Treatment Tracker

The Doctors and Services in Medicare Part B

How This Provider Compares

This Provider

Avg in State & Specialty

Providers in this state and specialty were reimbursed, on average, $184 per patient in 2015.
They performed about 3 services per patient. Here’s how this provider compares.

Number of
Patients
1,068
Rank: 293rd
out of 565 providers in this state & specialty
Services
Performed
5,203
Rank: 127th
out of 565 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Services
Per Patient
4.9 This Provider
Avg 3.1
Total Paid
by Medicare
$345K
Rank: 66th
out of 565 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Paid
Per Patient
$323 This Provider is in the top 10%
Avg $184

How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all of his Part B patients.

This Provider's Services

This provider performed 82 different services in 2015
(41 were redacted as they were performed on less than 11 patients)

All Services

Show Only:

Drug Services
Medical Services
CATEGORY
Description of Service
Times Performed (or Units) This Service's Rank Patients Unique Visits
Per Patient
Billed to Medicare Payments from Medicare
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 25 minutes ×

Service Code: 99214
Performed in an office
1,302
times performed,
25% of his services

1st 2nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

638
patients got this service, 60% of his patients
2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$289,187.22an average of $222.11 per time performed $95,124.12
an average of $73.06 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 15 minutes ×

Service Code: 99213
Performed in an office
326
times performed,
6% of his services

2nd 6th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

267
patients got this service, 25% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$48,541.40an average of $148.90 per time performed $15,954.44
an average of $48.94 per time performed
medical
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample +

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample ×

Service Code: 36415
Performed in an office
322
times performed,
6% of his services

3rd 16th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

97
patients got this service, 9% of his patients
3.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$7,096.88an average of $22.04 per time performed $930.58
an average of $2.89 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 25 minutes ... +

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 25 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99232
Performed in a facility
305
times performed,
6% of his services

4th 8th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

133
patients got this service, 12% of his patients
1.9
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2)
$47,348.20an average of $155.24 per time performed $16,762.80
an average of $54.96 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted ... +

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted blood flow rate, direction, and valve function ×

Service Code: 93306
Performed in an office
292
times performed,
6% of his services

5th 11th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

285
patients got this service, 27% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$231,307.80an average of $792.15 per time performed $43,607.28
an average of $149.34 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, clotting time

Service Code: 85610
Performed in an office
264
times performed,
5% of his services

6th 7th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

37
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
7.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 3.2)
$5,396.16an average of $20.44 per time performed $1,359.60
an average of $5.15 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Injection, regadenoson, 0.1 mg

Service Code: J2785
Performed in an office
222
times performed,
4% of his services

7th 9th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

56
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$23,465.40an average of $105.70 per time performed $9,075.36
an average of $40.88 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress te... +

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress test with ekg monitoring, physician supervision, interpretation, and report ×

Service Code: 93015
Performed in an office
165
times performed,
3% of his services

8th 24th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

165
patients got this service, 15% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$56,558.70an average of $342.78 per time performed $8,180.70
an average of $49.58 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 70 minutes per... +

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 70 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99223
Performed in a facility
153
times performed,
3% of his services

9th 20th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

144
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$65,028.06an average of $425.02 per time performed $23,260.59
an average of $152.03 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Heart rhythm tracing, analysis, and interpretation of 48-... +

Heart rhythm tracing, analysis, and interpretation of 48-hour ekg ×

Service Code: 93227
Performed in an office
145
times performed,
3% of his services

10th 55th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

130
patients got this service, 12% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$28,627.35an average of $197.43 per time performed $2,929.00
an average of $20.20 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted ... +

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted blood flow rate, direction, and valve function ×

Service Code: 93306
Performed in a facility
135
times performed,
3% of his services

11th 3rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

134
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$30,757.05an average of $227.83 per time performed $6,319.35
an average of $46.81 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretat... +

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93000
Performed in an office
119
times performed,
2% of his services

12th 4th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

92
patients got this service, 9% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$13,783.77an average of $115.83 per time performed $1,368.50
an average of $11.50 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Heart rhythm tracing of 48-hour ekg

Service Code: 93225
Performed in an office
116
times performed,
2% of his services

13th 73rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

108
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$32,454.48an average of $279.78 per time performed $2,177.32
an average of $18.77 per time performed
medical
ADMINISTRATIVE

Technetium tc-99m tetrofosmin, diagnostic, per study dose +

Technetium tc-99m tetrofosmin, diagnostic, per study dose ×

Service Code: A9502
Performed in an office
111
times performed,
2% of his services

14th 27th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

56
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$17,745.57an average of $159.87 per time performed $9,400.59
an average of $84.69 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Nuclear medicine study of vessels of heart using drugs or... +

Nuclear medicine study of vessels of heart using drugs or exercise multiple studies ×

Service Code: 78452
Performed in an office
110
times performed,
2% of his services

15th 18th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

110
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$148,482.40an average of $1,349.84 per time performed $38,207.40
an average of $347.34 per time performed
medical
ADMINISTRATIVE

Technetium tc-99m sestamibi, diagnostic, per study dose

Service Code: A9500
Performed in an office
106
times performed,
2% of his services

16th 15th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

53
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$29,287.80an average of $276.30 per time performed $6,149.06
an average of $58.01 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Routine electrocardiogram (ekg) using at least 12 leads w... +

Routine electrocardiogram (ekg) using at least 12 leads with interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93010
Performed in a facility
93
times performed,
2% of his services

17th 1st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

77
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$3,941.34an average of $42.38 per time performed $598.92
an average of $6.44 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 4... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 45 minutes ×

Service Code: 99204
Performed in an office
92
times performed,
2% of his services

18th 21st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

92
patients got this service, 9% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$32,165.96an average of $349.63 per time performed $10,161.40
an average of $110.45 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 35 minutes ... +

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 35 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99233
Performed in a facility
73
times performed,
1% of his services

19th 13th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

64
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.8)
$16,195.78an average of $221.86 per time performed $5,711.52
an average of $78.24 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Evaluation of parameters of single, dual, or multiple lea... +

Evaluation of parameters of single, dual, or multiple lead pacemaker including device connection, recording, and disconnection ×

Service Code: 93288
Performed in an office
66
times performed,
1% of his services

20th 45th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

50
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$8,987.22an average of $136.17 per time performed $1,710.06
an average of $25.91 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound examination and continuous monitoring of the h... +

Ultrasound examination and continuous monitoring of the heart performed during rest, exercise, and/or drug-induced stress with interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93351
Performed in an office
54
times performed,
1% of his services

21st 74th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

53
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$44,944.74an average of $832.31 per time performed $9,654.12
an average of $178.78 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 40 minutes ×

Service Code: 99215
Performed in an office
53
times performed,
1% of his services

22nd 25th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

46
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$16,319.23an average of $307.91 per time performed $5,575.07
an average of $105.19 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound scanning of blood flow (outside the brain) on ... +

Ultrasound scanning of blood flow (outside the brain) on both sides of head and neck ×

Service Code: 93880
Performed in an office
45
times performed,
0.86% of his services

23rd 32nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

45
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$25,146.90an average of $558.82 per time performed $4,798.35
an average of $106.63 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, p... +

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, platelets), automated test ×

Service Code: 85025
Performed in an office
38
times performed,
0.73% of his services

24th 51st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

36
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$1,309.86an average of $34.47 per time performed $386.08
an average of $10.16 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Remote evaluations of defibrillator transmissions, techni... +

Remote evaluations of defibrillator transmissions, technician review, support and distribution of results up to 90 days ×

Service Code: 93296
Performed in an office
35
times performed,
0.67% of his services

25th 29th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

16
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
2.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$3,853.85an average of $110.11 per time performed $591.15
an average of $16.89 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, basic group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80048
Performed in an office
31
times performed,
0.6% of his services

26th 28th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

30
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$1,319.05an average of $42.55 per time performed $309.07
an average of $9.97 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Insertion of catheter in left heart for imaging of blood ... +

Insertion of catheter in left heart for imaging of blood vessels or grafts and left lower heart ×

Service Code: 93458
Performed in a facility
31
times performed,
0.6% of his services

27th 31st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

29
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$30,605.99an average of $987.29 per time performed $7,021.81
an average of $226.51 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test panel for electrolytes (sodium potassium, chlo... +

Blood test panel for electrolytes (sodium potassium, chloride, carbon dioxide) ×

Service Code: 80051
Performed in an office
26
times performed,
0.5% of his services

28th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in NC perform this service

26
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$596.96an average of $22.96 per time performed $101.66
an average of $3.91 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood creatinine level

Service Code: 82565
Performed in an office
26
times performed,
0.5% of his services

29th 204th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

26
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$440.96an average of $16.96 per time performed $74.88
an average of $2.88 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Urea nitrogen level to assess kidney function

Service Code: 84520
Performed in an office
25
times performed,
0.48% of his services

30th 215th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

25
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$373.50an average of $14.94 per time performed $62.75
an average of $2.51 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 40 minutes ×

Service Code: 99215
Performed in a facility
20
times performed,
0.38% of his services

31st 38th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

19
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$6,313.00an average of $315.65 per time performed $1,695.80
an average of $84.79 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Remote evaluations of single, dual, or multiple lead pace... +

Remote evaluations of single, dual, or multiple lead pacemaker with physician analysis, review, and report up to 90 days ×

Service Code: 93294
Performed in an office
20
times performed,
0.38% of his services

32nd 39th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1.8
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$2,357.00an average of $117.85 per time performed $454.40
an average of $22.72 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Nuclear medicine study of vessels of heart using drugs or... +

Nuclear medicine study of vessels of heart using drugs or exercise multiple studies ×

Service Code: 78452
Performed in a facility
19
times performed,
0.37% of his services

33rd 17th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

18
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$5,167.05an average of $271.95 per time performed $1,093.26
an average of $57.54 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress te... +

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress test with ekg monitoring and physician supervision ×

Service Code: 93016
Performed in a facility
18
times performed,
0.35% of his services

34th 19th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

17
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,548.00an average of $86.00 per time performed $289.98
an average of $16.11 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress te... +

Exercise or drug-induced heart and blood vessel stress test with ekg monitoring, physician interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93018
Performed in a facility
18
times performed,
0.35% of his services

35th 14th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

17
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,259.00an average of $125.50 per time performed $189.18
an average of $10.51 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Doppler ultrasound study of heart blood flow, valves, and... +

Doppler ultrasound study of heart blood flow, valves, and chambers ×

Service Code: 93320
Performed in an office
16
times performed,
0.31% of his services

36th 95th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

16
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$9,532.96an average of $595.81 per time performed $647.68
an average of $40.48 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Doppler ultrasound study of color-directed heart blood fl... +

Doppler ultrasound study of color-directed heart blood flow, rate, and valve function ×

Service Code: 93325
Performed in an office
16
times performed,
0.31% of his services

37th 96th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

16
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$12,556.00an average of $784.75 per time performed $307.04
an average of $19.19 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides)

Service Code: 80061
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.29% of his services

38th 36th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

14
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$813.00an average of $54.20 per time performed $195.15
an average of $13.01 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Liver function blood test panel

Service Code: 80076
Performed in an office
14
times performed,
0.27% of his services

39th 77th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$440.02an average of $31.43 per time performed $118.44
an average of $8.46 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Evaluation of defibrillator including connection, recordi... +

Evaluation of defibrillator including connection, recording and disconnection ×

Service Code: 93289
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.25% of his services

40th 91st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$2,627.95an average of $202.15 per time performed $570.70
an average of $43.90 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Insertion of catheter in right and left heart for imaging... +

Insertion of catheter in right and left heart for imaging of blood vessels or grafts and left lower heart ×

Service Code: 93460
Performed in a facility
12
times performed,
0.23% of his services

41st 120th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$15,305.04an average of $1,275.42 per time performed $3,613.08
an average of $301.09 per time performed

Office Visits

Medicare reimburses office visits using a five-point scale, with five being the most intensive and costly. The chart below shows what percentage of this provider’s office visits were reimbursed at each level. A higher than average proportion of costly visits is not necessarily an indication of a problem, but it may be worth asking about.

Hover over each slice to see percentage breakdown.

Bruce J. Kowalski
Average for Cardiovascular Disease Providers in North Carolina

Notes: Medicare redacted this data for any services provided to fewer than 11 patients. The contact information listed above is the most current we have for this provider. The services listed on this page may have been delivered at a previous address or as part of a different practice.

Incorrect Info? If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to checkup@propublica.org and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to checkup@propublica.org. Here's a link to Medicare's data on this provider.

Sources: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, American Medical Association

Services that begin with a letter come from CMS. All other codes and descriptions of the medical procedures are from the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code set, copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Where practical, AMA’s consumer friendly translation of the CPT descriptor was used. ProPublica has received permission from the AMA to use these codes on this site.

Read our methodology.