Treatment Tracker

The Doctors and Services in Medicare Part B

Treatment Tracker » Maryland » Lutherville

THOMAS POZEFSKY M.D.

10755 FALLS RD SUITE 200, LUTHERVILLE, MD, 21093 | (410) 583-7118

How This Provider Compares

This Provider

Avg in State & Specialty

Providers in this state and specialty were reimbursed, on average, $206 per patient in 2015.
They performed about 5 services per patient. Here’s how this provider compares.

Number of
Patients
1,214
Rank: 2nd
out of 159 providers in this state & specialty
Services
Performed
13,077
Rank: 4th
out of 159 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Services
Per Patient
10.8 This Provider is in the top 10%
Avg 4.7
Total Paid
by Medicare
$234K
Rank: 6th
out of 159 providers in this state & specialty
Avg Paid
Per Patient
$193 This Provider
Avg $206

Note: About 13% of this provider’s Medicare payments were for drugs administered in his office.
This is intended to reimburse the provider for purchasing the drugs, plus an additional percentage for overhead.

How This Provider’s Patients Compare

Doctors often say their patients are sicker or more complex than those of their peers. The measure displayed below, used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, takes into account patients’ characteristics to estimate whether they are expected to have above-average Medicare spending. It considers patients’ age, sex, diagnoses from the past year and other factors. This provider’s score below takes into account all of his Part B patients.

This Provider's Services

This provider performed 80 different services in 2015
(36 were redacted as they were performed on less than 11 patients)

All Services

Show Only:

Drug Services
Medical Services
CATEGORY
Description of Service
Times Performed (or Units) This Service's Rank Patients Unique Visits
Per Patient
Billed to Medicare Payments from Medicare
medical
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample +

Insertion of needle into vein for collection of blood sample ×

Service Code: 36415
Performed in an office
2,289
times performed,
18% of his services

1st 6th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

1,137
patients got this service, 94% of his patients
2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$34,335.00an average of $15.00 per time performed $6,729.66
an average of $2.94 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, p... +

Complete blood cell count (red cells, white blood cell, platelets), automated test ×

Service Code: 85025
Performed in an office
1,453
times performed,
11% of his services

2nd 23rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

939
patients got this service, 77% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$50,855.00an average of $35.00 per time performed $15,024.02
an average of $10.34 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, comprehensive group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80053
Performed in an office
1,356
times performed,
10% of his services

3rd 10th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

919
patients got this service, 76% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$63,311.64an average of $46.69 per time performed $16,000.80
an average of $11.80 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, thyroid stimulating hormone (tsh)

Service Code: 84443
Performed in an office
957
times performed,
7% of his services

4th 9th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

770
patients got this service, 63% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$52,635.00an average of $55.00 per time performed $21,427.23
an average of $22.39 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides)

Service Code: 80061
Performed in an office
791
times performed,
6% of his services

5th 13th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

679
patients got this service, 56% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.4)
$41,108.27an average of $51.97 per time performed $9,270.52
an average of $11.72 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope +

Manual urinalysis test with examination using microscope ×

Service Code: 81001
Performed in an office
774
times performed,
6% of his services

6th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

587
patients got this service, 48% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$15,480.00an average of $20.00 per time performed $3,258.54
an average of $4.21 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Hemoglobin a1c level

Service Code: 83036
Performed in an office
557
times performed,
4% of his services

7th 7th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

358
patients got this service, 29% of his patients
1.6
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$21,166.00an average of $38.00 per time performed $6,895.66
an average of $12.38 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Thyroxine (thyroid chemical) measurement

Service Code: 84439
Performed in an office
412
times performed,
3% of his services

8th 15th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

346
patients got this service, 29% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.5)
$19,776.00an average of $48.00 per time performed $4,939.88
an average of $11.99 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 15 minutes ×

Service Code: 99213
Performed in an office
411
times performed,
3% of his services

9th 3rd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

200
patients got this service, 16% of his patients
2.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 2)
$35,004.87an average of $85.17 per time performed $20,286.96
an average of $49.36 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Vitamin d-3 level

Service Code: 82306
Performed in an office
321
times performed,
2% of his services

10th 20th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

277
patients got this service, 23% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$27,285.00an average of $85.00 per time performed $12,673.08
an average of $39.48 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Uric acid level, blood

Service Code: 84550
Performed in an office
295
times performed,
2% of his services

11th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

260
patients got this service, 21% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$5,015.00an average of $17.00 per time performed $994.15
an average of $3.37 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood test, basic group of blood chemicals

Service Code: 80048
Performed in an office
253
times performed,
2% of his services

12th 36th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

200
patients got this service, 16% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$8,349.00an average of $33.00 per time performed $2,679.27
an average of $10.59 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Red blood cell sedimentation rate, to detect inflammation +

Red blood cell sedimentation rate, to detect inflammation ×

Service Code: 85651
Performed in an office
225
times performed,
2% of his services

13th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

155
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1.5
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$5,625.00an average of $25.00 per time performed $956.25
an average of $4.25 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 40 minutes ×

Service Code: 99215
Performed in an office
201
times performed,
2% of his services

14th 5th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

184
patients got this service, 15% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$34,153.92an average of $169.92 per time performed $19,726.14
an average of $98.14 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretat... +

Routine ekg using at least 12 leads including interpretation and report ×

Service Code: 93000
Performed in an office
200
times performed,
2% of his services

15th 38th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

179
patients got this service, 15% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.1)
$4,108.00an average of $20.54 per time performed $2,672.00
an average of $13.36 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Creatine kinase (cardiac enzyme) level

Service Code: 82550
Performed in an office
164
times performed,
1% of his services

16th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

121
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$3,608.00an average of $22.00 per time performed $765.88
an average of $4.67 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Administration of pneumococcal vaccine

Service Code: G0009
Performed in an office
158
times performed,
1% of his services

17th 51st

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

156
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$6,324.74an average of $40.03 per time performed $4,254.94
an average of $26.93 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Pneumococcal vaccine for injection into muscle

Service Code: 90670
Performed in an office
156
times performed,
1% of his services

18th 52nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

156
patients got this service, 13% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$36,249.72an average of $232.37 per time performed $25,457.64
an average of $163.19 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient, visit typically 25 minutes ×

Service Code: 99214
Performed in an office
148
times performed,
1% of his services

19th 2nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

106
patients got this service, 9% of his patients
1.4
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.9)
$18,890.72an average of $127.64 per time performed $11,433.00
an average of $77.25 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Cyanocobalamin (vitamin b-12) level

Service Code: 82607
Performed in an office
144
times performed,
1% of his services

20th 37th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

132
patients got this service, 11% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.3)
$11,232.00an average of $78.00 per time performed $2,877.12
an average of $19.98 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Prostate cancer screening; prostate specific antigen test... +

Prostate cancer screening; prostate specific antigen test (psa) ×

Service Code: G0103
Performed in an office
143
times performed,
1% of his services

21st Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

143
patients got this service, 12% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$9,295.00an average of $65.00 per time performed $3,507.79
an average of $24.53 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Annual wellness visit, includes a personalized prevention... +

Annual wellness visit, includes a personalized prevention plan of service (pps), subsequent visit ×

Service Code: G0439
Performed in an office
142
times performed,
1% of his services

22nd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

142
patients got this service, 12% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$18,742.58an average of $131.99 per time performed $16,572.82
an average of $116.71 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Stool analysis for blood to screen for colon tumors

Service Code: 82270
Performed in an office
139
times performed,
1% of his services

23rd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

139
patients got this service, 11% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$2,780.00an average of $20.00 per time performed $603.26
an average of $4.34 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Administration of influenza virus vaccine

Service Code: G0008
Performed in an office
126
times performed,
0.96% of his services

24th 22nd

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

123
patients got this service, 10% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1)
$5,045.04an average of $40.04 per time performed $3,404.52
an average of $27.02 per time performed
drug
MEDICINE

Vaccine for influenza for injection into muscle

Service Code: 90662
Performed in an office
115
times performed,
0.88% of his services

25th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

115
patients got this service, 9% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$5,750.00an average of $50.00 per time performed $4,016.95
an average of $34.93 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Iron level

Service Code: 83540
Performed in an office
113
times performed,
0.86% of his services

26th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

94
patients got this service, 8% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$2,825.00an average of $25.00 per time performed $959.37
an average of $8.49 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Psa (prostate specific antigen) measurement

Service Code: 84153
Performed in an office
95
times performed,
0.73% of his services

27th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

81
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$6,175.00an average of $65.00 per time performed $2,330.35
an average of $24.53 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Iron binding capacity

Service Code: 83550
Performed in an office
90
times performed,
0.69% of his services

28th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

73
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$3,150.00an average of $35.00 per time performed $1,028.70
an average of $11.43 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Cholesterol level

Service Code: 82465
Performed in an office
87
times performed,
0.67% of his services

29th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

81
patients got this service, 7% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$1,566.00an average of $18.00 per time performed $325.38
an average of $3.74 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Ferritin (blood protein) level

Service Code: 82728
Performed in an office
87
times performed,
0.67% of his services

30th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

74
patients got this service, 6% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$5,220.00an average of $60.00 per time performed $1,580.79
an average of $18.17 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Kidney function blood test panel

Service Code: 80069
Performed in an office
76
times performed,
0.58% of his services

31st Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

66
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$3,040.00an average of $40.00 per time performed $682.48
an average of $8.98 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Measurement c-reactive protein for detection of infection... +

Measurement c-reactive protein for detection of infection or inflammation ×

Service Code: 86141
Performed in an office
63
times performed,
0.48% of his services

32nd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

58
patients got this service, 5% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$1,890.00an average of $30.00 per time performed $1,088.01
an average of $17.27 per time performed
medical
EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typ... +

Established patient office or other outpatient visit, typically 5 minutes ×

Service Code: 99211
Performed in an office
61
times performed,
0.47% of his services

33rd 39th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

15
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
4.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.7)
$1,454.24an average of $23.84 per time performed $868.03
an average of $14.23 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Phosphate level

Service Code: 84100
Performed in an office
59
times performed,
0.45% of his services

34th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

44
patients got this service, 4% of his patients
1.3
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$885.00an average of $15.00 per time performed $164.02
an average of $2.78 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Liver function blood test panel

Service Code: 80076
Performed in an office
54
times performed,
0.41% of his services

35th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

33
patients got this service, 3% of his patients
1.6
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$2,052.00an average of $38.00 per time performed $474.66
an average of $8.79 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Ldl cholesterol level

Service Code: 83721
Performed in an office
28
times performed,
0.21% of his services

36th 19th

most performed service for this provider most performed service in this state & specialty

26
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
(Peers: 1.6)
$980.00an average of $35.00 per time performed $356.44
an average of $12.73 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Measurement and graphic recording of total and timed exha... +

Measurement and graphic recording of total and timed exhaled air capacity ×

Service Code: 94010
Performed in an office
27
times performed,
0.21% of his services

37th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

27
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$1,190.97an average of $44.11 per time performed $798.39
an average of $29.57 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Blood creatinine level

Service Code: 82565
Performed in an office
23
times performed,
0.18% of his services

38th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

22
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$414.00an average of $18.00 per time performed $86.94
an average of $3.78 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Lactate dehydrogenase (enzyme) level

Service Code: 83615
Performed in an office
23
times performed,
0.18% of his services

39th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

20
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1.2
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$437.00an average of $19.00 per time performed $89.93
an average of $3.91 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Urea nitrogen level to assess kidney function

Service Code: 84520
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.16% of his services

40th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

21
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$336.00an average of $16.00 per time performed $70.56
an average of $3.36 per time performed
medical
MEDICINE

Measurement and graphic recording of the amount and speed... +

Measurement and graphic recording of the amount and speed of breathed air, before and following medication administration ×

Service Code: 94060
Performed in an office
21
times performed,
0.16% of his services

41st Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

21
patients got this service, 2% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$1,533.42an average of $73.02 per time performed $1,048.11
an average of $49.91 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Liver enzyme (sgpt), level

Service Code: 84460
Performed in an office
17
times performed,
0.13% of his services

42nd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

17
patients got this service, 1% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$289.00an average of $17.00 per time performed $67.15
an average of $3.95 per time performed
medical
PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY

Stool analysis for blood

Service Code: 82272
Performed in an office
12
times performed,
0.09% of his services

43rd Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

11
patients got this service, 0.91% of his patients
1.1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$240.00an average of $20.00 per time performed $52.08
an average of $4.34 per time performed
medical
PROCEDURES

Initial preventive physical examination; face-to-face vis... +

Initial preventive physical examination; face-to-face visit, services limited to new beneficiary during the first 12 months of medicare enrollment ×

Service Code: G0402
Performed in an office
11
times performed,
0.08% of his services

44th Alert 634c0670e9b0f4e97fc9f1e1f07be123ffeab88a9de548d41da5a24a8f6054bd

most performed service for this provider 5 or fewer providers in this specialty in MD perform this service

11
patients got this service, 0.91% of his patients
1
average number of visits a patient made for this service
$2,101.55an average of $191.05 per time performed $1,724.80
an average of $156.80 per time performed

Office Visits

Medicare reimburses office visits using a five-point scale, with five being the most intensive and costly. The chart below shows what percentage of this provider’s office visits were reimbursed at each level. A higher than average proportion of costly visits is not necessarily an indication of a problem, but it may be worth asking about.

Hover over each slice to see percentage breakdown.

Thomas Pozefsky
Average for Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Providers in Maryland

Notes: Medicare redacted this data for any services provided to fewer than 11 patients. The contact information listed above is the most current we have for this provider. The services listed on this page may have been delivered at a previous address or as part of a different practice.

Incorrect Info? If you are a provider and you believe your address is incorrect, check the listing you created on the National Provider Identifier registry. If you change your listing, send a note to [email protected] and we will update your information. If you have other questions about this data, send a note to [email protected]. Here's a link to Medicare's data on this provider.

Sources: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, American Medical Association

Services that begin with a letter come from CMS. All other codes and descriptions of the medical procedures are from the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code set, copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Where practical, AMA’s consumer friendly translation of the CPT descriptor was used. ProPublica has received permission from the AMA to use these codes on this site.

Read our methodology.