Treatment Tracker

The Doctors and Services in Medicare Part B

How This Provider Compares

This Provider

Avg in State & Specialty

Providers in this state and specialty were reimbursed, on average, $242 per patient in 2015.
They performed about 9 services per patient. Here’s how this provider compares.

Number of
Patients
982
Rank: 47th
out of 1,425 providers in this state & specialty
Services
Performed
3,857
Rank: 319th
out of 1,425 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Services
Per Patient
3.9 This Provider
Avg 8.6
Total Paid
by Medicare
$93.4K
Rank: 486th
out of 1,425 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Paid
Per Patient
$95 This Provider
Avg $242

How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all of her Part B patients.

This Provider's Services

This provider performed 108 different services in 2015
(58 were redacted as they were performed on less than 11 patients)

All Services

Show Only:

Drug Services
Medical Services
CATEGORY
Description of Service
Times Performed (or Units) This Service's Rank Patients Unique Visits
Per Patient
Billed to Medicare Payments from Medicare
drug
DRUGS

Injection, dexamethasone sodium phosphate, 1mg

Service Code: J1100
Performed in an office
611
times performed,
16% of her services

1st 10th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

58
patients got this service, 6% of her patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$1,833.00an average of $3.00 per time performed $67.21
an average of $0.11 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 15 minutes ×

Service Code: 99213
Performed in an office
461
times performed,
12% of her services

2nd 2nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

430
patients got this service, 44% of her patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$45,178.00an average of $98.00 per time performed $22,432.26
an average of $48.66 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 25 minutes ×

Service Code: 99214
Performed in an office
331
times performed,
9% of her services

3rd 1st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

321
patients got this service, 33% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.2)
$42,037.00an average of $127.00 per time performed $24,672.74
an average of $74.54 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 3... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 30 minutes ×

Service Code: 99203
Performed in an office
225
times performed,
6% of her services

4th 34th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

225
patients got this service, 23% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$33,300.00an average of $148.00 per time performed $15,554.25
an average of $69.13 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Injection, ceftriaxone sodium, per 250 mg

Service Code: J0696
Performed in an office
158
times performed,
4% of her services

5th 25th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

41
patients got this service, 4% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$9,480.00an average of $60.00 per time performed $83.74
an average of $0.53 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Injection beneath the skin or into muscle for therapy, di... +

Injection beneath the skin or into muscle for therapy, diagnosis, or prevention ×

Service Code: 96372
Performed in an office
151
times performed,
4% of her services

6th 14th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

105
patients got this service, 11% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2)
$3,020.00an average of $20.00 per time performed $2,258.96
an average of $14.96 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope +

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope ×

Service Code: 81001
Performed in an office
149
times performed,
4% of her services

7th 26th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

140
patients got this service, 14% of her patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$3,427.00an average of $23.00 per time performed $624.31
an average of $4.19 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, p... +

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, platelets), automated test ×

Service Code: 85025
Performed in an office
134
times performed,
3% of her services

8th 6th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

132
patients got this service, 13% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$3,752.00an average of $28.00 per time performed $1,315.88
an average of $9.82 per time performed
medical
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample +

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample ×

Service Code: 36415
Performed in an office
131
times performed,
3% of her services

9th 3rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

129
patients got this service, 13% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$1,310.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $382.52
an average of $2.92 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, comprehensive group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80053
Performed in an office
78
times performed,
2% of her services

10th 9th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

76
patients got this service, 8% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$3,276.00an average of $42.00 per time performed $808.08
an average of $10.36 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Detection test for influenza virus

Service Code: 87804
Performed in an office
78
times performed,
2% of her services

11th 53rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

39
patients got this service, 4% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,978.00an average of $51.00 per time performed $1,247.22
an average of $15.99 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of chest, 2 views, front and side

Service Code: 71020
Performed in an office
72
times performed,
2% of her services

12th 30th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

71
patients got this service, 7% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$4,968.00an average of $69.00 per time performed $806.40
an average of $11.20 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Injection, ketorolac tromethamine, per 15 mg

Service Code: J1885
Performed in an office
55
times performed,
1% of her services

13th 55th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

17
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$330.00an average of $6.00 per time performed $23.10
an average of $0.42 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Creatine kinase (cardiac enzyme) level

Service Code: 82550
Performed in an office
49
times performed,
1% of her services

14th 57th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

48
patients got this service, 5% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$1,421.00an average of $29.00 per time performed $245.98
an average of $5.02 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Hydration infusion into a vein

Service Code: 96361
Performed in an office
49
times performed,
1% of her services

15th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in SC perform this service

27
patients got this service, 3% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$2,009.00an average of $41.00 per time performed $542.43
an average of $11.07 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Troponin (protein) analysis

Service Code: 84484
Performed in an office
48
times performed,
1% of her services

16th 174th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

48
patients got this service, 5% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$2,160.00an average of $45.00 per time performed $629.76
an average of $13.12 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, basic group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80048
Performed in an office
47
times performed,
1% of her services

17th 17th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

46
patients got this service, 5% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$1,692.00an average of $36.00 per time performed $471.88
an average of $10.04 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Analysis for antibody to helicobacter pylori (gastrointes... +

Analysis for antibody to helicobacter pylori (gastrointestinal bacteria) ×

Service Code: 86677
Performed in an office
40
times performed,
1% of her services

18th 279th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

40
patients got this service, 4% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,280.00an average of $57.00 per time performed $757.60
an average of $18.94 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretat... +

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93000
Performed in an office
39
times performed,
1% of her services

19th 21st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

39
patients got this service, 4% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$2,691.00an average of $69.00 per time performed $462.15
an average of $11.85 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Infusion, normal saline solution , 1000 cc

Service Code: J7030
Performed in an office
37
times performed,
0.96% of her services

20th 257th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

31
patients got this service, 3% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$296.00an average of $8.00 per time performed $43.29
an average of $1.17 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Strep test (streptococcus, group a)

Service Code: 87880
Performed in an office
36
times performed,
0.93% of her services

21st 106th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

36
patients got this service, 4% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,656.00an average of $46.00 per time performed $575.64
an average of $15.99 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Injection, hydromorphone, up to 4 mg

Service Code: J1170
Performed in an office
36
times performed,
0.93% of her services

22nd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in SC perform this service

30
patients got this service, 3% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$324.00an average of $9.00 per time performed $54.36
an average of $1.51 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of foot, minimum of 3 views

Service Code: 73630
Performed in an office
34
times performed,
0.88% of her services

23rd 192nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

34
patients got this service, 3% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,060.00an average of $90.00 per time performed $463.42
an average of $13.63 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Lipase (fat enzyme) level

Service Code: 83690
Performed in an office
33
times performed,
0.86% of her services

24th 184th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

32
patients got this service, 3% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,089.00an average of $33.00 per time performed $295.68
an average of $8.96 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Amylase (enzyme) level

Service Code: 82150
Performed in an office
33
times performed,
0.86% of her services

25th 186th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

32
patients got this service, 3% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,155.00an average of $35.00 per time performed $277.86
an average of $8.42 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of ankle, minimum of 3 views

Service Code: 73610
Performed in an office
28
times performed,
0.73% of her services

26th 328th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

28
patients got this service, 3% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,940.00an average of $105.00 per time performed $439.32
an average of $15.69 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of shoulder, minimum of 2 views

Service Code: 73030
Performed in an office
26
times performed,
0.67% of her services

27th 180th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

26
patients got this service, 3% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,340.00an average of $90.00 per time performed $347.62
an average of $13.37 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Administration of 1 vaccine

Service Code: 90471
Performed in an office
23
times performed,
0.6% of her services

28th 92nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

23
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$598.00an average of $26.00 per time performed $396.75
an average of $17.25 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 4... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 45 minutes ×

Service Code: 99204
Performed in an office
23
times performed,
0.6% of her services

29th 69th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

23
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$4,738.00an average of $206.00 per time performed $2,594.63
an average of $112.81 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Tetanus toxoid injection into muscle

Service Code: 90703
Performed in an office
22
times performed,
0.57% of her services

30th 354th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

22
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$924.00an average of $42.00 per time performed $634.92
an average of $28.86 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Injection of different drug or substance into a vein for ... +

Injection of different drug or substance into a vein for therapy, diagnosis, or prevention ×

Service Code: 96375
Performed in an office
22
times performed,
0.57% of her services

31st Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in SC perform this service

15
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$1,254.00an average of $57.00 per time performed $355.52
an average of $16.16 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Natriuretic peptide (heart and blood vessel protein) level +

Natriuretic peptide (heart and blood vessel protein) level ×

Service Code: 83880
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.54% of her services

32nd 167th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

21
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$1,785.00an average of $85.00 per time performed $950.67
an average of $45.27 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of upper spine, 6 or more views

Service Code: 72052
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.54% of her services

33rd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in SC perform this service

21
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$2,898.00an average of $138.00 per time performed $525.84
an average of $25.04 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of ribs of one side of body, minimum of 2 views

Service Code: 73510
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.54% of her services

34th 200th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

19
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,205.00an average of $105.00 per time performed $371.91
an average of $17.71 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of hand, minimum of 3 views

Service Code: 73130
Performed in an office
20
times performed,
0.52% of her services

35th 318th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

20
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,960.00an average of $98.00 per time performed $287.80
an average of $14.39 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of lower and sacral spine, minimum of 4 views

Service Code: 72110
Performed in an office
19
times performed,
0.49% of her services

36th 268th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

19
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,850.00an average of $150.00 per time performed $402.99
an average of $21.21 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Imaging of abdomen and chest

Service Code: 74022
Performed in an office
18
times performed,
0.47% of her services

37th 351st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

18
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,520.00an average of $140.00 per time performed $354.78
an average of $19.71 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Infusion into a vein for therapy, prevention, or diagnosi... +

Infusion into a vein for therapy, prevention, or diagnosis up to 1 hour ×

Service Code: 96365
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.39% of her services

38th 185th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.3)
$2,025.00an average of $135.00 per time performed $749.70
an average of $49.98 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Injection of drug or substance into a vein for therapy, d... +

Injection of drug or substance into a vein for therapy, diagnosis, or prevention ×

Service Code: 96374
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.39% of her services

39th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in SC perform this service

15
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$1,425.00an average of $95.00 per time performed $612.60
an average of $40.84 per time performed
medical
MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

Application of non-moveable, short arm splint (forearm to... +

Application of non-moveable, short arm splint (forearm to hand) ×

Service Code: 29125
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.39% of her services

40th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in SC perform this service

15
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$1,605.00an average of $107.00 per time performed $686.70
an average of $45.78 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of wrist, minimum of 3 views

Service Code: 73110
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.39% of her services

41st 387th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 2% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,245.00an average of $83.00 per time performed $276.60
an average of $18.44 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, clotting time

Service Code: 85610
Performed in an office
14
times performed,
0.36% of her services

42nd 18th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

14
patients got this service, 1% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 5.8)
$294.00an average of $21.00 per time performed $73.36
an average of $5.24 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of paranasal sinus, complete, minimum of 3 views

Service Code: 70220
Performed in an office
14
times performed,
0.36% of her services

43rd 313th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

14
patients got this service, 1% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,820.00an average of $130.00 per time performed $240.24
an average of $17.16 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Coagulation assessment blood test

Service Code: 85730
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.34% of her services

44th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in SC perform this service

13
patients got this service, 1% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$442.00an average of $34.00 per time performed $104.13
an average of $8.01 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of abdomen, single view

Service Code: 74000
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.34% of her services

45th 241st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

13
patients got this service, 1% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$988.00an average of $76.00 per time performed $121.03
an average of $9.31 per time performed
medical
SKIN, HAIR AND NAILS

Repair of wound (2.5 centimeters or less) of the scalp, n... +

Repair of wound (2.5 centimeters or less) of the scalp, neck, underarms, trunk, arms and/or legs ×

Service Code: 12001
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.34% of her services

46th 417th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

13
patients got this service, 1% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,665.00an average of $205.00 per time performed $781.43
an average of $60.11 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of knee, 3 views

Service Code: 73562
Performed in an office
12
times performed,
0.31% of her services

47th 234th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 1% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,080.00an average of $90.00 per time performed $199.20
an average of $16.60 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Respiratory inhaled pressure or nonpressure treatment to ... +

Respiratory inhaled pressure or nonpressure treatment to relieve airway obstruction or for sputum specimen ×

Service Code: 94640
Performed in an office
11
times performed,
0.29% of her services

48th 145th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 1% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$275.00an average of $25.00 per time performed $131.23
an average of $11.93 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Hydration infusion into a vein 31 minutes to 1 hour

Service Code: 96360
Performed in an office
11
times performed,
0.29% of her services

49th 286th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 1% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$825.00an average of $75.00 per time performed $454.63
an average of $41.33 per time performed
medical
MEDICAL AND SURGICAL SUPPLIES

Slings

Service Code: A4565
Performed in an office
11
times performed,
0.29% of her services

50th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in SC perform this service

11
patients got this service, 1% of her patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$550.00an average of $50.00 per time performed $73.59
an average of $6.69 per time performed

Office Visits

Medicare reimburses office visits using a five-point scale, with five being the most intensive and costly. The chart below shows what percentage of this provider’s office visits were reimbursed at each level. A higher than average proportion of costly visits is not necessarily an indication of a problem, but it may be worth asking about.

Hover over each slice to see percentage breakdown.

Catherine A Schaefer
Average for Family Medicine Providers in South Carolina

Notes: Medicare redacted this data for any services provided to fewer than 11 patients. The contact information listed above is the most current we have for this provider. The services listed on this page may have been delivered at a previous address or as part of a different practice.

Incorrect Info? If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to [email protected] and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to [email protected]. Here's a link to Medicare's data on this provider.

Sources: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, American Medical Association

Services that begin with a letter come from CMS. All other codes and descriptions of the medical procedures are from the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code set, copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Where practical, AMA’s consumer friendly translation of the CPT descriptor was used. ProPublica has received permission from the AMA to use these codes on this site.

Read our methodology.