Treatment Tracker

The Doctors and Services in Medicare Part B

How This Provider Compares

This Provider

Avg in State & Specialty

Providers in this state and specialty were reimbursed, on average, $302 per patient in 2015.
They performed about 5 services per patient. Here’s how this provider compares.

Number of
Patients
1,332
Rank: 342nd
out of 1,841 providers in this state & specialty
Services
Performed
6,716
Rank: 183rd
out of 1,841 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Services
Per Patient
5 This Provider
Avg 4.7
Total Paid
by Medicare
$322K
Rank: 311th
out of 1,841 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Paid
Per Patient
$242 This Provider
Avg $302

How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all of his Part B patients.

This Provider's Services

This provider performed 101 different services in 2015
(54 were redacted as they were performed on less than 11 patients)

All Services

Show Only:

Drug Services
Medical Services
CATEGORY
Description of Service
Times Performed (or Units) This Service's Rank Patients Unique Visits
Per Patient
Billed to Medicare Payments from Medicare
drug
TEMPORARY CODES

Low osmolar contrast material, 300-399 mg/ml iodine conce... +

Low osmolar contrast material, 300-399 mg/ml iodine concentration, per ml ×

Service Code: Q9967
Performed in an office
1,200
times performed,
18% of his services

1st 11th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 0.83% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,392.00an average of $1.16 per time performed $132.00
an average of $0.11 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 25 minutes ×

Service Code: 99214
Performed in an office
982
times performed,
15% of his services

2nd 2nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

583
patients got this service, 44% of his patients
1.7
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2)
$152,210.00an average of $155.00 per time performed $71,686.00
an average of $73.00 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Routine electrocardiogram (ekg) using at least 12 leads w... +

Routine electrocardiogram (ekg) using at least 12 leads with interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93010
Performed in a facility
544
times performed,
8% of his services

3rd 1st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

352
patients got this service, 26% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$11,968.00an average of $22.00 per time performed $3,454.40
an average of $6.35 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Injection, regadenoson, 0.1 mg

Service Code: J2785
Performed in an office
384
times performed,
6% of his services

4th 12th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

96
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$50,400.00an average of $131.25 per time performed $15,655.68
an average of $40.77 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted ... +

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted blood flow rate, direction, and valve function ×

Service Code: 93306
Performed in an office
340
times performed,
5% of his services

5th 6th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

330
patients got this service, 25% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$315,350.00an average of $927.50 per time performed $53,250.80
an average of $156.62 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretat... +

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93000
Performed in an office
318
times performed,
5% of his services

6th 3rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

258
patients got this service, 19% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$19,318.50an average of $60.75 per time performed $3,561.60
an average of $11.20 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted ... +

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted blood flow rate, direction, and valve function ×

Service Code: 93306
Performed in a facility
269
times performed,
4% of his services

7th 7th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

262
patients got this service, 20% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$109,778.90an average of $408.10 per time performed $12,390.14
an average of $46.06 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Nuclear medicine study of vessels of heart using drugs or... +

Nuclear medicine study of vessels of heart using drugs or exercise multiple studies ×

Service Code: 78452
Performed in an office
239
times performed,
4% of his services

8th 19th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

120
patients got this service, 9% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$226,641.31an average of $948.29 per time performed $43,354.60
an average of $181.40 per time performed
medical
ADMINISTRATIVE

Technetium tc-99m sestamibi, diagnostic, per study dose

Service Code: A9500
Performed in an office
230
times performed,
3% of his services

9th 15th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

122
patients got this service, 9% of his patients
1.8
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$89,817.30an average of $390.51 per time performed $29,364.10
an average of $127.67 per time performed
medical
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample +

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample ×

Service Code: 36415
Performed in an office
181
times performed,
3% of his services

10th 8th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

150
patients got this service, 11% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2)
$1,448.00an average of $8.00 per time performed $532.14
an average of $2.94 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 25 minutes ... +

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 25 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99232
Performed in a facility
180
times performed,
3% of his services

11th 5th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

89
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.6)
$22,140.00an average of $123.00 per time performed $9,988.20
an average of $55.49 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 70 minutes per... +

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 70 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99223
Performed in a facility
133
times performed,
2% of his services

12th 16th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

118
patients got this service, 9% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$40,565.00an average of $305.00 per time performed $20,467.37
an average of $153.89 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress te... +

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress test with ekg tracing and monitoring ×

Service Code: 93017
Performed in an office
129
times performed,
2% of his services

13th 168th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

129
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$16,512.00an average of $128.00 per time performed $2,956.68
an average of $22.92 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress te... +

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress test with ekg monitoring, physician interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93018
Performed in an office
129
times performed,
2% of his services

14th 108th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

129
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$21,059.25an average of $163.25 per time performed $1,457.70
an average of $11.30 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress te... +

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress test with ekg monitoring and physician supervision ×

Service Code: 93016
Performed in an office
128
times performed,
2% of his services

15th 104th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

128
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$8,192.00an average of $64.00 per time performed $2,216.96
an average of $17.32 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Evaluation, testing, and programming adjustment of perman... +

Evaluation, testing, and programming adjustment of permanent dual lead pacemaker system with physician analysis, review, and report ×

Service Code: 93280
Performed in an office
116
times performed,
2% of his services

16th 32nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

71
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1.6
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$17,380.28an average of $149.83 per time performed $4,381.32
an average of $37.77 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 15 minutes ×

Service Code: 99213
Performed in an office
101
times performed,
2% of his services

17th 4th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

80
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$11,110.00an average of $110.00 per time performed $5,038.89
an average of $49.89 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides)

Service Code: 80061
Performed in an office
83
times performed,
1% of his services

18th 23rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

78
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$8,300.00an average of $100.00 per time performed $1,288.99
an average of $15.53 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 3... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 30 minutes ×

Service Code: 99203
Performed in an office
57
times performed,
0.85% of his services

19th 58th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

57
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$9,120.00an average of $160.00 per time performed $4,343.97
an average of $76.21 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, comprehensive group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80053
Performed in an office
54
times performed,
0.8% of his services

20th 22nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

49
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$3,861.00an average of $71.50 per time performed $672.84
an average of $12.46 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Heart rhythm tracing, analysis, and interpretation of 48-... +

Heart rhythm tracing, analysis, and interpretation of 48-hour ekg ×

Service Code: 93224
Performed in an office
52
times performed,
0.77% of his services

21st 34th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

49
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$22,516.00an average of $433.00 per time performed $3,033.68
an average of $58.34 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Evaluation, testing and programming adjustment of defibri... +

Evaluation, testing and programming adjustment of defibrillator with analysis, review and report ×

Service Code: 93284
Performed in an office
48
times performed,
0.71% of his services

22nd 93rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

29
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.7
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$11,174.88an average of $232.81 per time performed $2,958.72
an average of $61.64 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress te... +

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress test with ekg monitoring, physician interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93018
Performed in a facility
43
times performed,
0.64% of his services

23rd 28th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

42
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$7,019.75an average of $163.25 per time performed $465.26
an average of $10.82 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress te... +

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress test with ekg monitoring and physician supervision ×

Service Code: 93016
Performed in a facility
43
times performed,
0.64% of his services

24th 30th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

42
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,752.00an average of $64.00 per time performed $689.29
an average of $16.03 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Nuclear medicine study of vessels of heart using drugs or... +

Nuclear medicine study of vessels of heart using drugs or exercise multiple studies ×

Service Code: 78452
Performed in a facility
40
times performed,
0.6% of his services

25th 38th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

40
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$30,320.00an average of $758.00 per time performed $2,416.00
an average of $60.40 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, basic group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80048
Performed in an office
39
times performed,
0.58% of his services

26th 50th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

33
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$2,525.25an average of $64.75 per time performed $409.50
an average of $10.50 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, p... +

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, platelets), automated test ×

Service Code: 85025
Performed in an office
38
times performed,
0.57% of his services

27th 25th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

32
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$1,900.00an average of $50.00 per time performed $391.78
an average of $10.31 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, clotting time

Service Code: 85610
Performed in an office
35
times performed,
0.52% of his services

28th 9th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

28
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 4.7)
$1,225.00an average of $35.00 per time performed $183.40
an average of $5.24 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Evaluation, testing and programming adjustment of defibri... +

Evaluation, testing and programming adjustment of defibrillator with analysis, review and report ×

Service Code: 93282
Performed in an office
34
times performed,
0.51% of his services

29th 113th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

23
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$5,869.42an average of $172.63 per time performed $1,414.74
an average of $41.61 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of chest, 2 views, front and side

Service Code: 71020
Performed in an office
33
times performed,
0.49% of his services

30th 131st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

31
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,663.20an average of $50.40 per time performed $385.11
an average of $11.67 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Evaluation of parameters of single, dual, or multiple lea... +

Evaluation of parameters of single, dual, or multiple lead cardioverter-defibrillator including connection, recording, disconnection, and analysis ×

Service Code: 93290
Performed in an office
31
times performed,
0.46% of his services

31st 102nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

24
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$2,511.00an average of $81.00 per time performed $585.59
an average of $18.89 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Coagulation assessment blood test

Service Code: 85730
Performed in an office
30
times performed,
0.45% of his services

32nd 312th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

25
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$1,530.00an average of $51.00 per time performed $240.30
an average of $8.01 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Liver enzyme (sgpt), level

Service Code: 84460
Performed in an office
29
times performed,
0.43% of his services

33rd 167th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

27
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$507.50an average of $17.50 per time performed $74.24
an average of $2.56 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Liver enzyme (sgot), level

Service Code: 84450
Performed in an office
29
times performed,
0.43% of his services

34th 196th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

27
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$507.50an average of $17.50 per time performed $74.24
an average of $2.56 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 40 minutes ×

Service Code: 99215
Performed in a facility
24
times performed,
0.36% of his services

35th 103rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

23
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$5,024.88an average of $209.37 per time performed $2,061.12
an average of $85.88 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Evaluation, testing, and programming adjustment of perman... +

Evaluation, testing, and programming adjustment of permanent single lead pacemaker system with physician analysis, review, and report ×

Service Code: 93279
Performed in an office
24
times performed,
0.36% of his services

36th 99th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

18
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$3,018.00an average of $125.75 per time performed $759.36
an average of $31.64 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 4... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 45 minutes ×

Service Code: 99204
Performed in a facility
23
times performed,
0.34% of his services

37th 116th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

23
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$5,750.00an average of $250.00 per time performed $2,164.30
an average of $94.10 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Evaluation, testing and programming adjustment of defibri... +

Evaluation, testing and programming adjustment of defibrillator with analysis, review and report ×

Service Code: 93283
Performed in an office
22
times performed,
0.33% of his services

38th 95th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

14
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1.6
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$4,407.92an average of $200.36 per time performed $1,247.62
an average of $56.71 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 30 minutes per... +

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 30 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99221
Performed in a facility
16
times performed,
0.24% of his services

39th 76th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

16
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$2,664.48an average of $166.53 per time performed $1,248.00
an average of $78.00 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope +

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope ×

Service Code: 81001
Performed in an office
16
times performed,
0.24% of his services

40th 187th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

16
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$280.00an average of $17.50 per time performed $67.52
an average of $4.22 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

External shock to heart to regulate heart beat

Service Code: 92960
Performed in a facility
16
times performed,
0.24% of his services

41st 175th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 0.9% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$6,302.72an average of $393.92 per time performed $1,505.76
an average of $94.11 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Digoxin level

Service Code: 80162
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.22% of his services

42nd 245th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$911.25an average of $60.75 per time performed $265.65
an average of $17.71 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Heart rhythm symptom-related interpretation of 24-hour ek... +

Heart rhythm symptom-related interpretation of 24-hour ekg monitoring up to 30 days ×

Service Code: 93272
Performed in an office
14
times performed,
0.21% of his services

43rd 199th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

14
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,302.00an average of $93.00 per time performed $257.46
an average of $18.39 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Insertion of probe in esophagus for heart ultrasound exam... +

Insertion of probe in esophagus for heart ultrasound examination including interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93312
Performed in a facility
13
times performed,
0.19% of his services

44th 67th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

13
patients got this service, 0.98% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$4,888.00an average of $376.00 per time performed $1,231.23
an average of $94.71 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Heart rhythm symptom-related tracing of 24-hour ekg monit... +

Heart rhythm symptom-related tracing of 24-hour ekg monitoring up to 30 days ×

Service Code: 93270
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.19% of his services

45th 238th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

13
patients got this service, 0.98% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,014.00an average of $78.00 per time performed $82.16
an average of $6.32 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Ldl cholesterol level

Service Code: 83721
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.19% of his services

46th 89th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

13
patients got this service, 0.98% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$377.00an average of $29.00 per time performed $159.12
an average of $12.24 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 50 minutes per... +

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 50 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99222
Performed in a facility
12
times performed,
0.18% of his services

47th 20th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 0.9% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$2,709.96an average of $225.83 per time performed $1,270.20
an average of $105.85 per time performed

Office Visits

Medicare reimburses office visits using a five-point scale, with five being the most intensive and costly. The chart below shows what percentage of this provider’s office visits were reimbursed at each level. A higher than average proportion of costly visits is not necessarily an indication of a problem, but it may be worth asking about.

Hover over each slice to see percentage breakdown.

Matthew R. Cox
Average for Cardiovascular Disease Providers in New York

Notes: Medicare redacted this data for any services provided to fewer than 11 patients. The contact information listed above is the most current we have for this provider. The services listed on this page may have been delivered at a previous address or as part of a different practice.

Incorrect Info? If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to [email protected] and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to [email protected]. Here's a link to Medicare's data on this provider.

Sources: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, American Medical Association

Services that begin with a letter come from CMS. All other codes and descriptions of the medical procedures are from the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code set, copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Where practical, AMA’s consumer friendly translation of the CPT descriptor was used. ProPublica has received permission from the AMA to use these codes on this site.

Read our methodology.