Skip to content
The Repatriation Database Data from Nov. 29, 2023

Beloit College, Logan Museum of Anthropology

Located in Wisconsin

Beloit College has the 75th largest collection of unrepatriated Native American remains in the U.S. The institution reported still having the remains of at least 100 Native Americans that it has not made available for return to tribes.

The institution has made available for return 61% of the more than 300 Native American remains that it reported to the federal government.

remains of 224 Native Americans made available for return to tribes
remains of at least 145 Native Americans not made available for return

Where Native American remains reported by Beloit College were taken from

Each county is a peak
Height is the minimum amount of remains taken from county, as reported by institution
Color is reported rate of remains made available for return to tribes
Institution reported no remains taken from these counties
Location of institution
Swipe interaction icon
Note: Beloit College reported remains of at least 90 Native Americans with no location information. 0% of these remains were made available for return to tribes.
Under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, when an institution establishes a connection between tribes and remains, it must publish a list of the tribes eligible to make a repatriation claim. The remains are then made available for return to the tribe(s). Once a tribal claim is made, physical transfer may occur. Many remains have been physically returned to tribes, but data on this is spotty because the law does not require institutions to report when these transfers occur.

Timeline of Native American remains made available for return to tribes by Beloit College

Tribal and institutional capacity, funding, staffing, regulatory changes, audits, Review Committee decisions and litigation may influence timelines. Under NAGPRA, institutions determine whether Native American remains may be returned through cultural affiliation using evidence such as tribal traditional knowledge and biological and archaeological links, or through disposition based on geographic affiliation.

How Beloit College compares to other institutions

The amount of Native American remains still held by institutions ranges widely.

Beloit College made Native American remains available for return to 118 tribes.

Institutions often make remains available for return to multiple tribes, so the amount of remains listed below may be counted for more than one tribe.
TribeRemains Made Available for Return To
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma114
Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin111
Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin111
Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of Wisconsin111
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin111
Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin111
St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin111
Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan109
Bay Mills Indian Community, Michigan108
Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota108
Chippewa Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana108
Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma108
Fond du Lac Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota108
Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin108
Grand Portage Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota108
Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan108
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan108
Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Michigan108
Leech Lake Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota108
Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana108
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan108
Mille Lacs Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota108
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota108
Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan (formerly the Huron Potawatomi, Inc.)108
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana108
Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation108
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota108
Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska108
Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma108
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa108
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan108
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Michigan108
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota108
White Earth Band of Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota108
Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota107
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota107
Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin107
Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska107
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma107
Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota107
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma107
Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota107
Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska107
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota107
Upper Sioux Community, Minnesota107
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska107
Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota107
Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin105
Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana104
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota104
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation, South Dakota104
Oglala Sioux Tribe104
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota104
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota104
Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota104
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota104
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota48
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians43
Seminole Tribe of Florida43
The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma43
Osage Nation19
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan16
Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan16
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma16
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma15
Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas13
Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas13
Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma13
Seneca Nation of Indians12
Seneca-Cayuga Nation12
Tonawanda Band of Seneca12
Cayuga Nation9
Oneida Indian Nation in New York9
Oneida Nation of Wisconsin9
Onondaga Nation9
Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe9
Tuscarora Nation9
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma8
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma8
Shawnee Tribe8
Cherokee Nation7
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians7
Quapaw Nation7
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma7
La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians, California5
Pala Band of Mission Indians5
Pauma Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pauma and Yuima Reservation, California5
Pechanga Band of Indians5
Rincon Band of Luiseno Indians5
Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation, California5
Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, California5
Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin4
Bridgeport Indian Colony3
Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California3
California Valley Miwok Tribe, California3
Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria, California3
Chicken Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California3
Delaware Nation, Oklahoma3
Delaware Tribe of Indians3
Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, California3
Ione Band of Miwok Indians of California3
Jackson Band of Miwuk Indians3
Middletown Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California3
Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), California3
Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria of California3
United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California3
Wilton Rancheria, California3
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma2
Kaw Nation, Oklahoma2
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska2
Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma2
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska2
Wyandotte Nation2
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation1
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation1
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon1
Muscogee (Creek) Nation1
Nez Perce Tribe1

Beloit College reported making 25% of more than 4,100 associated funerary objects available for return to tribes.

The funerary objects were taken along with Native American remains reported by the institution.
1,015 associated funerary objects made available for return to tribes
at least 3,117 associated funerary objects not made available for return
Get in touch

Know how an institution is handling repatriation? Have a personal story to share? We'd like to hear from you.

Learn how to report on repatriation

Watch an informational webinar with our reporters.

Sign up for the newsletter
About the Data

This tool presents a dataset maintained by the National Park Service containing all the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects that institutions have reported to the federal government under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. The dataset includes information about the state and county where remains and objects were taken from, which institutions hold them and whether they have been made available for return to tribes.

The data is self-reported by institutions. The amount of unrepatriated Native American remains reported by institutions is a minimum estimate of individuals and institutions frequently adjust these numbers when they reinventory groups of remains. Some institutions that are subject to NAGPRA have also entirely failed to report the remains in their possession. As a result, the numbers provided are best taken as estimates. The actual number and geographic scope of what’s held by publicly funded institutions is larger than what is presently documented.

ProPublica supplemented this dataset with information about cultural affiliation and disposition to specific tribes by systematically parsing the text of Notices of Inventory Completion published in the Federal Register. An additional dataset from the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Tribal Directory Assessment Tool, was used for the section on remains not made available for return from counties that each tribe has indicated interest in to the federal government.

Institution location and tribal headquarters location information was provided by National NAGPRA. The location of some groups that are not federally recognized was provided through research by ProPublica.

Institutions that are part of a larger entity are grouped. (For example, the Mesa Verde National Park is part of the U.S. Department of the Interior.)

Institutions that have not submitted information to the federal government are not listed. The Smithsonian Institution is not listed because its repatriation process falls under the National Museum of the American Indian Act and it is not required to publicly report its holdings with the same detail as institutions subject to NAGPRA.

If you work for an institution and would like to provide comment on your institution’s repatriation efforts, please email [email protected]. If you think the data is incorrect or have a data request, please get in touch. We are aware of some issues with the accuracy of location information and tribes mistakenly being identified for disposition of Native American remains in published notices.

If you want to share something else with ProPublica, we’d like to hear from you.

If you have questions about implementing or complying with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, get in touch with National NAGPRA or the NAGPRA Community of Practice.

We use the word “tribes” to refer to all groups that institutions made Native American remains available to under NAGPRA. This includes tribes, nations, bands, pueblos, communities, Native Alaskan villages, Native Hawaiian organizations and non-federally recognized groups.

Data sources from Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National NAGPRA Program, the Federal Register, Department of Housing and Development, Tribal Directory Assessment Tool