to tr... +

Ciprofloxacin is used to treat or prevent certain infections caused by bacteria. Ciprofloxacin is also used to treat or prevent anthrax (a serious infection that may be spread on purpose as part of a bioterror attack) in people who may have been exposed to anthrax germs in the air. Ciprofloxacin extended-release (long-acting) tablets are used only to treat certain types of urinary tract infections. Ciprofloxacin is in a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones. It works by killing bacteria that cause infections. Antibiotics will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections. More info »

152 140 41 84
HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE

Used alone or together with... +

Used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). This medicine is a diuretic (water pill). More info »

143 136 44 27
DONEPEZIL HCL

Donepezil is used to treat ... +

Donepezil is used to treat dementia (a brain disorder that affects the ability to remember, think clearly, communicate, and perform daily activities and may cause changes in mood and personality) associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD; a brain disease that slowly destroys the memory and the ability to think, learn, communicate and handle daily activities). Donepezil is in a class of medications called cholinesterase inhibitors. It improves mental function (such as memory, attention, social interaction, reasoning and language abilities, and ability to perform activities of daily living) by increasing the amount of a certain naturally occurring substance in the brain. Donepezil may improve the ability to think and remember or slow the loss of these abilities in people who have AD. However, donepezil will not cure AD or prevent the loss of mental abilities at some time in the future. More info »

140 140 45 55
RAPAFLO

Used in men to treat the sy... +

Used in men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia; BPH), which include difficulty urinating (hesitation, dribbling, weak stream, and incomplete bladder emptying), painful urination, and urinary frequency and urgency. More info »

132 132 46 189
CEPHALEXIN

Treats bacterial infections... +

Treats bacterial infections. Belongs to a class of drugs called cephalosporin antibiotics. More info »

132 119 46 162
PANTOPRAZOLE SODIUM

Pantoprazole is used to tre... +

Pantoprazole is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and possible injury of the esophagus (the tube between the throat and stomach). Pantoprazole is used to treat the symptoms of GERD, allow the esophagus to heal, and prevent further damage to the esophagus. It is also used to treat conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Pantoprazole is in a class of medications called proton-pump inhibitors. It works by decreasing the amount of acid made in the stomach. More info »

131 131 48 30
TEKTURNA

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is a renin inhibitor. More info »

131 131 48 117
AZOR

This is a combination of am... +

This is a combination of amlodipine and olmesartan is a combination of medicines that may be used alone or with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). More info »

117 117 50 158
AMOX TR-POTASSIUM CLAVULANATE

The combination of amoxicil... +

The combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria, including infections of the ears, lungs, sinus, skin, and urinary tract. Amoxicillin is in a class of medications called penicillin-like antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. Clavulanic acid is in a class of medications called beta-lactamase inhibitors. It works by preventing bacteria from destroying amoxicillin. Antibiotics will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections. More info »

113 104 51 192
DICLOFENAC SODIUM

Diclofenac is used to relie... +

Diclofenac is used to relieve pain, tenderness, swelling, and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by a breakdown of the lining of the joints), rheumatoid arthritis (arthritis caused by swelling of the lining of the joints), and ankylosing spondylitis (arthritis that mainly affects the spine). Diclofenac immediate-release (short-acting) tablets are also used to treat painful menstrual periods and pain from other causes. Diclofenac is in a class of medications called NSAIDs. It works by stopping the body's production of a substance that causes pain, fever, and inflammation. More info »

111 109 52 166
EFFIENT

Used along with aspirin to ... +

Used along with aspirin to prevent serious or life-threatening problems with the heart and blood vessels in people who have had a heart attack or severe chest pain and have been treated with angioplasty (procedure to open the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart). Prasugrel is in a class of medications called anti-platelet medications. It works by preventing platelets (a type of blood cell) from collecting and forming clots that may cause a heart attack or stroke. More info »

107 107 53 316
CARBIDOPA-LEVODOPA

The combination of levodopa... +

The combination of levodopa and carbidopa is used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and Parkinson's-like symptoms that may develop after encephalitis (swelling of the brain) or injury to the nervous system caused by carbon monoxide poisoning or manganese poisoning. Parkinson's symptoms, including tremors (shaking), stiffness, and slowness of movement, are caused by a lack of dopamine, a natural substance usually found in the brain. Levodopa is in a class of medications called central nervous system agents. It works by being converted to dopamine in the brain. Carbidopa is in a class of medications called decarboxylase inhibitors. It works by preventing levodopa from being broken down before it reaches the brain. This allows for a lower dose of levodopa, which causes less nausea and vomiting. More info »

107 105 53 183
VOLTAREN

Treats pain caused by arthr... +

Treats pain caused by arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or other medical problems. Also treats acute migraine attacks in adults. This is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory medicine (NSAID). More info »

106 106 55 105
MECLIZINE HCL

Meclizine is used to preven... +

Meclizine is used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, and dizziness caused by motion sickness. It is most effective if taken before symptoms appear. More info »

105 100 56 130
SINGULAIR

Helps prevent and control a... +

Helps prevent and control asthma attacks, including attacks caused by exercise. Also treats seasonal (short-term) and perennial (long-term) allergies. More info »

105 105 56 99
CARVEDILOL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). Also reduces the risk of death from a heart attack. This medicine is a beta-blocker. More info »

102 86 58 11
EXFORGE

Treats high blood pressure.... +

Treats high blood pressure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This medicine is a combination of a calcium channel blocker (amlodipine) and an angiotensin receptor blocker (valsartan). More info »

100 100 59 90
NIFEDIPINE ER

Used for the treatment of v... +

Used for the treatment of vasospastic angina, chronic stable angina and hypertension. More info »

99 90 60 21
HYDROXYZINE HCL

Hydroxyzine is used to reli... +

Hydroxyzine is used to relieve the itching caused by allergies and to control the nausea and vomiting caused by various conditions, including motion sickness. It is also used for anxiety and to treat the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. More info »

99 96 R 60 145
LYRICA

Treats nerve and muscle pai... +

Treats nerve and muscle pain caused by diabetes, shingles, fibromyalgia, or a spinal cord injury. Also treats partial-onset seizures in adults. More info »

98 85 62 111
LISINOPRIL

Treats high blood pressure ... +

Treats high blood pressure and heart failure. A lower blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. Also used in the first few days after a heart attack to help reduce the risk of death. This medicine is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. More info »

97 78 63 4
AMIODARONE HCL

Amiodarone is used to treat... +

Amiodarone is used to treat and prevent certain types of serious, life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (a certain type of abnormal heart rhythm when other medications did not help or could not be tolerated. Amiodarone is in a class of medications called antiarrhythmics. It works by relaxing overactive heart muscles. More info »

97 96 63 113
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 3350

Treats occasional constipat... +

Treats occasional constipation. More info »

96 93 65 116
NAPHAZOLINE HCL 92 90 66 331
PROAIR HFA

Treats or prevents bronchos... +

Treats or prevents bronchospasm in patients with asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and other lung diseases. Also prevents wheezing caused by exercise (exercise-induced bronchospasm). This medicine is a bronchodilator. More info »

90 88 67 98
ECONAZOLE NITRATE

Econazole is used to treat ... +

Econazole is used to treat skin infections such as athlete's foot, jock itch, and ringworm. More info »

88 78 68 222
FLUOCINONIDE

Treats many skin disorders.... +

Treats many skin disorders. Also relieves pain, itching, and swelling caused by skin diseases. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

88 81 68 197
ATELVIA

Used to prevent and treat o... +

Used to prevent and treat osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause ('change of life,' end of menstrual periods). Risedronate tablets are also used to treat osteoporosis in men, and in men and women who are taking glucocorticoids (a type of corticosteroid medication that may cause osteoporosis). More info »

86 86 70 119
GLIPIZIDE

Used with diet and exercise... +

Used with diet and exercise to help control blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. More info »

81 75 71 32
WARFARIN SODIUM

Warfarin is used to prevent... +

Warfarin is used to prevent blood clots from forming or growing larger in your blood and blood vessels. It is prescribed for people with certain types of irregular heartbeat, people with prosthetic (replacement or mechanical) heart valves, and people who have suffered a heart attack. Warfarin is also used to treat or prevent venous thrombosis (swelling and blood clot in a vein) and pulmonary embolism (a blood clot in the lung). Warfarin is in a class of medications called anticoagulants ('blood thinners'). It works by decreasing the clotting ability of the blood. More info »

81 78 71 31
COLCRYS

Colchicine is used to preve... +

Colchicine is used to prevent gout attacks (sudden, severe pain in one or more joints caused by abnormally high levels of a substance called uric acid in the blood) in adults, and to relieve the pain of gout attacks when they occur. Colchicine is also used to treat familial Mediterranean fever (FMF; an inborn condition that causes episodes of fever, pain, and swelling of the stomach area, lungs, and joints) in adults and children 4 years of age and older. More info »

80 75 73 107
FINASTERIDE

Treats an enlarged prostate... +

Treats an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) in men and causes hair growth in male pattern baldness. It may be used alone or in combination with other medicines such as an alpha-blocker (doxazosin, Carduraå¨) to treat BPH. This medicine is a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor. More info »

80 66 73 131
AZELASTINE HCL

Used to treat hay fever and... +

Used to treat hay fever and allergy symptoms including runny nose, sneezing, and itchy nose. More info »

78 76 75 249
LEVOFLOXACIN

Levofloxacin is used to tre... +

Levofloxacin is used to treat certain infections such as pneumonia, chronic bronchitis and sinus, urinary tract, kidney, prostate (a male reproductive gland), and skin infections. Levofloxacin is also used to prevent anthrax (a serious infection that may be spread on purpose as part of a bioterror attack) in people who may have been exposed to anthrax germs in the air. More info »

77 75 76 81
HYDROCODONE-ACETAMINOPHEN

Used to relieve moderate to... +

Used to relieve moderate to severe pain. More info »

75 71 S3 77 12
SOTALOL

Treats an irregular heartbe... +

Treats an irregular heartbeat. This medicine is a beta blocker. More info »

74 74 78 346
ALLOPURINOL

Treats gout and some kinds ... +

Treats gout and some kinds of kidney stones. Lowers the amount of uric acid in blood. More info »

74 74 78 10
ZOLPIDEM TARTRATE

Zolpidem is used to treat i... +

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). Zolpidem belongs to a class of medications called sedative-hypnotics. It works by slowing activity in the brain to allow sleep. More info »

73 72 80 24
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE

Potassium is needed to main... +

Potassium is needed to maintain good health. More info »

73 71 80 37
WELCHOL

Used together with diet and... +

Used together with diet and exercise to lower cholesterol levels in the blood and to treat type 2 diabetes. More info »

72 64 82 175
DILTIAZEM 24HR CD

Diltiazem is used to treat ... +

Diltiazem is used to treat high blood pressure and to control angina (chest pain). Diltiazem is in a class of medications called calcium-channel blockers. It works by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. It also increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. More info »

70 61 83 178
PROMETHAZINE VC 67 63 R 84 358
LANTUS SOLOSTAR

Treats diabetes mellitus. I... +

Treats diabetes mellitus. Insulin is a hormone that helps get sugar from the blood to the muscles, where it is used for energy. This type of insulin usually works longer than regular insulin. More info »

63 55 85 110
DIPHENOXYLATE-ATROPINE

Treats diarrhea. +

Treats diarrhea. More info »

62 60 86 177
PIOGLITAZONE HCL

Pioglitazone is used with a... +

Pioglitazone is used with a diet and exercise program and sometimes with other medications, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and therefore cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Pioglitazone is in a class of medications called thiazolidinediones. More info »

62 62 R 86 185
IBUPROFEN

Treats fever and pain, incl... +

Treats fever and pain, including pain caused by headache, toothache, arthritis, cold or flu, migraine, or menstrual cramps. This is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). More info »

62 59 86 118
DIGOXIN

Treats certain heart rhythm... +

Treats certain heart rhythm problems (atrial fibrillation). Also used to treat heart failure, usually in combination with a diuretic (water pill) and an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. This medicine is also called digitalis. More info »

61 59 89 95
BENAZEPRIL HCL

Benazepril is used alone or... +

Benazepril is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Benazepril is in a class of medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It works by decreasing certain chemicals that tighten the blood vessels, so blood flows more smoothly. More info »

61 50 89 23
IBANDRONATE SODIUM

Used to prevent and treat o... +

Used to prevent and treat osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become thin and weak and break easily) in women who have undergone menopause (''change of life,'' end of menstrual periods). Ibandronate is in a class of medications called bisphosphonates. It works by preventing bone breakdown and increasing bone density (thickness). More info »

59 55 91 218
ROPINIROLE HCL

Ropinirole is used alone or... +

Ropinirole is used alone or with other medications to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD; a disorder of the nervous system that causes difficulties with movement, muscle control, and balance), including shaking of parts of the body, stiffness, slowed movements, and problems with balance. Ropinirole is also used to treat restless legs syndrome (RLS or Ekbom syndrome; a condition that causes discomfort in the legs and a strong urge to move the legs, especially at night and when sitting or lying down). Ropinirole is in a class of medications called dopamine agonists. It works by acting in place of dopamine, a natural substance in the brain that is needed to control movement. More info »

58 54 92 132
FENOFIBRATE

Treats high cholesterol and... +

Treats high cholesterol and triglycerides, together with a proper diet. More info »

58 47 92 120
FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE

Treats stuffy nose caused b... +

Treats stuffy nose caused by hay fever and other allergies. This medicine is a corticosteroid. More info »

57 55 94 88
NEOMYCIN-POLYMYXIN-DEXAMETH

Dexamethasone reduces the i... +

Dexamethasone reduces the irritation, redness, burning, and swelling of eye caused by chemicals, heat, radiation, infection, allergy, or foreign bodies in the eye. It is sometimes used after eye surgery. More info »

54 53 95 390
PEN NEEDLE 51 47 96 101
URSODIOL

Dissolves certain kinds of ... +

Dissolves certain kinds of gallstones in the body when they cannot be removed by surgery. Also treats primary biliary cirrhosis, a liver disorder. More info »

51 51 96 316
ULORIC

Febuxostat is used to treat... +

Febuxostat is used to treat gout. Gout is a type of arthritis in which uric acid, a naturally occurring substance in the body, builds up in the joints and causes sudden attacks of redness, swelling, pain, and heat in one or more joints. Febuxostat is in a class of medications called xanthine oxidase inhibitors. It works by decreasing the amount of uric acid that is made in the body.Ê More info »

50 50 98 72
About This Data

ProPublica obtained prescribing data from Medicare’s prescription drug benefit, known as Part D, under the Freedom of Information Act. The data for 2012 includes more than 1.2 billion prescriptions written by nearly 1.5 million doctors, nurses and other providers. This database lists about 382,000 of those providers who wrote 50 or more prescriptions for at least one drug that year. Almost three-fourths went to patients 65 and older; the rest were for disabled patients. Methodology »

Incorrect Info?

If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to drugs@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to drugs@propublica.org.

Caveats
  • No comparisons are shown if 10 or fewer prescribers in the state share this specialty.
  • The list of top drugs includes only those for which this provider wrote 50 or more prescriptions, but all prescriptions are counted in the summary totals at the top.
  • The calculation of “Risky Drugs to Seniors” does not include drugs for which a provider wrote 11 or fewer prescriptions because Medicare redacted the information to protect patient privacy.
  • Comparisons do not take into account the medical conditions of patients. Medications for certain conditions do not have generic alternatives, so patients would receive more expensive brand name drugs.
  • This provider's address and specialty information was last updated on May 8, 2014.
  • Comparisons are based on each provider’s current address, not necessarily where he or she worked during the time period covered in this database.