Nominations

Get Recent Nominations by Category

To get lists of presidential nominations for civilian positions, use the following URI structure. This request returns the 20 most recent results for the specified type: received, updated, confirmed or withdrawn.

HTTP Request

GET https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/{congress}/nominees/{type}.json

URL Parameters

Parameter Description
congress 107-115
type received, updated, confirmed, withdrawn

Example Call

curl "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/confirmed.json"
  -H "X-API-Key: PROPUBLICA_API_KEY"

The above command returns JSON structured like this:

{
    "status": "OK",
    "copyright": "Copyright (c) 2017 Pro Publica Inc. All Rights Reserved.",
    "congress": 115,
    "results": [{
        "id": "PN33",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN33.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "name": "Thomas Price",
        "description": "Thomas Price, of Georgia, to be Secretary of Health and Human Services.",
        "nominee_state": "GA",
        "committee_id": "SSFI",
        "committee_uri": "https://api.propublica.org/represent/v1/115/senate/committees/SSFI.json",
        "latest_action_date": "2017-02-10",
        "latest_action_text": "Confirmed by the Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 52 - 47.",
        "organization": "Department of Health and Human Services",
        "status": "Confirmed"
    }, {
        "id": "PN30",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN30.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "name": "Jeff Sessions",
        "description": "Jeff Sessions, of Alabama, to be Attorney General.",
        "nominee_state": "AL",
        "committee_id": "SSJU",
        "committee_uri": "https://api.propublica.org/represent/v1/115/senate/committees/SSJU.json",
        "latest_action_date": "2017-02-08",
        "latest_action_text": "Confirmed by the Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 52 - 47.",
        "organization": "Department of Justice",
        "status": "Confirmed"
    }, {
        "id": "PN35",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN35.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "name": "Elaine L. Chao",
        "description": "Elaine L. Chao, of Kentucky, to be Secretary of Transportation.",
        "nominee_state": "KY",
        "committee_id": "SSCM",
        "committee_uri": "https://api.propublica.org/represent/v1/115/senate/committees/SSCM.json",
        "latest_action_date": "2017-01-31",
        "latest_action_text": "Confirmed by the Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 93 - 6.",
        "organization": "Department of Transportation",
        "status": "Confirmed"
    }, {
        "id": "PN51",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN51.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "name": "Nikki R. Haley",
        "description": "Nikki R. Haley, of South Carolina, to be Representative of the United States of America to the Sessions of the General Assembly of the United Nations during her tenure of service as Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations.",
        "nominee_state": "SC",
        "committee_id": "SSFR",
        "committee_uri": "https://api.propublica.org/represent/v1/115/senate/committees/SSFR.json",
        "latest_action_date": "2017-01-24",
        "latest_action_text": "Confirmed by the Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 96 - 4.",
        "organization": "United Nations",
        "status": "Confirmed"
    }, {
        "id": "PN50",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN50.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "name": "Nikki R. Haley",
        "description": "Nikki R. Haley, of South Carolina, to be the Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and the Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations.",
        "nominee_state": "SC",
        "committee_id": "SSFR",
        "committee_uri": "https://api.propublica.org/represent/v1/115/senate/committees/SSFR.json",
        "latest_action_date": "2017-01-24",
        "latest_action_text": "Confirmed by the Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 96 - 4.",
        "organization": "Department of State",
        "status": "Confirmed"
    }, {
        "id": "PN43",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN43.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "name": "Mike Pompeo",
        "description": "Mike Pompeo, of Kansas, to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, vice John Owen Brennan.",
        "nominee_state": "KS",
        "committee_id": null,
        "committee_uri": null,
        "latest_action_date": "2017-01-23",
        "latest_action_text": "Confirmed by the Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 66 - 32.",
        "organization": "Central Intelligence Agency",
        "status": "Confirmed"
    }, {
        "id": "PN40",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN40.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "name": "John F. Kelly",
        "description": "John F. Kelly, of Virginia, to be Secretary of Homeland Security.",
        "nominee_state": "VA",
        "committee_id": null,
        "committee_uri": null,
        "latest_action_date": "2017-01-20",
        "latest_action_text": "Confirmed by the Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 88 - 11.",
        "organization": "Department of Homeland Security",
        "status": "Confirmed"
    }, {
        "id": "PN29",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN29.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "name": "James Mattis",
        "description": "James Mattis, of Washington, to be Secretary of Defense.",
        "nominee_state": "WA",
        "committee_id": null,
        "committee_uri": null,
        "latest_action_date": "2017-01-20",
        "latest_action_text": "Confirmed by the Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 98 - 1.",
        "organization": "Department of Defense",
        "status": "Confirmed"
    }]
}

Get a Specific Nomination

To get details about a particular presidential civilian nomination, use the following URI structure:

HTTP Request

GET https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/{congress}/nominees/{nominee-id}.json

URL Parameters

Parameter Description
congress 107-115
nominee-id alphanumeric ID beginning with PN - for example, PN675

Example Call

curl "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN40.json"
  -H "X-API-Key: PROPUBLICA_API_KEY"

The above command returns JSON structured like this:

{
    "status": "OK",
    "copyright": "Copyright (c) 2017 Pro Publica Inc. All Rights Reserved.",
    "results": [{
        "congress": 115,
        "id": "PN40",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "description": "John F. Kelly, of Virginia, to be Secretary of Homeland Security.",
        "nominee_state": "VA",
        "committee_uri": null,
        "latest_action_date": "2017-01-20",
        "status": "Confirmed",
        "actions": [{
            "date": "2017-01-20",
            "description": "Confirmed by the Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 88 - 11."
        }, {
            "date": "2017-01-20",
            "description": "Considered by Senate."
        }, {
            "date": "2017-01-20",
            "description": "Received in the Senate."
        }, {
            "date": "2017-01-10",
            "description": "Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. Hearings held prior to introduction and/or referral."
        }],
        "votes": [{
            "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/senate/sessions/1/votes/30.json",
            "date": "2017-01-20",
            "roll_call": 30,
            "question": "On the Nomination",
            "result": "Nomination Confirmed",
            "total_yes": 88,
            "total_no": 11,
            "total_not_voting": 1
        }]
    }]
}

Get Nominees by State

To get a list of presidential civilian nominations of individuals from a specific state, use the following URI structure:

HTTP Request

GET https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/{congress}/nominees/state/{state}.json

URL Parameters

Parameter Description
congress 107-115
state Two-letter state abbreviation

Example Call

curl "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/state/VA.json"
  -H "X-API-Key: PROPUBLICA_API_KEY"

The above command returns JSON structured like this:

{
    "status": "OK",
    "copyright": "Copyright (c) 2017 Pro Publica Inc. All Rights Reserved.",
    "congress": 115,
    "num_results": 4,
    "state": "VA",
    "results": [{
        "id": "PN59",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN59.json",
        "date_received": "2017-02-08",
        "description": "Elaine C. Duke, of Virginia, to be Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security, vice Alejandro Nicholas Mayorkas.",
        "nominee_state": "VA",
        "committee": "Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs",
        "latest_action_date": "2017-02-08",
        "status": "Pending"
    }, {
        "id": "PN58",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN58.json",
        "date_received": "2017-02-01",
        "description": "Steven Andrew Engel, of the District of Columbia, to be an Assistant Attorney General, vice Virginia A. Seitz, resigned.",
        "nominee_state": "VA",
        "committee": "Committee on the Judiciary",
        "latest_action_date": "2017-02-01",
        "status": "Pending"
    }, {
        "id": "PN40",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN40.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-20",
        "description": "John F. Kelly, of Virginia, to be Secretary of Homeland Security.",
        "nominee_state": "VA",
        "committee": null,
        "latest_action_date": "2017-01-20",
        "status": "Confirmed"
    }, {
        "id": "PN7",
        "uri": "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/nominees/PN7.json",
        "date_received": "2017-01-04",
        "description": "Tulinabo Salama Mushingi, of Virginia, a Career Member of the Senior Foreign Service, Class of Counselor, to be Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to the Republic of Senegal, and to serve concurrently and without additional compensation as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.",
        "nominee_state": "VA",
        "committee": "Committee on Foreign Relations",
        "latest_action_date": "2017-01-04",
        "status": "Pending"
    }]
}

Floor Actions

Get Recent House and Senate Floor Actions

To get the latest actions from the House or Senate floor, use the following URI structure. This request returns the 20 most recent results and supports pagination using multiples of 20. The date attribute represents the “legislative day” in which the action took place (actions that occur after midnight often are part of the previous day’s activity).

HTTP Request

GET https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/{congress}/{chamber}/floor_updates.json

URL Parameters

Parameter Description
congress 113-115
chamber house or senate

Example Call

curl "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/115/house/floor_updates.json"
  -H "X-API-Key: PROPUBLICA_API_KEY"

The above command returns JSON structured like this:

{
   "status":"OK",
   "copyright":" Copyright (c) 2017 Pro Publica Inc. All Rights Reserved.",
   "results":[
      {
         "congress": "115",
         "chamber": "Senate",
         "date": "2017-05-02",
         "num_results": 19,
         "offset": 0,
         "floor_actions": [
              {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:19 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate adjourned at 5:59 PM.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:18 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate will convene at 9:30 AM on Wednesday, May 3rd and will proceed to a period of Morning Business. A roll call vote is expected on the Motion to Proceed to H.J. Res. 66 (State Savings CRA Resolution of Disapproval) between 10:30-11:00 AM.",
                 "bill_ids": ["hjres66-115"]
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:17 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "S. Res. 149 (World Malaria Day). Agreed to by Voice Vote.",
                 "bill_ids": ["sres149-115"]
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:16 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "S. Res. 137 (National Safe Digging Month). Agreed to by Unanimous Consent.",
                 "bill_ids": ["sres137-115"]
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:15 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "H.R. 366 (Amends the Homeland Security Act of 2002). Committee Substitutes agreed to by Unanimous Consent. Agreed to by Unanimous Consent.",
                 "bill_ids": ["hr366-115"]
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:14 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "H.R. 274 (To provide reimbursement for the use of modern travel). Agreed to by Unanimous Consent.",
                 "bill_ids": ["hr274-115"]
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:13 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate proceeded to a period of Morning Business.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:12 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "Cal. #36, Jay Clayton to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Yeas and nays ordered. The nomination was confirmed by a vote of 61-37.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 12:08:14 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate resumed an Executive Session.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 12:08:13 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "S. 141 (To improve understanding and forecasting of space weather events). Agreed to by Unanimous Consent.",
                 "bill_ids": ["s141-115"]
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 12:08:12 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate proceeded to a Legislative Session.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 12:08:11 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "Cal. #36, Jay Clayton to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Laid aside.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 10:58:13 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate convened at 2:15 PM and resumed an Executive Session.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 08:44:21 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate recessed from 12:29-2:15 PM for weekly party caucus luncheons.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 08:44:20 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "Cal. #36, Jay Clayton to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Senate will vote on the nomination at 5:20 PM.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 05:54:24 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "Cal. #36, Jay Clayton to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 05:54:23 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate proceeded to an Executive Session.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 05:54:22 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate convened and proceeded to Leader remarks.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               },
                           {
                 "congress": "115",
                 "chamber": "Senate",
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 05:54:21 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate will convene at 10:00 AM. Following Leader remarks, the Senate will proceed to Executive Session to resume consideration of Cal. #36, Jay Clayton, of New York, to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Senate will recess from 12:30 PM until 2:15 PM for the weekly party caucus luncheons.",
                 "bill_ids": []
               }
             ]
      }
   ]
}

Get House and Senate Floor Actions by Date

To get actions from the House or Senate floor on a particular date, use the following URI structure. This request returns the 20 most recent results for that date and supports pagination using multiples of 20.

HTTP Request

GET https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/{chamber}/floor_updates/{year}/{month}/{day}.json

URL Parameters

Parameter Description
chamber house or senate
year YYYY format
month MM format
day DD format

Example Call

curl "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/senate/floor_updates/2017/05/02.json"
  -H "X-API-Key: PROPUBLICA_API_KEY"

The above command returns JSON structured like this:

{
   "status":"OK",
   "copyright":" Copyright (c) 2017 Pro Publica Inc. All Rights Reserved.",
   "results":[
      {
         "congress": "115",
         "chamber": "Senate",
         "date": "2017-05-02",
         "num_results": "19",
         "offset": "0",
         "floor_actions": [
              {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:19 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate adjourned at 5:59 PM."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:18 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate will convene at 9:30 AM on Wednesday, May 3rd and will proceed to a period of Morning Business. A roll call vote is expected on the Motion to Proceed to H.J. Res. 66 (State Savings CRA Resolution of Disapproval) between 10:30-11:00 AM."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:17 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "S. Res. 149 (World Malaria Day). Agreed to by Voice Vote."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:16 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "S. Res. 137 (National Safe Digging Month). Agreed to by Unanimous Consent."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:15 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "H.R. 366 (Amends the Homeland Security Act of 2002). Committee Substitutes agreed to by Unanimous Consent. Agreed to by Unanimous Consent."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:14 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "H.R. 274 (To provide reimbursement for the use of modern travel). Agreed to by Unanimous Consent."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:13 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate proceeded to a period of Morning Business."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 14:06:12 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "Cal. #36, Jay Clayton to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Yeas and nays ordered. The nomination was confirmed by a vote of 61-37."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 12:08:14 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate resumed an Executive Session."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 12:08:13 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "S. 141 (To improve understanding and forecasting of space weather events). Agreed to by Unanimous Consent."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 12:08:12 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate proceeded to a Legislative Session."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 12:08:11 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "Cal. #36, Jay Clayton to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Laid aside."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 10:58:13 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate convened at 2:15 PM and resumed an Executive Session."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 08:44:21 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate recessed from 12:29-2:15 PM for weekly party caucus luncheons."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 08:44:20 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "Cal. #36, Jay Clayton to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Senate will vote on the nomination at 5:20 PM."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 05:54:24 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "Cal. #36, Jay Clayton to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 05:54:23 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate proceeded to an Executive Session."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 05:54:22 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate convened and proceeded to Leader remarks."
               },
                           {
                 "timestamp": "2017-05-02 05:54:21 -0400",
                 "date": "2017-05-02",
                 "action_id": "",
                 "description": "The Senate will convene at 10:00 AM. Following Leader remarks, the Senate will proceed to Executive Session to resume consideration of Cal. #36, Jay Clayton, of New York, to be a Member of the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Senate will recess from 12:30 PM until 2:15 PM for the weekly party caucus luncheons."
               }
             ]
      }
   ]
}

Lobbying

Get Recent Lobbying Representation filings

To get the 20 most recent lobbying representation filings, use the following URI structure. This response supports pagination using an offset querystring parameter with multiples of 20.

HTTP Request

GET https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/lobbying/latest.json

Example Call

curl "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/lobbying/latest.json"
  -H "X-API-Key: PROPUBLICA_API_KEY"

The above command returns JSON structured like this:

{
    "status": "OK",
    "copyright": "Copyright (c) 2018 Pro Publica Inc. All Rights Reserved.",
    "results": [{
        "num_results": 20,
        "offset": 0,

        "lobbying_representations": [{
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Arizona Kidney Disease and Hypertension Center",
                    "general_description": "Dialysis vascular access services."
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Liberty Partners Group, LLC",
                    "general_description": "Government Relations Consulting Firm"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017883.xml",

                "id": "301017883",
                "specific_issues": ["Dialysis vascular access services under Medicare."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "401200071",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Jason McKitrick",
                    "covered_position": "Analyst, House Budget; LA Rep. John Kasich"
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "ZTE USA, Inc.",
                    "general_description": "Telecommunications company"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Hogan Lovells US LLP",
                    "general_description": "Law Firm"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017882.xml",

                "id": "301017882",
                "specific_issues": ["Addressing national security concerns and issues relating to April 15, 2018 denial order imposed by Bureau of Industry and Security, U.S. Department of Commerce, on Zhongxing Telecommunications Equipment Corporation and ZTE Kangxun Telecommunications Ltd."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "304700800",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Norm Coleman",
                        "covered_position": "U.S. Senator"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Aaron S. Cutler",
                        "covered_position": "Senior Policy Advisor, House Com. Nat. Resources; Senior Advisor for Policy and Outreach, Office of House Majority Leader Eric Cantor; Dep. Pol. Director, Hse. Committee on Energy and Commerce"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "A1.9 Strategies LLC obo Advanced Technology Systems Company",
                    "general_description": "government consulting and lobbying firm on behalf of U.S. technology company"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Crossroads Strategies, LLC",
                    "general_description": "lobbying firm"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017881.xml",

                "id": "301017881",
                "specific_issues": ["Support for ATSC homeland security initiatives, sensor and detection capabilities and support for CBP border security mission. Support for ATSC defense and foreign military sales, logistics and systems integration capability."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "411660124",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Wally Burnett",
                        "covered_position": "Deputy Assistant Secretary DOT, Assistant General Counsel DOD, Clerk Senate Appropriations, LD Sen. Stevens (R-AK)"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Salim Alameddin",
                        "covered_position": "Legislative Asst/Legislative Aide, Rep. Will Hurd; Legislative Correspondent/Staff Asst, Sen. John Cornyn"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Katherine Dapper",
                        "covered_position": "Staff Asst. Sen. Murray (D-WA)"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Marc Numedahl",
                        "covered_position": "LD Rep. Loebsack (D-IA), MLA Rep. Larsen (D-WA)"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "OvaCure",
                    "general_description": "Ovarian cancer research"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "BROWNSTEIN HYATT FARBER SCHRECK, LLP",
                    "general_description": "law firm"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017880.xml",

                "id": "301017880",
                "specific_issues": ["Ovarian cancer research"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "318420540",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Douglas Maguire",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Araceli Gutierrez",
                        "covered_position": "Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute Graduate Fellow, Rep. Roybal-Allard"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Staples, Inc.",
                    "general_description": "Delivers work solutions, products, services and expertise in office environments"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "HURT, NORTON & ASSOCIATES, INC.",
                    "general_description": "governmental relations"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017879.xml",

                "id": "301017879",
                "specific_issues": ["Provisions of National Defense Authorization Act or other legislation relating to the GSA Schedules program and e-commerce procurement."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "336430100",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Robert H. Hurt",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Robert P. Avary",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Energy Solutions",
                    "general_description": "Nuclear Services"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "HANCE SCARBOROUGH",
                    "general_description": "Law Firm"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017878.xml",

                "id": "301017878",
                "specific_issues": ["DOE Projects; Waste processing, storage, and disposal"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "303330045",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Kent Hance",
                    "covered_position": ""
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "International Maple Syrup Institute",
                    "general_description": "Protect pure maple syrup and other pure maple products"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "The Normandy Group, LLC",
                    "general_description": "Government Relations"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017877.xml",

                "id": "301017877",
                "specific_issues": ["FDA labeling"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "381760111",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "John Goldberg",
                    "covered_position": "Science Advisor House Ag Committee (1994-2016)"
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Dialysis Patient Citizens",
                    "general_description": "Non-Profit, patient-led dialysis organization."
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Kountoupes Denham Carr & Reid, LLC",
                    "general_description": "Federal Lobbying and Consulting Services"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017876.xml",

                "id": "301017876",
                "specific_issues": ["General issues related to health care."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "395540063",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "David Peluso",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff - Representative Cathy McMorris Rodgers, R-WA;  Chief of Staff, Communications Director, Legislative Assistant, Deputy Press Secretary and Executive Assistant - Representative Gus Bilirakis, R-FL"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Lori Denham",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, Legislative Director, Legislative Assistant, Senior Policy Advisor, Communications Director, Staff Assistant - Rep. Cal Dooley, D-CA;  Legislative Director - Rep. Darlene Hooley, D-OR."
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "AmerisourceBergen",
                    "general_description": "Pharmaceutical Distributor"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Kountoupes Denham Carr & Reid, LLC",
                    "general_description": "Federal Lobbying and Consulting Services"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017875.xml",

                "id": "301017875",
                "specific_issues": ["Issues related to the pharmeceutical supply chain."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "395540064",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Lori Denham",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, Legislative Director, Legislative Assistant, Senior Policy Advisor, Communications Director, Staff Assistant - Rep. Cal Dooley, D-CA;  Legislative Director - Rep. Darlene Hooley, D-OR."
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Julie Hershey Carr",
                        "covered_position": "Senior Policy Advisor, Legislative Director, Legislative Assistant - Rep. Joe Pitts, R-PA."
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Amateur Athletic Union of the United States, Inc.",
                    "general_description": "One of the largest, non-profit, volunteer, multi-sport event organizations in the world, t"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Pauley Management Inc.",
                    "general_description": "Federal government affairs consulting."
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017874.xml",

                "id": "301017874",
                "specific_issues": ["Issues pertaining to the promotion and development of amateur sports and physical fitness programs."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "344150025",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Eddy Pauley",
                    "covered_position": "President, Pauley Management, Inc."
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Ethiopian American Civic Council (EACC)",
                    "general_description": "USA-based, grassroots organization that advocates for political reforms in Ethiopia."
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Mr. Joe Miklosi",
                    "general_description": "General consulting."
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017873.xml",

                "id": "301017873",
                "specific_issues": ["The Ethiopian American Civic Council (EACC) is a grassroots organization that mobilizes Ethiopian-Americans in Colorado and throughout the United States to advocate for human rights, democratic reforms, and civil liberties for all Ethiopians residing in Ethiopia.  The EACC partnered with dozens of other organizations throughout the United States, including the Ethiopian Advocacy Network (EAN), to pass House Resolution (HR) 128 in the U.S. House of Representatives.  Currently, the EACC is mobilizing more organizations to pass Senate Resolution (SR) 168 in the U.S. Senate."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "423200002",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Joe Miklosi",
                    "covered_position": ""
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Los Angeles County Employees' Retirement System",
                    "general_description": "administers defined retirement plan benefits"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "DOUCET CONSULTING SOLUTIONS, LLC",
                    "general_description": "Public Policy and Public Affairs"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017872.xml",

                "id": "301017872",
                "specific_issues": ["legislation and regulation affecting retiree healthcare"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "436080006",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Shane Doucet",
                    "covered_position": "Legislative Assistant to Rep. Chris John"
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "THE ARTOC GROUP FOR INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT",
                    "general_description": "Investment, Development, Technical Services"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "COVINGTON & BURLING LLP",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017568.xml",

                "id": "301017568",
                "specific_issues": ["Strategic advice on commercial dispute between Artoc and VW corporation related to automobile dealership in Egypt."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "11195-975",
                "house_id": "318270081",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Stuart Eizenstat",
                        "covered_position": "Deputy Secretary of the Treasury (1999-2001); Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business, and Agriculture Affairs (1997-1999); Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade (1996-1997); U.S. Ambassador to the European Union (1993-1996)."
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Lanny Breuer",
                        "covered_position": "Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division, U.S. Department of Justice; Special Counsel, Office of the Counsel to the President, White House."
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Anne Pence",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Donald Ridings",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Arlo Devlin-Brown",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Layth Elhassani",
                        "covered_position": "​White House Off. Leg. Aff., Sp. Assist. to the President; Off. of Sen. Bennet, Leg. Dir.; House Cmte. on Small Business, Oversight Counsel; Off. of Rep. Velazquez, Leg. Dir.; Off. of Sen. Cantwell, Leg. Counsel; Off. of Sen. Hollings, Legal Counsel."
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "The Optical Society",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "BGR Government Affairs",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017513.xml",

                "id": "301017513",
                "specific_issues": ["Provide strategic counsel on issues relating to federal funding for scientific/R&D, defense and workforce development"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "5357-1007464",
                "house_id": "315640538",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Jonathan Mantz",
                        "covered_position": "See prior filing"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Pete Landrum",
                        "covered_position": "Senior Defense Policy Advisor for Sen. Sessions See prior filing"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Erskine Wells",
                        "covered_position": "Dep COS Sen. Wicker; COS Rep. Palazzo; Leg Asst Sen Wicker See prior filing"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Andrew Lewin",
                        "covered_position": "Legislative Assistant/Director, Rep. Dennis Moore / Legislative Assistant/Director, Rep. Max Sandlin See prior filing"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "SPIE",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "BGR Government Affairs",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017512.xml",

                "id": "301017512",
                "specific_issues": ["Provide strategic counsel on issues relating to federal funding for scientific/R&D, defense and workforce development"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "5357-1007452",
                "house_id": "315640539",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Jonathan Mantz",
                        "covered_position": "See prior filing"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Pete Landrum",
                        "covered_position": "Senior Defense Policy Advisor to Sen. Sessions See prior filing"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Erskine Wells",
                        "covered_position": "Dep COS Sen. Wicker; COS Rep. Palazzo; Leg Asst Sen Wicker See prior filing"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Andrew Lewin",
                        "covered_position": "Legislative Assistant/Director, Rep. Dennis Moore / Legislative Assistant/Director, Rep. Max Sandlin See prior filing"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Partnership for Employer-Sponsored Coverage",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Horizon Government Affairs",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301016792.xml",

                "id": "301016792",
                "specific_issues": ["Issues related to employer-sponsored coverage; Issues related to the Affordable Care Act and health reform; Issues related to the taxation  of employer-sponsored coverage and ACA taxes; Issues related to related to consumer-directed health products, including H.R. 5138; Issues related to IRS reporting, including H.R. 3919, S. 1908; Issues to related to the ACA employer mandate, including H.R. 3798, S.1782, H.R. 3956."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "315592-315",
                "house_id": "394100025",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Christine Pollack",
                    "covered_position": "Rep. E. Clay Shaw, Jr., Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Rep. Jim Nussle Rep. E. Clay Shaw, Jr., Rep. Jim Nussle, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services"
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Friends of Alta",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Mr. Patrick  A. Shea",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300986834.xml",

                "id": "300986834",
                "specific_issues": ["Land Conservation"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "35035-51",
                "house_id": "327550002",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Patrick A. Shea",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Patrick Shea",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Patrick A Shea",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Patrick A. Shea Mr.",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "University of Massachusetts",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "University of Massachusetts Amherst",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300982871.xml",

                "id": "300982871",
                "specific_issues": ["none"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "39440-12",
                "house_id": "324860000",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Cheryl L. Dukes",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "James Leheny",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Bloomin Brands",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Mr. Khalil Saliba",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300970664.xml",

                "id": "300970664",
                "specific_issues": ["Menu labelling, minimum wage,"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "57533-137",
                "house_id": "352360007",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Khalil Saliba",
                        "covered_position": "Principal principal"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Khailil Saliba",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Khalil G. Saliba",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "The Renter's  Lobby",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Mr. John Romanin",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300952034.xml",

                "id": "300952034",
                "specific_issues": ["Inquiry with Member sponsor of The Social  Impact Bond Act"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "417140000",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "John Romanin",
                    "covered_position": ""
                }]
            }
        ]
    }]
}

Search Lobbying Representation filings

To get the 20 most recent lobbying representation filings for a given search term, use the following URI structure. This response supports pagination using an offset querystring parameter with multiples of 20.

HTTP Request

GET https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/lobbying/search.json?query={query}

URL Parameters

Parameter Description
query keyword or phrase

Example Call

curl "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/lobbying/search.json?query=Facebook"
  -H "X-API-Key: PROPUBLICA_API_KEY"

The above command returns JSON structured like this:

{
    "status": "OK",
    "copyright": "Copyright (c) 2018 Pro Publica Inc. All Rights Reserved.",
    "results": [{
        "num_results": 20,
        "offset": 0,
        "query": "Facebook",
        "lobbying_representations": [{
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Liftable Media, Inc",
                    "general_description": "Liftable Media produces quality content promoting truth, puts their readers' interests fir"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Petra Strategies LLC",
                    "general_description": "Consulting and Lobby Firm"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "301017738.xml",

                "id": "301017738",
                "specific_issues": ["Facebook and other digital media firms censoring or blocking groups and individuals with differing political views."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "423830002",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Alex Shively",
                    "covered_position": ""
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "21st Century Fox",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "D&D Strategies",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300934721.xml",

                "id": "300934721",
                "specific_issues": ["Continue review and monitoring broadcast spectrum issues like retransmission, auction and repacking.  ", "Meetings with senior staff to Commerce and Judiciary Committee Members.", "Monitor FCC and Congressional action on Net Neutrality.", "Attend hearings and monitor FTC Nominations. Continue monitoring issues surrounding Net Neutrality.", "Monitor House and Senate hearings on telecommunications issues.   Attend several hearings including oversight of the NTIA, the FTC, and the FCC, as well as an overview of Artificial Intelligence Terrorism and Social Media, data security and breaches.  ", "Meet with Sr telecommunications staff.   Attend fundraisers for individual Senators and the DSCC. No specific action."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "401103200-12",
                "house_id": "424920001",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Dorothy Walsh",
                    "covered_position": ""
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300984396.xml",

                "id": "300984396",
                "specific_issues": ["Oppose an expansion of work credits of work requirements for SNAP (food stamps) in the 2018 Farm bill", "Support legislation by Senator Harris to extend to farmworkers the same rights to overtime pay after a 40-hour week that other workers enjoy under the 1932 Fair Labor Standers Act", "Support ending childhood obesity Oppose HR 4550, which would exempt attorneys engaged in a lawsuits from the Fair Debt Collection Act", "Oppose any riders to Appropriations bill(s) which would place the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau under the appropriations process", "Oppose the leaked version of a housing finance proposal from U.S. Senators Bob Corker (TN) and Mark Warner (VA) that would severely harm Americas housing market. Our opposition is mainly rooted in the proposals negative impact on access, affordability, and market stability", "Oppose H.R. 1153-the Mortgage Choice Act of 2018, which creates a loophole that would allow loans with higher costs to the borrower to improperly meet the Qualified Mortgage (QM) standard", "Support Senator Merkleys Stopping Abuse and Fraud in Electronic Lending (SAFE) Act of 2018, which will help safeguard consumers and law-abiding lenders from abuses rampant today in consumer lending", "Oppose S. 2155, the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act.  The bill de-regulates the financial service industry by repealing several portions of the 2010 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act", "Oppose Section 104 of S. 2155, which requires tiered reporting of information under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) and will result in the exemption of 85% of depositories from the updated reporting required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act", "Support the FDICs proposals to changes to its policies governing the circumstances under which FDIC-regulated banks may hire people with prior criminal histories, with suggestions to improve / strengthen the proposal", "Support GSE reform that contains language to: Preserve and Enhance Fair Housing and Anti-Discrimination Protections; Provide Broad Access for Borrowers, Institutions and Regions; Preserve the Systems Affordable Housing Mission, and the Availability of Inclusive Loan Products and Services; and protect taxpayers", "Oppose any bill or amendment which would cut the salaries of employees of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB)", "Oppose HR 5028, which would exempt attorneys engaged in a lawsuits from the Fair Debt Collection Act.", "Oppose HR 1116, the TAILOR Act, which imposes hurdles on agencies adopting regulations, and requires them to revisit them, with burdensome requirements that regulations be tailored for different types of institutions, something agencies already take into account. The bill will make it harder to adopt, maintain or defend regulations", "Oppose HR 3072, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection Examination and Reporting Threshold Act of 2017, will eliminate the CFPB's authority to supervise banks from $10 billion to $50 billion, among the largest 2% of banks in the country", "Support amendment by Senators Durbin, Reed, Warren, Brown, Duckworth, Baldwin, Hassan, VanHollen, Murry, and Blumenthal to S. 2155.  The Durbin, et.al. amendment would improve consumer protections for federal and private student loans", "Clarify and reiterate that we are opposed to S. 2155 and that we do not have a position on an amendment regarding credit scoring to be offered by Senator Scott (SC) to S. 2155", "Oppose HR 5266 or any similar bill or amendment which would turn the leadership of the CFPB from a single director into a commission of 5.  ", "Oppose mandatory arbitration clauses for investors; support the SEC protecting investors rights to bring securities class action lawsuits", "Oppose S. J. Res. 57, which disapproves of a CFPB guidance aimed at restricting discrimination in auto lending", "Support a national cap on interest rates and fees at 36% to eliminate high-cost loans (support HR 3760 / S 1659)", "Support the amendment offered by Senator Cortez Masto (NV) to S. 2155, the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act to strike section 104 of the legislation.  Section 104 is the section which would exempt 85% of depository institutions from full reporting of loan data under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA)", "Oppose S. 2155, because it does irreparable damage to fair lending protections against racial discrimination; it harms homebuyers; and it contains over two deregulatory provisions of the financial services industry that were put into place after the 2008 global crises Oppose HR 4550, which would exempt attorneys engaged in a lawsuits from the Fair Debt Collection Act.", "Support helping college graduates burdened by private student loan debt (support HR 2527 / S1262) Support the reauthorization of Byrne JAG grants", "Oppose the Department of Justices request for a new citizenship question on the 2020 Census", "Support a clean federal budget with no poison pill riders", "Support the inclusion of permanent protections for Dreamers, CHIP, and disaster relief in the legislation that must be passed by January 19.", "Oppose any rider to the FY18 Appropriations which further delays or completely rescinds the Fiduciary Rule", "Oppose any new cute to Medicare / Medicaid or federal health programs which comprise our nations safety net", "Oppose any riders to Appropriations bill(s) which would place the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau under the appropriations process.", "Support House-passed amendments regarding civil forfeiture in any year-long appropriations bill", "Support appropriating $95 million in FY2019 to the Department of Labor for its Reintegration of Ex-Offenders program", "Support an independent Community Relations Service (CRS); oppose the Trump proposal to move CRS under the Department of Justice Office of Civil Rights", "Support continued funding in FY 2019 of the Japanese American Confinement Sites (JACS) Grant Program and the Underrepresented Communities Competitive Grants under the Historic Preservation Fund", "Support ending the ban on CDC Gun Research", "Support a Federal budget that invests in public education, health care, job training and the protection of civil rights", "Oppose a Balanced Budget to the US Constitution Oppose the Department of Justices request for a new citizenship question on the 2020 Census", "Support HR 4396, the Congress ME TOO Act.  Support ensure a safe and fair workplace culture in Congress.  Support that any anti-workplace harassment legislation for Congress ensure that any reforms also apply to claims of workplace discrimination based on sex (including sexual orientation, gender identity, pregnancy and childbirth), race, disability, age, ethnicity/national origin, color, religion, marital status, and status as a parent", "Support the Census Bureau moving forward with testing of sexual orientation and gender identity questions, improving testing on privacy and confidentiality messaging, making the survey more accessible to people in group quarters, and reducing reliance on administrative records for enumeration regarding the American Community Survey (ACS).  Support the need for better language supports for the ACS", "Support HUDs Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing (AFFH) program; support Congressional letter by Congresswoman Jayapal to HUD Secretary Carson questioning the Departments abrupt decision to immediately suspend the AFFH program.", "Support U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) immediately lifting the suspension of the Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing Rule.", "Oppose the elimination of anti-discrimination language in HUDs mission statement", "Support HR 4924, support it being strengthened by expanding the 1280 day reporting requirement to include the date the claimant knew of the alleged violation; extend the statutory deadline for filing a civil action to at least 90 days; extend whistleblower protections available to the executive branch to the legislative branch; and extend all notice posting requirements to the legislative branch.  Support H. Res. 724, support extending the directives therein to the Senate", "Oppose HR 620, which passed the House. Which would create significant obstacles for people with disabilities from enforcing their rights under Title III of the ADA", "Support maintaining and increasing the civil rights protections for all students", "Support, Preserve and Protect Equal Opportunity Programs including Affirmative Action", "Study Proposals for Reparations for African Americans (support HR 40)", "Update the Religious Freedom Restoration Act to ensure against discrimination (support HR 3222)", "Support the repair and strengthening of the 1965 Voting Rights Act (Support HR 2978 / S1419)", "Support access to the polls for all eligible voters, support making it easier to register and vote (support HR 12 / S 1437)", "Support same-day voter registration-Support early voting / Sunday voting", "Support automatic voter registration", "Oppose Photo Identification requirements for voting", "Support Campaign Finance Reform (support HR 20 / S 1640)", "Support the re-enfranchisement of ex-felony offenders (support S 1588)", "Support Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing; oppose its immediate suspension", "Support Amash (MI) amendment to S. 139, the FISA reauthorization; the amendment would end collection of communications data that is neither to nor from a foreign citizen Oppose any efforts to loosen the National TV Audience Cap Support Congressional hearing into the on-going health and education crisis in Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands as a result of the hurricanes in 2017", "Support amending the House approved-bill to include implementation of the Disaster Housing Assistance Program (DHAP), direction for FEMA to collect and make public disaster recovery data, and provide other housing resources that ensure the shortage of affordable rental homes in disaster-impacted areas is not worsened.", "Support adherence to established civil rights protections in the development and implementation of any disaster relief plan Support statehood for DC (support HR 1291 / s 1278) Support Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing; oppose its immediate suspension Oppose Ken Marcuss nomination to Assistant Secretary of Education for Civil Rights", "Support Congressional hearing into the on-going health and education crisis in Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands as a result of the hurricanes in 2017", "Support the same data that has been collected in previous years regarding the D.C. Voucher program, as well as additional data in order to properly perform the statutorily-required evaluation and increase the accountability and transparency of the program", "Oppose HR 4508, the PROSPER Act, which is the House version of legislation to reauthorize the Higher Education Act.  It exacerbates the increasing burden of student debt and continued inequity in higher education access and outcomes. It would make higher education less affordable, saddle students with greater debt, and push more students into loan default", "Support the Supporting the Teaching Profession Through Revitalizing Investments in Valuable Educators Act (STRIVE) Act, which would work to strengthen the federal financial support and preparation that teachers and early childhood educators receive to ensure that teachers are better supported.", "Oppose any cuts to the Pell program, support an increase in the maximum Pell Grant by at least the amount that would be provided with the expiring automatic inflation adjustment.", "Oppose H.R. 4508, the PROSPER Act, which is the reauthorization of the Higher Education Act, because it rolls back or eliminates existing provisions that organizations representing students, consumers, veterans and servicemembers, faculty and staff, civil rights, and college access have supported for years, including but not limited to: the gainful employment rule, the borrower defense rule, the ban on incentive compensation, and the 90-10 rule", "Strong concerns about HR 4909, the STOP (Students, Teachers, and Officers Preventing) School Violence Act which is misguided, duplicative, and may be harmful to all students.  Oppose the legislation unless these concerns are met.  Support the Comprehensive School Safety Initiative (CSSI), a research-focused initiative created in response to school violence", "Support amendment by Senators Durbin, Reed, Warren, Brown, Duckworth, Baldwin, Hassan, VanHollen, Murry, and Blumenthal to S. 2155.  The Durbin, et.al. amendment would improve consumer protections for federal and private student loans", "Oppose the Military Education Savings Account Act of 2018 (H.R. 5199 / S.2517) because it would transform Impact Aid into Education Savings Accounts (ESAs). In effect, ESAs are no different than traditional private school vouchers", "Support 2013 school discipline guidance, issued jointly by the Department of Education and the Department of Justice which clarifies schools responsibilities under civil rights laws to administer discipline in a nondiscriminatory manner and also provide educators information about alternatives to suspensions and ways to build positive school climates", "Support Public School Construction, Repair and Renovation", "Oppose Discriminatory High Stakes Educational Testing", "Oppose publically funded private school vouchers", "Support maintaining the federal role in ensuring a decent public education  / civil rights protections for all students", "Support allowing students convicted of minor drug offenses to receive federal financial aid", "Support an increase in aid and other resources for Historically Black Colleges and Universities (support HR 1080)", "Support expanding Pell Grant funding and availability (support HR 2451 / S 1135)", "Support helping college graduates burdened by private student loan debt (support HR 2527 / S1262)", "Support, Preserve and Protect Equal Opportunity Programs including Affirmative Action", "Support a moratorium on the expansion of the charter schools until such time as:  (1)  Charter schools are subject to the same transparency and accountability standards as public schools;  (2)  Public funds are not diverted to charter schools at the expense of the public school system;  (3)  Charter schools cease expelling students that public schools have a duty to educate; and (4) Charter schools cease to perpetuate de facto segregation of the highest performing children from those whose aspirations may be high but whose talents are not yet as obvious. Oppose HR 4550, which would exempt attorneys engaged in a lawsuits from the Fair Debt Collection Act.", "Oppose any riders to Appropriations bill(s) which would place the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau under the appropriations process", "Oppose the leaked version of a housing finance proposal from U.S. Senators Bob Corker (TN) and Mark Warner (VA) that would severely harm Americas housing market. Our opposition is mainly rooted in the proposals negative impact on access, affordability, and market stability", "Oppose H.R. 1153-the Mortgage Choice Act of 2018, which creates a loophole that would allow loans with higher costs to the borrower to improperly meet the Qualified Mortgage (QM) standard", "Support Senator Merkleys Stopping Abuse and Fraud in Electronic Lending (SAFE) Act of 2018, which will help safeguard consumers and law-abiding lenders from abuses rampant today in consumer lending", "Oppose S. 2155, the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act.  The bill de-regulates the financial service industry by repealing several portions of the 2010 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act", "Oppose Section 104 of S. 2155, which requires tiered reporting of information under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) and will result in the exemption of 85% of depositories from the updated reporting required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act", "Support the FDICs proposals to changes to its policies governing the circumstances under which FDIC-regulated banks may hire people with prior criminal histories, with suggestions to improve / strengthen the proposal", "Support GSE reform that contains language to: Preserve and Enhance Fair Housing and Anti-Discrimination Protections; Provide Broad Access for Borrowers, Institutions and Regions; Preserve the Systems Affordable Housing Mission, and the Availability of Inclusive Loan Products and Services; and protect taxpayers", "Oppose any bill or amendment which would cut the salaries of employees of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB)", "Oppose HR 5028, which would exempt attorneys engaged in a lawsuits from the Fair Debt Collection Act.", "Oppose HR 1116, the TAILOR Act, which imposes hurdles on agencies adopting regulations, and requires them to revisit them, with burdensome requirements that regulations be tailored for different types of institutions, something agencies already take into account. The bill will make it harder to adopt, maintain or defend regulations", "Oppose HR 3072, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection Examination and Reporting Threshold Act of 2017, will eliminate the CFPB's authority to supervise banks from $10 billion to $50 billion, among the largest 2% of banks in the country", "Support amendment by Senators Durbin, Reed, Warren, Brown, Duckworth, Baldwin, Hassan, VanHollen, Murry, and Blumenthal to S. 2155.  The Durbin, et.al. amendment would improve consumer protections for federal and private student loans", "Clarify and reiterate that we are opposed to S. 2155 and that we do not have a position on an amendment regarding credit scoring to be offered by Senator Scott (SC) to S. 2155", "Oppose HR 5266 or any similar bill or amendment which would turn the leadership of the CFPB from a single director into a commission of 5.  ", "Oppose mandatory arbitration clauses for investors; support the SEC protecting investors rights to bring securities class action lawsuits.  ", "Oppose S. J. Res. 57, which disapproves of a CFPB guidance aimed at restricting discrimination in auto lending.", "Support a national cap on interest rates and fees at 36% to eliminate high-cost loans (support HR 3760 / S 1659)", "Support the amendment offered by Senator Cortez Masto (NV) to S. 2155, the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act to strike section 104 of the legislation.  Section 104 is the section which would exempt 85% of depository institutions from full reporting of loan data under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA)", "Oppose S. 2155, because it does irreparable damage to fair lending protections against racial discrimination; it harms homebuyers; and it contains over two deregulatory provisions of the financial services industry that were put into place after the 2008 global crises Support ending the ban on CDC Gun Research", "Support requiring universal background checks on all gun sales and transfers", "support a ban on the sale of all military-style semi-automatic assault guns and military high capacity ammunition clips (support HR 5078 / S. 2095 and S. 1945", "Support tough new criminal penalties for straw purchasers and gun traffickers", "Support a ban on suspects on the terror watch list from purchasing firearms", "Support the Fix NICS Act (H.R. 4434 / S. 2135).  Incentivize and assist states in improving their overall reporting to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS).", "Support maintaining current law requiring background checks and permits for gun silencers.", "Support a ban on bump stocks machine-gun type firing and other conversion kits, accessories and parts", "Support allowing states to maintain and enforce their own concealed carry laws", "Support requiring the repeal of all state stand your ground laws, restoring the use of deadly force as a last resort", "Support microstamping or ballistic fingerprinting of all new firearms and ammunition sold in the U.S.", "support encouraging local jurisdictions to utilize their buyer power to create incentives for firearm manufacturers to employ countermarketing strategies to ensure that their retailers are using all available procedures to prevent illegal firearms diversion", "Support Thompson (CA) resolution calling for consideration of legislation related to gun regulation Eliminate the trade and travel embargoes against Cuba (Support HR 574 / S 1699)", "Support Peace in Sudan", "Support enhanced trade, aid, and development programs in Africa and the Caribbean", "Establish a Department of Peace (Support HR 1111)", "Increase stability in Haiti Oppose Ken Marcuss nomination to Assistant Secretary of Education for Civil Rights", "Oppose the Department of Justices request for a new citizenship question on the 2020 Census", "Support HR 4396, the Congress ME TOO Act.  Support ensure a safe and fair workplace culture in Congress.  Support that any anti-workplace harassment legislation for Congress ensure that any reforms also apply to claims of workplace discrimination based on sex (including sexual orientation, gender identity, pregnancy and childbirth), race, disability, age, ethnicity/national origin, color, religion, marital status, and status as a parent.", "Support the Census Bureau moving forward with testing of sexual orientation and gender identity questions, improving testing on privacy and confidentiality messaging, making the survey more accessible to people in group quarters, and reducing reliance on administrative records for enumeration regarding the American Community Survey (ACS).  Support the need for better language supports for the ACS.", "Oppose HR 1116, the TAILOR Act, which imposes hurdles on agencies adopting regulations, and requires them to revisit them, with burdensome requirements that regulations be tailored for different types of institutions, something agencies already take into account. The bill will make it harder to adopt, maintain or defend regulations", "Support HR 4924, support it being strengthened by expanding the 1280 day reporting requirement to include the date the claimant knew of the alleged violation; extend the statutory deadline for filing a civil action to at least 90 days; extend whistleblower protections available to the executive branch to the legislative branch; and extend all notice posting requirements to the legislative branch.  Support H. Res. 724, support extending the directives therein to the Senate", "Support statehood for the people of Puerto Rico", "Support, Preserve and Protect Equal Opportunity Programs including Affirmative Action", "Eliminate potential discrimination in Faith Based initiatives", "Study Proposals for Reparations for African Americans (support HR 40)", "Support access to the polls for all eligible voters, support making it easier to register and vote (support HR 12 / S 1437)", "Support same-day voter registration-Support early voting / Sunday voting", "Support automatic voter registration", "Oppose Photo Identification requirements for voting", "Support Campaign Finance Reform (support HR 20 / S 1640)", "Support the re-enfranchisement of ex-felony offenders (support S 1588)", "Ensure a fair and accurate 2020 census", "Support the repair and strengthening of the 1965 Voting Rights Act (Support HR 2978 / S1419)", "Oppose a citizenship question on the 2020 Census", "Support HR 4406, designating a postal facility in New York as the \"Tuskegee Airman Post Office\" Support the inclusion of permanent protections for Dreamers, CHIP, and disaster relief in the legislation that must be passed by January 19", "Support Congressional hearing into the on-going health and education crisis in Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands as a result of the hurricanes in 2017", "Oppose any new cute to Medicare / Medicaid or federal health programs which comprise our nations safety net", "Oppose the recent decision by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to approve Medicaid waivers that allow states to deny Medicaid benefits to people who fail to comply with a work requirement or a community engagement provision", "Support NAFTA be replaced with fair new trade agreements that focuses on labor, environmental, health, food safety, food labeling and other pro-American issues", "Support ending the ban on CDC Gun Research", "Oppose the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) which would create protections for health care workers who refuse to administer services that violate their religious or moral beliefs.", "Support the preservation of gains made in health care coverage under the Affordable Care Act", "Support the elimination of racial and ethnic disparities in health care and disease", "Support full funding for AIDS prevention, treatment, education and research", "Support ending childhood obesity", "Support protecting Medicare and Medicaid benefits", "Support restoring Medicaid Eligibility to COFA recipients living in the USA (support HR 2982 / S. 1391)", "support a robust, transparent 340B program Support HUDs Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing (AFFH) program; support Congressional letter by Congresswoman Jayapal to HUD Secretary Carson questioning the Departments abrupt decision to immediately suspend the AFFH program", "Support HUDs Disparate Impact rule", "Oppose the leaked version of a housing finance proposal from U.S. Senators Bob Corker (TN) and Mark Warner (VA) that would severely harm Americas housing market. Our opposition is mainly rooted in the proposals negative impact on access, affordability, and market stability", "Support amending the House approved-bill to include implementation of the Disaster Housing Assistance Program (DHAP), direction for FEMA to collect and make public disaster recovery data, and provide other housing resources that ensure the shortage of affordable rental homes in disaster-impacted areas is not worsened", "Oppose H.R. 1153-the Mortgage Choice Act of 2018, which creates a loophole that would allow loans with higher costs to the borrower to improperly meet the Qualified Mortgage (QM) standard", "Support adherence to established civil rights protections in the development and implementation of any disaster relief plan", "Oppose Section 104 of S. 2155, which requires tiered reporting of information under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) and will result in the exemption of 85% of depositories from the updated reporting required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act", "Support U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) immediately lifting the suspension of the Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing Rule", "Oppose the elimination of anti-discrimination language in HUDs mission statement", "Support GSE reform that contains language to: Preserve and Enhance Fair Housing and Anti-Discrimination Protections; Provide Broad Access for Borrowers, Institutions and Regions; Preserve the Systems Affordable Housing Mission, and the Availability of Inclusive Loan Products and Services; and protect taxpayers.", "Support an increase in the availability of safe, decent, affordable low-income housing.", "Support the National Housing Trust Fund", "Support a comprehensive program to combat homelessness", "Support an increase in resources to fight housing discrimination", "Support the amendment offered by Senator Cortez Masto (NV) to S. 2155, the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act to strike section 104 of the legislation.  Section 104 is the section which would exempt 85% of depository institutions from full reporting of loan data under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA)", "Support Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing; oppose its immediate suspension", "Support HR4258, a bill that would permanently expand HUD's Family Self-Suffcency Program Support the inclusion of permanent protections for Dreamers, CHIP, and disaster relief in the legislation that must be passed by January 19.", "Support the passage of legislation to protect Dreamers and reject the White House nativist immigration agenda", "Support the diversity visa program.  Support family-based visa categories", "Support TPS for Nepal for an additional 18 months", "Support legislation to allow undocumented individuals who were brought to the US as children and who know no other country to be \"home\", a path to US citizenship.  Support DREAMERS.  Support HR 3340 /S 1615.", "Oppose any proposal that repeals or cuts the diversity visa program or eliminates or in any way reduces categories of family-based visas", "Support an 18-month extension of Temporary Protected Status visas for Haitians. Support Amash (MI) amendment to S 139, the FISA Reauthorization.  The Amash amendment would end NSA collection of communication data that is neither to nor from a foreign suspect. Oppose the Justice Departments recent withdrawal of a number of guidance and technical assistance documents concerning the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)", "Support the reauthorization of Byrne JAG grants", "Oppose the Department of Justices request for a new citizenship question on the 2020 Census", "Support House-passed amendments regarding civil forfeiture in any year-long appropriations bill", "Support full funding of critical juvenile justice and delinquency prevention programs in fiscal year 2019", "Support S. 1917, with reservations about new mandatory minimums imposed by the bill", "Support a more robust response to the hate violence and groups that flourish on social media platforms, dont just focus on Muslim extremists", "Support the federal governments crucial role in spurring criminal justice innovation, as well as testing and replicating evidence-based practices nationwide by funding programs including the Office of Violence Against Women and the COPS program", "Support appropriating $95 million in FY2019 to the Department of Labor for its Reintegration of Ex-Offenders program", "Support the FDICs proposals to changes to its policies governing the circumstances under which FDIC-regulated banks may hire people with prior criminal histories, with suggestions to improve / strengthen the proposal", "Support an independent Community Relations Service (CRS); oppose the Trump proposal to move CRS under the Department of Justice Office of Civil Rights", "Support S. 2520, the Inmate Calling Technical Corrections Act introduced by Senator Duckworth which allows the FCC to regulate prison phone rates.", "Strong concerns about HR 4909, the STOP (Students, Teachers, and Officers Preventing) School Violence Act which is misguided, duplicative, and may be harmful to all students.  Oppose the legislation unless these concerns are met.  Support the Comprehensive School Safety Initiative (CSSI), a research-focused initiative created in response to school violence", "Oppose HR 5028, which would exempt attorneys engaged in a lawsuits from the Fair Debt Collection Act.", "Support 2013 school discipline guidance, issued jointly by the Department of Education and the Department of Justice which clarifies schools responsibilities under civil rights laws to administer discipline in a nondiscriminatory manner and also provide educators information about alternatives to suspensions and ways to build positive school climates.", "Oppose the Presidents proposal calling for increasing sentences for drug offenders, including the death penalty.", "S.1994, the CORRECTIONS Act, and H.R. 3356, the Prison Reform and Redemption Act, are not sentencing reform and should not be viewed as such.  This legislation will not, alone, substantially alleviate prison overcrowding or mass incarceration", "Oppose mandatory arbitration clauses for investors; support the SEC protecting investors rights to bring securities class action lawsuits", "Support proposals to build trust between law enforcement and the communities they serve.", "Support initiatives to standardize use of force policies for law enforcement.", "support ending racial and religious profiling.  Support H.R. 1498 / S. 411", "Support initiatives to study and eventually eliminate prosecutorial misconduct / bias.", "support the establishment of local effective and independent review boards of alleged law enforcement misconduct.", "Support requiring video surveillance of all law enforcement activities ", "Support genuine sentencing reform to alleviate prison overcrowding, over-incarceration, and the overrepresentation of racial and ethnic minorities who are in prison.  Support HR 4261", "Support a commission to review all aspects of our national criminal justice system.  Support H.R. 1886 / S.573", "Support ending the ban on CDC Gun Research", "Support requiring universal background checks on all gun sales and transfers", "support a ban on the sale of all military-style semi-automatic assault guns and military high capacity ammunition clips (support HR 5078 / S. 2095 and S. 1945", "Support tough new criminal penalties for straw purchasers and gun traffickers", "Support a ban on suspects on the terror watch list from purchasing firearms", "Support the Fix NICS Act (H.R. 4434 / S. 2135).  Incentivize and assist states in improving their overall reporting to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS)", "Support sensitivity training of law enforcement & independent investigations of deadly force (HR 1870 / S 860)Support maintaining current law requiring background checks and permits for gun silencers.", "Support a ban on bump stocks machine-gun type firing and other conversion kits, accessories and parts", "Support allowing states to maintain and enforce their own concealed carry laws", "Support requiring the repeal of all state stand your ground laws, restoring the use of deadly force as a last resort", "Support microstamping or ballistic fingerprinting of all new firearms and ammunition sold in the U.S.", "support encouraging local jurisdictions to utilize their buyer power to create incentives for firearm manufacturers to employ countermarketing strategies to ensure that their retailers are using all available procedures to prevent illegal firearms diversion", "Support an abolishment of the death penalty", "Support the Second Chance Act reauthorization (HR 2899)", "Support the reauthorization and updating of the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention Act(support HR 1809 / S 860", "Support the reform of money bail (HR 4019 / S 1593)", "Support incentivizing states and local jurisdictions to fully and accurately report hate crimes (HR 1566 / S. 667)", "Support the removal of statues of Confederate soldiers from the U.S. Capital (support HR 3701 / S 1772)", "Support encouraqing states to decrease prison populations and keep crime down (support HR 3845 / S 1458)", "Support the Compensating Legacy Artists for their Songs, Service, and Important Contributions to Society (CLASSICS) Act (H.R. 3301/S. 2393), bipartisan and which ensures legacy musicians are compensated when their work is played on digital radio platforms.", "Oppose the nomination of Thomas Farr to the Federal Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina", "Support the inclusion of provisions to:", "", "final federal legislation to:", "Curtail the ballooning number of federal regulatory crimes; ", "eliminate federal criminal penalties for simple drug possession in state jurisdictions;", "promote targeted sentencing of drug offenders, ensuring that violent and career criminals and crime leaders and organizers are held accountable; ", "update supervision policies to more effectively change the criminal behavior of the nearly 132,000 on probation and post-prison supervision;", "increase government transparency and accountability by requiring public disclosure of regulatory criminal offenses; allowing victims of regulatory over-criminalization to contact the inspector general; protecting against wrongful convictions; ", "encourage judicial districts to open drug, veteran, mental health and other problem solving courts; ", "reinvest the substantial savings by investing in communities, prevention, and intervention initiatives and state, local, and federal law enforcement and prosecutors", "reduce recidivism by using swift and certain responses so offenders know what will happen if they re-offend or act in a certain way;", "create a system of rewards and incentives for good behavior; and", "acknowledge that age matters by implementing smart, targeted geriatric release programs which can ensure heinous offenders remain behind bars while cutting down on costs and maintaining public safety. ", "In any sentencing reform legislation. Oppose any rider to the FY18 Appropriations which further delays or completely rescinds the Fiduciary Rule", "Support HR 4396, the Congress ME TOO Act.  Support ensure a safe and fair workplace culture in Congress.  Support that any anti-workplace harassment legislation for Congress ensure that any reforms also apply to claims of workplace discrimination based on sex (including sexual orientation, gender identity, pregnancy and childbirth), race, disability, age, ethnicity/national origin, color, religion, marital status, and status as a parent", "Support the release of any economic data generated by the Department of Labor surrounding the new tip pooling proposal.  Support the immediate withdrawal of the NPRM around the tip pooling rule", "Support appropriating $95 million in FY2019 to the Department of Labor for its Reintegration of Ex-Offenders program", "Support the FDICs proposals to changes to its policies governing the circumstances under which FDIC-regulated banks may hire people with prior criminal histories, with suggestions to improve / strengthen the proposal", "Support NAFTA be replaced with fair new trade agreements that focuses on labor, environmental, health, food safety, food labeling and other pro-American issues", "Support HR 4924, support it being strengthened by expanding the 1280 day reporting requirement to include the date the claimant knew of the alleged violation; extend the statutory deadline for filing a civil action to at least 90 days; extend whistleblower protections available to the executive branch to the legislative branch; and extend all notice posting requirements to the legislative branch.  Support H. Res. 724, support extending the directives therein to the Senate", "Support legislation by Senator Harris to extend to farmworkers the same rights to overtime pay after a 40-hour week that other workers enjoy under the 1932 Fair Labor Standers Act", "Oppose HR 620, which passed the House. Which would create significant obstacles for people with disabilities from enforcing their rights under Title III of the ADA", "Oppose the use of forced, or mandatory arbitration clauses in employment contracts", "Support, Preserve and Protect Equal Opportunity Programs including Affirmative Action", "Support paid sick leave (support HR 947 / S 337)", "Support equal pay for equal work (support HR 1869 / S 819)", "Support a prohibition on employers asking salary history (support HR 2418)", "Support enabling workers to unionize", "Support a prohibition on employers using credit checks (support HR 3783 / S 1819)", "Oppose the Department of Labor's proposed rule regarding tip regulations under the Fair Labor Standards Act Support Twitter updating its form used to report abusive or harmful content", "Oppose the use of forced, or mandatory arbitration clauses in employment contracts Oppose the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) which would create protections for health care workers who refuse to administer services that violate their religious or moral beliefs.", "Eliminate potential discrimination in Faith Based initiatives", "Update the Religious Freedom Restoration Act to ensure against discrimination (support HR 3222) Oppose the FCCs proposals that will debilitate the Lifeline program; oppose WC Docket Nos. 17-287, 11-42, 09-197", "Support ensuring quality Lifeline voice and broadband service for low-income households, with minimal disruption to the program integrity reforms in the 2016 Modernization Order.", "Support S. 2520, the Inmate Calling Technical Corrections Act introduced by Senator Duckworth which allows the FCC to regulate prison phone rates. Oppose an expansion of work credits of work requirements for SNAP (food stamps) in the 2018 Farm bill", "Support a prohibition on employers using credit checks (support HR 3783 / S 1819) Oppose the Council Draft of the Restatement of Consumer Contracts, which would make it harder for consumers to challenge unfair and unconscionable practices in the marketplace and easier for unscrupulous businesses to get away with misconduct", "Oppose any riders to Appropriations bill(s) which would place the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau under the appropriations process.", "Support Senator Merkleys Stopping Abuse and Fraud in Electronic Lending (SAFE) Act of 2018, which will help safeguard consumers and law-abiding lenders from abuses rampant today in consumer lending", "Oppose any bill or amendment which would cut the salaries of employees of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB)", "Oppose HR 5266 or any similar bill or amendment which would turn the leadership of the CFPB from a single director into a commission of 5", "Support NAFTA be replaced with fair new trade agreements that focuses on labor, environmental, health, food safety, food labeling and other pro-American issues Oppose any new cute to Medicare / Medicaid or federal health programs which comprise our nations safety net", "Oppose the recent decision by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to approve Medicaid waivers that allow states to deny Medicaid benefits to people who fail to comply with a work requirement or a community engagement provision", "Support protecting Medicare and Medicaid benefits", "Support restoring Medicaid Eligibility to COFA recipients living in the USA (support HR 2982 / S. 1391) Oppose any new cute to Medicare / Medicaid or federal health programs which comprise our nations safety net Support continued funding in FY 2019 of the Japanese American Confinement Sites (JACS) Grant Program and the Underrepresented Communities Competitive Grants under the Historic Preservation Fund. Oppose the Military Education Savings Account Act of 2018 (H.R. 5199 / S.2517) because it would transform Impact Aid into Education Savings Accounts (ESAs). In effect, ESAs are no different than traditional private school vouchers Support NAFTA be replaced with fair new trade agreements that focuses on labor, environmental, health, food safety, food labeling and other pro-American issues Oppose HR 1917, nullifying rules regulating emissions from kilns and other facilities that manufacture bricks and clay ceramics", "Oppose HR 1119 allowing electricity-generating facilities to use coal Oppose HR 620, which passed the House. Which would create significant obstacles for people with disabilities from enforcing their rights under Title III of the ADA Oppose S. J. Res. 57, which disapproves of a CFPB guidance aimed at restricting discrimination in auto lending. Support full funding for AIDS prevention, treatment, education and research Support the protection of Social Security Support HR 4406, designating a postal facility in New York as the \"Tuskegee Airman Post Office\""],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "48975-12",
                "house_id": "345850000",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Hilary Shelton",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Hilary Shelon",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Hilaary Shelton",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Hilsry Shelton",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Hiary Shelton",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook, Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Facebook, Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300955599.xml",

                "id": "300955599",
                "specific_issues": ["Discussions regarding general intellectual property issues, including copyright reform; Copyright Office for the Digital Economy Act (H.R. 890); The Register of Copyrights Selection and Accountability Act of 2017 (H.R. 1695); Music Modernization Act of 2017 (H.R. 4706). Discussion regarding cyber security, data security, encryption, platform integrity, and terrorism. Discussions regarding comprehensive reform of immigration system, including temporary high-tech worker visas and employment-based permanent residency; Protecting Our Border Communities Act of 2017 (H.R. 920); Reforming American Immigration for Strong Employment Act (S. 354); Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA); Protect and Grow American Jobs Act (H.R. 170); H1-B and L-1 Visa Reform Act of 2017 (S.180); Executive Order 13769 and amendments. Discussions regarding need to reform government surveillance programs, including additional substantive and procedural privacy protections and providing more transparency around national security-related orders; issues related to storage and access to electronic communications and encryption; International Communications Privacy Act (S.1671) (H.R. 3718); Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978, Section 702; National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (H.R. 2810). Issues related to funding for the mutual legal assistance treaty MLAT process, appropriations, ECPA Reform; Email Privacy Act (H.R. 387), and the CLOUD Act (H.R. 4943). Education regarding Internet security policy and Internet privacy issues, federal privacy legislation, and freedom of expression on the Internet, including connectivity, spectrum and access issues; Balancing the Rights of Web Surfers Equally and Responsibly (BROWSER) Act of 2017 (H.R. 2520). Discussions regarding corporate tax issues and international tax policy; Preserving Taxpayer's Rights Act (H.R. 3220); H.R.1, Tax Reform Act of 2017 (Public Law No. 115-97). Discussions regarding free trade agreements; North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); data localization and cross-border trade flows; trade promotion authority; and digital trade. Issues and discussions related to technology and the Internet including privacy, security, and research; online advertising, content and platform transparency efforts; Honest Ads Act (S. 1989); discussions regarding H.R. 5190: Journalism Competition and Preservation Act of 2018; diversity and improving education in science, technology and engineering; protecting children and online safety; The Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act of 2017 (SESTA) (S. 1693) (H.R. 1865); Trafficking Survivors Relief Act of 2017 (H.R. 459); Section 230 of the Communications Decent Act; Online Safety Modernization Act of 2017 (H.R. 3067); general discussions on data breach; and discussions regarding net neutrality and connectivity."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "400458207-12",
                "house_id": "408140000",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Timothy Sparapani",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Adam Conner",
                        "covered_position": "Director of Online Communications, Committee on Rules, Director of Online Communications, Commitee"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "" "",
                        "covered_position": "U.S. House of Representatives Leader (Rep. Pelosi); Deputy Director of Legislative Operations, Office of the Democratic Legislative Operations, Office of the Speaker (Rep. Pelosi); Executive Assistant, Office of the Democratic Leader (Rep. Pelosi); Special Events Coordinator, Rep. Nancy Pelosi. House of Representatives; Director of Coalitions and Member Services, Committee on Education and Workforce, House of Representatives; Senior Legislative Asst., Rep. Cass Ballenger for Policy & Planning, Exec. Office of Pres.; Special Asst. to Pres. for Econ. Policy, Natl. Econ. Council; Asst. to Vice Pres. for Public Affairs, Dpty. Asst. for Public Affairs, Office of the Vice on Rules, House of Representatives Staff, White House; Special Asst. to the Pres. for Policy, Office of Chief of Staff; Deputy Director, OMB; Deputy Chief of Staff, White Econ. Dev't Admin., Dep't of Commerce; Assoc. Gen. Counsel, Coalition Provisional Authority; Special Asst. to Chief of Staff, Office of Chief of Staff, White House; Special Asst. to Pres., Office of Chief of Staff, White House; General Counsel, Senator Richard Burr White House; Special Ass't to the President for Policy, Office of Chief of Staff, White House; Dep. Director, OMB; Dep. Chief of Staff, White House Dev't Admin., Dep't of Commerce; Assoc. Gen'l Counsel, Coalition Provisional Authority; Special Ass't to Chief of Staff, Office of Chief of Staff, White House; Special Ass't to the President, Special Ass't to Chief of Staff, Office of Chief of Staff, White House; Special Ass't to the President, Office of Chief of Staff, White House; General Counsel, Senator Richard Burr White House; Deputy Chief of Staff, Sen. Joseph R. Biden, Jr.; Counsel to Sen. Joseph R. Biden, Jr., Committee on the Judiciary and Transportation; Leg. Director, Rep. George Radanovich; Leg. Counsel, Rep. Patrick McHenry"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Greg Maurer",
                        "covered_position": "See prior reports see prior reports Office of Republican Leader John Boehner,"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Brian Rice",
                        "covered_position": "See prior reports See prior reports. Leg. Asst., Sen. Kerry; Prof. Staff, Cmte. on Small Business see prior reports"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Myriah Jordan",
                        "covered_position": "See prior reports see prior reports see previous reports Attorney Advisor, Chief Counsel's Office, Attorney Advisor, Chief Counsel's Office, Econ."
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Chris Herndon",
                        "covered_position": "See prior reports See prior reports. see prior reports Counsel, Senate Committee on Commerce, Science"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Catlin O'Neill",
                        "covered_position": "See prior reports See prior reports. see prior reports Chief of Staff, Personal Staff of the Democratic"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Erin Egan",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Nkechi Iheme",
                        "covered_position": "Senior Policy Advisor - White House Office of Science and Technology Policy; Military Legislative Fellow - Senate Foreign Relations Committee (Sen. Robert Menendez); Military Legislative Fellow - Sen. Barbara Boxer Senior Policy Advisor - White House Office of Science and Technology Policy; Military Legislative Fellow - Senate Foreign Relations Committee (Sen. Robert Menendez); Military Legislative Fellow - Sen Barbara Boxer See prior reports See prior reports."
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Joel Kaplan",
                        "covered_position": "see prior reports See prior reports see previous reports Special Asst. for Policy, Office of Chief of Special Ass't for Policy, Office of Chief of Staff,"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Louisa Terrell",
                        "covered_position": "see prior reports see previous reports Special Asst. to the President for Leg. Affairs, Special Asst. to the Presdient for Leg. Affairs,"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Susan Gonzales",
                        "covered_position": "see prior reports"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Chris Herdon",
                        "covered_position": "see prior reports"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Tim Sparapani",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Catherine Martin",
                        "covered_position": "Dpty. Asst. to Pres., Dpty. Communications Dir. Dpty Asst. to Pres., Dpty. Communications Dir."
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "n/a n/a",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Timoth Sparapani",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "'' ''",
                        "covered_position": "on Rules, House of Representatives"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Adam Connor",
                        "covered_position": "Director of Online Communications, Commitee"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Sandra Luff",
                        "covered_position": "Deputy Chief of Staff - Sen. Luther Strange; Legislative Director and National Security Advisor - Sen. Jeff Sessions; Staff Member SASC and National Security Advisor -  Sen. John Warner Deputy Chief of Staff - Sen. Luther Strange; Legislative Director and National Security Advisor - Sen. Jeff Sessions; Staff Member SASC and National Security Advisor - Sen. John Warner"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook, Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Subject Matter (fka Elmendorf Ryan)",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300947710.xml",

                "id": "300947710",
                "specific_issues": ["- Issues related to consumer privacy and data", "- Issues related to S. 1693 SESTA - Issues related to online extremist content - Ad transparency and platform integrity and privacy issues - Issues related to immigration"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "313271-1004517",
                "house_id": "391280050",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Steven Elmendorf",
                        "covered_position": "Exec. Asst, Sen. Adams; Admin. Asst, Rep. Eckart Admin. Asst, House Majority Leader Deputy COS and COS, House Minority Leader"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Stacey Alexander",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, Rep.  Matheson"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Barry LaSala",
                        "covered_position": "Counsel, Senate Small Business Committee"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "James Ryan",
                        "covered_position": "LaFollette Law Fellow, S. Jud. Cttee, Subctte On Juv. Just. Legal Extern, H. Jud. Cttee, Subcttee Crime/Crim. Just. Legal Counsel, Sen. Reid Legis. Dir. & General Counsel, Sen. Reid Chief Counsel, Floor Pol. Dir., Asst. Dem. Leader/Whip"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Shanti Stanton",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Kristina Kennedy",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Pat Bousliman",
                        "covered_position": "Professional Staff, Senate Finance Acting Chief, Healthcare, Senate Finance Professional Staff, Health Senate Finance Leg Asst., Senator Baucus Leg Correspondent, Senator Baucus"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Robert Cogorno",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Tom Lopach",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff - Sen. Jon Tester - 2010-2014; Senior Vice President Congressional Affairs - Export Import Bank of the United States - 2009; Legislative Aide - Sen. Edward M. Kennedy - 2001; Field Representative - Rep. Pat Williams - 1996;"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Jamie Wall",
                        "covered_position": "LA - Sen. Roy Blunt, LA - Sen. Kit Bond, LC - Sen. Kit Bond, Staff Asst. - Sen. Kit Bond, Constituent Svcs Caseworker - Gov. Matt Blunt"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Whit Askew",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Ed Kutler",
                        "covered_position": "Executive Director, House Wednesday Group; Senior Advisor to Minority Whip and Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Steven Elmerdorf",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Barry LaSal",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook, Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Peck Madigan Jones",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300943121.xml",

                "id": "300943121",
                "specific_issues": ["Federal policy issues relevant to technology and internet policy, including privacy/security. Issues related to privacy Congressional Review Act, Pub.L. 104-121. Issues related to Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, Public Law 104-104. HR 2520: Browser Act. Issues related to cybersecurity and data security Issues related to internet media information security policy and privacy issues, freedom of expression on the internet encryption issues Issues related to comprehensive tax reform, Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 Public Law 115-97. HR 3220Preserving Taxpayers' Rights Act. Issues related to immigration Issues related to job training in the technology industry. Discussions regarding H.R. 5190: Journalism Competition and Preservation Act of 2018. Honest Ads Act S. 1989/H.R. 4077. S.1693 - Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act of 2017. H.R. 1865 - Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act of 2017."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "20744-1005433",
                "house_id": "315870260",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Peter Madigan",
                        "covered_position": "CoS, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Jeff Peck",
                        "covered_position": "Staff Director, Senate Judiciary Committee"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Drew Cantor",
                        "covered_position": "Sr. Comms. Advisor, Sen. Republican Conference Press Secretary, Rep. Sue Kelly"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Justin McCarthy",
                        "covered_position": "Special Assistant to the President, Legislative Affairs Legislative Correspondent, Rep. Thomas Ewing Legislative Assistant, Rep. Thomas Ewing Assist. USTR, Intergovernmental and Pub. Affairs Assistant USTR, Congressional Affairs Special Assistant to the President, Leg. Affairs"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "John Michael Gonzalez",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, Rep. Melissa Bean Chief of Staff, Rep. Chris Bell"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Jeff Shapiro",
                        "covered_position": "Senior Legislative Assistant, Rep. Lee Terry Chief of Staff, Rep. Adrian Smith"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Tim Molino",
                        "covered_position": "Counsel, Senator Amy Klobuchar; Chief Counsel, Senator Amy Klobuchar"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Jen Olson",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Justin McCarhty",
                        "covered_position": "Special Assistant to the President, Leg. Affairs"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook, Inc",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Stewart Strategies and Solutions, LLC",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300942476.xml",

                "id": "300942476",
                "specific_issues": ["Surveillance reform; Broadband infrastructure; diversity efforts; privacy, online safety and tax; online advertising and platform transparency efforts; election security; Sec 230 of the Communications Decency Act; Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act of 2017 H.R. 1865."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "400797392-48",
                "house_id": "417890003",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Jennifer Stewart",
                        "covered_position": "LD, Congressman Meeks; LA- Congressman Eddie Johnson"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Ebony Simpson",
                        "covered_position": "Staff Assistant, Rep. Al Green Scheduler, Rep. Henry Johnson Legislative Assistant, Rep. William Johnson Legislative Correspondent, Rep. William Johnson"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Signal Group Consulting, LLC",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300928291.xml",

                "id": "300928291",
                "specific_issues": ["General tech issues. Privacy and cyber issues. Electronic communications transaction records issues, encryption, data security and online content issues. General tech issues. Privacy and cyber issues. Electronic communications transaction records issues, encryption, platform information issues, data security and online content issues."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "73271- 1006500",
                "house_id": "359430255",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Robert Chamberlin",
                    "covered_position": "Chief Counsel, US Senate Commerce Committee; Senior Counsel, US Senate Commerce Committee; Assistant Counsel, House Transportation & Infrastructure Committee (Asst. Counsel, House Transportation & Infrastructure Committee) Chief Counsel, US Senate Commerce Committee; Senior Counsel, US Senate Commerce Committee; Asst. Counsel, House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee (Asst.Counsel, House Transportation & Infrastructure Committee)"
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook, Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Ogilvy Government Relations",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300925305.xml",

                "id": "300925305",
                "specific_issues": ["Discussions regarding comprehensive reform of immigration system. Discussions regarding diversity in the workplace."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "48827-1006575",
                "house_id": "345280373",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Dean Aguillen",
                        "covered_position": "Advr, Pelosi; Dir Intgvt Aff, Labor; LA, Sandlin"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Moses Mercado",
                        "covered_position": "Dep Chief of Staff, Gephardt; Chief of Staff, Green"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Karissa Willhite",
                        "covered_position": "Menendez:DepCOS,DepExecDirHouseDemCauc,LA;Stenholm:LA/LC"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "BAKER & HOSTETLER LLP",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300924526.xml",

                "id": "300924526",
                "specific_issues": ["Issues relating to technology policy, including cyber and data security."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "5131-2815",
                "house_id": "300190209",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Chris Jones",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, Rep. Mike Ferguson; Deputy Chief of Staff, Rep. David McIntosh; Communications Director, House Government Reform and Oversight Subcommittee; Press Secretary, Rep. John Myers"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Greg Orlando",
                        "covered_position": "Counsel, Senate Commerce Committee, Chairman Thune; Counsel, Senate Commerce Subcommittee on Communications, Sen. Roger Wicker; Counsel, Sen. Roger Wicker; and Communications Policy Specialist, Commerce Dept., Nat Telecom Info Admin; Wireline Legal Advisor, Federal Communications Commission; Legislative Director/Counsel, Rep. Mike Ferguson; Legislative Director, Rep. John Doolittle"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook, Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Harbinger Strategies, LLC",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300931429.xml",

                "id": "300931429",
                "specific_issues": ["H.R.1, Tax Reform Act of 2017 (Public Law No. 115-97) - Issues related to tax reform. Issues relating to security data legislation; Discussion regarding cyber security, data security, encryption, and platform integrity. Issues and discussion related to online advertising, content and platform transparency efforts."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "401103523-36",
                "house_id": "428120002",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Steve Stombres",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, Office of the Majority Leader 10-14 Chief of Staff, Office of the Minority Whip 08-09 Chief of Staff Office of the Chief DeputyMajorityWhip04-'07 Chief of Staff, Congressman Eric Cantor 01-03 Legislative Director, Congressman Eric Cantor 01 Legislative Director, Congressman Herbert H. Bateman 98-00 Legislative Assistant, Congressman Elton Gallegly 97 Legislative Assistant, Congressman Robert S. Walker 96-97 Legislative Correspondent, Congressman Robert S. Walker 95 Staff Assistant,Committee on Science,Space&Technology93-94 Chief of Staff, Office of the Majority Leader 10-14; Chief of Staff, Office of the Minority Whip 08-09; Chief of Staff, Office of the Chief DeputyMajorityWhip04-07; Chief of Staff, Congressman Eric Cantor 01-03"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Kyle Nevins",
                        "covered_position": "Deputy Chief of Staff, House Majority Leader 11-13 Floor Director, Rep. Eric Cantor 09-10 Floor Director, Rep. Roy Blunt 07-08 Floor Assistant, Rep. Roy Blunt 03-06 Deputy Chief of Staff, House Majority Leader 11-13; Floor Director, Rep. Eric Cantor 09-10; Floor Director, Rep. Roy Blunt 07-08; Floor Assistant, Rep. Roy Blunt 03-06"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "John O'Neill",
                        "covered_position": "Policy Director/Counsel, Senate Minority Whip 04-06 Tax Counsel, Senate Finance Committee 07 Policy Director/Counsel, Senate Minority Whip 04-06; Tax Counsel, Senate Finance Committee 07"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Manny Rossman",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, Office of the Senate Republican Whip 07-09 Senior Policy Advisor, Office of Sen. Trent Lott 05-06 Legislative Director, Rep. Phil Crane 03-04 Legislative Assistant, Rep. Phil Crane 01-02 Chief of Staff, Office of the Senate Republican Whip 07-09; Senior Policy Advisor, Office of Sen. Trent Lott 05-06; Legislative Director, Rep. Phil Crane 03-04; Legislative Assistant, Rep. Phil Crane 01-02 Chief of Staff, Office of the Senate Republican Whip 07-09;Senior Policy Advisor, Office of Sen. Trent Lott 05-06; Legislative Director, Rep. Phil Crane 03-04; Legislative Assistant, Rep. Phil Crane 01-02"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Blue Mountain Strategies",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300927623.xml",

                "id": "300927623",
                "specific_issues": ["Issues and discussions related to technology and the Internet including privacy, data security, research, and online advertising. Discussions regarding content transparency efforts. Issues related to the Honest Ads Act S. 1989. Issues and discussions related to technology and the Internet including privacy, data security, research, and online advertising. Issues related to the Honest Ads Act S. 1989."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "401104249-24",
                "house_id": "434480002",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Luke Albee",
                    "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, Senator Leahy. Chief of Staff, Mark Warner. Staff, Governor Dukakis."
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook, Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "theGROUP DC, LLC",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300927651.xml",

                "id": "300927651",
                "specific_issues": ["Diversity efforts and platform integrity. Issues related to consumer privacy and data security; discussions regarding online advertising and platform disclosures. Initiatives to combat online extremism."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "401103834-90",
                "house_id": "430770009",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Sudafi Henry",
                    "covered_position": "Legislative Director for Rep. Major Owens; Legislative Director for Rep. Emanuel Cleaver; Counsel & Sr. Policy Advisor for Rep. Steny Hoyer; Asst. and Dir. of Legislative Affairs for VP Joe Biden"
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "David Wade/GreenLight Strategies LLC",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300927621.xml",

                "id": "300927621",
                "specific_issues": ["Issues related to online advertising and platform transparency efforts."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "401104652-12",
                "house_id": "438250001",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "David Wade",
                    "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, US State Department 2013-2015 Chief of Staff, US Senate 2008-2013"
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "STEPTOE & JOHNSON LLP",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300942196.xml",

                "id": "300942196",
                "specific_issues": ["Issues relating to social networking."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "36710-1004684",
                "house_id": "310330133",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "James D. Barnette",
                        "covered_position": "General Counsel, House Energy and Commerce"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "John B Shadegg",
                        "covered_position": "Member of Congress"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Elizabeth Burks",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Douglas Kantor",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Lisa Mortier",
                        "covered_position": "Legislative Aide, Projects Coordinator"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Markham Erickson",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "John B. Shadegg",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook, Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Squire Patton Boggs",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300943394.xml",

                "id": "300943394",
                "specific_issues": ["Issues regarding corporate tax proposala, including extension and permanence of the R&D Tax Credit; S. 2260 (EXPIRE Act); H.R. 4428, American Research and Competitiveness Act of 2014. S.169: I-Squared Act of 2013 and S. 744: Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act. Issues related to the need to reform government surveillance programs, including additional substantive and procedural privacy protections and providing more transparency around national security-related orders; FISA Improvement Act of 2013 (S.1631); USA FREEDOM Act (S.1599); and USA FREEDOM Act (H.R. 3361)."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "319171296",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Kevin Martin",
                        "covered_position": "Chairman, Federal Communications Commission, 05-09"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Manny Rossman",
                        "covered_position": "Staff,Crane,01-04;Staff,Lott,05-06;Ofce,Whip,07-09"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Jeff Turner",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "The Glover Park Group LLC",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300941981.xml",

                "id": "300941981",
                "specific_issues": ["General advocacy on legislative and policy issues related to Technology and Internet Policy, including personal privacy, protecting children and advancing online security."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "365480104",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Jack Krumholtz",
                        "covered_position": ""
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Joel Johnson",
                        "covered_position": "Chief of Staff, Senator Howard Metzenbaum Exec. Director, House Democratic Study Group Assistant Secretary of the Minority, U.S. Senate Staff Director, Democrat Leadership Committees Special Assistant to the President for Policy and Communications"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Morna Willens",
                        "covered_position": "Legislative Assistant, Rep. Michael Flanagan Sr. Legislative Assistant, Rep. John Shimkus Legislative Director, Rep. John Shimkus"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Matt Mandel",
                        "covered_position": "Legislative Director, Rep. Cliff Stearns Senior Legislative Assistant, Rep. Cliff Stearns Legislative Assistant, Rep. Eric Cantor Legislative Assistant, Rep. Tom Bliley Staff Assistant, House Committee on International Relations"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "TeleMedia Policy Corp.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300945963.xml",

                "id": "300945963",
                "specific_issues": ["Legislation and proceedings regarding online privacy and data security", "S.799 - Commercial Privacy Bill of Rights Act of 2011", "S. 1151 - Personal Data Privacy and Security Act of 2011", "H.R. 1707 - Data Accountability and Trust ActH.R. 1841 - Data Accountability and Trust Act (DATA) of 2011", "S. 913 - Do-Not-Track Online Act of 2011"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "365590024",

                "lobbyists": [{
                    "name": "Justin Lilley",
                    "covered_position": "Republican Counsel, House Energy & Commerce Committee"
                }]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook Inc.",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "FIERCE, ISAKOWITZ & BLALOCK",
                    "general_description": ""
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300988122.xml",

                "id": "300988122",
                "specific_issues": ["H.R. 2577- SAFE Data Act, Privacy H.R. 3523- Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act of 2011"],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "44812-1005130",
                "house_id": "315070096",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Aleix Jarvis",
                        "covered_position": "Legislative Director, Senator Lindsey Graham Legislative Director, Congressman Lindsey Graham Legislative Assistant, Congressman Lindsey Graham Staff Assistant, Congressman Charles Taylor"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Billy Piper",
                        "covered_position": "Special Assistant, Senator McConnell Legislative Aide, Senator McConnell Legislative Correspondent, Senator McConnell Legislative Assistant, Senator McConnell Appropriations Coordinator, Senator McConnell Senior Legislative Assistant, Senator McConnell Chief of Staff, Senator McConnell"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Danielle Maurer",
                        "covered_position": "Staff Assistant, House Rules Committee Professional Staff Member, House Rules Committee Senior Floor Assistant, House Majority Leader Director of Member Services, Office of the Republican Leader Director of Member Services, Office of the Speaker Staff Assistant, Office of Management and Budget Deputy to the Associate Director, OMB"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Kate Hull",
                        "covered_position": "Staff Director for Senate HELP & Subcommittee on Aging Senior Legislative Assistant, Senator Tim Hutchinson Legislative Staff, Senator Bill Cohen"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Kirk Blalock",
                        "covered_position": "Confidential Assistant to the Sec US Dept of Education Special Assistant to the President Deputy Director of Public Liaison, The White House"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Kirsten Chadwick",
                        "covered_position": "Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Mark Isakowitz",
                        "covered_position": "Press Secretary for Congressman Gilmor"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Mike Chappell",
                        "covered_position": "Press Aid/Office Manager to Rep. Roger Wicker Deputy Chief of Staff, Rep. Chip Pickering Special Projects Director, Rep. Pickering"
                    }
                ]
            },
            {
                "lobbying_client": {
                    "name": "Facebook Inc.",
                    "general_description": "Online Social Networking"
                },
                "lobbying_registrant": {
                    "name": "Fierce, Isakowitz & Blalock",
                    "general_description": "Government Relations and Consulting"
                },
                "inhouse": "false",
                "signed_date": "",
                "effective_date": "",
                "xml_filename": "300991486.xml",

                "id": "300991486",
                "specific_issues": ["General Advocacy on legislative and policy issues related to Technology and Internet Policy, including personal privacy, protecting children, and advancing online security."],
                "report_type": "",
                "report_year": "",
                "senate_id": "",
                "house_id": "",

                "lobbyists": [{
                        "name": "Mark Isakowitz",
                        "covered_position": "Press Secretary for Congressman Paul Gilmor"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Kirk Blalock",
                        "covered_position": "Confidential Assistant to the Sec US Dept of Edu Special Assistant to the President Deputy Director of Public Liaison, The White House"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Kirsten Chadwick",
                        "covered_position": "Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Mike Chappell",
                        "covered_position": "Press Aid/Office Manager to Rep. Roger Wicker Special Projects Director, Rep Pickering Deputy Chief of Staff, Rep Chip Pickering"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Kate Hull",
                        "covered_position": "Staff Director for Senate HELP & Subcommittee on Aging Senior Legislative Assistant, Senator Tim Hutchinson Legislative Staff, Senator Bill Cohen"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Aleix Jarvis",
                        "covered_position": "Legislative Director, Senator Lindsey Graham Legislative Director, Congressman Lindsey Graham Legislative Assistant, Congressman Lindsey Graham Staff Assistant, Congressman Charles Taylor"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Billy Piper",
                        "covered_position": "Special Assistant, Senator McConnell Legislative Correspondent, Senator McConnell Legislative Aide, Senator McConnell Legislative Assistant, Senator McConnell Appropriations Coordinator, Senator McConnell Senior Legislative Assistant, Senator McConnell Chief of Staff, Senator McConnell"
                    }
                ]
            }
        ]
    }]
}

Get a Specific Lobbying Representation filing

To get a specific lobbying representation filing, use the following URI structure.

HTTP Request

GET https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/lobbying/{id}.json

URL Parameters

Parameter Description
id numeric id attribute from search or latest responses

Example Call

curl "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/lobbying/300986302.json"
  -H "X-API-Key: PROPUBLICA_API_KEY"

The above command returns JSON structured like this:

{
   "status":"OK",
   "copyright":"Copyright (c) 2018 Pro Publica Inc. All Rights Reserved.",
   "results":[
      {
        "lobbying_client": {
          "name": "THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE ",
          "general_description": " "
        },
        "lobbying_registrant": {
          "name": "COVINGTON & BURLING LLP ",
          "general_description": ""
        },
        "inhouse": "false",
        "signed_date": "",
        "effective_date": "",
        "xml_filename": "300986302.xml",

        "id": "300986302",
        "specific_issues": ["Consistency of Canadian television programming rules with NAFTA. Federal prohibition on sports betting."],
        "report_type": "",
        "report_year": "",
        "senate_id": "11195-431",
        "house_id": "318270055",
         "lobbyists":[
         {
          "name": "John Veroneau",
          "covered_position": "Deputy U.S. Trade Representative; Gen. Counsel & Asst USTR for Cong Affairs; Asst Secretary & DAS, Leg Affairs; ​Dept of Defense; Chief of Staff, US Senator Susan Collins; Legislative Director, US Senator William Frist."
         },
                  {
          "name": "Ronald Dove Jr.",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "James Smith",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Catherine Gibson",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Martin Gold",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "William Wichterman",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Elizabeth Bell",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Aaron Cooper",
          "covered_position": "Chief IP/ATR Counsel, Senate Judiciary;"
         },
                  {
          "name": "" "",
          "covered_position": "Counsel, Sen. Sarbanes; Leg. Correspondent, Sen. Lautenberg; Leg. Asst., Rep. Andrews"
         },
                  {
          "name": "Elizabeth Letchworth",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Lillian Vogl",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Michael Barnes",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Jonathan Blake",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Linda Morgan",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Allegra Han",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "John Blake",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Ellen Goodman",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Jon Blake",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Dimple Gupta",
          "covered_position": ""
         },
                  {
          "name": "Bill Wichterman",
          "covered_position": ""
         }
         ]
      }
   ]
}

Other Responses

Get State Party Counts

To get party membership counts for all states (current Congress only), use the following URI structure:

HTTP Request

GET https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/states/members/party.json

Example Call

curl "https://api.propublica.org/congress/v1/states/members/party.json"
  -H "X-API-Key: PROPUBLICA_API_KEY"

The above command returns JSON structured like this:

{
  "status": "OK",
  "copyright": " Copyright (c) 2016 Pro Publica Inc. All Rights Reserved.",
  "results": {
    "senate": [
      {
        "AK": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "AL": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "AR": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "AZ": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "CA": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "CO": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "CT": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "DE": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "FL": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "GA": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "HI": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "IA": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "ID": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "IL": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "IN": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "KS": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "KY": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "LA": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MA": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MD": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "ME": [
          {
            "I": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MI": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MN": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MO": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MS": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MT": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "NC": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "ND": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "NE": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "NH": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "NJ": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "NM": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "NV": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "NY": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "OH": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "OK": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "OR": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "PA": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "RI": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "SC": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "SD": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "TN": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "TX": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "UT": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "VA": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "VT": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "I": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "WA": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "WI": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "WV": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "WY": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      }
    ],
    "house": [
      {
        "AK": [
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "AL": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "6"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "AR": [
          {
            "REP": "4"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "AS": [
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "AZ": [
          {
            "DEM": "4"
          },
          {
            "REP": "5"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "CA": [
          {
            "DEM": "39"
          },
          {
            "REP": "14"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "CO": [
          {
            "DEM": "3"
          },
          {
            "REP": "4"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "CT": [
          {
            "DEM": "5"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "DC": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "DE": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "FL": [
          {
            "DEM": "10"
          },
          {
            "REP": "17"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "GA": [
          {
            "DEM": "4"
          },
          {
            "REP": "10"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "GU": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "HI": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "IA": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "3"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "ID": [
          {
            "REP": "2"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "IL": [
          {
            "DEM": "10"
          },
          {
            "REP": "8"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "IN": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          },
          {
            "REP": "7"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "KS": [
          {
            "REP": "4"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "KY": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "5"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "LA": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "5"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MA": [
          {
            "DEM": "9"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MD": [
          {
            "DEM": "7"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "ME": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MI": [
          {
            "DEM": "5"
          },
          {
            "REP": "9"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MN": [
          {
            "DEM": "5"
          },
          {
            "REP": "3"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MO": [
          {
            "DEM": "2"
          },
          {
            "REP": "6"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MP": [
          {
            "I": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MS": [
          {
            "DEM": "1"
          },
          {
            "REP": "3"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "MT": [
          {
            "REP": "1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "NC": [
          {
            "DEM": "3"
          },
          {
            "REP": "10"
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          {
            "REP": "6"
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          {
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          {
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          {
            "REP": "11"
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          {
            "REP": "5"
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          {
            "REP": "1"
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          {
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      {
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          {
            "DEM": "1"
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          {
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          {
            "REP": "6"
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      {
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          {
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      {
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          {
            "REP": "7"
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      {
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          {
            "REP": "25"
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      {
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      {
        "WY": [
          {
            "REP": "1"
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        ]
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    ]
  }
}