Treatment Tracker

The Doctors and Services in Medicare Part B

How This Provider Compares

This Provider

Avg in State & Specialty

Providers in this state and specialty were reimbursed, on average, $188 per patient in 2015.
They performed about 7 services per patient. Here’s how this provider compares.

Number of
Patients
497
Rank: 237th
out of 1,396 providers in this state & specialty
Services
Performed
11,120
Rank: 46th
out of 1,396 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Services
Per Patient
22.4 This Provider is in the top 10%
Avg 7
Total Paid
by Medicare
$237K
Rank: 21st
out of 1,396 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Paid
Per Patient
$477 This Provider is in the top 10%
Avg $188

How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all of his Part B patients.

This Provider's Services

This provider performed 128 different services in 2015
(78 were redacted as they were performed on less than 11 patients)

All Services

Show Only:

Drug Services
Medical Services
CATEGORY
Description of Service
Times Performed (or Units) This Service's Rank Patients Unique Visits
Per Patient
Billed to Medicare Payments from Medicare
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 15 minutes ×

Service Code: 99213
Performed in an office
1,820
times performed,
16% of his services

1st 1st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

429
patients got this service, 86% of his patients
4.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$205,660.00an average of $113.00 per time performed $83,356.00
an average of $45.80 per time performed
medical
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample +

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample ×

Service Code: 36415
Performed in an office
876
times performed,
8% of his services

2nd 3rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

379
patients got this service, 76% of his patients
2.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2)
$8,760.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $2,575.44
an average of $2.94 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 10 minutes ×

Service Code: 99212
Performed in an office
444
times performed,
4% of his services

3rd 24th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

189
patients got this service, 38% of his patients
2.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$32,412.00an average of $73.00 per time performed $13,044.72
an average of $29.38 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides)

Service Code: 80061
Performed in an office
379
times performed,
3% of his services

4th 8th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

349
patients got this service, 70% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$17,434.00an average of $46.00 per time performed $5,241.57
an average of $13.83 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Hemoglobin measurement

Service Code: 85018
Performed in an office
377
times performed,
3% of his services

5th 81st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

351
patients got this service, 71% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$3,016.00an average of $8.00 per time performed $1,070.68
an average of $2.84 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Liver enzyme (sgpt), level

Service Code: 84460
Performed in an office
362
times performed,
3% of his services

6th 29th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

337
patients got this service, 68% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$6,878.00an average of $19.00 per time performed $1,180.12
an average of $3.26 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Annual wellness visit, includes a personalized prevention... +

Annual wellness visit, includes a personalized prevention plan of service (pps), subsequent visit ×

Service Code: G0439
Performed in an office
338
times performed,
3% of his services

7th 27th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

338
patients got this service, 68% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$37,856.00an average of $112.00 per time performed $36,280.92
an average of $107.34 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, clotting time

Service Code: 85610
Performed in an office
327
times performed,
3% of his services

8th 5th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

33
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
9.9
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 6.7)
$4,578.00an average of $14.00 per time performed $1,520.55
an average of $4.65 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Hemoglobin a1c level

Service Code: 83036
Performed in an office
325
times performed,
3% of his services

9th 11th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

126
patients got this service, 25% of his patients
2.6
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$11,050.00an average of $34.00 per time performed $4,208.75
an average of $12.95 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Stool analysis for blood

Service Code: 82272
Performed in an office
282
times performed,
3% of his services

10th 167th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

265
patients got this service, 53% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,666.00an average of $13.00 per time performed $1,223.88
an average of $4.34 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope +

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope ×

Service Code: 81001
Performed in an office
280
times performed,
3% of his services

11th 28th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

133
patients got this service, 27% of his patients
2.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$3,360.00an average of $12.00 per time performed $1,181.60
an average of $4.22 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, basic group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80048
Performed in an office
253
times performed,
2% of his services

12th 16th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

215
patients got this service, 43% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$7,590.00an average of $30.00 per time performed $2,110.02
an average of $8.34 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, p... +

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, platelets), automated test ×

Service Code: 85025
Performed in an office
199
times performed,
2% of his services

13th 6th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

114
patients got this service, 23% of his patients
1.7
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$4,378.00an average of $22.00 per time performed $2,061.64
an average of $10.36 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 15 minutes ... +

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 15 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99231
Performed in a facility
185
times performed,
2% of his services

14th 40th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

57
patients got this service, 11% of his patients
3.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$11,470.00an average of $62.00 per time performed $5,265.10
an average of $28.46 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Administration of influenza virus vaccine

Service Code: G0008
Performed in an office
177
times performed,
2% of his services

15th 9th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

176
patients got this service, 35% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$7,779.15an average of $43.95 per time performed $4,049.76
an average of $22.88 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Injection beneath the skin or into muscle for therapy, di... +

Injection beneath the skin or into muscle for therapy, diagnosis, or prevention ×

Service Code: 96372
Performed in an office
170
times performed,
2% of his services

16th 23rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
10.9
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.4)
$8,500.00an average of $50.00 per time performed $2,990.30
an average of $17.59 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Automated urinalysis test

Service Code: 81003
Performed in an office
165
times performed,
1% of his services

17th 25th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

150
patients got this service, 30% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$1,320.00an average of $8.00 per time performed $495.00
an average of $3.00 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Prostate cancer screening; prostate specific antigen test... +

Prostate cancer screening; prostate specific antigen test (psa) ×

Service Code: G0103
Performed in an office
149
times performed,
1% of his services

18th 65th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

149
patients got this service, 30% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$4,023.00an average of $27.00 per time performed $3,654.97
an average of $24.53 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 25 minutes ... +

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 25 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99232
Performed in a facility
140
times performed,
1% of his services

19th 10th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

68
patients got this service, 14% of his patients
2.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.4)
$17,640.00an average of $126.00 per time performed $7,616.00
an average of $54.40 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, thyroid stimulating hormone (tsh)

Service Code: 84443
Performed in an office
133
times performed,
1% of his services

20th 18th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

108
patients got this service, 22% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$7,847.00an average of $59.00 per time performed $2,980.53
an average of $22.41 per time performed
drug

Vaccine for influenza administered into muscle to individ... +

Vaccine for influenza administered into muscle to individuals 3 years of age and older ×

Service Code: 90686
Performed in an office
127
times performed,
1% of his services

21st 41st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

126
patients got this service, 25% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,172.46an average of $24.98 per time performed $2,260.60
an average of $17.80 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, comprehensive group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80053
Performed in an office
101
times performed,
0.91% of his services

22nd 17th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

74
patients got this service, 15% of his patients
1.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$3,737.00an average of $37.00 per time performed $1,416.02
an average of $14.02 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 25 minutes ×

Service Code: 99214
Performed in an office
99
times performed,
0.89% of his services

23rd 2nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

86
patients got this service, 17% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2)
$16,830.00an average of $170.00 per time performed $7,198.29
an average of $72.71 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Urine microalbumin (protein) level

Service Code: 82043
Performed in an office
94
times performed,
0.85% of his services

24th 39th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

89
patients got this service, 18% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,880.00an average of $20.00 per time performed $724.74
an average of $7.71 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Creatinine level to test for kidney function or muscle in... +

Creatinine level to test for kidney function or muscle injury ×

Service Code: 82570
Performed in an office
94
times performed,
0.85% of his services

25th 30th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

89
patients got this service, 18% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,786.00an average of $19.00 per time performed $648.60
an average of $6.90 per time performed
medical
AUDITORY SYSTEM

Removal of impact ear wax, one ear

Service Code: 69210
Performed in an office
78
times performed,
0.7% of his services

26th 86th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

66
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$8,970.00an average of $115.00 per time performed $2,533.44
an average of $32.48 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Bacterial colony count, urine

Service Code: 87086
Performed in an office
74
times performed,
0.67% of his services

27th 83rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

52
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$2,072.00an average of $28.00 per time performed $796.98
an average of $10.77 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Administration of pneumococcal vaccine

Service Code: G0009
Performed in an office
69
times performed,
0.62% of his services

28th 12th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

69
patients got this service, 14% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,989.77an average of $43.33 per time performed $1,576.65
an average of $22.85 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Pneumococcal vaccine for injection into muscle

Service Code: 90670
Performed in an office
67
times performed,
0.6% of his services

29th 14th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

67
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$13,440.20an average of $200.60 per time performed $11,180.96
an average of $166.88 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood creatinine level

Service Code: 82565
Performed in an office
64
times performed,
0.58% of his services

30th 47th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

60
patients got this service, 12% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$1,152.00an average of $18.00 per time performed $255.36
an average of $3.99 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Vaccine for influenza for injection into muscle

Service Code: 90662
Performed in an office
50
times performed,
0.45% of his services

31st 19th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

50
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,748.00an average of $34.96 per time performed $1,713.00
an average of $34.26 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Hospital discharge day management, 30 minutes or less

Service Code: 99238
Performed in a facility
50
times performed,
0.45% of his services

32nd 32nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

41
patients got this service, 8% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$6,050.00an average of $121.00 per time performed $2,729.00
an average of $54.58 per time performed
medical

Transitional care management services, moderately complex... +

Transitional care management services, moderately complexity, requiring face-to-face visits within 14 days of discharge ×

Service Code: 99495
Performed in an office
41
times performed,
0.37% of his services

33rd 93rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

33
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$11,234.00an average of $274.00 per time performed $4,737.55
an average of $115.55 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Magnesium level

Service Code: 83735
Performed in an office
37
times performed,
0.33% of his services

34th 144th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

30
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$888.00an average of $24.00 per time performed $330.41
an average of $8.93 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood potassium level

Service Code: 84132
Performed in an office
32
times performed,
0.29% of his services

35th 60th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

27
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$512.00an average of $16.00 per time performed $133.44
an average of $4.17 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Bacterial culture for aerobic isolates

Service Code: 87077
Performed in an office
31
times performed,
0.28% of his services

36th 135th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

23
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$1,085.00an average of $35.00 per time performed $300.70
an average of $9.70 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Evaluation of antimicrobial drug (antibiotic, antifungal,... +

Evaluation of antimicrobial drug (antibiotic, antifungal, antiviral) ×

Service Code: 87186
Performed in an office
31
times performed,
0.28% of his services

37th 124th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

23
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$930.00an average of $30.00 per time performed $357.43
an average of $11.53 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Special stain for microorganism

Service Code: 87205
Performed in an office
25
times performed,
0.22% of his services

38th 253rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

22
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$375.00an average of $15.00 per time performed $142.25
an average of $5.69 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Red blood cell sedimentation rate, to detect inflammation +

Red blood cell sedimentation rate, to detect inflammation ×

Service Code: 85651
Performed in an office
23
times performed,
0.21% of his services

39th 76th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

19
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$299.00an average of $13.00 per time performed $108.56
an average of $4.72 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Bacterial culture

Service Code: 87070
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.19% of his services

40th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in IA perform this service

18
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$630.00an average of $30.00 per time performed $241.29
an average of $11.49 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Liver function blood test panel

Service Code: 80076
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.19% of his services

41st 91st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

17
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$609.00an average of $29.00 per time performed $195.09
an average of $9.29 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Amylase (enzyme) level

Service Code: 82150
Performed in an office
17
times performed,
0.15% of his services

42nd 191st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

16
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$391.00an average of $23.00 per time performed $146.88
an average of $8.64 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Strep test (streptococcus, group a)

Service Code: 87880
Performed in an office
16
times performed,
0.14% of his services

43rd 106th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$656.00an average of $41.00 per time performed $255.84
an average of $15.99 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Annual wellness visit; includes a personalized prevention... +

Annual wellness visit; includes a personalized prevention plan of service (pps), initial visit ×

Service Code: G0438
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.13% of his services

44th 69th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,505.00an average of $167.00 per time performed $2,388.60
an average of $159.24 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Screening test for pathogenic organisms

Service Code: 87081
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.13% of his services

45th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in IA perform this service

14
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$345.00an average of $23.00 per time performed $117.15
an average of $7.81 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Measurement c-reactive protein for detection of infection... +

Measurement c-reactive protein for detection of infection or inflammation ×

Service Code: 86140
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.13% of his services

46th 101st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$285.00an average of $19.00 per time performed $103.50
an average of $6.90 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Initial preventive physical examination; face-to-face vis... +

Initial preventive physical examination; face-to-face visit, services limited to new beneficiary during the first 12 months of medicare enrollment ×

Service Code: G0402
Performed in an office
14
times performed,
0.13% of his services

47th 134th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

14
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,268.00an average of $162.00 per time performed $2,162.72
an average of $154.48 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 50 minutes per... +

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 50 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99222
Performed in a facility
13
times performed,
0.12% of his services

48th 37th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

13
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$3,094.00an average of $238.00 per time performed $1,335.23
an average of $102.71 per time performed
medical
SKIN, HAIR AND NAILS

Destruction of skin growth

Service Code: 17000
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.12% of his services

49th 67th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

13
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$2,171.00an average of $167.00 per time performed $521.04
an average of $40.08 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood glucose (sugar) level

Service Code: 82947
Performed in an office
12
times performed,
0.11% of his services

50th 53rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$168.00an average of $14.00 per time performed $29.04
an average of $2.42 per time performed

Office Visits

Medicare reimburses office visits using a five-point scale, with five being the most intensive and costly. The chart below shows what percentage of this provider’s office visits were reimbursed at each level. A higher than average proportion of costly visits is not necessarily an indication of a problem, but it may be worth asking about.

Hover over each slice to see percentage breakdown.

David Adam Carlyle
Average for Family Medicine Providers in Iowa

Notes: Medicare redacted this data for any services provided to fewer than 11 patients. The contact information listed above is the most current we have for this provider. The services listed on this page may have been delivered at a previous address or as part of a different practice.

Incorrect Info? If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to [email protected] and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to [email protected]. Here's a link to Medicare's data on this provider.

Sources: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, American Medical Association

Services that begin with a letter come from CMS. All other codes and descriptions of the medical procedures are from the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code set, copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Where practical, AMA’s consumer friendly translation of the CPT descriptor was used. ProPublica has received permission from the AMA to use these codes on this site.

Read our methodology.