Treatment Tracker

The Doctors and Services in Medicare Part B

How This Provider Compares

This Provider

Avg in State & Specialty

Providers in this state and specialty were reimbursed, on average, $2,511 per patient in 2015.
They performed about 19 services per patient. Here’s how this provider compares.

Number of
Patients
871
Rank: 7th
out of 305 providers in this state & specialty
Services
Performed
12,359
Rank: 41st
out of 305 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Services
Per Patient
14.2 This Provider
Avg 19.5
Total Paid
by Medicare
$2.36M
Rank: 16th
out of 305 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Paid
Per Patient
$2,706 This Provider
Avg $2,511

How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all of his Part B patients.

This Provider's Services

This provider performed 99 different services in 2015
(51 were redacted as they were performed on less than 11 patients)

All Services

Show Only:

Drug Services
Medical Services
CATEGORY
Description of Service
Times Performed (or Units) This Service's Rank Patients Unique Visits
Per Patient
Billed to Medicare Payments from Medicare
medical
RADIOLOGY

Ct scan guidance for insertion of radiation therapy fields +

Ct scan guidance for insertion of radiation therapy fields ×

Service Code: 77014
Performed in an office
1,488
times performed,
12% of his services

1st 4th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

175
patients got this service, 20% of his patients
8
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 12.5)
$610,422.24an average of $410.23 per time performed $132,759.36
an average of $89.22 per time performed
medical

Intensity modulated treatment delivery, single or multipl... +

Intensity modulated treatment delivery, single or multiple fields/arcs,via narrow spatially and temporally modulated beams, binary, dynamic mlc, per treatment session ×

Service Code: G6015
Performed in an office
1,222
times performed,
10% of his services

2nd 1st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

111
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
10.9
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 17)
$1,410,188.00an average of $1,154.00 per time performed $367,064.36
an average of $300.38 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Calculation of radiation therapy dose

Service Code: 77300
Performed in an office
1,089
times performed,
9% of his services

3rd 2nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

162
patients got this service, 19% of his patients
2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.9)
$233,046.00an average of $214.00 per time performed $53,045.19
an average of $48.71 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Radiation treatment devices, design and construction, simple +

Radiation treatment devices, design and construction, simple ×

Service Code: 77332
Performed in an office
939
times performed,
8% of his services

4th 21st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

88
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
10.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 5.6)
$217,848.00an average of $232.00 per time performed $59,382.36
an average of $63.24 per time performed
medical

Stereoscopic x-ray guidance for localization of target vo... +

Stereoscopic x-ray guidance for localization of target volume for the delivery of radiation therapy ×

Service Code: G6002
Performed in an office
929
times performed,
8% of his services

5th 5th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

93
patients got this service, 11% of his patients
9.9
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 10)
$210,883.00an average of $227.00 per time performed $53,287.44
an average of $57.36 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Proton treatment delivery, intermediate

Service Code: 77523
Performed in an office
650
times performed,
5% of his services

6th 45th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

65
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
9.9
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 4.8)
$2,340,000.00an average of $3,600.00 per time performed $516,958.00
an average of $795.32 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 15 minutes ×

Service Code: 99213
Performed in an office
588
times performed,
5% of his services

7th 18th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

381
patients got this service, 44% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$69,384.00an average of $118.00 per time performed $29,846.88
an average of $50.76 per time performed
medical

Radiation treatment delivery,3 or more separate treatment... +

Radiation treatment delivery,3 or more separate treatment areas, custom blocking, tangential ports, wedges, rotational beam, compensators, electron beam; 6-10mev ×

Service Code: G6012
Performed in an office
539
times performed,
4% of his services

8th 6th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

74
patients got this service, 8% of his patients
7.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 9.6)
$368,676.00an average of $684.00 per time performed $91,683.90
an average of $170.10 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Radiation treatment devices, design and construction, com... +

Radiation treatment devices, design and construction, complex ×

Service Code: 77334
Performed in an office
535
times performed,
4% of his services

9th 10th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

132
patients got this service, 15% of his patients
1.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$253,648.85an average of $474.11 per time performed $61,632.00
an average of $115.20 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Radiation therapy consultation per week

Service Code: 77336
Performed in an office
507
times performed,
4% of his services

10th 7th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

208
patients got this service, 24% of his patients
2.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 3.8)
$96,330.00an average of $190.00 per time performed $29,471.91
an average of $58.13 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Radiation treatment management, 5 treatments

Service Code: 77427
Performed in an office
484
times performed,
4% of his services

11th 8th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

193
patients got this service, 22% of his patients
2.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 3.6)
$275,396.00an average of $569.00 per time performed $71,060.88
an average of $146.82 per time performed
medical
ADMINISTRATIVE

Fluorodeoxyglucose f-18 fdg, diagnostic, per study dose, ... +

Fluorodeoxyglucose f-18 fdg, diagnostic, per study dose, up to 45 millicuries ×

Service Code: A9552
Performed in an office
263
times performed,
2% of his services

12th 54th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

205
patients got this service, 24% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$178,840.00an average of $680.00 per time performed $92,841.63
an average of $353.01 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Nuclear medicine study with ct imaging skull base to mid-... +

Nuclear medicine study with ct imaging skull base to mid-thigh ×

Service Code: 78815
Performed in an office
260
times performed,
2% of his services

13th 47th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

204
patients got this service, 23% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$1,284,173.80an average of $4,939.13 per time performed $277,113.20
an average of $1,065.82 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 25 minutes ×

Service Code: 99214
Performed in an office
248
times performed,
2% of his services

14th 26th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

191
patients got this service, 22% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$47,368.00an average of $191.00 per time performed $19,031.52
an average of $76.74 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Management of radiation therapy, simulation, complex

Service Code: 77290
Performed in an office
190
times performed,
2% of his services

15th 19th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

131
patients got this service, 15% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$272,080.00an average of $1,432.00 per time performed $73,416.00
an average of $386.40 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Management of radiation therapy simulation, simple

Service Code: 77280
Performed in an office
133
times performed,
1% of his services

16th 16th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

112
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$72,086.00an average of $542.00 per time performed $27,382.04
an average of $205.88 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 4... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 45 minutes ×

Service Code: 99204
Performed in an office
85
times performed,
0.69% of his services

17th 42nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

85
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$29,155.00an average of $343.00 per time performed $10,470.30
an average of $123.18 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Management of radiation therapy, 3d

Service Code: 77295
Performed in an office
77
times performed,
0.62% of his services

18th 32nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

63
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$113,718.99an average of $1,476.87 per time performed $28,995.12
an average of $376.56 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Design and construction of device for radiation therapy

Service Code: 77338
Performed in an office
74
times performed,
0.6% of his services

19th 22nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

60
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$101,676.00an average of $1,374.00 per time performed $28,763.80
an average of $388.70 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Ct scan guidance for insertion of radiation therapy fields +

Ct scan guidance for insertion of radiation therapy fields ×

Service Code: 77014
Performed in a facility
63
times performed,
0.51% of his services

20th 13th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

37
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.7
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 6.7)
$9,153.27an average of $145.29 per time performed $2,113.02
an average of $33.54 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

High dose brachytherapy delivery, 1 channel

Service Code: 77785
Performed in an office
63
times performed,
0.51% of his services

21st 68th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
4.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 6.1)
$34,713.00an average of $551.00 per time performed $11,472.93
an average of $182.11 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Management of radiation therapy, complex

Service Code: 77263
Performed in an office
58
times performed,
0.47% of his services

22nd 20th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

57
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$27,840.00an average of $480.00 per time performed $7,604.38
an average of $131.11 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Therapeutic radiology port films

Service Code: 77417
Performed in an office
56
times performed,
0.45% of his services

23rd 23rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

35
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.6
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.6)
$2,744.00an average of $49.00 per time performed $458.08
an average of $8.18 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Special radiation therapy planning

Service Code: 77331
Performed in an office
56
times performed,
0.45% of his services

24th 34th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

26
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$10,472.00an average of $187.00 per time performed $2,786.56
an average of $49.76 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

High dose brachytherapy delivery, 2-12 channels

Service Code: 77786
Performed in an office
53
times performed,
0.43% of his services

25th 52nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
3.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 4.5)
$76,927.91an average of $1,451.47 per time performed $19,927.47
an average of $375.99 per time performed
drug
CHEMOTHERAPY DRUGS

Leuprolide acetate (for depot suspension), 7.5 mg

Service Code: J9217
Performed in an office
51
times performed,
0.41% of his services

26th 72nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$34,680.00an average of $680.00 per time performed $9,270.27
an average of $181.77 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Management of modulation radiotherapy planning

Service Code: 77301
Performed in an office
40
times performed,
0.32% of his services

27th 24th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

39
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$234,191.20an average of $5,854.78 per time performed $59,169.60
an average of $1,479.24 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Radiation treatment devices, design and construction, com... +

Radiation treatment devices, design and construction, complex ×

Service Code: 77334
Performed in a facility
38
times performed,
0.31% of his services

28th 17th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

16
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$9,726.86an average of $255.97 per time performed $1,903.42
an average of $50.09 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Ct scan chest

Service Code: 71250
Performed in an office
37
times performed,
0.3% of his services

29th 116th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

31
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$25,604.00an average of $692.00 per time performed $4,560.99
an average of $123.27 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Stereotactic body radiation therapy 1 or more lesions usi... +

Stereotactic body radiation therapy 1 or more lesions using imaging guidance ×

Service Code: 77373
Performed in an office
37
times performed,
0.3% of his services

30th 53rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

22
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.7
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 3.9)
$137,076.12an average of $3,704.76 per time performed $37,694.12
an average of $1,018.76 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Computer analysis of diagnostic mammogram

Service Code: 77051
Performed in an office
27
times performed,
0.22% of his services

31st Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in FL perform this service

23
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$837.00an average of $31.00 per time performed $189.54
an average of $7.02 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Diagnostic mammography, producing direct 2-d digital imag... +

Diagnostic mammography, producing direct 2-d digital image, bilateral, all view ×

Service Code: G0204
Performed in an office
27
times performed,
0.22% of his services

32nd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in FL perform this service

23
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$13,419.00an average of $497.00 per time performed $3,269.70
an average of $121.10 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Radiation treatment management, 5 treatments

Service Code: 77427
Performed in a facility
26
times performed,
0.21% of his services

33rd 15th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

26
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 3.2)
$14,794.00an average of $569.00 per time performed $3,824.08
an average of $147.08 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 3... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 30 minutes ×

Service Code: 99203
Performed in an office
25
times performed,
0.2% of his services

34th 56th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

25
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$6,900.00an average of $276.00 per time performed $2,015.50
an average of $80.62 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 15 minutes ×

Service Code: 99213
Performed in a facility
24
times performed,
0.19% of his services

35th 25th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

23
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$2,832.00an average of $118.00 per time performed $843.84
an average of $35.16 per time performed
medical

Ultrasound of one breast

Service Code: 76642
Performed in an office
23
times performed,
0.19% of his services

36th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in FL perform this service

20
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$6,118.00an average of $266.00 per time performed $1,608.39
an average of $69.93 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Nuclear medicine study with ct imaging whole body

Service Code: 78816
Performed in an office
22
times performed,
0.18% of his services

37th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in FL perform this service

21
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$43,422.06an average of $1,973.73 per time performed $23,489.62
an average of $1,067.71 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Radiation therapy consultation

Service Code: 77370
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.17% of his services

38th 40th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

21
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$7,308.00an average of $348.00 per time performed $1,859.13
an average of $88.53 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Radiation therapy total body port plan

Service Code: 77321
Performed in an office
19
times performed,
0.15% of his services

39th 98th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

19
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$7,144.00an average of $376.00 per time performed $1,351.66
an average of $71.14 per time performed
medical
ADMINISTRATIVE

Sodium fluoride f-18, diagnostic, per study dose, up to 3... +

Sodium fluoride f-18, diagnostic, per study dose, up to 30 millicuries ×

Service Code: A9580
Performed in an office
19
times performed,
0.15% of his services

40th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in FL perform this service

19
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$9,500.00an average of $500.00 per time performed $2,234.40
an average of $117.60 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Computer analysis of screening mammogram to assist detect... +

Computer analysis of screening mammogram to assist detection of cancer ×

Service Code: 77052
Performed in an office
18
times performed,
0.15% of his services

41st Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in FL perform this service

18
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$558.00an average of $31.00 per time performed $157.50
an average of $8.75 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Screening mammography, producing direct digital image, bi... +

Screening mammography, producing direct digital image, bilateral, all views ×

Service Code: G0202
Performed in an office
18
times performed,
0.15% of his services

42nd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in FL perform this service

18
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$7,344.00an average of $408.00 per time performed $2,314.80
an average of $128.60 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Hormonal anti-neoplastic chemotherapy administration bene... +

Hormonal anti-neoplastic chemotherapy administration beneath the skin or into muscle ×

Service Code: 96402
Performed in an office
17
times performed,
0.14% of his services

43rd 104th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$2,890.00an average of $170.00 per time performed $422.45
an average of $24.85 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Management of radiation therapy, simulation, complex

Service Code: 77290
Performed in a facility
16
times performed,
0.13% of his services

44th 28th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

16
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$5,002.08an average of $312.63 per time performed $1,006.72
an average of $62.92 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Diagnostic mammography, producing direct 2-d digital imag... +

Diagnostic mammography, producing direct 2-d digital image, unilateral, all views ×

Service Code: G0206
Performed in an office
14
times performed,
0.11% of his services

45th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in FL perform this service

11
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$5,488.00an average of $392.00 per time performed $1,142.12
an average of $81.58 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Ultrasonic guidance imaging supervision and interpretatio... +

Ultrasonic guidance imaging supervision and interpretation for insertion of needle ×

Service Code: 76942
Performed in an office
12
times performed,
0.1% of his services

46th 127th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$6,408.00an average of $534.00 per time performed $565.08
an average of $47.09 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Management of radiation therapy simulation, simple

Service Code: 77280
Performed in a facility
12
times performed,
0.1% of his services

47th 33rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$1,284.00an average of $107.00 per time performed $339.36
an average of $28.28 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Ct scan of abdomen and pelvis with contrast

Service Code: 74177
Performed in an office
11
times performed,
0.09% of his services

48th 121st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$11,330.00an average of $1,030.00 per time performed $2,627.46
an average of $238.86 per time performed

Office Visits

Medicare reimburses office visits using a five-point scale, with five being the most intensive and costly. The chart below shows what percentage of this provider’s office visits were reimbursed at each level. A higher than average proportion of costly visits is not necessarily an indication of a problem, but it may be worth asking about.

Hover over each slice to see percentage breakdown.

Ryan S Perkins
Average for Radiation Oncology Providers in Florida

Notes: Medicare redacted this data for any services provided to fewer than 11 patients. The contact information listed above is the most current we have for this provider. The services listed on this page may have been delivered at a previous address or as part of a different practice.

Incorrect Info? If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to [email protected] and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to [email protected]. Here's a link to Medicare's data on this provider.

Sources: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, American Medical Association

Services that begin with a letter come from CMS. All other codes and descriptions of the medical procedures are from the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code set, copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Where practical, AMA’s consumer friendly translation of the CPT descriptor was used. ProPublica has received permission from the AMA to use these codes on this site.

Read our methodology.