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Force: Restricted Breathing
This page contains all allegations assigned to this category by the CCRB. Multiple similar allegations can appear for the same officer because a complaint received from a civilian can include multiple allegations.
Officers With Complaints
What the CCRB’s Conclusions MeanSubstantiated: The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. (Here is a breakdown of the types of discipline the CCRB can recommend. The NYPD can choose to ignore those recommendations. It has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.)
Exonerated: The alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD’s rules, which often give officers significant discretion over use of force.
Unsubstantiated: The CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
|Officer||Rank at Time of Complaint||Officer Details||Complainant Details||CCRB Conclusion||Year Received|
|Reynaldo Pena||Police Officer||Hispanic male||Hispanic male, 17 years old||Unsubstantiated||2019|
|Jason Valentino||Sergeant||White male||Black male, 21 years old||Substantiated (Command Discipline A)||2019|
|Matthew Bottcher||Police Officer||White male||Hispanic male, 15 years old||Unsubstantiated||2019|
|Edmundo Rivera||Police Officer||Hispanic male||Hispanic male, 16 years old||Unsubstantiated||2019|
|Satinderpa Singh||Police Officer||Asian male||Hispanic male, 22 years old||Unsubstantiated||2019|
|Jeremiah Williams||Detective||Black male||Black male, 59 years old||Unsubstantiated||2019|
|John Becerra||Sergeant||Hispanic male||Hispanic male, 42 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Jose Tabora||Police Officer||Hispanic male||Asian male, 41 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Paul Brauer||Detective||White male||Black male, 24 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Simon Rashid||Detective||Asian male||White male, 27 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Joseph Foss||Police Officer||White male||Black male, 26 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Christophe Sanchez||Police Officer||White male||Black male, 27 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Marlon Wright||Police Officer||Black male||Unknown male, 17 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Edward Ahearne||Police Officer||White male||Black male, 34 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Fabio Nunez||Detective||Hispanic male||Hispanic male, 20 years old||Substantiated (Charges)||2018|
|Jonathan Rothenberg||Police Officer||White male||Unknown female, 45 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Bernard Corso||Police Officer||White male||Black male, 34 years old||Unsubstantiated||2018|
|Michael Eschmann||Police Officer||White male||White male, 39 years old||Unsubstantiated||2017|
|Idris Guven||Lieutenant||White male||White female, 32 years old||Unsubstantiated||2017|
|Satinderpa Singh||Police Officer||Asian male||Black male, 20 years old||Unsubstantiated||2017|
|Sean Phillips||Police Officer||White male||Hispanic male, 43 years old||Unsubstantiated||2017|
About This DataFor decades, disciplinary records of police officers in New York have been shielded from public view. After the state recently repealed the law that had kept the records secret, ProPublica requested and received a database from New York City’s Civilian Complaint Review Board, which investigates allegations of misconduct against NYPD officers. The database lists the name of each officer, the race of the complainant and the officer, a category describing the alleged misconduct, and whether the CCRB concluded the officers’ conduct violated NYPD rules. Police unions have opposed New York City’s plan to make public data about disciplinary investigations.
This database names about 4,000 of the NYPD’s 36,000 active-duty officers. Every officer in the database has had at least one substantiated allegation. We excluded any allegations that investigators concluded did not occur and were deemed unfounded. We also removed a small number of officers (62) against whom the CCRB had substantiated allegations, but whose substantiated allegations had not gone fully through the NYPD’s administrative prosecution process. The CCRB was not able to reach conclusions in many cases, in part because the investigators must rely on the NYPD to hand over crucial evidence, such as footage from body-worn cameras. Often, the department is not forthcoming despite a legal duty to cooperate in CCRB investigations. The CCRB gets thousands of complaints per year but substantiates a tiny fraction of them. Allegations of criminal conduct by officers are typically investigated not by the CCRB but by state or federal prosecutors in conjunction with the NYPD’s Internal Affairs Bureau or the FBI.
Read more about what we’ve included in the database and why, and see our answers to questions we have received about this data. If you have information about any of these officers or cases, please fill out our form.
All of the records in this data are from closed cases. But if you see an error, contact the CCRB. If the agency updates its records and lets us know, we'll do so as well.
The data used in this database is downloadable from ProPublica’s Data Store.
SourceThis data was obtained through a records request made to the CCRB. It includes fully investigated allegations only for officers who were members of the department as of late June 2020 and against whom the CCRB has substantiated at least one allegation.