Lobbying Relationship


Shopify Inc.

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Lobbying firm

Invariant LLC

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  • Monitor issues related to data privacy and security on online platforms, including the American Data Privacy and Protection Act.
  • Educate policymakers on issues related to the growth of small businesses in the digital economy. Support S.1042, the One Stop Shop for Small Business Licensing Act.
  • Monitor issues related to the use of digital assets and blockchain technology and monitor credit card payment legislation, including H.R.3881 / S.1838, the Credit Card Competition Act.
  • Educate policymakers regarding potential improvements to the Self-Employment Assistance program.
  • Educate members regarding accessibility standards for website design; educate members regarding artificial intelligence and its benefits for small businesses.

Duration: to

General Issues: Consumer Issues/Safety/Protection, Small Business, Financial Institutions/Investments/Securities, Unemployment, Computer Industry, Environmental/Superfund, Telecommunications, Labor Issues/Antitrust/Workplace

Spending: about $400,000 (But it's complicated. Here's why.)

Agencies lobbied since 2022: U.S. Senate, House of Representatives, Small Business Administration (SBA), Treasury - Dept of

Bills mentioned

S.1843: SHOP SAFE Act of 2021

Sponsor: Christopher A. Coons (D-Del.)

H.R.5374: SHOP SAFE Act

Sponsor: Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.)

S.936: INFORM Consumers Act

Sponsor: Richard J. Durbin (D-Ill.)

H.R.5502: To require online marketplaces to verify certain information regarding...

Sponsor: Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.)

H.R.8152: American Data Privacy and Protection Act

Sponsor: Frank Pallone (D-N.J.)

S.5012: One Stop Shop for Small Business Licensing Act of 2022

Sponsor: Jacky Rosen (D-Nev.)

S.4674: Credit Card Competition Act of 2022

Sponsor: Richard J. Durbin (D-Ill.)

H.R.8874: Credit Card Competition Act of 2022

Sponsor: Peter Welch (D-Vt.)

S.1042: One Stop Shop for Small Business Licensing Act of 2023

Sponsor: Jacky Rosen (D-Nev.)

H.R.3881: Credit Card Competition Act of 2023

Sponsor: Lance Gooden (R-Texas)

S.1838: Credit Card Competition Act of 2023

Sponsor: Richard J. Durbin (D-Ill.)

Show All Mentioned Bills


Lobbyists named here were listed on a filing related to this lobbying engagement. They may not be working on it now. Occasionally, a single lobbyist whose name is spelled two different ways on filings may be represented twice here.

Lobbyist Covered positions?
Eric Rosen Asst US Atty, N. Dist of CA, Dept of Justice (2006-2007); Counsel, Sen. Judiciary Comm (2001-2006); Leg. Dir, Rep. Anthony Weiner (1999-2001); Dep Dir, Dept of Justice Office of Intergovt Affair (1997-1999); Leg. Asst, Rep. Chet Atkins (1992-1993)
Anne MacMillan Sr Advisor, Deputy Chief of Staff, US Dept. of Agriculture (2010-2014); Policy Advisor, Speaker Nancy Pelosi (2009-2010); Legislative Assistant/Legislative Director, Rep. Dennis Cardoza (2003-2009); Staff Assistant, Rep. Bob Matsui (2001-2002)
Samual Love Sen. Cory Gardner: Legislative Assistant (2015-2021); Legislative Aide/Director of Correspondence (2015); Rep. Cory Gardner: Legislative Aide/Legislative Correspondent (2013-2014); Legislative Correspondent (2013)
Joel Richard Senior Counsel, Rep. Ted Deutch (2017 - 2021); Legislative Assistant/Counsel, Rep. Ted Deutch (2013 - 2017); Legislative Fellow, Rep. Ted Deutch (2012 - 2013)
Amy Swonger Asst for Leg Aff, Pres. Trump 2020-2021; Dep Asst for Leg Aff, Pres. Trump 2017-2020; Whip Liaison, Sen. Trent Lott 2007-2008; Dep Asst for Leg Aff, VP Cheney 2004-2006; Fl Asst, Sen. Mitch McConnell 2003-2004; Leg. Asst, Sen. Trent Lott 2001-2002
Adin Mengel n/a

Disclosures Filed

Once a lobbying engagement begins, the lobbyist or firm is required to file updates four times a year. Those updates sometimes change which lobbyists are involved or add new issues being discussed. When lobbyists stop working for a client, the firm is also supposed to file a report disclosing the end of the relationship.

Q1 Report
Q4 Report
Q3 Report
Q2 Report
Q1 Report
Q4 Report
Q3 Report
Q2 Report

Source: Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives and Secretary of the Senate

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