Journalism in the Public Interest

Can Schools in Your State Pin Kids Down? Probably.

Public schoolchildren across the country were physically restrained or isolated in rooms they couldn’t leave at least 267,000 times in the 2011-2012 school year, despite a near-consensus that such practices are dangerous and have no therapeutic benefit. Many states have little regulation or oversight of such practices. This map shows where your state stands. Data compiled as of January 2014. Related: Violent and Legal: The Shocking Ways School Kids are Being Pinned Down, Isolated Against Their Will

State Total Score Restraints limited to emergencies Seclusion limited to emergencies Parental notification required Prohibits seclusion Prohibits restraints that restrict breathing Prohibits mechanical restraints

* parental notication in some instances
** with parental waiver
*** if included in IEP
**** ban limited to prone restraint
(a) Prone restraint permitted by trained staff.
(b) Prone restraint allowed through August 2015.
(c) Seclusion allowed if child is "supervised."
(d) Minnesota's statue "was drafted in a way to create some ambiguity," using "physical holding" instead of "restraint."

Source: Jessica Butler, a national advocate for children with autism. Meral Agish provided research for this map.

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