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The Repatriation Database Data from Nov. 29, 2023


Institutions reported making 67% of the more than 17,400 Native American remains taken from Arizona available for return to tribes under NAGPRA.

remains of 11,794 Native Americans made available for return to tribes
remains of at least 5,685 Native Americans not made available for return

There are 19 institutions located in Arizona that reported Native American remains taken from across the country.

InstitutionRemains Not Made Available for ReturnRemains Made Available for Return% of Remains Made Available for Return
University of Arizona, Arizona State Museum2,6241,97643%
Arizona State University, School of Human Evolution and Social Change786152%
U.S. Department of Agriculture1434,67597%
U.S. Department of the Interior851,70795%
Museum of Northern Arizona708956%
Eastern Arizona College Foundation3200%
Heard Museum133573%
S'edav Va'aki Museum836298%
Navajo County Coroner600%
Arizona Museum of Natural History410196%
Pima Community College, Centre for Archaeological Field Training200%
Sharlot Hall Museum200%
Arizona State Capitol Museum100%
Arizona State Land Department05100%
Arizona State Parks and Trails01100%
Cochise College014100%
Northern Arizona University08100%
Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner03100%
U.S. Department of Defense01100%

There are 95 institutions that reported Native American remains taken from Arizona.

InstitutionRemains Not Made Available for ReturnRemains Made Available for Return% of Remains Made Available for Return
University of Arizona, Arizona State Museum2,0471,97149%
U.S. Department of the Interior9593,99381%
Harvard University87491%
Arizona State University, School of Human Evolution and Social Change786152%
Field Museum34337252%
American Museum of Natural History1832914%
U.S. Department of Agriculture1344,67697%
University of California, Berkeley12222%
Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Center for Archaeological Investigations5300%
Los Angeles County Natural History Museum2115%
University of New Mexico, Maxwell Museum of Anthropology2100%
Beloit College, Logan Museum of Anthropology1200%
Bowers Museum900%
Museum of Northern Arizona98991%
Eastern Arizona College Foundation800%
Museum of New Mexico, Museum of Indian Arts and Culture800%
Utah Department of Natural Resources800%
Navajo County Coroner600%
University of Kansas600%
Wisconsin Historical Society600%
Milwaukee Public Museum5229%
Trinidad State Junior College500%
University of Minnesota, Duluth, Department of Pathology400%
West Texas A and M University, Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum400%
Brigham Young University, Museum of Peoples and Cultures3125%
Dartmouth College, Hood Museum of Art3350%
No Man's Land Historical Society300%
Oregon State University300%
University of Nebraska State Museum300%
Brown University, Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology200%
Cranbrook Institute of Science200%
Idaho State Historical Society200%
Missouri Department of Natural Resources200%
S'edav Va'aki Museum236199%
University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology200%
University of Texas, El Paso, Centennial Museum200%
Brooklyn Museum1150%
Carnegie Museum of Natural History100%
Dayton Museum of Natural History100%
Elgin Public Museum100%
Fort Worth Museum Science and History100%
Grand Rapids Public Museum1150%
Grout Museum of History and Science100%
Hastings Museum100%
Illinois State Museum100%
Maine Historical Society100%
Minnesota Indian Affairs Council100%
Nassau County Department of Parks and Recreation100%
Pierce County Medical Examiner's Office100%
Rochester Museum and Science Center100%
San Bernardino County Museum100%
Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History1375%
Sharlot Hall Museum100%
Sul Ross State University, Museum of the Big Bend100%
U.S. Department of Defense1150%
University of California, Davis100%
University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology100%
Western New Mexico University Museum100%
Yale University, Peabody Museum of Natural History100%
Arizona Museum of Natural History0101100%
Arizona State Land Department05100%
Arizona State Parks and Trails01100%
California Department of Parks and Recreation02100%
Carter County Museum01100%
Cochise College014100%
College of Southern Idaho01100%
Colorado College015100%
Colorado State University01100%
Denver Art Museum01100%
Denver Museum of Nature and Science04100%
Fort Hays State University, Sternburg Museum of Natural History02100%
Heard Museum032100%
History Colorado010100%
Indiana University01100%
Michigan State University01100%
Minneapolis Institute of Art01100%
New Mexico State Univ. Museum + U.S. Dept. of Interior + U.S. Dept. of Agriculture +05100%
Northern Arizona University08100%
Oakland Museum of California01100%
Pacific Lutheran University01100%
Pejepscot Historical Society02100%
Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner03100%
Pomona College, Montgomery Gallery05100%
Princeton University01100%
Robert S. Peabody Institute of Archaeology, Phillips Academy08100%
San Diego State University02100%
Texas A and M University02100%
University of California, Los Angeles, Fowler Museum of Cultural History01100%
University of Colorado Museum017100%
University of Denver, Museum of Anthropology02100%
University of Idaho, Alfred W. Bowers Laboratory of Anthropology05100%
University of Maine01100%
University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Department of Anthropology04100%
University of Oregon Museum of Natural and Cultural History02100%
University of South Florida01100%
Under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, when an institution establishes a connection between tribes and remains, it must publish a list of the tribes eligible to make a repatriation claim. The remains are then made available for return to the tribe(s). Once a tribal claim is made, physical transfer may occur. Many remains have been physically returned to tribes, but data on this is spotty because the law does not require institutions to report when these transfers occur.

Institutions made Native American remains taken from Arizona available for return to 54 tribes.

Institutions often make remains available for return to multiple tribes, so the amount of remains listed below may be counted for more than one tribe.
TribeRemains Made Available for Return to Tribe
Hopi Tribe of Arizona11,388
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico9,415
Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona5,479
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona5,473
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona5,467
Ak-Chin Indian Community5,446
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico and Utah759
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona531
Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe529
White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona265
Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona243
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona241
Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona234
Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, Arizona214
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico182
Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico160
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma112
Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico108
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, Arizona106
Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona103
Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico101
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma75
San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona73
Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico42
Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona36
Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico36
Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico36
Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California31
Cocopah Tribe of Arizona27
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California and Nevada25
Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico (formerly the Pueblo of San Juan)25
Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico25
Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico25
Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico25
Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico25
Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico25
Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico25
Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico25
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico25
Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico25
Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico25
Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico25
Santo Domingo Pueblo25
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo25
Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony, Nevada24
Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation, Nevada24
Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah24
Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California and Arizona11
Comanche Nation, Oklahoma5
Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation, California4
Apache Business Committee2
Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma2
Mojave Apache Community Council2
Yazapai-Apache Community Council2

Institutions reported Native American remains taken from 15 counties in Arizona.

CountyRemains Taken From County Not Made Available for ReturnRemains Made Available for Return% of Remains Made Available for Return
Maricopa County1,26654430%
Pima County1,1281,74461%
Navajo County9791,44460%
Graham County703274%
Apache County51538643%
Gila County2531,56086%
Yavapai County20964275%
Pinal County9892690%
Coconino County802,78397%
Cochise County347569%
Santa Cruz County625298%
Greenlee County3457%
Mohave County23494%
Yuma County2880%
La Paz County1150%
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About the Data

This tool presents a dataset maintained by the National Park Service containing all the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects that institutions have reported to the federal government under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. The dataset includes information about the state and county where remains and objects were taken from, which institutions hold them and whether they have been made available for return to tribes.

The data is self-reported by institutions. The amount of unrepatriated Native American remains reported by institutions is a minimum estimate of individuals and institutions frequently adjust these numbers when they reinventory groups of remains. Some institutions that are subject to NAGPRA have also entirely failed to report the remains in their possession. As a result, the numbers provided are best taken as estimates. The actual number and geographic scope of what’s held by publicly funded institutions is larger than what is presently documented.

ProPublica supplemented this dataset with information about cultural affiliation and disposition to specific tribes by systematically parsing the text of Notices of Inventory Completion published in the Federal Register. An additional dataset from the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Tribal Directory Assessment Tool, was used for the section on remains not made available for return from counties that each tribe has indicated interest in to the federal government.

Institution location and tribal headquarters location information was provided by National NAGPRA. The location of some groups that are not federally recognized was provided through research by ProPublica.

Institutions that are part of a larger entity are grouped. (For example, the Mesa Verde National Park is part of the U.S. Department of the Interior.)

Institutions that have not submitted information to the federal government are not listed. The Smithsonian Institution is not listed because its repatriation process falls under the National Museum of the American Indian Act and it is not required to publicly report its holdings with the same detail as institutions subject to NAGPRA.

If you work for an institution and would like to provide comment on your institution’s repatriation efforts, please email [email protected]. If you think the data is incorrect or have a data request, please get in touch. We are aware of some issues with the accuracy of location information and tribes mistakenly being identified for disposition of Native American remains in published notices.

If you want to share something else with ProPublica, we’d like to hear from you.

If you have questions about implementing or complying with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, get in touch with National NAGPRA or the NAGPRA Community of Practice.

We use the word “tribes” to refer to all groups that institutions made Native American remains available to under NAGPRA. This includes tribes, nations, bands, pueblos, communities, Native Alaskan villages, Native Hawaiian organizations and non-federally recognized groups.

Data sources from Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National NAGPRA Program, the Federal Register, Department of Housing and Development, Tribal Directory Assessment Tool