Treatment Tracker

The Doctors and Services in Medicare Part B

How This Provider Compares

This Provider

Avg in State & Specialty

Providers in this state and specialty were reimbursed, on average, $266 per patient in 2015.
They performed about 9 services per patient. Here’s how this provider compares.

Number of
Patients
1,098
Rank: 87th
out of 1,056 providers in this state & specialty
Services
Performed
10,679
Rank: 130th
out of 1,056 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Services
Per Patient
9.7 This Provider
Avg 8.6
Total Paid
by Medicare
$295K
Rank: 122nd
out of 1,056 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Paid
Per Patient
$269 This Provider
Avg $266

Note: About 12% of this provider’s Medicare payments were for drugs administered in his office.
This is intended to reimburse the provider for purchasing the drugs, plus an additional percentage for overhead.

How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all of his Part B patients.

This Provider's Services

This provider performed 78 different services in 2015
(30 were redacted as they were performed on less than 11 patients)

All Services

Show Only:

Drug Services
Medical Services
CATEGORY
Description of Service
Times Performed (or Units) This Service's Rank Patients Unique Visits
Per Patient
Billed to Medicare Payments from Medicare
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 15 minutes ×

Service Code: 99213
Performed in an office
1,089
times performed,
10% of his services

1st 4th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

592
patients got this service, 54% of his patients
1.8
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.1)
$92,565.00an average of $85.00 per time performed $45,596.43
an average of $41.87 per time performed
medical
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample +

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample ×

Service Code: 36415
Performed in an office
944
times performed,
9% of his services

2nd 5th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

600
patients got this service, 55% of his patients
1.6
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2)
$11,328.00an average of $12.00 per time performed $2,775.36
an average of $2.94 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides)

Service Code: 80061
Performed in an office
903
times performed,
8% of his services

3rd 12th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

614
patients got this service, 56% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$22,575.00an average of $25.00 per time performed $10,185.84
an average of $11.28 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, p... +

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, platelets), automated test ×

Service Code: 85025
Performed in an office
636
times performed,
6% of his services

4th 8th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

584
patients got this service, 53% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$12,402.00an average of $19.50 per time performed $6,493.56
an average of $10.21 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope +

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope ×

Service Code: 81001
Performed in an office
633
times performed,
6% of his services

5th 43rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

581
patients got this service, 53% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$6,330.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $2,652.27
an average of $4.19 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, comprehensive group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80053
Performed in an office
596
times performed,
6% of his services

6th 10th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

583
patients got this service, 53% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$17,880.00an average of $30.00 per time performed $7,998.32
an average of $13.42 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 25 minutes ×

Service Code: 99214
Performed in an office
550
times performed,
5% of his services

7th 2nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

545
patients got this service, 50% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.4)
$68,750.00an average of $125.00 per time performed $33,247.50
an average of $60.45 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Annual wellness visit, includes a personalized prevention... +

Annual wellness visit, includes a personalized prevention plan of service (pps), subsequent visit ×

Service Code: G0439
Performed in an office
522
times performed,
5% of his services

8th 29th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

522
patients got this service, 48% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$53,891.28an average of $103.24 per time performed $51,599.70
an average of $98.85 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Routine electrocardiogram (ekg) using at least 12 leads w... +

Routine electrocardiogram (ekg) using at least 12 leads with interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93010
Performed in a facility
336
times performed,
3% of his services

9th 13th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

289
patients got this service, 26% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$16,800.00an average of $50.00 per time performed $2,143.68
an average of $6.38 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Liver enzyme (sgpt), level

Service Code: 84460
Performed in an office
321
times performed,
3% of his services

10th 124th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

319
patients got this service, 29% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$3,210.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $1,473.39
an average of $4.59 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Hemoglobin a1c level

Service Code: 83036
Performed in an office
292
times performed,
3% of his services

11th 15th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

174
patients got this service, 16% of his patients
1.7
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.8)
$5,840.00an average of $20.00 per time performed $3,702.56
an average of $12.68 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 15 minutes ... +

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 15 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99231
Performed in a facility
279
times performed,
3% of his services

12th 16th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

82
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
2.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.7)
$14,000.22an average of $50.18 per time performed $8,185.86
an average of $29.34 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Thyroxine (thyroid chemical) measurement

Service Code: 84439
Performed in an office
258
times performed,
2% of his services

13th 38th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

181
patients got this service, 16% of his patients
1.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$7,224.00an average of $28.00 per time performed $3,088.26
an average of $11.97 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, thyroid stimulating hormone (tsh)

Service Code: 84443
Performed in an office
258
times performed,
2% of his services

14th 17th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

181
patients got this service, 16% of his patients
1.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$7,740.00an average of $30.00 per time performed $5,717.28
an average of $22.16 per time performed
drug
TEMPORARY CODES

Influenza virus vaccine, split virus, when administered t... +

Influenza virus vaccine, split virus, when administered to individuals 3 years of age and older, for intramuscular use (fluvirin) ×

Service Code: Q2037
Performed in an office
254
times performed,
2% of his services

15th 31st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

254
patients got this service, 23% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$5,588.00an average of $22.00 per time performed $3,901.44
an average of $15.36 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Administration of influenza virus vaccine

Service Code: G0008
Performed in an office
252
times performed,
2% of his services

16th 19th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

252
patients got this service, 23% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$7,056.00an average of $28.00 per time performed $5,576.76
an average of $22.13 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Administration of pneumococcal vaccine

Service Code: G0009
Performed in an office
179
times performed,
2% of his services

17th 32nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

178
patients got this service, 16% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$5,020.95an average of $28.05 per time performed $3,903.99
an average of $21.81 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Pneumococcal vaccine for injection into muscle

Service Code: 90670
Performed in an office
179
times performed,
2% of his services

18th 34th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

178
patients got this service, 16% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$31,325.00an average of $175.00 per time performed $28,904.92
an average of $161.48 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretat... +

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93000
Performed in an office
143
times performed,
1% of his services

19th 28th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

140
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$8,008.00an average of $56.00 per time performed $1,432.86
an average of $10.02 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Colorectal cancer screening; fecal occult blood test, imm... +

Colorectal cancer screening; fecal occult blood test, immunoassay, 1-3 simultaneous ×

Service Code: G0328
Performed in an office
139
times performed,
1% of his services

20th 131st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

139
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$4,865.00an average of $35.00 per time performed $2,949.58
an average of $21.22 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 25 minutes ... +

Subsequent hospital inpatient care, typically 25 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99232
Performed in a facility
129
times performed,
1% of his services

21st 3rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

55
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
2.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.7)
$10,794.72an average of $83.68 per time performed $6,883.44
an average of $53.36 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Creatinine level to test for kidney function or muscle in... +

Creatinine level to test for kidney function or muscle injury ×

Service Code: 82570
Performed in an office
127
times performed,
1% of his services

22nd 44th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

127
patients got this service, 12% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$1,270.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $869.95
an average of $6.85 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Urine microalbumin (protein) analysis

Service Code: 82044
Performed in an office
126
times performed,
1% of his services

23rd 83rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

126
patients got this service, 11% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,260.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $394.38
an average of $3.13 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood glucose (sugar) level

Service Code: 82947
Performed in an office
111
times performed,
1% of his services

24th 46th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

110
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2.2)
$1,332.00an average of $12.00 per time performed $537.24
an average of $4.84 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, clotting time

Service Code: 85610
Performed in an office
107
times performed,
1% of his services

25th 22nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

28
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
3.8
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 6.5)
$1,070.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $560.68
an average of $5.24 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 70 minutes per... +

Initial hospital inpatient care, typically 70 minutes per day ×

Service Code: 99223
Performed in a facility
86
times performed,
0.81% of his services

26th 20th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

76
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$17,557.76an average of $204.16 per time performed $12,862.16
an average of $149.56 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Hospital discharge day management, 30 minutes or less

Service Code: 99238
Performed in a facility
85
times performed,
0.8% of his services

27th 25th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

72
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.2)
$8,084.35an average of $95.11 per time performed $4,639.30
an average of $54.58 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Prostate cancer screening; prostate specific antigen test... +

Prostate cancer screening; prostate specific antigen test (psa) ×

Service Code: G0103
Performed in an office
78
times performed,
0.73% of his services

28th 73rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

78
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,042.00an average of $39.00 per time performed $1,864.20
an average of $23.90 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 5 minutes ×

Service Code: 99211
Performed in an office
72
times performed,
0.67% of his services

29th 60th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

26
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
2.8
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 4.6)
$2,160.00an average of $30.00 per time performed $815.04
an average of $11.32 per time performed
medical
RADIOLOGY

Bone density measurement using dedicated x-ray machine

Service Code: 77080
Performed in an office
66
times performed,
0.62% of his services

30th 70th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

66
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$7,590.00an average of $115.00 per time performed $2,424.18
an average of $36.73 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Injection beneath the skin or into muscle for therapy, di... +

Injection beneath the skin or into muscle for therapy, diagnosis, or prevention ×

Service Code: 96372
Performed in an office
66
times performed,
0.62% of his services

31st 7th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

22
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2)
$1,848.00an average of $28.00 per time performed $1,070.52
an average of $16.22 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Stool analysis for blood

Service Code: 82274
Performed in an office
64
times performed,
0.6% of his services

32nd 141st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

64
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,600.00an average of $25.00 per time performed $1,330.56
an average of $20.79 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Administration of 1 vaccine

Service Code: 90471
Performed in an office
63
times performed,
0.59% of his services

33rd 68th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

63
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,764.00an average of $28.00 per time performed $791.28
an average of $12.56 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 10 minutes ×

Service Code: 99212
Performed in an office
61
times performed,
0.57% of his services

34th 48th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

54
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$3,050.00an average of $50.00 per time performed $1,307.23
an average of $21.43 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Smoking and tobacco use intermediate counseling, greater ... +

Smoking and tobacco use intermediate counseling, greater than 3 minutes up to 10 minutes ×

Service Code: 99406
Performed in an office
57
times performed,
0.53% of his services

35th 224th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

38
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$1,026.00an average of $18.00 per time performed $425.22
an average of $7.46 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Initial preventive physical examination; face-to-face vis... +

Initial preventive physical examination; face-to-face visit, services limited to new beneficiary during the first 12 months of medicare enrollment ×

Service Code: G0402
Performed in an office
38
times performed,
0.36% of his services

36th 157th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

38
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$6,700.16an average of $176.32 per time performed $5,558.26
an average of $146.27 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, basic group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80048
Performed in an office
38
times performed,
0.36% of his services

37th 33rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

34
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$722.00an average of $19.00 per time performed $382.28
an average of $10.06 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Vaccine for tetanus, diphtheria toxoids and acellular per... +

Vaccine for tetanus, diphtheria toxoids and acellular pertussis (whooping cough) for injection into muscle, patient 7 years or older ×

Service Code: 90715
Performed in an office
31
times performed,
0.29% of his services

38th 213th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

31
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$1,550.00an average of $50.00 per time performed $607.60
an average of $19.60 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood glucose (sugar) measurement using reagent strip

Service Code: 82948
Performed in an office
31
times performed,
0.29% of his services

39th 135th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

25
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 3.2)
$310.00an average of $10.00 per time performed $130.82
an average of $4.22 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Psa (prostate specific antigen) measurement

Service Code: 84153
Performed in an office
28
times performed,
0.26% of his services

40th 107th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

28
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$1,092.00an average of $39.00 per time performed $667.24
an average of $23.83 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Vaccine for pneumococcal polysaccharide for injection ben... +

Vaccine for pneumococcal polysaccharide for injection beneath the skin or into muscle, patient 2 years or older ×

Service Code: 90732
Performed in an office
26
times performed,
0.24% of his services

41st 96th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

26
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,158.00an average of $83.00 per time performed $1,827.80
an average of $70.30 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 4... +

New patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 45 minutes ×

Service Code: 99204
Performed in an office
24
times performed,
0.22% of his services

42nd 58th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

24
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$4,200.00an average of $175.00 per time performed $2,464.32
an average of $102.68 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Hospital observation care typically 70 minutes per day

Service Code: 99220
Performed in a facility
23
times performed,
0.22% of his services

43rd 94th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

22
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,910.00an average of $170.00 per time performed $2,855.91
an average of $124.17 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Annual wellness visit; includes a personalized prevention... +

Annual wellness visit; includes a personalized prevention plan of service (pps), initial visit ×

Service Code: G0438
Performed in an office
19
times performed,
0.18% of his services

44th 65th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

19
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$2,937.02an average of $154.58 per time performed $2,878.31
an average of $151.49 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Vaccine for tetanus and diphtheria toxoids injection into... +

Vaccine for tetanus and diphtheria toxoids injection into muscle, patient 7 years or older ×

Service Code: 90714
Performed in an office
14
times performed,
0.13% of his services

45th 303rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

14
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$420.00an average of $30.00 per time performed $185.64
an average of $13.26 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted ... +

Ultrasound examination of heart including color-depicted blood flow rate, direction, and valve function ×

Service Code: 93306
Performed in an office
12
times performed,
0.11% of his services

46th 87th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,600.00an average of $300.00 per time performed $1,827.48
an average of $152.29 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Ultrasound scanning of blood flow (outside the brain) on ... +

Ultrasound scanning of blood flow (outside the brain) on both sides of head and neck ×

Service Code: 93880
Performed in an office
12
times performed,
0.11% of his services

47th 102nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

12
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,120.00an average of $260.00 per time performed $1,645.20
an average of $137.10 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Heart rhythm tracing, analysis, and interpretation of 48-... +

Heart rhythm tracing, analysis, and interpretation of 48-hour ekg ×

Service Code: 93224
Performed in an office
11
times performed,
0.1% of his services

48th 277th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

11
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$3,575.00an average of $325.00 per time performed $558.91
an average of $50.81 per time performed

Office Visits

Medicare reimburses office visits using a five-point scale, with five being the most intensive and costly. The chart below shows what percentage of this provider’s office visits were reimbursed at each level. A higher than average proportion of costly visits is not necessarily an indication of a problem, but it may be worth asking about.

Hover over each slice to see percentage breakdown.

Raghu Mukkamala
Average for Internal Medicine Providers in Alabama

Notes: Medicare redacted this data for any services provided to fewer than 11 patients. The contact information listed above is the most current we have for this provider. The services listed on this page may have been delivered at a previous address or as part of a different practice.

Incorrect Info? If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to [email protected] and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to [email protected]. Here's a link to Medicare's data on this provider.

Sources: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, American Medical Association

Services that begin with a letter come from CMS. All other codes and descriptions of the medical procedures are from the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code set, copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Where practical, AMA’s consumer friendly translation of the CPT descriptor was used. ProPublica has received permission from the AMA to use these codes on this site.

Read our methodology.