Treatment Tracker

The Doctors and Services in Medicare Part B

How This Provider Compares

This Provider

Avg in State & Specialty

Providers in this state and specialty were reimbursed, on average, $213 per patient in 2015.
They performed about 10 services per patient. Here’s how this provider compares.

Number of
Patients
695
Rank: 126th
out of 1,074 providers in this state & specialty
Services
Performed
11,483
Rank: 81st
out of 1,074 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Services
Per Patient
16.5 This Provider
Avg 9.8
Total Paid
by Medicare
$287K
Rank: 36th
out of 1,074 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Paid
Per Patient
$413 This Provider is in the top 10%
Avg $213

How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all of his Part B patients.

This Provider's Services

This provider performed 111 different services in 2015
(62 were redacted as they were performed on less than 11 patients)

All Services

Show Only:

Drug Services
Medical Services
CATEGORY
Description of Service
Times Performed (or Units) This Service's Rank Patients Unique Visits
Per Patient
Billed to Medicare Payments from Medicare
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 25 minutes ×

Service Code: 99214
Performed in an office
2,157
times performed,
19% of his services

1st 3rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

609
patients got this service, 88% of his patients
3.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.2)
$312,765.00an average of $145.00 per time performed $140,744.25
an average of $65.25 per time performed
medical
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample +

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample ×

Service Code: 36415
Performed in an office
1,367
times performed,
12% of his services

2nd 4th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

572
patients got this service, 82% of his patients
2.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$16,404.00an average of $12.00 per time performed $3,964.30
an average of $2.90 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Injection of allergenic extracts into skin, accessed thro... +

Injection of allergenic extracts into skin, accessed through the skin ×

Service Code: 95004
Performed in an office
1,200
times performed,
10% of his services

3rd 30th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

24
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$12,000.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $5,076.00
an average of $4.23 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Preparation and provision of single or multiple antigens ... +

Preparation and provision of single or multiple antigens for allergen immunotherapy ×

Service Code: 95165
Performed in an office
1,108
times performed,
10% of his services

4th 16th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

16
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
3.9
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 4.1)
$23,256.92an average of $20.99 per time performed $9,883.36
an average of $8.92 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 15 minutes ×

Service Code: 99213
Performed in an office
953
times performed,
8% of his services

5th 2nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

432
patients got this service, 62% of his patients
2.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.3)
$95,300.00an average of $100.00 per time performed $42,418.03
an average of $44.51 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Injection, triamcinolone acetonide, not otherwise specif... +

Injection, triamcinolone acetonide, not otherwise specified, 10 mg ×

Service Code: J3301
Performed in an office
470
times performed,
4% of his services

6th 14th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

94
patients got this service, 14% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$4,700.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $615.70
an average of $1.31 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Injection, ceftriaxone sodium, per 250 mg

Service Code: J0696
Performed in an office
452
times performed,
4% of his services

7th 15th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

88
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$7,232.00an average of $16.00 per time performed $216.96
an average of $0.48 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of chest, 2 views, front and side

Service Code: 71020
Performed in an office
420
times performed,
4% of his services

8th 17th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

259
patients got this service, 37% of his patients
1.6
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$29,400.00an average of $70.00 per time performed $7,060.20
an average of $16.81 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Injection beneath the skin or into muscle for therapy, di... +

Injection beneath the skin or into muscle for therapy, diagnosis, or prevention ×

Service Code: 96372
Performed in an office
408
times performed,
4% of his services

9th 10th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

163
patients got this service, 23% of his patients
2.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$17,136.00an average of $42.00 per time performed $6,311.76
an average of $15.47 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Drug screen, other than chromatographic; any number of dr... +

Drug screen, other than chromatographic; any number of drug classes, by clia waived test or moderate complexity test, per patient encounter ×

Service Code: G0434
Performed in an office
324
times performed,
3% of his services

10th 87th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

102
patients got this service, 15% of his patients
3.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.1)
$12,279.60an average of $37.90 per time performed $6,237.00
an average of $19.25 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretat... +

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93000
Performed in an office
275
times performed,
2% of his services

11th 34th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

257
patients got this service, 37% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$13,725.25an average of $49.91 per time performed $2,827.00
an average of $10.28 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Urinalysis, manual test

Service Code: 81002
Performed in an office
265
times performed,
2% of his services

12th 37th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

174
patients got this service, 25% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$3,180.00an average of $12.00 per time performed $869.20
an average of $3.28 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, clotting time

Service Code: 85610
Performed in an office
224
times performed,
2% of his services

13th 13th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

37
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
6.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 6.7)
$4,480.00an average of $20.00 per time performed $1,173.76
an average of $5.24 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood glucose (sugar) test performed by hand-held instrument +

Blood glucose (sugar) test performed by hand-held instrument ×

Service Code: 82962
Performed in an office
208
times performed,
2% of his services

14th 73rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

109
patients got this service, 16% of his patients
1.9
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.1)
$1,456.00an average of $7.00 per time performed $651.04
an average of $3.13 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Respiratory inhaled pressure or nonpressure treatment to ... +

Respiratory inhaled pressure or nonpressure treatment to relieve airway obstruction or for sputum specimen ×

Service Code: 94640
Performed in an office
107
times performed,
0.93% of his services

15th 136th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

97
patients got this service, 14% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$3,424.00an average of $32.00 per time performed $1,332.15
an average of $12.45 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Vaccine for influenza for injection into muscle, patient ... +

Vaccine for influenza for injection into muscle, patient 3 years and older ×

Service Code: 90656
Performed in an office
103
times performed,
0.9% of his services

16th 130th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

102
patients got this service, 15% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,575.00an average of $25.00 per time performed $1,401.83
an average of $13.61 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Administration of influenza virus vaccine

Service Code: G0008
Performed in an office
102
times performed,
0.89% of his services

17th 8th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

101
patients got this service, 15% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$4,284.00an average of $42.00 per time performed $2,279.70
an average of $22.35 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Injection, ketorolac tromethamine, per 15 mg

Service Code: J1885
Performed in an office
101
times performed,
0.88% of his services

18th 62nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

26
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$1,010.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $49.49
an average of $0.49 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Measurement and graphic recording of the amount and speed... +

Measurement and graphic recording of the amount and speed of breathed air, before and following medication administration ×

Service Code: 94060
Performed in an office
90
times performed,
0.78% of his services

19th 224th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

88
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$9,900.00an average of $110.00 per time performed $3,550.50
an average of $39.45 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of knee, 1 or 2 views

Service Code: 73560
Performed in an office
65
times performed,
0.57% of his services

20th 96th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

51
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,409.90an average of $52.46 per time performed $1,086.80
an average of $16.72 per time performed
medical
MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM

Aspiration and/or injection of large joint or joint capsule +

Aspiration and/or injection of large joint or joint capsule ×

Service Code: 20610
Performed in an office
65
times performed,
0.57% of his services

21st 60th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

48
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$9,660.30an average of $148.62 per time performed $2,693.60
an average of $41.44 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Annual wellness visit, includes a personalized prevention... +

Annual wellness visit, includes a personalized prevention plan of service (pps), subsequent visit ×

Service Code: G0439
Performed in an office
53
times performed,
0.46% of his services

22nd 27th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

53
patients got this service, 8% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$8,480.00an average of $160.00 per time performed $5,603.69
an average of $105.73 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of lower and sacral spine, 2 or 3 views

Service Code: 72100
Performed in an office
50
times performed,
0.44% of his services

23rd 82nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

44
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,250.00an average of $65.00 per time performed $1,139.50
an average of $22.79 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 3... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 30 minutes ×

Service Code: 99203
Performed in an office
48
times performed,
0.42% of his services

24th 50th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

48
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$7,440.00an average of $155.00 per time performed $2,322.72
an average of $48.39 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Imaging of abdomen

Service Code: 74020
Performed in an office
45
times performed,
0.39% of his services

25th 206th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

43
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$3,375.00an average of $75.00 per time performed $951.30
an average of $21.14 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of shoulder, minimum of 2 views

Service Code: 73030
Performed in an office
40
times performed,
0.35% of his services

26th 114th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

33
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,600.00an average of $65.00 per time performed $768.80
an average of $19.22 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound study of arteries of both arms and legs

Service Code: 93923
Performed in an office
38
times performed,
0.33% of his services

27th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in AR perform this service

38
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$11,210.00an average of $295.00 per time performed $3,667.00
an average of $96.50 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Physician re-certification for medicare-covered home heal... +

Physician re-certification for medicare-covered home health services under a home health plan of care (patient not present), including contacts with home health agency and review of reports of patient status required by physicians to affirm the initial im ×

Service Code: G0179
Performed in an office
33
times performed,
0.29% of his services

28th 67th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
2.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.2)
$1,980.00an average of $60.00 per time performed $948.75
an average of $28.75 per time performed
medical

Transitional care management services, highly complexity,... +

Transitional care management services, highly complexity, requiring face-to-face visits within 7 days of discharge ×

Service Code: 99496
Performed in an office
32
times performed,
0.28% of his services

29th 131st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

30
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$9,040.00an average of $282.50 per time performed $5,374.08
an average of $167.94 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of foot, minimum of 3 views

Service Code: 73630
Performed in an office
32
times performed,
0.28% of his services

30th 155th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

30
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,760.00an average of $55.00 per time performed $565.44
an average of $17.67 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Physician certification for medicare-covered home health ... +

Physician certification for medicare-covered home health services under a home health plan of care (patient not present), including contacts with home health agency and review of reports of patient status required by physicians to affirm the initial imple ×

Service Code: G0180
Performed in an office
32
times performed,
0.28% of his services

31st 79th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

29
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$2,560.00an average of $80.00 per time performed $1,203.52
an average of $37.61 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Detection test for influenza virus

Service Code: 87804
Performed in an office
31
times performed,
0.27% of his services

32nd 57th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

30
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$775.00an average of $25.00 per time performed $372.31
an average of $12.01 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Smoking and tobacco cessation counseling visit for the as... +

Smoking and tobacco cessation counseling visit for the asymptomatic patient; intermediate, greater than 3 minutes, up to 10 minutes ×

Service Code: G0436
Performed in an office
29
times performed,
0.25% of his services

33rd 108th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

27
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$628.14an average of $21.66 per time performed $383.38
an average of $13.22 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of both hips minimum 2 views

Service Code: 73520
Performed in an office
28
times performed,
0.24% of his services

34th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in AR perform this service

27
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$2,100.00an average of $75.00 per time performed $746.48
an average of $26.66 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 4... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 45 minutes ×

Service Code: 99204
Performed in an office
26
times performed,
0.23% of his services

35th 72nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

26
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$6,110.00an average of $235.00 per time performed $2,390.44
an average of $91.94 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 40 minutes ×

Service Code: 99215
Performed in an office
26
times performed,
0.23% of his services

36th 54th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

25
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$4,810.00an average of $185.00 per time performed $2,429.70
an average of $93.45 per time performed
medical
SKIN, HAIR AND NAILS

Destruction of skin growth

Service Code: 17000
Performed in an office
23
times performed,
0.2% of his services

37th 83rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

22
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$5,175.00an average of $225.00 per time performed $943.92
an average of $41.04 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Annual alcohol misuse screening, 15 minutes

Service Code: G0442
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.18% of his services

38th 182nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

21
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$588.00an average of $28.00 per time performed $342.30
an average of $16.30 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Annual depression screening, 15 minutes

Service Code: G0444
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.18% of his services

39th 116th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

21
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$588.00an average of $28.00 per time performed $342.30
an average of $16.30 per time performed
medical
AUDITORY SYSTEM

Removal of impact ear wax, one ear

Service Code: 69210
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.18% of his services

40th 102nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

20
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$2,058.00an average of $98.00 per time performed $599.34
an average of $28.54 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of spine of neck, 2 or 3 views

Service Code: 72040
Performed in an office
20
times performed,
0.17% of his services

41st 147th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

18
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,260.00an average of $63.00 per time performed $460.60
an average of $23.03 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Determination of lung volumes using plethysmography

Service Code: 94726
Performed in an office
16
times performed,
0.14% of his services

42nd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in AR perform this service

15
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$1,440.00an average of $90.00 per time performed $481.92
an average of $30.12 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of ankle, minimum of 3 views

Service Code: 73610
Performed in an office
16
times performed,
0.14% of his services

43rd 248th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

14
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$880.00an average of $55.00 per time performed $288.48
an average of $18.03 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound scanning of blood flow (outside the brain) on ... +

Ultrasound scanning of blood flow (outside the brain) on both sides of head and neck ×

Service Code: 93880
Performed in an office
15
times performed,
0.13% of his services

44th 181st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$5,775.00an average of $385.00 per time performed $1,581.00
an average of $105.40 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Strep test (streptococcus, group a)

Service Code: 87880
Performed in an office
14
times performed,
0.12% of his services

45th 104th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

14
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$336.00an average of $24.00 per time performed $168.14
an average of $12.01 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted ... +

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted blood flow rate, direction, and valve function ×

Service Code: 93306
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.11% of his services

46th 162nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

13
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,705.00an average of $285.00 per time performed $1,347.32
an average of $103.64 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

X-ray of hand, minimum of 3 views

Service Code: 73130
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.11% of his services

47th 312th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

13
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$715.00an average of $55.00 per time performed $215.93
an average of $16.61 per time performed
medical

Transitional care management services, moderately complex... +

Transitional care management services, moderately complexity, requiring face-to-face visits within 14 days of discharge ×

Service Code: 99495
Performed in an office
13
times performed,
0.11% of his services

48th 103rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$2,600.00an average of $200.00 per time performed $1,553.50
an average of $119.50 per time performed
drug
DRUGS

Injection, promethazine hcl, up to 50 mg

Service Code: J2550
Performed in an office
11
times performed,
0.1% of his services

49th 167th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 3.1)
$55.00an average of $5.00 per time performed $13.75
an average of $1.25 per time performed

Office Visits

Medicare reimburses office visits using a five-point scale, with five being the most intensive and costly. The chart below shows what percentage of this provider’s office visits were reimbursed at each level. A higher than average proportion of costly visits is not necessarily an indication of a problem, but it may be worth asking about.

Hover over each slice to see percentage breakdown.

Michael S Higginbotham
Average for Family Medicine Providers in Arkansas

Notes: Medicare redacted this data for any services provided to fewer than 11 patients. The contact information listed above is the most current we have for this provider. The services listed on this page may have been delivered at a previous address or as part of a different practice.

Incorrect Info? If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to [email protected] and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to [email protected]. Here's a link to Medicare's data on this provider.

Sources: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, American Medical Association

Services that begin with a letter come from CMS. All other codes and descriptions of the medical procedures are from the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code set, copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Where practical, AMA’s consumer friendly translation of the CPT descriptor was used. ProPublica has received permission from the AMA to use these codes on this site.

Read our methodology.