HUD Inspect

Is Publicly Subsidized Housing Decent, Safe and Sanitary?

In exchange for millions of federal dollars each year, apartment complexes subsidized by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development must pass inspections demonstrating that they are decent, safe and sanitary places to live. But residents across the country have discovered that passing scores on HUD inspections often don't match the reality of their living conditions. Look up housing complex scores near you. Read the Series →

62,418
Total Inspection Reports
9.8%
Public Housing Projects
Failed Latest Inspections
3.3%
Multifamily Projects
Failed Latest Inspections

Mapping Failure

Each dot below represents a housing development that failed its most recent HUD inspection.

Inspection Failure Rates by Year

The percent of properties that failed their HUD inspections has increased since 2014, combining both public housing and subsidized private multifamily complexes.

Note: Data for multifamily complexes only includes facilities with an active HUD subsidy contract.
Failures by State
Failure Rate, Most Recent Inspection
State Public Housing (%) Private Multifamily Complex (%)
North Dakota 30.4 14.4
District of Columbia 26.2 17.7
Maryland 26.0 2.8
Delaware 22.2 3.5
Louisiana 18.7 6.3
New Mexico 18.4 3.1
Virginia 18.1 3.1
New Jersey 17.8 6.7
Indiana 17.7 2.8
Wisconsin 17.5 3.5
Illinois 15.1 6.4
Alaska 14.3 8.9
New York 13.9 3.6
Connecticut 12.4 4.3
Arkansas 12.0 6.1
Kentucky 10.5 3.2
Pennsylvania 10.3 1.6
Oklahoma 10.1 5.1
Michigan 10.0 1.9
California 9.3 2.4
North Carolina 8.7 1.2
Washington 8.7 3.4
West Virginia 8.5 3.6
Arizona 8.2 1.6
Florida 8.1 3.3
Ohio 8.1 1.9
South Carolina 7.6 1.8
Tennessee 7.2 5.0
Alabama 6.3 3.2
Nevada 6.3 3.6
Texas 6.3 2.7
Nebraska 6.2 1.9
Georgia 5.5 3.8
Montana 5.3 3.7
Mississippi 5.1 8.0
Kansas 4.6 1.8
Rhode Island 4.3 1.8
Missouri 4.1 3.1
Massachusetts 4.0 1.2
New Hampshire 3.8 1.1
South Dakota 3.6 1.7
Minnesota 1.2 3.3
Colorado 0.0 3.1
Hawaii 0.0 0.0
Idaho 0.0 6.9
Iowa 0.0 4.9
Maine 0.0 1.1
Oregon 0.0 1.0
Utah 0.0 3.0
Vermont 0.0 0.7
Wyoming 0.0 6.3

Source: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Note: This database contains all inspection reports made available to the public by HUD from 2013 to March 2019. If a property is inspected multiple times within a short time period, it is possible that HUD has not publicly released all of those inspection scores. Data for multifamily complexes only includes facilities with an active HUD contract.

For a week in the summer of 2018, the news applications team at ProPublica, as well as members of the ProPublica Local Reporting Network staff, gathered in New York to build an interactive database together. Major parts of HUD Inspect were completed in that week. In May 2019, we updated our database of inspection results.

The contributors participating in our “Hack Week” were: Katlyn Alapati, Setareh Baig, Lilia Chang, Sophie Chou, David Eads, Rachel Glickhouse, Corey Jeffers, Ryann Jones, Gabrielle LaMarr LeMee, Ally Levine, Jeremy Merrill, Rahima Nasa, Beena Raghavendran, Frank Sharpe, Al Shaw, Mike Tigas, Sisi Wei and Derek Willis.

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