Where Native American remains reported by the Wisconsin Historical Society were taken from
Timeline of Native American remains made available for return to tribes by the Wisconsin Historical Society
How the Wisconsin Historical Society compares to other institutions
The Wisconsin Historical Society made Native American remains available for return to 67 tribes.
|Remains Made Available for Return To
|Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin
|Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska
|Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin
|Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
|Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
|Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Michigan
|Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of Wisconsin
|Bay Mills Indian Community, Michigan
|Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Michigan
|Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin
|St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
|Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan
|Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan
|Leech Lake Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
|Mille Lacs Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
|White Earth Band of Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
|Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma
|Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
|Chippewa Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana
|Fond du Lac Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
|Grand Portage Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
|Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota
|Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota
|Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
|Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan
|Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin
|Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma
|Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan
|Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan
|Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan (formerly the Huron Potawatomi, Inc.)
|Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana
|Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma
|Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation
|Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana
|Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota
|Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota
|Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
|Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation, South Dakota
|Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
|Oglala Sioux Tribe
|Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
|Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota
|Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska
|Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota
|Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota
|Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota
|Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota
|Upper Sioux Community, Minnesota
|Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
|Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin
|Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California and Arizona
|Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
|Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma
|Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa
|Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin
|Oneida Indian Nation in New York
|Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe
|Seneca Nation of Indians
|Tonawanda Band of Seneca
|Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan
|Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan
|Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota
|Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
|Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico
The Wisconsin Historical Society reported Native American remains from two sub-institutions.
|Remains Not Made Available for Return
|Remains Made Available for Return
|% of Remains Made Available for Return
|Wisconsin Historical Society, Museum Division
|Wisconsin Historical Society, Historic Preservation Division
The Wisconsin Historical Society reported making 88% of more than 700 associated funerary objects available for return to tribes.
This tool presents a dataset maintained by the National Park Service containing all the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects that institutions have reported to the federal government under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. The dataset includes information about the state and county where remains and objects were taken from, which institutions hold them and whether they have been made available for return to tribes.
The data is self-reported by institutions. The amount of unrepatriated Native American remains reported by institutions is a minimum estimate of individuals and institutions frequently adjust these numbers when they reinventory groups of remains. Some institutions that are subject to NAGPRA have also entirely failed to report the remains in their possession. As a result, the numbers provided are best taken as estimates. The actual number and geographic scope of what’s held by publicly funded institutions is larger than what is presently documented.
ProPublica supplemented this dataset with information about cultural affiliation and disposition to specific tribes by systematically parsing the text of Notices of Inventory Completion published in the Federal Register. An additional dataset from the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Tribal Directory Assessment Tool, was used for the section on remains not made available for return from counties that each tribe has indicated interest in to the federal government.
Institution location and tribal headquarters location information was provided by National NAGPRA. The location of some groups that are not federally recognized was provided through research by ProPublica.
Institutions that are part of a larger entity are grouped. (For example, the Mesa Verde National Park is part of the U.S. Department of the Interior.)
Institutions that have not submitted information to the federal government are not listed. The Smithsonian Institution is not listed because its repatriation process falls under the National Museum of the American Indian Act and it is not required to publicly report its holdings with the same detail as institutions subject to NAGPRA.
If you work for an institution and would like to provide comment on your institution’s repatriation efforts, please email [email protected]. If you think the data is incorrect or have a data request, please get in touch. We are aware of some issues with the accuracy of location information and tribes mistakenly being identified for disposition of Native American remains in published notices.
If you want to share something else with ProPublica, we’d like to hear from you.
We use the word “tribes” to refer to all groups that institutions made Native American remains available to under NAGPRA. This includes tribes, nations, bands, pueblos, communities, Native Alaskan villages, Native Hawaiian organizations and non-federally recognized groups.