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Three decades after legislation pushed for the return of Native American remains to Indigenous communities, many of the nation’s top museums and universities still have the remains of thousands of people in their collections.

The University of California, Berkeley still has the remains of at least 4,900 Native Americans that it has not made available for return.
Entrance to the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley
Exterior of the Peabody Museum at Harvard University
Harvard University still has the remains of at least 5,600 Native Americans.
The American Museum of Natural History still has the remains of at least 1,800 Native Americans.
Exterior of the American Museum of Natural History
Exterior of the Department of the Interior
The Department of the Interior still has the remains of at least 3,600 Native Americans.
The Repatriation Project

Does Your Local Museum or University Still Have Native American Remains?

Use this database to find out where Native American remains were taken from and which institutions report still having them. Check on institutions near you.

In 1990, Congress passed a law recognizing the unequal treatment of Native American remains and set up a process for tribes to request their return from museums and other institutions that had them. The law, known as the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act or NAGPRA, sought to address this human rights issue by giving Indigenous peoples a way to reclaim their dead.

But more than 30 years after the law’s passage, about half of the remains of more than 210,000 Native Americans have yet to be returned. Tribes have struggled to reclaim them in part because of a lack of federal funding for repatriation and because institutions face little to no consequences for violating the law or dragging their feet.

This database allows you to search for information on the roughly 600 federally funded institutions that reported having such remains to the Department of the Interior. While the data is self-reported, it is a starting point for understanding the damage done by generations of Americans who stole, collected and displayed the remains and possessions of the continent’s Indigenous peoples — and the work done by tribes and institutions to repatriate those Native ancestors since.

Under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, when an institution establishes a connection between tribes and remains, it must publish a list of the tribes eligible to make a repatriation claim. The remains are then made available for return to the tribe(s). Once a tribal claim is made, physical transfer may occur. Many remains have been physically returned to tribes, but data on this is spotty because the law does not require institutions to report when these transfers occur.

Ten institutions hold about half of the reported Native Americans remains that have not been made available for return to tribes. The list includes some of the country’s most prestigious universities, as well as federal agencies whose development projects disturbed Native American burials, and state museums whose archeology and anthropology programs originated with the excavation of key Native American sites and mounds. (At publication, the University of California, Berkeley was #1 on the list, the Tennessee Valley Authority was #8 on the list and the University of Arizona was #11. Updates to the data have changed these rankings since. The text refers to the original 10 institutions unless otherwise noted. See the rankings at publication here.)

Most of these institutions spent years after the law’s passage prioritizing scientific interest in the skeletal remains and objects above the human rights of tribes. Institutions also maintained an unwillingness or inability to bear the costs of taking inventory and fully consulting with tribes. [Read more about why these institutions still have the remains of thousands of Native Americans.]

All of these institutions have used a loophole in the law that allows them to keep Native Americans remains if they deem them as “culturally unidentifiable,” meaning they can’t be culturally affiliated to a modern-day federally recognized tribe. Tribal representatives have long criticized NAGPRA for giving institutions the final say in these decisions.

In recent years, most of these institutions have expressed a greater willingness to engage with tribes, and several have brought on new staff to meet these goals. One of the main challenges many so-called repatriation coordinators face is figuring out exactly what is in their museums’ possession.

This accounting issue persists at the national level. The amount of unrepatriated Native American remains reported by institutions is a minimum estimate of individuals and institutions frequently adjust these numbers when they reinventory groups of remains. Some institutions that are subject to NAGPRA have also entirely failed to report the remains in their possession.

As a result, the numbers provided are best taken as estimates. The actual number and geographic scope of what’s held by publicly funded institutions is larger than what is presently documented.

Where Native American remains reported by institutions were taken from

Each county is a peak
Height is the minimum amount of remains taken from county, as reported by institutions
Color is reported rate of remains made available for return to tribes
Institutions reported no remains taken from these counties
Map of counties in the eastern U.S. showing remains that have been taken and made available for return

Institutions reported still having large numbers of human remains taken from east of the Mississippi River, in areas where most Indigenous peoples were forcibly removed in the 19th century.

Tribes say that more remains have been taken than are reported from places like Georgia.

Map of counties in the western U.S. showing remains that have been taken and made available for return

In California, where the Native population was decimated by settlers, thousands of human remains are still held by the state’s flagship universities.

Note: Institutions reported remains of 16,693 Native Americans with no county and/or state information. 36% of these remains were made available for return to tribes.

More than 30 years after passage of the law, institutions continue to find previously undisclosed ancestral remains.

For example, in August 2022, the University of North Dakota announced it had found more than 250 boxes of Native American remains and belongings that had not been previously reported to federal officials. No penalties have been assessed against the institution, which has two years from the time of the discovery to complete an inventory.

“The University is now beginning the process of identifying those ancestors, which will allow them to be returned to their tribes,” said a university spokesperson. “UND remains committed to seeing the repatriation process carried through to completion.”

Institutions have made about half of the remains of more than 210,000 Native Americans reported nationally available for return.
Institutions have made about half of the remains of more than 210,000 Native Americans reported nationally available for return.

In 2022, the University of California, Berkeley, which has the largest amount of Native American remains in the country, completed a review of its holdings after facing questions over whether they had accurately cataloged the unrepatriated remains of more than 9,000 Native Americans that they reported to federal officials. A school spokesperson said that what it has reported now represents a “close estimate” of the Native American remains that it holds.

In October 2022, the Interior Department, which is led by the first Native American to serve in a cabinet post, proposed changes to NAGPRA regulations intended to expedite the return of ancestral remains and funerary belongings to tribes within three years. Some who work on repatriation for institutions and tribes have raised concerns about the feasibility of this timeline. Without the proposed regulations, the department projected that repatriating the rest of the Native American remains would take another 25 years roughly to complete at the current pace.

Institutions that reported having Native American remains

InstitutionRemains Not Made Available for ReturnRemains Made Available for Return% of Remains Made Available for Return
Ohio History Connection7,167170%
Illinois State Museum7,1101963%
Harvard Univ.5,6804,53744%
Univ. of California, Berkeley4,9597,08659%
Indiana Univ.4,8381,02317%
Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville3,9292,32937%
Univ. of Kentucky3,80772116%
Dept. of the Interior3,67212,14977%
Univ. of Alabama2,73210,72380%
Univ. of Arizona2,6241,97643%
Univ. of Florida2,62037212%
Univ. of Missouri, Columbia2,4511506%
Univ. of Oklahoma2,3241,35837%
Dept. of Defense1,9505,10172%
Center for American Archeology, Kampsville Archeological Center1,94700%
Univ. of Texas at Austin1,90534115%
American Museum of Natural History1,8821,68947%
Milwaukee Public Museum1,600483%
Florida Dept. of State1,447795%
Field Museum1,29856530%
State Museum of Pennsylvania90817716%
Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale84600%
Arizona State Univ.786152%
Univ. of Michigan78189453%
Museum of New Mexico, Museum of Indian Arts and Culture77927926%
Dept. of Agriculture7695,85188%
Auburn Univ.76720%
Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign761587%
Virginia Dept. of Historic Resources71116919%
Carnegie Museum of Natural History64610514%
Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill64144041%
New York State Museum58453048%
Univ. of New Mexico58384459%
Mississippi Dept. of Archives and History55149647%
Cincinnati Museum Center52010%
Florida State Univ.5089215%
Nassau County Dept. of Parks and Recreation48800%
Cleveland Museum of Natural History47700%
Univ. of Kansas458123%
Dayton Museum of Natural History43810%
San Jose State Univ.42920%
Natural History Museum of Utah4166714%
Univ. of Pennsylvania40223036%
Wickliffe Mounds State Historic Site38310%
Museum of Texas Tech Univ.37700%
Tennessee Dept. of Environment and Conservation37447856%
Yale Univ.36640653%
West Virginia Division of Culture and History3651,03174%
West Texas A and M Univ.36200%
California Dept. of Parks and Recreation35985770%
San Francisco State Univ.35925341%
Western Kentucky Univ.35121%
Los Angeles County Natural History Museum34317634%
Kansas State Historical Society30510325%
Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources3013510%
Univ. of Texas at San Antonio29431%
Gilcrease Museum27133155%
Sonoma State Univ.26731554%
North Carolina Office of State Archaeology262207%
Univ. of South Carolina, SCIAA26162%
Univ. of Louisville259166%
Ball State Univ.2402911%
Wisconsin Historical Society23980477%
Indiana State Univ.23200%
Univ. of Toledo2104618%
Univ. of Alaska Museum of the North1972712%
Mississippi State Univ.19617948%
Missouri Dept. of Transportation19600%
Maryland Historical Trust19000%
California Univ. of Pennsylvania18300%
Univ. of California, Davis17224659%
HistoryMiami Museum16000%
Univ. of Wisconsin, Oshkosh159148%
East Carolina Univ.1526931%
Beloit College14522461%
SUNY Univ. at Buffalo1433419%
Univ. of South Florida14210041%
Fernbank Museum of Natural History1416030%
Cal. State, Long Beach14027566%
Univ. of Cincinnati14000%
Idaho State Historical Society13611%
Univ. of Louisiana at Monroe13500%
Univ. of Georgia1321812%
Graves Museum of Archaeology and Natural History13100%
Georgia Dept. of Natural Resources13040676%
Cal. State, Chico12654181%
Autry Museum of the American West1244326%
Robert S. Peabody Institute of Archaeology1212,16895%
Rochester Museum and Science Center1211,53993%
North Museum of Nature and Science12000%
Temple Univ.11697%
Texas State Univ.11476%
Hawaii Dept. of Land and Natural Resources11400%
New York Univ.11315157%
Univ. of Iowa1111,09591%
Los Angeles County10300%
Utah Dept. of Natural Resources1023727%
Western Reserve Historical Society9900%
Brown Univ.981211%
Wake Forest Univ., Archeology Labs9800%
Univ. of Arkansas973,26397%
Sarasota County History Center9300%
Earlham College8922%
California Dept. of Transportation8882790%
Minnesota Indian Affairs Council861,91596%
Vanderbilt Univ.8620871%
Univ. of Memphis8555387%
Filoli Center8500%
Univ. of Wyoming8314463%
Brigham Young Univ.814737%
Central Washington Univ.8025576%
Portland State Univ.7900%
Alabama Dept. of Archives & History783732%
Indiana State Museum and Historic Sites Corporation7710658%
San Diego State Univ.763733%
Grand Rapids Public Museum7515968%
Charleston Museum7523%
Oshkosh Public Museum7456%
Univ. of Oregon7347987%
Allen County Museum and Historical Society7300%
Buffalo Museum of Science7200%
Louisiana State Univ.701,17694%
Museum of Northern Arizona708956%
Bowers Museum7011%
Tioga Point Museum7000%
Cal. State, Easy Bay6600%
Southern Utah Univ. Archeological Repository6400%
Oregon State Univ.6314770%
South Dakota State Historical Society, State Archaeological Research Center6314369%
Western Washington Univ.6346%
Lawrence Univ.6200%
Trinidad State Junior College6200%
Hastings Museum6110864%
Univ. of South Alabama60913%
Southeast Missouri State Univ.5900%
Museum of Us5649490%
Neville Public Museum555349%
Museum of Western Colorado5300%
Northern Kentucky Univ.5200%
Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth5100%
Cal. State, Sacramento5083494%
Univ. of Nebraska State Museum491,96598%
Univ. of Wisconsin, La Crosse4900%
Mutter Museum, College of Physicians of Philadelphia48916%
Univ. of Texas, El Paso4700%
Nevada State Museum464047%
San Bernardino County Museum462939%
Univ. of Indianapolis4600%
New Mexico State Univ. Museum4528886%
Univ. of Miami4500%
Carlsbad Museum42613%
New Mexico Highlands Univ.4200%
Purdue Univ.4200%
South Carolina Dept. of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism4200%
Witte Museum403244%
St. Joseph Museums, Inc.401730%
Univ. of Colorado, Denver4000%
Western Colorado Univ.4000%
Anniston Museum of Natural History3925%
Brazos Valley Museum of Natural History3900%
Museum of Osteopathic Medicine3900%
Cal. State, Northridge3800%
History Nebraska3779996%
Univ. of Southern Mississippi365661%
Stanford Univ. Heritage Services361225%
Memphis Pink Palace Museum351834%
Cleveland State Univ.3500%
Foothill-De Anza Community College District3500%
Texas A and M Univ.3311277%
Georgia Power3300%
Wichita State Univ.3300%
Eastern Arizona College Foundation3200%
Univ. of the Incarnate Word3200%
Springfield Science Museum3110778%
Sul Ross State Univ.3100%
Fort Lewis College3013482%
Michigan State Historic Preservation Office302747%
Univ. of Rhode Island2913%
Oakland Museum of California2827%
The History Museum2800%
Heidelberg Univ.2700%
Cranbrook Institute of Science263960%
Houston Museum of Natural Science2600%
Wagner Free Institute of Science2600%
Western Illinois Univ.2600%
Univ. of Montana254665%
Univ. of California, Santa Barbara2441795%
Santa Cruz Museum of Natural History2400%
Cook County Forest Preserve District2300%
Augusta Museum of History2200%
Idaho State Univ.2200%
State of Alaska Medical Examiner Office2200%
Louisiana Dept. of Culture, Recreation, and Tourism211134%
Univ. of Missouri, St. Louis2100%
Wayne State Univ.209282%
Missouri State Univ.2000%
Cal. State, Bakersfield191442%
Dept. of Energy19727%
East Bay Municipal Utility District1900%
No Man's Land Historical Society1900%
Kansas City Museum18210%
Texas Parks and Wildlife171750%
Jacksonville State Univ.1700%
Poverty Point World Heritage Site1700%
Louisiana State Exhibit Museum1600%
Montana Historical Society1600%
Tippecanoe County Historical Association1600%
Univ. of Central Missouri1600%
Univ. of California, Riverside151244%
Dartmouth College151040%
Missouri Historical Society15212%
Buffalo State College1500%
Henry County Historical Society1500%
Oregon Historical Society1417%
New Harmony Workingmen's Institute1400%
Univ. of West Florida1400%
Kansas State Univ.1313791%
Heard Museum133573%
Antelope Valley College1300%
Metropolitan State Univ. of Denver1300%
Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas1210390%
Oklahoma Historical Society1200%
Spratt-Mead Museum1200%
Peabody Essex Museum115984%
Montana State Univ., Museum of the Rockies11739%
Willamette Univ.11427%
Univ. of Nevada, Reno11215%
Montana State Univ., Bozeman1100%
The Discovery Museum - Science and Space Center1100%
Columbus Museum106887%
Putnam Museum10638%
San Diego Mesa College1000%
Texas Historical Commission1000%
Univ. of Tennessee at Chattanooga1000%
Alaska Office of History and Archeology9640%
Discovery Place9110%
de Young Museum900%
Ohio Univ.900%
Phillip and Patricia Frost Museum of Science900%
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency900%
Washington Univ.900%
S'edav Va'aki Museum836298%
Texas Dept. of Transportation813895%
Univ. of Idaho83682%
Coryell County Sheriff's Dept.800%
Goodhue County Historical Society800%
Speed Art Museum800%
Stamford Museum and Nature Center800%
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison716696%
Seton Hall Univ.72679%
Filson Historical Society7436%
Cal. State, Monterey Bay700%
Clark County Historical Museum700%
Georgia Southern Univ.700%
San Mateo County Community College District700%
Univ. of Akron700%
Univ. of Northern Iowa700%
Univ. of Texas Permian Basin700%
Warren County Historical Society700%
Cal. State, Fullerton61875%
Palmer Foundation for Chiropractic History6440%
Univ. of Notre Dame6225%
Cal. State, Dominguez Hills600%
Cal. State, Stanislaus600%
Fort Concho NHL600%
Grout Museum of History and Science600%
Kenosha Public Museum600%
Louisiana Dept. of Justice600%
Navajo County Coroner600%
Univ. of North Texas600%
New Jersey State Museum520998%
Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee58394%
Pennsylvania State Univ.55191%
Wesleyan Univ.51067%
Minnesota Historical Society5444%
Maryland Center for History and Culture5338%
Buffalo Bill Center of the West5229%
Eastern California Museum5229%
Bridgewater College5117%
College of Southern Idaho5117%
St. Louis Science Center5117%
Capital City Museum500%
Elgin Public Museum500%
Hardin County Historical Museums500%
Layland Museum500%
Richmond Museum of History500%
Rocky Ford Historical Museum500%
Sul Ross State Univ.500%
Triton Museum of Art500%
Arizona Museum of Natural History410196%
Museum of Natural History and Planetarium41478%
Brooklyn Museum4120%
Cape Cod Museum of Natural History400%
Goshen College400%
Koshare Indian Museum400%
Southern Oregon Univ.400%
West Valley College400%
Museum of Riverside33993%
Utah State Univ.31684%
Kingman Museum, Inc.3770%
Fort Ticonderoga3667%
High Desert Museum3457%
Hartwick College3125%
Madison County Historical Society3125%
Aurora Historical Society300%
College of the Ozarks300%
Columbia College, Yosemite Community College District300%
Fort Worth Museum Science and History300%
Lackawanna Historical Society300%
Los Rios Community College District300%
Louisiana Cultural Heritage Museum300%
Loxahatchee Historical Society300%
Salisbury House300%
Santa Clara Univ.300%
South Georgia State College300%
Univ. of Southern Indiana300%
Univ. of California, Los Angeles22,066100%
Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History21,049100%
Cal. State, Fresno216099%
Central Michigan Univ.214599%
Colgate Univ.21789%
Diablo Valley College21689%
Broome County Historical Society21185%
Klamath County Museum21083%
Alaska State Museum2571%
Shiloh Museum of Ozark History2467%
Kalamazoo Valley Museum2360%
Indiana Univ. of Pennsylvania2250%
Johnson-Humrickhouse Museum2250%
Alma College2133%
Artesia Historical Museum and Art Center2133%
Chemung Valley Historical Society2133%
McWane Science Center2133%
City of Oakland Rotary Nature Center200%
Fellow-Reeve Museum of History and Science200%
Maine Historical Society200%
Pima Community College, Centre for Archaeological Field Training200%
Rutgers Univ.200%
Rutgers Univ.200%
Sharlot Hall Museum200%
Stuhr Museum of the Prairie Pioneer200%
The Heritage Museum of the Texas Hill Country200%
Washington County Historical Society200%
Western New Mexico Univ. Museum200%
Worcester Historical Museum200%
Denver Museum of Nature and Science115399%
Univ. of Alaska, Anchorage112699%
Murray State Univ.17999%
Whitman College, Maxey Museum16098%
Univ. of Tulsa15198%
Univ. of the Pacific13297%
SUNY, Binghamton12796%
Northwestern State Univ. of Louisiana11192%
Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology1889%
Saint Martin's Univ. Waynick Museum1889%
Univ. of New Hampshire1889%
New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources1480%
Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences1480%
Cornell Univ.1375%
Plimoth Patuxet Museum1375%
Fort Hays State Univ.1267%
Pejepscot Historical Society1267%
Mabee-Gerrer Museum of Art1150%
Morris Museum1150%
Palo Alto Junior Museum and Zoo1150%
Arizona State Capitol Museum100%
Barnum Museum100%
Benton County Historical Society100%
Bixby Memorial Library100%
Cass County Historical Society Museum100%
City of Fort Smith100%
City of Marietta100%
City of Santa Clara, Headen-Inman House100%
Crocker Art Museum100%
Davis and Elkins College100%
Eckerd College100%
Everhart Museum100%
Fairbanks Museum and Planetarium100%
Fredericksburg Area Museum100%
Grayson County Frontier Village Museum100%
Hobart and William Smith Colleges100%
Hutchinson County Historical Museum100%
Lane County Historical Museum100%
Marblehead Historical Society100%
Meeteetse Museum100%
Miami County Museum100%
Newark Museum100%
Oneida County Historical Society100%
Pember Library and Museum100%
Pierce County Medical Examiner's Office100%
SUNY, Potsdam100%
Sullivan County Historical Society, Inc.100%
Swansea Historical Society100%
Tread of Pioneers Museum100%
Univ. of North Carolina, Charlotte100%
Univ. of Vermont100%
Wichita County Sherriff's Office100%
Tennessee Valley Authority014,134100%
Bernice P. Bishop Museum01,636100%
History Colorado01,181100%
Univ. of Colorado Museum0695100%
Michigan State Univ.0544100%
Dept. of Justice0511100%
Univ. of California, San Diego0486100%
Southern Methodist Univ.0387100%
Catalina Island Museum Society, Inc.0369100%
Florida Atlantic Univ.0336100%
Univ. of Washington0284100%
School for Advanced Research0263100%
State Historical Society of Iowa0221100%
Univ. of Minnesota, Twin Cities0198100%
Salmon Ruins Museum0195100%
Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst0186100%
Ojai Valley Historical Society and Museum0180100%
Univ. of Denver0170100%
College of William and Mary0158100%
Arkansas State Univ. Museum0157100%
Grand Valley State Univ.0154100%
Arkansas Highway and Transportation Dept.0133100%
Baylor Univ.0105100%
Eastern Washington Univ.0103100%
National Guard Bureau, Air National Guard096100%
Rome Historical Society087100%
Washington State Univ.083100%
Colorado State Univ.079100%
Western Michigan Univ.079100%
Maine State Museum076100%
Bishop Museum of Science and Nature068100%
Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture064100%
Animas Museum061100%
Gregg County Historical Museum051100%
Bess Bower Dunn Museum048100%
Alabama Dept. of Transportation045100%
Colorado College045100%
SUNY, College at Oswego043100%
Stephen F. Austin State Univ.042100%
Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne-Archaeological Survey038100%
Marshall Univ.038100%
Sydney L. Wright Museum037100%
Hamilton County Dept. of Parks and Recreation034100%
Indiana Dept. of Natural Resources033100%
Pierce College031100%
Univ. of Maine031100%
Univ. of Northern Colorado031100%
SUNY, Univ. at Albany030100%
Univ. of California, Santa Cruz029100%
Columbus State Univ.028100%
Univ. of Puget Sound027100%
Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission024100%
Alutiiq Museum and Archaeological Repository023100%
Detroit Institute of Arts023100%
Georgia State Univ.023100%
State Center Community College District - Fresno City College022100%
Kutztown Univ. of Pennsylvania021100%
Historical Society of Saginaw County020100%
Fort Collins Museum of Discovery019100%
Pittsburg State Univ.019100%
Princeton Univ.019100%
Bruce Museum018100%
Los Angeles Pierce College018100%
State Center Community College District - Reedly College018100%
Univ. of Connecticut017100%
Lost City Museum016100%
Oregon Parks and Recreation Department016100%
Dept. of State016100%
Arkansas Dept. of Parks and Tourism, Toltec Mounds Archeological Park015100%
Carter County Museum015100%
Museum of the American Indian015100%
Cochise College014100%
Columbia Univ.014100%
Michigan State Police014100%
Pratt Museum014100%
San Diego Archaeological Center014100%
Vassar College014100%
Michigan Dept. of Transportation013100%
Washington State Historical Society013100%
Indiana Dept. of Transportation012100%
Franklin Pierce University011100%
Univ. of Hawai'i at Hilo011100%
Amherst College010100%
Culver-Stockton College010100%
Dallas Water Utilities010100%
Karshner Museum010100%
Michigan History Center010100%
Nevada Historical Society010100%
Allen County Museum, Fort Wayne Historical Society09100%
Besser Museum for Northeast Michigan09100%
Lakeshore Museum Center09100%
Sloan Museum09100%
Virginia Commonwealth Univ.09100%
American Univ.08100%
Chadron State College08100%
City of Larsen Bay08100%
County of Nacogdoches08100%
Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources08100%
Museum of Ojibwa Culture and Marquette Mission Park - City of St. Ignace08100%
Northern Arizona Univ.08100%
SUNY, New Paltz08100%
Toledo Zoological Society08100%
Abbe Museum07100%
Appalachian State Univ.07100%
Coe College07100%
Colorado Archaeological Society, Denver Chapter07100%
Mercyhurst Univ.07100%
Albuquerque Museum06100%
Cal. State, Los Angeles06100%
MetroParks of the Toledo Area06100%
Sheboygan County Historical Museum06100%
Arizona State Land Dept.05100%
Case Western Reserve Univ.05100%
Coachella Valley History Museum05100%
Douglas County Public Utility District05100%
Fruitlands Museums05100%
Pomona College05100%
Rice Univ., Dept. of Anthropology05100%
Anchorage Museum04100%
Berkshire Museum04100%
Catholic Univ. of America04100%
Colorado Springs Pioneers Museum04100%
Greater Amsterdam School District04100%
Historic Westville04100%
Idaho Dept. of Transportation04100%
Lindsay Wildlife Museum04100%
Oberlin College04100%
Pacific Lutheran Univ.04100%
Seminole Tribe of Florida04100%
Syracuse Univ.04100%
Valentine Museum04100%
Virginia Dept. of Conservation and Recreation, Division of State Parks04100%
Wistar Institute04100%
Boston Univ.03100%
Brooklyn Children's Museum03100%
Bryn Mawr College03100%
City of Saugatuck03100%
Colorado Bureau of Investigation03100%
Georgia Dept. of Transportation03100%
Kodiak History Museum03100%
Manchester Historical Society03100%
New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation03100%
Outagamie County Historical Society03100%
Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner03100%
Pioneer Historical Society of Bent County03100%
Pioneer Museum, Blue Licks Battlefield State Resort Park03100%
Robbins Museum of Archaeology03100%
Schiele Museum of Natural History03100%
Texarkana Museums System03100%
Univ. of San Diego03100%
Virginia Living Museum03100%
Warren County Cultural and Heritage Commission, Shippen Manor03100%
Wasco County Dalles City Museum Commission03100%
Augusta State Univ.02100%
Chelan County Public Utilities District02100%
Children's Museum of Oak Ridge02100%
City of Traverse City02100%
Columbia Gorge Discovery Center and Museum02100%
Cosumnes River College02100%
Emory Univ.02100%
Evanston History Center02100%
Hawai'i Maritime Center02100%
Historic Hugeuenot Street02100%
John Michael Kohler Arts Center02100%
Kamehameha Schools02100%
Kentucky Historical Society02100%
Kitsap County Coroner's Office02100%
Moravian Historical Society02100%
Museum of the Great Plains02100%
Northwest Christian College02100%
Oregon Museum of Science and Industry02100%
Pilgrim Hall Museum02100%
Reading Public Museum02100%
San Bernardino County Sherriff-Coroner02100%
San Luis Obispo County Archaeological Society02100%
Southern Oregon Historical Society02100%
Southwestern College02100%
State Historical Society of North Dakota02100%
Tioga County Historical Society02100%
Dept. of Homeland Security02100%
Univ. of West Georgia02100%
Univ. of Wisconsin, Stevens Point02100%
Washington State Dept of Natural Resources02100%
Adams State Univ.01100%
Arizona State Parks and Trails01100%
Athens County Historical Society and Museum01100%
Bay County Historical Society01100%
Berrien County Sheriff's Office01100%
Buffalo Bill Museum and Grave01100%
California Academy of Sciences01100%
Central Methodist Univ.01100%
Charles Whipple Green Museum, George Hail Library01100%
Clarke Memorial Museum01100%
Dalton State College01100%
Dana Adobe Nipomo Amigos01100%
Delta County Historical Society Museum01100%
Denver Art Museum01100%
Florence Indian Mound Museum01100%
Fremont County Coroner01100%
Geneva Historical Society01100%
Gettysburg Foundation01100%
History Museum on the Square01100%
Kerr County01100%
Lambertville Historical Society01100%
Library Company of Philadelphia01100%
Michigan Technological Univ.01100%
Minneapolis Institute of Art01100%
Montclair Art Museum01100%
Mount Holyoke College Art Museum01100%
Museum of Science Boston01100%
Port Huron Museum01100%
Renton History Museum01100%
Rhinelander High School01100%
Rhode Island Historical Society01100%
Sabine River Authority of Texas01100%
Safety Harbor Museum of Natural History01100%
Sandusky Library, Follett House Museum01100%
Seneca Falls Historical Society01100%
Sierra Mono Museum01100%
Sioux City Public Museum01100%
St Joseph County Sheriff's Dept.01100%
St. Lawrence Univ.01100%
The Region of Three Oaks Museum01100%
Wistariahurst Museum01100%

Tribes that institutions made Native American remains available to

TribeRemains Made Available for Return to Tribe
Chickasaw Nation25,251
Muscogee (Creek) Nation19,931
Hopi Tribe of Arizona18,317
Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas18,017
Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana17,802
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma16,879
The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma16,478
Jena Band of Choctaw Indians16,143
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico15,650
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma13,849
Seminole Tribe of Florida12,089
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians10,796
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma10,321
Cherokee Nation10,069
Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico9,151
Shawnee Tribe8,267
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma8,132
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma8,126
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town6,914
Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation, California6,811
Poarch Band of Creek Indians6,399
Ione Band of Miwok Indians of California6,388
Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico6,367
Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), California6,337
Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California6,302
Chicken Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California6,176
Jackson Band of Miwuk Indians6,176
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota6,170
Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria of California6,024
Wilton Rancheria, California5,962
Santa Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, California5,900
Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico5,816
Table Mountain Rancheria5,805
Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California5,801
Kialegee Tribal Town5,797
Tule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation, California5,704
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona5,657
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona5,651
California Valley Miwok Tribe, California5,639
Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico5,586
Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona5,501
Ak-Chin Indian Community5,452
Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico5,255
Santo Domingo Pueblo5,091
Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico4,987
Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico4,969
Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico4,775
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico4,773
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo4,751
Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico4,743
Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico4,712
Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico4,712
Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico4,709
Middletown Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California4,695
Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico4,539
Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico (formerly the Pueblo of San Juan)4,537
Quapaw Nation4,523
Guidiville Rancheria of California4,454
Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico4,449
Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico4,267
Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota4,250
Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska4,165
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma4,155
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma4,001
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota3,869
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska3,853
Delaware Nation, Oklahoma3,848
Delaware Tribe of Indians3,759
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota3,639
Hui Malama I Na Kupuna O Hawai'i Nei3,431
Office of Hawaiian Affairs3,383
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma3,341
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico and Utah3,287
Seneca Nation of Indians3,200
Tonawanda Band of Seneca3,162
Seneca-Cayuga Nation3,152
Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska3,132
White Earth Band of Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota3,105
Leech Lake Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota3,104
Mille Lacs Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota3,099
Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota3,040
Grand Portage Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota3,035
Fond du Lac Band of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota3,033
Oglala Sioux Tribe3,010
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota2,965
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota2,939
O'ahu Island Burial Council2,886
Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma2,870
Chippewa Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana2,857
Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota2,795
Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana2,706
Ka Lahui Hawaii2,644
Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota2,608
Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma2,584
Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin2,583
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan2,581
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota2,562
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan2,555
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa2,541
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco and Tawakonie), Oklahoma2,521
Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Michigan2,517
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota2,501
Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska2,473
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma2,400
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Michigan2,397
Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin2,390
Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation2,348
Wyandotte Nation2,333
Bay Mills Indian Community, Michigan2,327
Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota2,245
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska2,238
Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan2,228
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota2,220
Upper Sioux Community, Minnesota2,213
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska2,203
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma2,141
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana2,078
Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas2,077
Onondaga Nation2,050
Comanche Nation, Oklahoma1,983
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota1,976
Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin1,931
Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan1,910
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan1,902
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma1,899
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin1,893
Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin1,891
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan1,869
Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin1,859
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota1,843
Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of Wisconsin1,823
Oneida Indian Nation in New York1,814
St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin1,800
Oneida Nation of Wisconsin1,732
Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota1,728
Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe1,726
Tuscarora Nation1,712
Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan1,699
Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan (formerly the Huron Potawatomi, Inc.)1,661
Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma1,660
United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California1,640
Cayuga Nation1,628
Kekumano 'Ohana1,585
Ko'olauloa Hawaiian Civic Club1,582
Van Horn Diamond 'Ohana1,582
Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma1,562
Ute Mountain Ute Tribe1,544
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana1,524
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma1,507
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation1,461
Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin1,382
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon1,339
Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado1,307
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians1,301
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma1,278
Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma1,263
Osage Nation1,254
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation, South Dakota1,241
Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana1,209
Kah-Bay-Kah-Nong (Warroad Chippewa)1,173
Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota Community1,173
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico1,169
Northern Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming1,149
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma1,010
Kaw Nation, Oklahoma987
Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, California974
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma973
Kamehameha School959
Nahoa 'Olelo O Kamehameha Society957
Alu Like, Inc.954
Daughters and Sons of Hawaiian Warriors954
Hawaiian Civic Clubs of Honolulu954
Royal Order of Kamehameha I954
Crow Tribe of Montana938
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation915
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation909
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah)873
Pechanga Band of Indians828
Nez Perce Tribe809
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians807
Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe801
Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California and Arizona753
Rincon Band of Luiseno Indians728
Pauma Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pauma and Yuima Reservation, California726
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation, Utah695
Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe691
White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona691
Mechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria, California690
Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin659
Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico620
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona545
Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe529
Round Valley Indian Tribes of the Round Valley Reservation, California519
Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas511
San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California470
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe468
Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe461
Lower Elwha Tribal Community460
Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California458
Jamul Indian Village of California457
Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California456
Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California456
Iipay Nation of Santa Ysabel, California456
Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California456
La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California456
Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California456
Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California456
Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation456
Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana447
Kauai/Niihau Island Burial Council423
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon397
Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California396
Berry Creek Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California394
Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California393
El Dorado Miwok Rancheria371
Maui/Lanai Island Burial Council362
Kletsel Dehe Wintun of the Cortina Rancheria335
Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation, California334
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon330
Hawaii Island Burial Council326
Catawba Indian Nation322
Klamath Tribes321
Nashville-El Dorado Miwok320
Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada320
Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community of the Colusa Rancheria, California318
Penobscot Nation299
Gambell, Native Village of296
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona296
Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation288
Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada287
Wanapum Band287
Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona285
Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians of California279
Barrow Inupiat Traditional Government, Native Village of275
Narragansett Indian Tribe275
Molokai Island Burial Council269
Nikolski, Native Village of266
Nansemond Indian Nation264
Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah263
Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma255
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, Arizona250
Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona245
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine227
Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, Arizona226
Chaluka Corporation224
Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation221
Hui Malama Pono 'O Lanai215
Northfork Rancheria of Mono Indians of California213
Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians209
Mi'kmaq Nation209
Pamunkey Indian Tribe209
Chickahominy Indian Tribe206
Upper Mattaponi Tribe206
Chickahominy Indian Tribe - Eastern Division200
Rappahannock Tribe, Inc.200
Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California196
Big Sandy Rancheria of Western Mono Indians of California193
Redding Rancheria, California193
Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria, California190
Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California189
Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria, California187
Chugach Alaska Corporation186
Haudenosaunee Confederacy182
Pala Band of Mission Indians182
Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, California180
La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians, California179
Modoc Nation176
Swinomish Indian Tribal Community171
Grindstone Indian Rancheria of Wintun-Wailaki Indians of California170
Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington159
Tulalip Tribes of Washington157
Monacan Indian Tribe156
Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation155
Abenaki Nation of Missisquoi151
Department of Hawaiian Homelands151
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon149
Yuhaaviatam of San Manuel Nation148
Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation, Nevada146
Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony, Nevada144
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation143
San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona138
Samish Indian Nation136
Port Graham, Native Village of135
Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California135
Abenaki Nation of New Hampshire133
Seldovia Village Tribe132
Sun'aq Tribe of Kodiak129
Pit River Tribe, California123
Eastern Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming122
Ukpeagvik Inupiat Corporation122
Nanwalek, Native Village of (aka English Bay)120
Wiyot Tribe, California114
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington113
Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony and Campbell Ranch, Nevada113
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada110
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada110
Nipmuc Nation109
Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation108
Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana108
Timbisha Shoshone Tribe108
Alutiiq Tribe of Old Harbor106
Grand River Band of Ottawa Indians104
Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona104
Cowasuck Band of the Pennacook-Abenaki People103
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe102
Association of Hawaiian Civic Clubs101
Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada98
Savoonga, Native Village of97
Upper Skagit Indian Tribe97
Burns Paiute Tribe95
Chaubunagungamaug Nipmuck95
Elnu Tribe of the Abenaki of VT95
Koasek (Cowasuck) Traditional Band of the Koas Abenaki Nation of VT95
Koasek Traditional Band of the Sovereign Abenaki Nation of VT95
Nisqually Indian Tribe95
Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk-Abenaki Nation of VT95
St. Francis/Sokoki Band of VT95
Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana93
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada93
Morongo Band of Mission Indians, California92
Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians of the Fort Independence Reservation, California91
Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation91
Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California89
Blue Lake Rancheria, California88
Susanville Indian Rancheria, California87
Koniag, Inc.84
Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation83
Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation, Nevada83
Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation82
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation, Nevada80
Qawalangin Tribe of Unalaska80
Snoqualmie Indian Tribe78
Bear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria, California77
Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and Utah76
Piro-Manso-Tiwa Tribe75
Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, California75
Elk Valley Rancheria, California72
Bishop Paiute Tribe70
Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada69
Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs Akwesasne69
Coquille Indian Tribe68
Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians, California67
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California and Nevada66
Hui Alanui O Makena66
Nakupuna O Maui66
Big Pine Paiute Tribe of the Owens Valley64
Kotzebue, Native Village of63
Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah63
Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation, California61
Cowlitz Indian Tribe61
Larsen Bay, Native Village of61
Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada61
Quinault Indian Nation61
Cabazon Band of Cahuilla Indians60
Old Harbor Native Corporation58
Alturas Indian Rancheria, California57
Cahuilla Band of Indians57
Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation57
Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeno Indians, California57
Ramona Band of Cahuilla, California57
Greenville Rancheria55
Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Tribe55
Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe54
Skokomish Indian Tribe54
Tolowa Dee-ni' Nation53
Nooksack Indian Tribe52
Ouzinkie, Native Village of52
Coeur D'Alene Tribe51
Makah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation50
Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation47
Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada46
Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians, California44
Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation44
Friends of Iolani Palace43
Hoh Indian Tribe43
Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation43
Cocopah Tribe of Arizona42
Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut42
Nelson Lagoon, Native Village of42
Tejon Indian Tribe42
Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada41
Bridgeport Indian Colony39
Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation, California37
Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona36
Qagan Tayagungin Tribe of Sand Point Village36
Yurok Tribe of the Yurok Reservation, California36
Utu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe of the Benton Paiute Reservation, California35
Mashantucket Pequot Indian Tribe33
Piro-Manso-Tiwa Indian group33
Quartz Valley Indian Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California33
Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon32
Eyak, Native Village of (aka Cordova)32
Naknek Native Village31
Aloha First30
Chenega, Native Village of (aka Chanega)30
Tatitlek, Native Village of30
Amah Mutsun Tribal Band29
Chignik Bay Tribal Council26
Chignik Lagoon, Native Village of26
Chignik Lake Village26
Fernandeno Tataviam Band of Mission Indians26
Ivanof Bay Tribe26
King Salmon Tribe26
Perryville, Native Village of26
South Naknek Village25
Teller, Native Village of25
Port Lions, Native Village of24
Cedarville Rancheria, California23
Kaktovik Village (aka Barter Island)23
Kenaitze Indian Tribe23
Afognak, Native Village of22
Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes22
Resighini Rancheria, California22
Shinnecock Indian Nation22
Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation22
Chitina, Native Village of20
Ounalashka Corporation20
Shaktoolik, Native Village of20
Stony River, Village of20
Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians of California20
Atka, Native Village of19
Big Lagoon Rancheria, California19
Kaiwi Olelo O'Hawaii18
Karluk, Native Village of18
Kootznoowoo Incorporated18
Pu'uhonua O Waimanalo18
Akhiok, Native Village of17
Clatsop-Nehalem Confederated Tribes17
Pinoleville Pomo Nation, California17
Snoqualmoo Tribe17
Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California16
Coyote Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California16
Dry Creek Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, California16
Fort Bidwell Indian Community of the Fort Bidwell Reservation of California16
Hopland Band of Pomo Indians, California16
Kashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria, California16
Koi Nation of Northern California16
Kokhanok Village16
Lytton Rancheria of California16
Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester Rancheria, California16
Muwekma Ohlone Tribe16
Potter Valley Tribe, California16
Redwood Valley or Little River Band of the Redwood Valley Rancheria California16
Robinson Rancheria16
Agdaagux Tribe of King Cove15
Belkofski, Native Village of15
Koyukuk Native Village15
Leisnoi, Inc.15
Mentasta Lake Traditional Council15
Nation of Hawaii15
Natives of Kodiak, Inc.15
Pauloff Harbor Village15
Royal Hawaiian Academy of Traditional Arts15
Unga, Native Village of15
Koa Mana14
Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria, California13
Afognak Native Corporation12
Inupiat Community of the Arctic Slope12
Nome Eskimo Community12
Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California12
Ambler, Native Village of11
Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake, California11
Akhiok-Kaguyak, Inc.10
Togiak, Traditional Village of9
Wukchumni Tribe of Yokut Indians9
Yowlumne Tejon Indians9
Aleut Corporation8
Anvik Village8
Cahto Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria8
First Nation of New Hampshire8
Kake, Organized Village of8
Ouzinkie Native Corporation8
San Fernando Band of Mission Indians8
Sitka Tribe of Alaska8
Yakutat Tlingit Tribe8
Klawock Cooperative Association7
Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs7
Ninilchik Village7
Petersburg Indian Association7
Hoopa Valley Tribe, California6
Kivalina, Native Village of6
Knik Tribe6
Point Hope, Native Village of6
Tinoqui-Chalola Council of Kitanemuk6
Wrangell Cooperative Association6
Aha Moku Advisory Committee (Moku o Keawe)5
Brevig Mission, Native Village of5
Bristol Bay Native Corporation5
Cook Inlet Region, Inc.5
Hawaiian Civic Club of Ka'u5
Kaguyak Village5
Karuk Tribe5
Noorvik Native Community5
Northway Village5
Salamatof Tribe5
Tanacross, Native Village of5
Unalakleet, Native Village of5
Yupiit of Andreafski5
Akutan, Native Village of4
Anaktuvak Pass, Village of4
Arctic Slope Regional Corporation4
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians4
Goodnews Bay, Native Village of4
Nenana Native Association4
Orutsararmiut Traditional Native Council4
Pribilof Islands Aleut Communities of St. Paul and St. George Islands4
Tangirnaq Native Village4
Atxam Corporation3
Ayakulik, Inc.3
Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indian Tribe3
Diomede (aka Inalik), Native Village of3
Hawaiian Genealogy Society3
Hoonah Indian Association3
Hooper Bay, Native Village of3
King Island Native Community3
Litnik, Inc.3
Mattaponi Indian Tribe3
Na Pali Coast 'Ohana3
Native Hawaiian Advisory Council3
Nottoway Indian Tribe of Virginia3
Nuiqsut, Native Village of (aka Nooiksut)3
Nulato Village3
Pa Ku'i-a-lua3
Patawomeck Indian Tribe of Virginia3
Platinum Traditional Village3
Punalu'u Preservation Association3
Upper Mattaponi Indian Tribe3
Uyak, Inc.3
Wales, Native Village of3
Apache Business Committee2
Atqasuk, Native Village2
Bell Flats Natives, Inc.2
Bering Straits Native Corporation2
Calista Corporation2
Cape Fox Corporation2
Chinik Eskimo Community (Golovin)2
Chinook Tribe2
Council, Native Village of2
Douglas Indian Association2
Eagle, Native Village of2
Elim, Native Village of2
False Pass, Native Village of2
Hassanamisco Band2
Hui Kako'o2
Hydaburg Cooperative Association2
Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada2
Kiana, Native Village of2
Kootenai Tribe of Idaho2
Koyuk, Native Village of2
Mary's Igloo, Native Village of2
Mojave Apache Community Council2
Point Lay, Native Village of2
Shishmaref, Native Village of2
Shuyak, Inc.2
Solomon, Village of2
St. Michael, Native Village of2
Stebbins Community Association2
Uganik Natives, Inc.2
Wainwright, Village of2
White Mountain, Native Village of2
Yazapai-Apache Community Council2
Aleknagik, Native Village of1
Anton Larsen, Inc.1
Brevig Mission Native Corporation1
Burt Lake Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians1
Chilkat Indian Village (Klukwan)1
Chilkoot Indian Association (Haines)1
Coleville Onadika (Salt Eaters) in Antelope Valley1
Curyung Tribal Council1
Doyon, Ltd.1
Duwamish Tribe1
Egegik Village1
Ekuk, Native Village of1
Ekwok, Native Village of1
Galena Village (aka Louden Village)1
Holy Cross Tribe1
Igiugig Village1
Kasaan, Organized Village of1
Kikiallus Nation1
Levelock Village1
Manokotak Village1
Marietta Band of Nooksack Indians1
McGrath Native Village1
Mekoryuk, Native Village of1
Miakan-Garza Band of the Coahuiltecan people1
Mono Lake Kutzadika Indian Community1
NANA Regional Corporation1
New Koliganek Village Council1
New Stuyahok Village1
Newhalen Village1
Noatak, Native Village of1
Nondalton Village1
Pedro Bay Village1
Pilot Point, Native Village of1
Port Heiden, Native Village of1
Portage Creek Village (aka Ohgsenakale)1
San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians1
Snohomish Tribe1
Steilacoom Indian Tribe1
Tanadgusix Corporation1
Tanana, Native Village of1
Teller Native Corporation1
Tigara Corporation1
Tubatulabals of Kern Valley1
Unkechaug Indian Nation1
Wales Native Corporation1
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About the Data

This tool presents a dataset maintained by the National Park Service containing all the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects that institutions have reported to the federal government under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. The dataset includes information about the state and county where remains and objects were taken from, which institutions hold them and whether they have been made available for return to tribes.

The data is self-reported by institutions. The amount of unrepatriated Native American remains reported by institutions is a minimum estimate of individuals and institutions frequently adjust these numbers when they reinventory groups of remains. Some institutions that are subject to NAGPRA have also entirely failed to report the remains in their possession. As a result, the numbers provided are best taken as estimates. The actual number and geographic scope of what’s held by publicly funded institutions is larger than what is presently documented.

ProPublica supplemented this dataset with information about cultural affiliation and disposition to specific tribes by systematically parsing the text of Notices of Inventory Completion published in the Federal Register. An additional dataset from the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Tribal Directory Assessment Tool, was used for the section on remains not made available for return from counties that each tribe has indicated interest in to the federal government.

Institution location and tribal headquarters location information was provided by National NAGPRA. The location of some groups that are not federally recognized was provided through research by ProPublica.

Institutions that are part of a larger entity are grouped. (For example, the Mesa Verde National Park is part of the U.S. Department of the Interior.)

Institutions that have not submitted information to the federal government are not listed. The Smithsonian Institution is not listed because its repatriation process falls under the National Museum of the American Indian Act and it is not required to publicly report its holdings with the same detail as institutions subject to NAGPRA.

If you work for an institution and would like to provide comment on your institution’s repatriation efforts, please email [email protected]. If you think the data is incorrect or have a data request, please get in touch. We are aware of some issues with the accuracy of location information and tribes mistakenly being identified for disposition of Native American remains in published notices.

If you want to share something else with ProPublica, we’d like to hear from you.

If you have questions about implementing or complying with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, get in touch with National NAGPRA or the NAGPRA Community of Practice.

We use the word “tribes” to refer to all groups that institutions made Native American remains available to under NAGPRA. This includes tribes, nations, bands, pueblos, communities, Native Alaskan villages, Native Hawaiian organizations and non-federally recognized groups.

Data sources from Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National NAGPRA Program, the Federal Register, Department of Housing and Development, Tribal Directory Assessment Tool

Images by Roberto Machado Noa/LightRocket via Getty Images, Daderot via Wikimedia, Department of the Interior, and Justin Katigbak for ProPublica.